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Guido Llinas

Born in 1923 - Cuba

BIOGRAPHY

The work of painter and engraver Guido Llinás (1923-2005) is literally transatlantic. A native of Cuba, he became a leading member of the avant-garde group Los Once (which he co-founded) in the 1950s. This was the only Latin American movement to find inspiration in US Abstract Expressionism, as well as European Informalism and CoBrA.

Most notably featuring sculptor Augustín Cárdenas and Raúl Martínez, the group had its last exhibition in 1963. That same year, Llinás moved to Paris, working for a long time at the Denise René gallery, which was specializing in geometrical abstraction and kinetics, including many Latin American artists. However, Llinás was more attracted to New Realism and Lettrism, associating himself to the latter for a brief period. Influenced by the two movements, he would begin to multiply and fragment the ritualistic signs of abakuá, a secret Afro-Cuban society of Nigerian origin.

Nevertheless, he maintained the gestural impetus of Action Painting. Moving beyond Afro-Cuban references in the vein of Wifredo Lam, Llinás was also drawn to classic African art, African painting on the human body, masques and in particular bogolan fabrics of Mali.

By the late 1960s, these multiple intersections will produce the Black Painting of Llinás’ Parisian oeuvre. Black Painting combines the defense of black as color, in the wake of Soulages and western Expressionism, with an aesthet- ics of African origins, which Llinás correlated to western notions of abstraction.

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EXHIBITIONS

Expositions personnelles (sélection)

1953 Galeria Matanzas, Matanzas, Cuba
1955 Guido Llinás: gouaches, acuarelas, dibujos. Galería Lyceum, La Havane,
Cuba
1957 Guido Llinás tintas y acuarelas. Galería Habana, Arte y Cinema La Rampa,
La Havane, Cuba
Tomás Oliva: esculturas, Guido Llinás: pinturas. Lyceum, La Havane, Cuba 1962 Guido Llinás y Tomás Oliva. Lyceum, La Havane, Cuba
1966 Galerie Weiller, Paris, France
1973 Galerie André Biren, Paris, France
1976 Guido Llinás: Aquarelles, encres et bois gravés. Galerie André Biren, Paris,
France
Pinturas Negras 1965-1975. Centre Municipal de Santé, Gentilly, France
1977 Centre d’Art, Vaduz, Liechtenstein
1978 Galerie Abbesses, Paris, France
1981 Galerie André Biren, Paris, France
1982 Galerie André Biren, Paris, France
1989 Retrospectiva. Museo de Arte e Historia de San Juan, Porto Rico
1991 Guido Llinás. Retrospective. Marta Gutiérrez Fine Arts, Miami Beach, Etats-
Unis
Wifredo Lam y Guido Llinás. Galería Ruta Correa, Fribourg, Allemagne
1998 Peintures, gravures, livres illustrés. Fondation Robert Altman, Clairegoutte,
France
1999 Guido Llinás: Bois gravés. Ombres Blanches, Toulouse, France
2003 Bill Maynes Gallery, New York, Etats-Unis
Maxoly Art Gallery, Miami Florida, Etats-Unis
Guido Llinás, forgotten Cuban Master. Printmaking 1963-2002. Lehigh Univer- sity Art Galleries, Bethlehem, Etats-Unis
2015 Guido Llinás, Œuvres Parisiennes. Son Amitié avec Wifredo Lam. 41 rue Co- quillère, Paris, France


Expositions collectives (sélection)

Exposición de pintura, grabado y cerámica. Primer Congreso Nacional de Escritores y Artistas Cubanos. Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes, La Havane, Cuba
Art cubain contemporain. 14 artistes choisis et présentés par Robert Alt- mann. Galerie Weiller et Galerie du Dragon, Paris, France
1962 Pintura cubana. Prague, Budapest, Sofia, Bucharest, Varsovie
1963 Expresionismo Abstracto 1963. Galería La Habana, La Havane, Cuba
1965 Latin American Engravers. South American Gallery, New York, Etats-Unis
10 artistes latinoaméricains de Paris. Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de
Paris, France
1966 Gravures internationales. Centre d’Art Vaduz, Liechtenstein
1967 Grabados latinoamericanos (Mostra grafica latinoamericana). Instituto
Italo-Latinoamericano, Rome, Italie
1968 Salon Latino-américain. Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, France
3 Kubaner: Llinás – Peña – Zapata. Galerie Vanadis, Stockholm, Suède
1968_77 Salons Grands et Jeunes aujourd’hui. Grand Palais, Paris, France
1969 Le Livre comme œuvre d’art. Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris,
France
1971 Artistas latinoamericanos. Galerie Artoma, Hambourg, Allemagne
1972 Cuban Graphic Art (affiches et autres imprimés), Galerie Na Slovanech,
Prague, République Tchèque
1973 Gravure contemporaine. Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Paris, France
1974 IIIe Biennale de gravure. Frechen, Allemagne
Apeiros (apériodique utopique): Roberto Altmann, Llinás, Gil J. Wolman. 55,
Quai de Valmy, Paris, France
1974_89 Biennales de gravure, Fredrikstad, Norvège
1976 Salon Comparaison. Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, France
1977 Baroque de la Superposition, sept plasticiens cubains. Maison de la Culture
du Havre, France (commissariat Raúl Ruiz)
1978 Signos (Tecken). Musée de Malmö, Suède
1978_87 Salons de Mai, Paris, France
1979 Expresión Libre del Arte Latinoamericano. Bondy, France
1980 III World Biennial of Gra Guido Llinás Pages NEW phic Art. Cultural Center of
Irak, Londres, Royaume- Uni
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49
1953
1955 1957
1959 1960
15 Pintores y Escultores jóvenes. Galería Nuestro Tiempo, La Havane, Cuba 11 Pintores y escultores. Galería La Rampa, La Havane, Cuba
Los Once. Lyceum, La Havane, Cuba
Contemporary Cuban Group. South American Gallery, New York, Etats-Unis Pintura abstracta cubana en Venezuela. Galería Sardio, Caracas, Venezu- ela
V Bienal de São Paulo. Museu de Arte Moderna, São Paulo, Brésil International Abstracts Exhibition. Univision Gallery, Newcastle-on-Tyne, Royaume-Uni
1982
1983
1984
1985 1986
Two Centuries of Cuban Art: 1759-1959. John and Mable Ringling Museum of Art, Sarasota, Museum of Arts and Sciences, Daytona Beach, Etats-Unis Les Fruits de l’exil. L’Amérique latine à Paris. Grand Palais, Paris, France L’Image Multiple: Traces, Signes. Wittersdorf, France
Xylotraces. Galerie André Biren, Paris, France
IV Biennale de la Gravure. Musée de Digne-les-Bains, France Xylotraces. Galerie Biren, Paris, France
Salon International de la Gravure. Palais de Beaujoire, Nantes, France 10 Cuban Artists in Paris. Cuban Museum, Miami, Etats-Unis
Bois Pluriel International. Evry, France
50
51
Ve Biennale Internationale de l’estampe contemporaine européenne. Musée d’Art Moderne, Liège, Belgique
Le Trait. Salon de la Gravure 50e anniversaire. Musée de la Poste, Paris, France
Xylon 9. Musée d’art contemporain Villa Croce, Gênes, Italie
V Biennale de la Gravure. Digne-les-Bains, France
1987 Gravure Contemporaine de relief. Château de la Tour d’Aigues, Luberon,
France
L’estampe originale. Musée de Gravelines, France Masques d’Artistes. Salon de la Malmaison, Cannes, France
1988 III Biennale Internationale de l’estampe contemporaine européenne. Mu- sée d’Art Moderne Liège, Belgique
Lavallen, Llinás, Scheihing, Torres. 25 ans d’Amérique Latine. Odyssud, Blag- nac, France
1989 15 graveurs. Domaine de Wegimont, Liege, Belgique
1990_91 International Graphic Arts Exhibition. Kunstverein Frechen, Allemagne
1991 Chefs-d’oeuvre de la gravure du 20e siècle. Bibliothèque Nationale de
France, Paris, France
International Exhibit of Miniature Prints. Gamlebyen Gallery, Fredrikstad, Norvège
Gravures sur bois et lithographies. Domaine de Wegimont, Liège, Belgique Chefs-d’oeuvre de la gravure du 20e siècle. Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Paris, France
1992 Expressions actuelles. 62 artistes d’Amérique Latine à Nanterre. Espace Chevreuil, Nanterre, France
1993 1ère Internationale Grafik Biennale de Maastricht. MEEC Maastricht, Pays- Bas
1995 11e International Triennial of Graphic Arts, Fredrikstad, Norvège
1996 Michel Butor et la gravure. Musée Baron Gérard, Bayeux, France
1997 Breaking Barriers. Selections from the Museum of Art’s Permanent Contem-
porary Cuban Collection. Museum of Art, Fort Lauderdale
2000_01 From Modern to Contemporary: Cuban and Cuban-American Art from
the Permanent Collection. Lowe Art Museum, University of Miami, Etats-Unis 2005 Ve Biennale Internationale de la gravure d’Ile-de-France. 47 graveurs fran-
çais et d’Amérique latine. Versailles, France
2005_06 The Journeys of Cuban Artists. Tempe Center for the Arts, Arizona (commis
sariat Leandro Soto)
2006 Michel Butor, l’écriture nomade. Retrospective des livres de Butor en col-
laboration. Bibliothèque Nationale de France, Paris, France
Arte de Cuba. Museu Oscar Niemeyer, Curitibá, Brésil
Abstraction: Presence of Cuban Painters in New York (1950s70s). Latin Col- lector Gallery, New York, Etats-Unis
2014_15 Impulse, Reason, Sense, Conflict. Abstract Art from the Ella Fontanals-Cis- neros Collection. CIFO, Miami, Etats-Unis
Livres d’artiste
1965 Ô. Robert Altmann (éd.). Paris
1966 a d a. Roberto Altman. Paris Ed. Roberto Altmann
1966 On déplore la... Julio Cortázar. Vaduz, Brunidor
1972 Poemas. Jose Lezama Lima. Vaduz, Brunidor
1982 Huit Sonnets. Severo Sarduy. Noeux les Mines, Ecbolade
1980 U’ Cenote. Gérard de Cortanze. Noeux les Mines, Ecbolade
1981 VV. AA. Une semaine d’escales ou les sept oreilles des virages de la nuit
Michel Butor, Jiri Kolar, Cesare Peverelli, Julius Baltazar, Axel Cassel, Guido
Llinás, André Villers. Ed. Ile de France et Alpes Maritimes
1983 Le Long du Fleuve. Michel Butor. Vaduz, Brunidor
1986 Archipels. Poèmes d’Orlando Jiménez, Grendi, Pascale Lefort, Ramon
Safon, Simaren. Cahiers Territoires n° 6-7, Paris
1987 Ailes. Michel Butor. Paris, Brocéliande
Fibres. Michel Butor. Paris, Brocéliande
1999 4 Poemas 4 Grabados. Waldo Rojas. Montreuil, El Peral de Montreuil 2001 Guido Llinás and Afro-Cuban Art. Christoph Singler. Montreuil, El Peral de
Montreuil
2003 Cómo hacer un cuento con Guido, seguido de Un cuento sobre Guido
Llinás. Lorenzo García Vega. Montreuil, El Peral de Montreuil 1994_95 Résidence de Vicente Báez à San Juan, Porto Rico
Vitraux
Espaces scéniques
1962 Aire Frío, oeuvre de Virgilio Piñera (Cuba) Cuando pasen 5 años, García Lorca (France)
Peintures murales
1955-62 bâtiments des architectes José F. Tejidor y Henry Gutiérrez, La Havane et Pinar del Río
c. 1955 maison Aleida Cárdenas, Pinar del Río
1957 restaurant La Roca, La Havane (architecte Hugo d’Acosta)
1962 Parque de L y 23, Vedado, La Havane (détruit, lieu occupé aujourd’hui par
le Coppelia)
maison Herrera Quintans, Pinar del Río (date inconnue)

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