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Jean-Etienne Liotard

Born in 1702 - Switzerland

BIOGRAPHY

Jean-Étienne Liotard (22 December 1702 – 12 June 1789) was a Swiss-French painter, art connoisseur and dealer. Liotard was born at Geneva. His father was a jeweller who fled to Switzerland after 1685. Jean-Étienne Liotard began his studies under Professors Gardelle and Petitot, whose enamels and miniatures he copied with considerable skill.

He went to Paris in 1725, studying under Jean-Baptiste Massé (fr) and François Lemoyne, on whose recommendation he was taken to Naples by the vicomte de Puysieux, Louis Philogène Brulart, Marquis de Puysieulx and Comte de Sillery. In 1735 he was in Rome, painting the portraits of Pope Clement XII and several cardinals. Three years later he accompanied Lord Duncannon to Constantinople.

Jean-Étienne Liotard visited Istanbul and painted numerous pastels of Turkish domestic scenes; he also continued to wear Turkish dress for much of the time when back in Europe. Using modern dress was considered unheroic and inelegant in history painting using Middle Eastern settings, with Europeans wearing local costume, as travellers were advised to do.

Many travellers had themselves painted in exotic Eastern dress on their return, including Lord Byron, as did many who had never left Europe, including Madame de Pompadour.[1] Byron's poetry was highly influential in introducing Europe to the heady cocktail of Romanticism in exotic Oriental settings which was later to dominate 19th century Oriental art.

His eccentric adoption of oriental costume secured him the nickname of the Turkish painter.

He went to Vienna in 1742 to paint the portraits of the Imperial family. In 1745 he sold La belle chocolatière to Francesco Algarotti.

Still under distinguished patronage[citation needed] he returned to Paris. In 1753 he visited England, where he painted Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha, the Princess of Wales. He went to Holland in 1756, where, in the following year, he married Marie Fargues. She also came from a Hugenot family, and wanted him to shave off his beard.

In 1762 he painted portraits in Vienna; in 1770 in Paris. Another visit to England followed in 1772, and in the next two years his name figures among the Royal Academy exhibitors. He returned to his native town in 1776. In 1781 Liotard published his Traité des principes et des règles de la peinture. In his last days he painted still lifes and landscapes. He died at Geneva in 1789.

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EXHIBITIONS

SOLO

2006
Jean-?tienne Liotard ( 1702-1789) : Swiss Master - The Frick Collection, New York City, NY
1978
Jean-Etienne Liotard - Kunsthaus Zürich, Zurich


GROUP

2011
Incongru. Quand l'art fait rire - Musée cantonal des Beaux-Arts, Lausanne
2010
The Secret Life of Drawings - J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, CA
... Giacometti, Hodler, Klee ... Höhepunkte der Schweiz aus sieben Jahrhunderten - Kunsthalle der Hypo-Kulturstiftung, Munich
2008
Ten Years of Drawings: What, How, and Why - J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, CA
2004
Pastels of the Eighteenth Century: Recent Acquisitions - The National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC
Pastels of the Eighteenth Century: Recent Acquisitions - The National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC
1993
Von Caspar David Friedrich bis Ferdinand Hodler - Alte Nationalgalerie, Berlin

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