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Zofia Rydet

Né en 1964 - Ukraine

BIOGRAPHIE

Zofia Rydet was born in Ukraine, in 1911, and she lived to be 86. She started her artistic career quite late, after many years of work as a saleswoman.

She is known to be ahead of her time in the Polish artistic world. Her works and her experience show her independence and her modern approach of photography.

At the end of the ?60s she starts to experiment with the photomontage, and appreciates this technique that she continues using all her life. At first, she overlaps elements of the human body and landscapes and elements of architecture. Thre is an interaction between the foreground and the background, and the results are often surrealistic and intimate visions.

Rydet?s practice also involves ?classic? photography. This is the technique she uses for her most important series, "The Sociological Record". This project continues until 1978 and involves thousands of shots; afterwards, the artist starts to take portraits of people in ancient countryside houses. Its coherence, its regularity and a particularly sensitive approach consecrated this project in the context of international avant-garde photography.

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EXPOSITIONS

1979
X Gorzowskie Konfrontacje Fotograficzne, Regional Museum, Gorzów Wielkopolski (the first presentation of the “Sociological Record”)

“Polish Photography 1839–1979,” International Center of Photography, New York; Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago

“Poszukiwania ’79,” Galeria BWA, Bydgoszcz

Ogólnopolski Konkurs Fotograficzny “Rodzina Polska,” ZPAF, Warsaw (photography competition, with a thematic focus on “the Polish family,” at which Rydet is awarded the main prize)

1980
“Sztuka reporta?u. Z historii fotografii polskiej” [The Art of Reportage: From the History of Polish Photography], National Museum in Wroc?aw; Museum of Modern Art in ?ód?

“Fotografia polska 1939–1979” [Polish Photography 1939–1979], Zach?ta National Gallery of Art, Warsaw; Museum of Modern Art in ?ód?

The 1st National Review of Sociological Photography in Bielsko-Bia?a

1981
“Polish Photography 1900–1981,” Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris

1983
“Krzy? – uniwersum sztuki / Znak krzy?a,” Warsaw

1984
“Exhibition of Polish Art,” The Pushkin State Museum of Fine Arts, Moscow

“Nurt intelektualny w sztuce polskiej po II wojnie ?wiatowej” [The Intellectual Current in Polish Art after World War II], BWA, Lublin

1985
“Polish Avant-Garde,” Cultureel Centrum, Berchem/Antwerp, Belgium

XV Gorzowskie Konfrontacje Fotograficzne ’85, Gorzów Wielkopolski (at which Rydet is recognized with a lifetime achievement award, named for photographer Waldemar Ku?ko, for her artistic contribution to Polish photography; in recognition of her past and present participation within the Gorzowskie Konfrontacje Fotograficzne showcase; and, in particular, for her cycles of photographs dedicated to sociological examinations)

1986
“Zofia Rydet. Dom” [Zofia Rydet: House], Galeria Nawa ?w. Krzysztofa, Duszpasterstwo ?rodowisk Twórczych, Ko?ció? OO. Jezuitów, ?ód?

“Obecno?? i zapis” [Presence and the Record], jubilee exhibition, ZPAF, Katowice (catalogue)

“Fotografia polska – poszukiwania 1955–1984 / Polská fotografie,” Museum of Decorative Arts, Prague

1987
“Fotografia” [Photography], an exhibition on the occasion of the 40th anniversary of ZPAF, Zach?ta National Gallery of Art, Warsaw (at which Rydet is awarded the “40 Years of ZPAF 1947–1987” medal for her contributions to the development of Polish photography)

“Out of Eastern Europe: Private Photography,” Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) List Visual Arts Center, Cambridge; The Baxter Gallery, Portland School of Art, Portland (Maine)

“Modern Photography and Beyond: Photographs in the Collection of the National Museum of Modern Art,” Kyoto

1988
Publication of the album “Obecno??” [Presence], published by Wydawnictwo OO. Bernardynów Calvarianum, Kalwaria Zebrzydowska (1988), with text by Józefa Hennelowa

“Aspects of Polish Photography: Zofia Rydet, ‘Sociological Record’; Maciej Plewi?ski, Wojciech Pra?mowski, Stanis?aw Michalski,” Galerie Picasso a Denain; exhibition organized by the Centre Régional de la Photographie, Nord Pas-de-Calais, Douchy-les-Mines, France

1989
“Zofia Rydet: Photography Festival in Opava,” Kulturni st?edisko ZV ROH OSS Opava – Kylešovice

“Fotoberichte aus Polen, Zofia Rydet, Anna Beata Bohdziewicz,” Aspekte Galerie, Offene Akademie der Münchner Volkshochschule, Munich

“Zofia Rydet: Photographic Exhibition,” Kaunas and Vilnius, Lithuania

“W 200 lat pó?niej. Fotografia: Marie-Pauele Negre »Francja rok 89«, Pierre Devin »Linia z?amania«, Zofia Rydet »Douchy 1988 – Zapis socjologiczny«; Plakat: »Obraz praw cz?owieka i obywatela we wspó?czesnym ?wiecie«” [200 Years Later: Photography, etc.], Galeria Sztuki Wspó?czesnej BWA, Katowice

1990
“Zofia Rydet. Niesko?czono?? dalekich dróg. Zapis socjologiczny 1978–1990” [Zofia Rydet: The Infinity of Distant Roads: Sociological Record 1978–1990], FF Gallery, ?ódzki Dom Kultury, ?ód?

“Zofia Rydet. Zapis socjologiczny. Douchy – Francja 1989” [Zofia Rydet: Sociological Record: Douchy – France 1989], Galeria Fotografii ?ódzkiego Towarzystwa Fotograficznego, ?ód?

“3 Photographers: Zofia Rydet, Wojciech Pra?mowski, Mino Svolik,” Galerie Jacqueline Salmon, Paris

1992
“Zofia Rydet: Sociological Record,” Douchy-les-Mines, France

“More Than One Photography: Works since 1980 from the Collection,” Museum of Modern Art, New York

1999
“Zofia Rydet 1911–1997. Fotografie” [Zofia Rydet 1911–1997: Photographs], Museum of Art in ?ód?; National Museum in Wroc?aw; Galeria Okr?gu ?l?skiego ZPAF, Galeria Pusta, Galeria ASP, and Galeria Sektor I – Górno?l?skiego Centrum Kultury w Katowicach, Katowice; Galeria O?rodka Promocji Kultury “Gaude Mater,” Cz?stochowa

2008
“Zapis socjologiczny 1978–1990” [Sociological Record 1978–1990], presented within the Krakow Photomonth Festival, Starmach Gallery, Krakow

2012
“Zofia Rydet. Zapis socjologiczny 1978–1990” [Zofia Rydet: Sociological Record 1978–1990], Czytelnia Sztuki, Gliwice

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