Ernest Breleur

Born in 1945 - Martinique

BIOGRAPHY

Ernest Breleur was born in 1945 in Martinique. He lives and works in Martinique.

Nowadays, Ernest Breleur is a major figure in contemporary art in the Caribbean and internationally. His work is displayed at important exhibits such as the recent Caribean : Crossroad of the word at the Queens Museum of Art de New York, 2012-2013, or again: Escault, Rives dérives, international festival of contemporary sculpture, 2011.

A prolific and very committed painter, he co-created the group Fwomajé, which definitely influenced the artistic field in Martinique. With a body of work built from the concept of crossroads between Africa, America, Europe and India, Ernest then chose Africa as the initial element to borrow from some modes of representation. A few years later, he left the group, finding this Africa too difficult to recognize and too remote to be fully grasped. Not knowing it fully enough, his works were only evoking an imaginary Africa that he could only dream of. He equally understood that the finality of the artistic creation isn’t the illustration of the identity, let alone its essential basis, but is going forward a contemporary expression looking for artistic opening.

Still concerned by painting at the time, he got rid of the constraints of representation imposed by the fwomajé’s project. This turning point is the symbol of a new fundamental posture. With a certain freedom, he will go to produce, among other works, the « Série Noire », « Série Mythologie de la lune » as well as some floating bodies with the goal to enter modernity. This is when he will question the metaphysical concepts of life and death.

In 1992, he creates his last paintings and definitively departs from this medium. It’s exactly at that time that his career would take a new turn. It’s with a new « available material» that he will now work: radiographs. This material would allow him to establish his artist’s singularity by questioning his place and the places in the world. In a new workshop, equipped with medical tools and material recovered from an abandoned hospital. The artist fills himself with new ideas …
This new material irremediably causes intimacy with the body. A body revealed through imagery made possible thanks to the x-rays. Ernest Breleur intervenes on the interiority of an irradiated body; he intervenes on the back of the skin.

It’s has already been over 28 years that the artist uses radiography and to this day he’s far from having ceased all the possibilities it offers. Ernest Breleur tirelessly interrogates it.
Ernest Breleur believes that by going towards the other shores of the world, he can better perceive his.

His current work went to new artistic solutions and new forms. For the artist, if the work is meaningful, the aesthetic and ethical questions are fundamental in relation with the violence of globalization.
Enriched by his contacts with Edouard Glissant, Patrick Chamoiseau, Milan Kundera and many others, after the gallery « Les Filles du Calvaire », the artist now exhibits at « Maëlle Galerie » fifteen brand new works marking a turning point in his artistic practice.

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EXHIBITIONS

EXPOSITIONS PERSONNELLES (sélection)

2015
L'énigme du désir, Maëlle Galerie, Paris, France

2012
Dessins de transition, T&T Galerie, Jarry, Guadeloupe

2010
Portraits sans visage, Galerie les Filles du Calvaire, Paris, France

2009
Portraits reconstitués, T&T Galerie, Jarry, Guadeloupe
Reconstitution, Université d’Artois, Arras, France

2008
Corps Commun, Fondation Clément, le François, Martinique

2006
Reconstitution, CMAC Scène nationale, l’Atrium, Fort-de-France, Martinique
Rétrospective, Fondation Clément, le François, Martinique

1995
Corps Radiographiés, Chalon-sur-Saône, France

1993
Série blanche, Strasbourg, France

1992
Nexus Contemporary Art Center, Atlanta, USA

1990
Radiographies de portes, Fort-de-France, Martinique
Los contactos de hombre, Galerie Mayz Lyon, Caracas, Venezuela 1989 Mythologie de la lune, Martinique

EXPOSITIONS COLLECTIVES (sélection)

2012
Global Caraïbe, Little Haïti Cultural Center, Miami, USA
Caribbean : Crossroads of the world, Queens Museum of Art, New York, USA

2011
Caraïbe en expansion, Domaine de Fond St Jacques, Trinité, Martinique
Escaut: Rives dérives,festival international de sculpture contemporaine

2009
Kreyol Factory, La Villette, Paris, France

2004
Diaspo Art, Cotonou, Bénin
Salon d’Automne, Paris

2003
Reconstitution, Biennale de la Havane, la Havane, Cuba
Latitudes, Mairie de Paris, Paris, France

2001
Collection Musée M2A2, Maison de l’Amérique Latine, Paris, France
Collection Musée M2A2, Haïti

2000
Mastering The Millennium Art of The America, Washington, USA

1998
24e Biennale de Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brésil
6e Biennale des Seychelles, Seychelles

1998
Carib y Fragmentation, Musée d’art contemporain le Maïac, Espagne

1995
Espace des Arts, Chalon sur Saône, France
Rencontres internationales de photographies, Arles, France

1994
National Black Art Festival, Gallery Nexus, Atlanta, USA
Biennale de Saint-Domingue, République Dominicaine
22e Biennale de Sao Paulo, Brésil Biennale de Cuenca, Cuenca, Equateur
Biennale la Havane, la Havane, Cuba

1993 Carib Art, Curaçao

1992
1ere Biennale de Saint-Domingue, République Dominicaine
Regard sur la Caraïbe, espace Carpeaux, exposition itinérante, France
University center Gallery Howard University, Washington, U.S.A
1ere Biennale de Dakar, Dakar, Sénégal

1988
Exposition collective, Seine Saint Denis, France
Biennale Internationale du Québec, Québec, Canada
Exposition internationale « hommage à A. Césaire », Martinique

1986
Festival culturel de la ville de Fort-de-France, Martinique
2e Biennale de la Havane, Havane, Cuba 1985 Rencontre Inter Caraïbes, Guyane Française
PUBLICATIONS (sélection)

2009
Alexandre Alaric Corps Communs

2007
Jacques Leenhardt, Ernest Breleur l’envers de la photographie
Dominique Berthet, Les corps énigmatiques de Ernest Breleur , l'Harmatan
Dominique Berthet, Monographie, HC édition PARIS

2006
Patrick Chamoiseau, La blanche comme instant et instance de beauté
Patrick Chamoiseau, Méditation auprès d’Ernest Breleur
Dominique Berthet, Les corps énigmatiques d’Ernest Breleur , collection les Arts d’ailleurs, l’Harmattan
Cynthia Phibel, Regard sur l’œuvre d’Ernest Breleur

2005
Dominique Berthet, Suture du corps Suture du monde

2004
Eliane Chiron, L’Afrique rêvée d’Ernest Breleur, artiste Martiniquais, et de
Raymond Roussel écrivain

1999
Dominique Berthet, Présence et Absence du corps dans l’œuvre d’E.Breleur, l’Harmattan
Ernest Breleur, L’artiste face à la fonction critique, Revue esthétique

2000
Ernest Breleur, Qu’avons-nous à voir avec la modernité et la post Modernité ?,Revue Esthétique
Ernest Breleur, Ce que trace veut dire, l’harmattan (ss dir.) D. Berthet, collection les Arts d’Ailleurs

1998
Yolanda Wood, La reconstitution symbolique de l’être Giovanni Joppolo, Le Phénomène antique du voir

1997
Ernest Breleur, Les distances nécessaires, Revue esthétique

1995
Milan Kundéra, D’en bas tu humeras les Roses, Nué bleu ( Strasbourg)

1994
Roger Toumson, Ernest Breleur ou la Destruction des Icônes

1993
Milan Kundéra, Beau comme une rencontre multiple, revue l’Infini
Gallimard/FNAC

1990
Alexandre Alaric, Une Poétique de la Chair
Ernest Breleur, Manifeste de rupture avec Fwomajé
Dominique Berthet, entretien, Il faut que l’art surprenne, qu’il soit imprévisible, Revue Esthétique

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