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Samuel Francis

Born in 1923 - United States

BIOGRAPHY

Sam Francis was born on June 25, 1923 in San Mateo, California and died on November 4, 1994 in Santa Monica.

Sam Francis studied botany, and the psychology at Berkley.

He was a pilot of the US Air Force and in World War II, when his plane crashed and he suffered a serious spine injury. He is forced to stay in a hospital bed for fours years. This is when he receives a watercolor set and he starts to paint the sky, the clouds and perceptions of light.

In 1946 and 1947 he is still convalescent, but stays with an artistic community, and later on moves with his father. He marries Vera Miller, a childhood friend. After his recovery, Sam Francis studies art at the University of California, between 1948 and 1950.

In 1950, he divorces Vera Miller and moves to Paris with Muriel Goodwin. He stays in France until 1961. He is deeply touched by the work of Monet and Bonnard. He has his first solo show in Paris in 1952, an the Galerie du Dragon.

In 1957 and 1958 he starts to travel around the world and visits the United States, Mexico and Japan. He meets the painter Teruko Yokoi, who becomes his third wife.

Sam Francis works with white backgrounds on which he applies paint stains that drip, surround or free the open space. Marked by the use of color, his painting language is defined by a great creative energy, revealed by colored stains that modulate the space and the surface.

Later on in his career, Sam Francis plays with colors more and more; he covers his canvases, drawings and monotypes in color without worrying about formal issues (these are his ?Instant Paintings?).

Color is the "real substance for me, the real underlying thing which drawing and painting are not ... colors are intensities". (Sam Francis)

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EXHIBITIONS

SOLO SHOWS

1952
Galerie du Dragon, Paris, (France)

1955
Galerie Rive Droite, Paris, (France)

1956
Martha Jackson Gallery, New York, (USA)
Zoé Duzanne Gallery, Seattle, (USA)
Galerie Rive Droite, Paris, (France)

1957
Zoe Duzanne Gallery, Seattle, (USA)
Gimpel Fils, Londres, (UK)
Galerie Klipsein & Kornfeld, Berne, (Switzerland)
Departement store, Tokyo, (Japan)
Martha Jackson Gallery, New York, , (USA)

1958
The Phillips Gallery, Washington, (USA)
Galerie Alfred Schmela, Dusseldorf, (Germany)
Martha Jackson Gallery, New York, (USA)

1959
Galerie Klipsein & Kornfeld, Berne, (Switzerland)
San Fransisco Museum of Art, (USA)
Zoe Duzanne Gallery, Seattle, (USA)

1960
Galerie Rive Droite, Paris, (France)
Kunsthalle, Berne, (Switzerland)
Galerie de Seine, Paris, (France)
Galerie La Notizie, Turin, (Italy).
David Anderson Gallery, New York, (USA)

1961
David Anderson Gallery, Ohio, (USA)
Galerie Klipstein & Kornfeld, Berne, (Switzerland)
Galerie Alfred Schmela, Dusseldorf, (Germany)
Gres Gallery, Chicago, (USA)
Galleria II Segno, Rome, (Italy)
Mniami Gallery, Tokyo, (Japan)
Galerie Jacques Dubourg, Paris, (France)
Galerie Klipstein & Kornfeld, Berne, (Switzerland)
Graphisches Kabinett Weber, Dusseldorf, (Germany)
Galerie Nachts St. Stephan, Vienne, (Austria)
Grabowski Galerie, Londres, (UK)

1962
Galerie Nachts St. Stephan, Vienne, (Austria)
Galerie D. Benador, Genève, (Switzerland)
Galerie Edwin Engelberts, Genève, (Switzerland)
Bezaliel National Art Museum, Jerusalem, (Israel)
Esther bear Gallery, Santa Barbara, (USA)
Galerie Pauli, Lausanne, (Switzerland)

1963
Kestner Gesellschaft, Hanovre, (Germany)
Martha Jackson Gallery, New York, (USA)

1964
Miami Gallery, Tokyo, (Japan)

1965
Wurttembergischer Kunstverein, Baden-Baden, (Germany)
Arthur Tooth & Sons, Londres, (UK)

1967
San Fransisco Museum of Art, (USA)
The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, (USA)

1968
Kunsthalle, Bâle, (Switzerland)
Centre National d’art Contemporain, Paris, (France)

1970
Martha Jackson Gallery, New York, (USA)

1972
Albright Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo & New York, (USA)

1974
Idemitsu Art Gallery, Tokyo, (Japan)
Fundacion Eugenio Mendoza, Caracas, (Venezuela)
American Center, Nagoya, (Japan)
Galerie d’art moderne, Bâle, (Switzerland)
The Phillips Collection, Washington, (USA)

1975
Los Angeles, Valley College, Van Nuys, (USA)

1977
Galerie Kornfeld, Zurich, (Switzerland)
Galerie Pudelko, Bonn, (Germany)

1979
Maxwell Davidson Gallery, New York, (USA)
Bois Gallery of Art, Boise, Ohio, (USA)
Institute of Contemporary Art of Boston, (USA)
Foster Goldstrom Fine Arts Inc., Boston, (USA)
Robert Elkon Gallery, New York, (USA)

1980
The Phillips Collection, Washington, (USA)
Asher & Faure Gallery, Los Angeles, (USA)

1981
Ace Gallery, Los Angeles, (USA)

1983
Studio Marconi, Milan, (Italy)
Art Attack Gallery, Boise, Ohio, (USA)

1984
Robert Elkon Gallery, New York, (USA)
Pamela Auchincloss Gallery, Santa Barbara, (USA)

1986
Andre Emmerich Gallery, New York, (USA)
Pavillon des Arts, Paris, (France)

1987
Nantenshi Gallery, Tokyo, (Japan)
Manny Silverman Gallery, Los Angeles, (USA)
Loma Linda University, Riverside, Californie, (USA)

1988
Smith-Anderson Gallery, Palo Alto, Californie, (USA)
Bernard Jacobson Gallery, Londres, (UK)
Galerie Jean Fournier, Paris, (France)
Musée d’Art Moderne, Toyama, Japon, (Japan)

1989
Gallery Ikeda-Bijutsu, Tokyo, (Japan)
Knoedler Gallery, Londres, (UK)

1990
Associated American Artists, New York, (USA)
André Emmerich Gallery, New York, (USA)

1991
Galerie Kornfeld, Berne, (Switzerland)
Angles Gallery, Santa Monica, (USA)
Gagosian Gallery, New York, (USA)

1993
Kunst und austellungder bundesrepublik Deutschland, Bonn, (Germany)
Cohen Gallery, New York, (USA)

1995
Louisiana Museum of modern art, Humlebaeck, (Danemark).

1996
Galerie Nationale du Jeu de Paume, Paris, (France)

1999
Galerie Jean Fournier, Paris, (France)

2003
Musée d’art et d’histoire de Fribourg, (Switzerland)
Guy Peters Gallery, St Paul de Vence ; Gallery Delaive, (Netherlands)

2006
Kunstmuseum, Berne, (Switzerland)

2007
Galerie LC, Paris, (France)

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