Johnny Friedlaender

Born in 1912 - France

BIOGRAPHY

Johnny Friedlaender, one of the master of contemporary engraving, was born June 21, 1912 in Pless, Upper Silesia to a Jewish family. After World War I, Upper Silesia was attached to Poland. The Friedlaenders migrated then to Brelsau. Starting in 1928, he studied painting at the Academy of Fine Arts of Breslau where Otto Mueller was one of his teachers and made his first engravings.

From 1930 to 1933, he moved to Dresden, making short visits to Berlin and Paris. In 1933, he was interned in the first Nazi concentration camp. Amnestied, he left Germany in 1935. His fled took him to Czechoslovakia, where he presented his first solo exhibition of engravings, later on he took refuge in Holland. He went to Paris in 1937. André Lhote supported him in the magazine "La nouvelle Revue Française". In 1938, Friedlaender was illustrator of the weekly news magazine Marianne.

He was arrested from 1939 to 1943, as Max Ernst, Hans Bellmer and Ferdinand Springer, he passed by several internment camps and worked with the resistance in southern France. Johnny Friedlaender joined the British Army, he was captured but escaped. The low resistance of the German people to Nazi ideology ,having been forced to flee his country and the fact of having had to engaged to fight it, was a big tear in his life. He tried to get rid of the pain by performing ten engravings, the '' Images of misfortune ''

When peace returned, the artist moved to Paris. In 1949 he founded, with the engraver Albert Flocon, a refugee of German origins as well, an engraving workshop called "Hermitage" which was frequented by artist such as Maria Elena Vieira da Silva, Zao Wou-Ki, Nicolas de Stael. He held his first solo exhibition at the Galerie La Hune, where he exposed his work each following year. This exposition won him an enthusiastic article by Christian Zervos in the magazine Les Cahiers d'art. He became friends with Jacques Villon, a cubist painter and engraver.

The same year he performed etchings for The Season of Love of Paul Eluard. In 1966, he was appointed professor at the Academy of Salzburg. It was during this period that he got back to painting, which he had abandoned since the 40s. Since 1951 he made exhibitions in many museums of Europe, the United States and South America. Naturalized French in 1952, he represented France in 1958 at the Venice Biennale. In 1959, the Unesco proposed Johnny Friedlaender a position to teach engraving techniques in Rio de Janeiro.

He died in Paris, June 18, 1992.

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EXHIBITIONS

SOLO SHOWS

1999
Friedlaender Ölbilder - Aquarelle - Zeichnungen - Radierung - Bücher - Galerie Peerlings, Krefeld
1984
Johnny Friedländer - Buchhandlung und Galerie Wolfgang Böhler, Bensheim
1982
Johnny Friedlaender - Pori Taidemuseo / Pori Art Museum, Pori
1965
Johnny Friedlaender. Radierungen 1949-1965 - Overbeck-Gesellschaft, Lübeck
1960
Friedlander - Ethchings and Aquatints - Molton Gallery, London
1957
Etchings of Johnny Friedlaender - San Francisco Museum of Modern Art - SFMOMA, San Francisco, CA


GROUP SHOWS

2012
Prozesse der Abstraktion - Galerie ART-IS!, Igel
2010
Discoveries - Trouvaillen Under € 5.000.- - Kunsthandel Jörg Maaß, Berlin
Radierungen, Holzschnitte Und Lithographien - Galerie Welz, Salzburg
Us and Them 2010 - Tem Art Gallery, Istanbul
2009
The Art of the Print - Gallery DeNovo, Ketchum, ID
2008
Samlarvurm blir till gåva - Norrköping Art Museum / Norrköpings Konstmuseum, Norrköping
2005
bizden ve onlardan 20 - Tem Art Gallery, Istanbul
Inventur III - Galerie Keim, Stuttgart
2004
Bewährtes in Veränderungen 1972 - 2004' - Buchhandlung und Galerie Wolfgang Böhler, Bensheim
Kunst der Ecole de Paris nach 1950 - Galerie Boisserée, Cologne
2003
Roads Taken: 20th Century Prints and Drawings from the Collection - Thomas H. Bayly Building, Charlottesville, VA
Von Daumier Bis Picasso - Graphische Sammlung Der Universität Osnabrück - Städtische Galerie Delmenhorst, Delmenhorst
2002
Zeitlose Kunst - Buchhandlung und Galerie Wolfgang Böhler, Bensheim
Pretiosen an der Wand - Buchhandlung und Galerie Wolfgang Böhler, Bensheim
2001
Bedeutende Mappenwerke aus drei Jahrzehnten - Buchhandlung und Galerie Wolfgang Böhler, Bensheim
Aspekte der Moderne 5 Jahrzehnten zeitgenössische Kunst - Buchhandlung und Galerie Wolfgang Böhler, Bensheim
2000
Inventur I/ 2000 - Galerie Keim, Stuttgart
böhlers neues graphik abc - Buchhandlung und Galerie Wolfgang Böhler, Bensheim
1995
Kunst in Deutschland 1945-1995 - KOG - Kunstforum Ostdeutsche Galerie, Regensburg
1994
200. Ausstellung der Galerie Böhler - Buchhandlung und Galerie Wolfgang Böhler, Bensheim
1978
Photographes du XXe siècle : Stieglitz, Steichen et leurs successeurs - Musée d´art contemporain de Montréal, Montreal, QC
1977
‘Graphic International 77’ Group Exhibition - Galerie Düsseldorf, Mosman Park, WA
1961
Prints Of Friedländer, Hamaguchi Yozo And Minami Keiko - The Museum of Modern Art, Kamakura, Kamakura
1960
The Collection of Frank and Ursula Laurens - CAC - Cincinnati Contemporary Arts Center, Cincinnati, OH
1959
Internationale Ausstellung Graphik der Gegenwart 1959 - Nassauischer Kunstverein, Wiesbaden
1957
Junge Graphik aus Paris - Nassauischer Kunstverein, Wiesbaden
1955
III Bienal Do Museu De Arte Moderna De São Paulo - Bienal de Sao Paulo, São Paulo

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