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Wifredo Lam

Born in 1923 - Cuba

BIOGRAPHY

Wifredo Lam was born in 1902 in Sagua la Grande (Cuba). He studied Law before leaving his island in 1923 for Spain.

Wifredo Lam joined the Artcollege of Madrid where he would work in the painter Fernando Alvarez de Sotomayor’s atelier. His first personal exhibition was organized in 1928. The work of Wifredo Lam was in its halfcaste history (China, Africa, and the Antilles). The artist was notably inspired by Africans who brought in Cuba "their primitive culture, their magic religion, and its mystic aspect".

During the Spanish civil war, Wifredo Lam fought for the republicans. He was obliged to take refuge in France in 1937; there, he met Picasso who helped him to find his place in the Parisian artistic environment and introduced him to his friends (Michel Leiris, Paul Eluard, Tristan Tzara, Léger, Braque, Miro, Christian Zervos, Matisse, etc.). In 1939, he joined André Breton and the surrealist movement.

Wifredo Lam died in Paris in 1982. According to the painter’s will, his ashes were transferred in Cuba, where was created in posthumous honoring, the "Centre Wifredo Lam" for the promotion and the study of the Third World-Plastic Arts.

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EXHIBITIONS

SOLO SHOWS

2012
Fire Tongues - Galerie Gmurzynska - Zug, Zug
Fire Tongues - Galerie Gmurzynska - St. Moritz, St. Moritz
2010
Voyages entre Caraïbes et avant-gardes de Wifredo Lam - Musée des Beaux-Arts de Nantes, Nantes
2009
Giro del mondo in 80 anni - Galleria Biasutti & Biasutti Arte Moderna e Contemporanea, Turin
2008
Wifredo Lam - Museo de Arte Contemporáneo de Monterrey MARCO, Monterrey, NL
Wilfredo Lam - Molaa Museum of Latin American Art, Long Beach, CA
Wifredo Lam in North America - MAM - Miami Art Museum, Miami, FL
2007
Wifredo Lam in North America - Haggerty Museum of Art - Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI
Wifredo Lam. An Intimate Cartography - The National Museum of Art of Romania, Bucharest
2006
Wifredo Lam - Orichas - Galerie Thessa Herold, Paris
20 Works - Tresart, Coral Gables (Miami), FL
Wifredo Lam: Cartografía íntima - Instituto Cervantes - Berlin, Berlin
2004
L'oiseau du possible - Galerie Boulakia, Paris
Wilfredo Lam - Galerie Boulakia, Paris
2003
Wilfredo Lam - Círculo de Bellas Artes de Tenerife, Santa Cruz de Tenerife
2002
The Changing Image - Centennial Exhibition - Yokohama Museum of Art, Nishi-ku, Yokohama
1995
Wifredo Lam - Drawings: Interlude Marseille - Latin American Masters, Beverly Hills, CA
The Solo Exhibition of Wifredo Lam’s - Lin & Lin Gallery, Taipei
Wilfredo Lam: Pasión y magia sobre el papel - MNBA - Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes Santiago Chile, Santiago
1993
Wilfredo Lam – grafik - Nationalmuseum, Stockholm
1992
Wifredo Lam - Gana Art Gallery, Seoul
Wifredo Lam - Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid
1988
Wilfredo Lam - Kunstverein in Hamburg, Hamburg
Wifredo Lam - K20 Grabbeplatz, Dusseldorf
1987
Presencia de Cuba. Tres obras de Wifredo Lam - Museo Tamayo, Mexico City
1986
Wifredo Lam - Museo Nacional de Artes Visuales, Montevideo
1967
Wifredo Lam. Hjärtats snår, vapen, frukter - Moderna Museet, Stockholm
1952
Wilfredo Lam - Institute of Contemporary Arts, London
1944
Wifredo Lam: Gouaches - Arts Club of Chicago, Chicago, IL


GROUP SHOWS

2015
Imagining New Worlds - The High Museum of Art, Atlanta, GA
Surrealism and Magic - Boca Museum of Art, Boca Raton, FL
Grandes Maestros Latinoamericanos Del S. Xx. Colección Mac Panamá - MAC Museo de Arte Contemporána, Panama City
2014
ART BASEL SHOWCASE / WINTER GROUP SHOW 2015 - Etra Fine Art, Miami, FL
la parole est à la figuration - Galerie Natalie Seroussi, Paris
Le choix de la modernité. Rodin, Lam, Picasso, Bacon - Musée des Beaux-Arts de Lyon, Lyon
La línea continua - Blanton Museum of Art, Austin, TX
Surrealism And Magic - Cornell University, Ithaca, NY
Face à l'oeuvre - Fondation Maeght, Saint-Paul
Caribbean: Crossroads of the World - Perez Art Museum Miami - PAMM, Miami, FL
Solidaridad Y Resistencia. La Historia Del Mssa - Museo de la Solidaridad Salvador Allende, Santiago
Presència de Galeria Joan Prats - Galería Joan Prats, Barcelona
2013
Surrealismo - il sogno e l'inconscio - Galleria Guastalla Centro Arte, Livorno
The 40th Anniversary Exhibition - Playful Surrealism - Galerie Miyawaki, Kyoto
Tesoro público. Colección Artium - ARTIUM - Basque Museum Center of Contemporary Art, Vitoria-Gasteiz
Beyond Belief: 100 Years of the Spiritual in Modern Art - The Contemporary Jewish Museum San Francisco, San Francisco, CA
Intersecting Modernities: Latin American Art from The Brillembourg Capriles Collection - MFAH - Museum of Fine Arts Houston, Houston, TX
Fusion - Tracing Asian Migration To The Americas Through Ama’s Collection - AMA Art Museum of the Americas, Washington, DC
2012
Do You Know My Age? - Wissen Sie Mein Alter? - Factory-Art - Berlin, Berlin
L'Art en Guerre, France 1938-1947 - De Picasso a Dubuffet - Musée d´Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris - MAM/ARC, Paris
The Supersurrealism - Moderna Museet Malmö, Malmö
20th Century Masters - Standard Bank Gallery, Johannesburg
Caribbean: Crossroads Of The World - El Museo del Barrio, the Queens Museum of Art & The Studio Museum in Harlem, New York City, NY
Caribbean: Crossroads of the World - El Museo del Barrio, New York City, NY
Exposition de Lam, Matta et Charchoune - Artisyou, Paris
L'oeil et le coeur - Carré Sainte-Anne, Montpellier
Modern and Contemporary Masterworks from Malba - Fundación Costantini - MFAH - Museum of Fine Arts Houston, Houston, TX
La Triennale 2012 - Intense Proximity - Palais de Tokyo, Paris
Fifty Years Of Latin American Art: Selections From The Neuberger Museum Of Art - Purchase College, State University of New York, Purchase, NY
The Naked Truth: Nudes And Erotica In Art - Pan American Art Projects - Miami, Miami, FL
Selections from the Mary B. Finnigan Collection - Haggerty Museum of Art - Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI
2011
Portraits : Cabinet De CuriositÉs - Galerie Sébastien Bertrand, Geneva
Cuba: Then & Now - Cremata Gallery, Miami, FL
Inquiétantes étrangetés - Musée des Beaux-Arts de Nantes, Nantes
Points of View: Selections from Seven Colorado Collections - CU Art Museum, Boulder, CO
The Good, The Bad, The Ugly? - Molaa Museum of Latin American Art, Long Beach, CA
Surrealism: The Poetry of Dreams - Queensland Art Gallery / Gallery of Modern Art, Brisbane, QLD
Ajiaco - Stirrings of the Cuban Soul - The Newark Museum, Newark, NJ
Aimé Césaire, Lam, Picasso - Nous nous sommes trouvés - Galeries nationales du Grand Palais, Paris
Exultation: Sex, Death And Madness In Eight Surrealist Masterworks - Wendi Norris Gallery, San Francisco, CA
2010
Un certo movimento tra le avanguardie - Galleria Biasutti & Biasutti Arte Moderna e Contemporanea, Turin
Gran Reserva - Museo de la Solidaridad Salvador Allende, Santiago
Afro Modern. Journeys through the Black Atlantic - CGAC - Centro Galego de Arte Contemporánea, Santiago de Compostela
Bienal de Pontevedra 2010 - Bienal de Pontevedra, Pontevedra
Alicia Alonso Dances Here Tonight... - Magnan Metz Gallery, New York City, NY
20th Century. Second part - Galleria Biasutti & Biasutti Arte Moderna e Contemporanea, Turin
Caminos de la vanguardia cubana - MALBA Colección Costantini - Museo de Arte Latinoamericano de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires
Small paintings. Il piccolo formato - Galleria Biasutti & Biasutti Arte Moderna e Contemporanea, Turin
The Modern Myth: Drawing Mythologies in Modern Times - MoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NY
50 Years, 50 Works, 100th Anniversary - AMA Art Museum of the Americas, Washington, DC
Surrealism and the Museum of Dreams - Niagara University, Lewiston, NY
Afro Modern: Journeys through the Black Atlantic - Tate Liverpool, Liverpool
2009
Miradas. Cara ao paraíso. Un diálogo coa arte galega e as vangardas - Fundación Caixa Galicia, Santiago de Compostela
Picasso, Matisse, Dubuffet, Bacon... - Les modernes s’exposent au musée des Beaux-Arts - Musée des Beaux-Arts de Lyon, Lyon
Echo: Eight San Francisco Artists Respond to Surrealist Masterworks - Wendi Norris Gallery, San Francisco, CA
Ajiaco: Stirrings of the Cuban Soul - Lyman Allyn Art Museum, New London, CT
Riccardo Licata e gli amici di Venezia e Parig - Palazzo Della Promotrice Delle Belle Arti, Turin
Art, Media and Material Witness: Contemporary Art from the Harn Museum Collection - Samuel P. Harn Museum of Art, Gainesville, FL
Latitudes - Mestres Latino-americanos - Museu Oscar Niemeyer, Curitiba
Juli Ramis visita a... - Es Baluard Museu d’Art Modern, Palma de Mallorca
Bilderträume. Die Sammlung Ulla und Heiner Pietzsch - Neue Nationalgalerie, Berlin
Cuba. Art and history from 1868 to the present day - Groninger Museum, Groningen
EXPLORANDO EL SUR - El universalismo constructivo y otras tendencias en América Latina - Museo Extremeño e Iberoamericano de Arte Contemporáneo MEIAC, Badajoz
Latitudes: Mestres Latino-americanos na Coleção FEMSA - Instituto Tomie Ohtake, São Paulo
2008
Astratte Figurazioni - Galleria Biasutti & Biasutti Arte Moderna e Contemporanea, Turin
Latitudes: maestros latinoamericanos en la colección FEMSA - Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes - MNBA, Buenos Aires
From Manet to Miró: Modern Drawings from the Abello Collection - Southern Methodist University, Dallas, TX
Estetika. Forma & Segno. Da Renoir a de Chirico - Villa Ponti - Fondazione Art Museo, Arona, NO
Traces du Sacré - Centre Pompidou - Musée National d´Art Moderne, Paris
Die Hände der Kunst - MARTa Herford, Herford
2007
Tamaño Real - Galería Cayón, Madrid
A Gathering of Selected Works - Cernuda Arte, Coral Gables (Miami), FL
Mirada - Latino-americanos do MAC USP no Memorial - Museu de Arte Contemporânea da Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo
Works on Paper - Ebert Art Center, Wooster, OH
La colección Pierre y Maria-Gaetana Matisse en The Metropolitan Museum of Art , New York - Museo Picasso Málaga, Málaga
International & Australian Works on Paper - Josef Lebovic Gallery, Sydney, NSW
... stelle nei sessi di lumache ... - Factory-Art - Trieste, Trieste
stelle nei sessi di lumache - Factory-Art - Berlin, Berlin
2006
Picasso and the School of Paris - Nassau County Museum of Art, Roslyn Harbor, NY
Peter Weiss und die Avantgarde - Fluchtpunkt Paris - Kunstmuseum Bochum, Bochum
BLACK PARIS. Kunst und Geschichte einer schwarzen Diaspora - Iwalewa-Haus, Bayreuth
Personal Views: Regarding Private Collections in San Diego - San Diego Museum of Art, San Diego, CA
Arte de Cuba - Museu Oscar Niemeyer, Curitiba
Masters of Latin America - From the Joan and Milton Bagley Collection - Boca Raton Museum of Art, Boca Raton, FL
Surrealist Collection - Museum-Foundation Eugenio Granell, Santiago de Compostela
Back to the Future - Re-Viewing the Twentieth Century - The RISD Museum - University of Rhode Island, Providence, RI
Verrückte Liebe: Von Dalí bis Bacon. Die Sammlung Ulla und Heiner Pietzsch - Bank Austria Kunstforum, Vienna
Paris, Barcelona & Miami - David Castillo Gallery, Miami, FL
2005
De Picasso a Basquiat - Musée Maillol - Fondation Dina Vierny, Paris
Transeuntes – América Latina - Museu de Arte Contemporânea da Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo
Naturaleza Muerta - Latin American Still Life from South Florida Collection - Boca Raton Museum of Art, Boca Raton, FL
Colección Femsa - una mirada continental - Museo de Arte Contemporáneo de Monterrey MARCO, Monterrey, NL
Rufin Tamayo?Wifredo Lam?Roberto Matta - Gallery Artzone-Kaguraoka, Kyoto
Cuban Art, Remembering Cuba Through its Art - Cernuda Arte, Coral Gables (Miami), FL
Invisible Revealed: Surrealist Drawings from the Drukier Collection - The University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS
La pintura del 27 - Galerìa Guillermo de Osma, Madrid
The Art of the Print - AMA Art Museum of the Americas, Washington, DC
2004
Woman - Metamorphosis of modernity - Fundación Joan Miró, Barcelona
Sonhando de olhos abertos - Dada e Surrealismo - Coleção de Vera e Arturo Schwarz - Instituto Tomie Ohtake, São Paulo
Love / Hate. From Magritte to Cattelan. - Villa Manin. Centro d'arte contemporanea, Codroipo, UD
The Pierre and Maria-Gaetana Matisse Collection - The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, NY
MoMA at El Museo. Latin American and Caribbean Art from the Collection of the Mu - El Museo del Barrio, New York City, NY
Es Baluard any zero - Es Baluard Museu d’Art Modern, Palma de Mallorca
HOMMAGE A PICASSO - 50 KÜnstler - 80 Exponate in verschiedenen Techniken - Galerie Wolfgang Exner, Vienna
2003
Fuochi - Grossetti Arte Contemporanea, Milan
Group Show: Gallery Artists & Pre-Columbian Ceramics - Latin American Masters, Beverly Hills, CA
Linking Collection And Community - MAM - Miami Art Museum, Miami, FL
SurrealismoS - Galerìa Guillermo de Osma, Madrid
Challenge of the Modern: African American Artists 1925-1945 - The Studio Museum in Harlem, New York City, NY
2002
Latin America on Paper - MFA - Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Boston, MA
La Révolution surréaliste - Centre Pompidou - Musée National d´Art Moderne, Paris
2001
Espace des Amériques - CCA7 - Fernandes Industrial Centre, Port of Spain
enVisage - Irish Museum of Modern Art - IMMA, Dublin
Art of the Unconscious - The RISD Museum - University of Rhode Island, Providence, RI
2000
Continental Shift - Ludwig Forum für Internationale Kunst, Aachen
1999
Surrealistas en el exilio y los inicios de la Escuela de Nueva York - Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid
À rebours. La rebelión informalista 1939-1968 - Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid
1998
Drawing in Latin America - MoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NY
1996
23° Bienal de São Paulo - Bienal de Sao Paulo, São Paulo
1994
Lam, Barata and Rubalcava - Maison de l'Amérique Latine, Paris
1993
Latin American Artists of the Twentieth Century - MoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NY
Lateinamerika und der Surrealismus - Kunstmuseum Bochum, Bochum
1992
Crosscurrents of Modernism: Four Latin American Pioneers - Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Washington, DC
1991
Art of the Forties - MoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NY
1989
Arte en Iberoamérica 1820-1980 - Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid
Colección Amigos del Centro de Arte Reina Sofía - Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid
1987
Art Of The Fantastic: Latin America 1920 - 1987 - IMA, Indianapolis, IN
1985
18° Bienal de Sao Paulo - Bienal de Sao Paulo, São Paulo
1977
X Quadriennale Nazionale d'Arte. Artisti stranieri operanti in Italia - Fondazione La Quadriennale di Roma - Villa Carpegn, Rome
1974
Alternativen Malerei um 1945 – 50 - Kunstverein in Hamburg, Hamburg
Latin American Prints from the Museum of Modern Art - The Americas Society Art Gallery, New York City, NY
1973
Umkreis Surrealismus - Galerie Brusberg - Hannover, Hannover
Hommage á Picasso - Neue Nationalgalerie, Berlin
1972
Looking South: Latin American Art in New York Collections - The Americas Society Art Gallery, New York City, NY
1969
Dada and Surrealist Drawings - Allan Frumkin Gallery, New York City, NY
Latin American Paintings from the Salomon R. Guggenheim Museum - The Americas Society Art Gallery, New York City, NY
Hommage à René Char - Musée d'art moderne de Céret, Céret
Surrealist Drawings - Annely Juda Fine Art, London
Malerei des Surrealismus - Kunstverein in Hamburg, Hamburg
1968
Dada, Surrealism and their Heritage - MoMA - Museum of Modern Art, New York City, NY
1966
Surrealism : a state of mind, 1924-1965 : an exhibition - Art Museum - UC Santa Barbara, Santa Barbara, CA
1964
documenta 3 - Documenta, Kassel
1959
documenta 2 - Documenta, Kassel
1958
Personal Contacts: A Decade of Contemporary Drawings, 1948-1958 - Contemporary Arts Museum Houston, Houston, TX
1955
20Th Century Painting And Sculpture: Cantor And Witzinger Collections - IMA, Indianapolis, IN
1948
40,000 Years of Modern Art: a Comparison of Primitive and Modern - Institute of Contemporary Arts, London
40 Years of Modern Art 1907-1947: a Selection from British Collections - Institute of Contemporary Arts, London
1942
First Papers of Surrealism - Coordinating Council of French Relief Societies, New York City, NY

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