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Oil Painting

Oil painting is a type of paint which involves mixing crushed colour pigments usually with linseed oil, although poppy seed oil can also be used. The support on which it is painted must be covered with a primer beforehand so that the layer of paint can adhere to the support; an additional step which is crucial to the creative process and also means that it can be adapted to many types of surfaces.

It was during the Middle Ages that this technique first appeared and began to be develop in the Western world. The discovery of oil painting is often attributed to the Flemish painter, Jan Van Eyck who had been experimenting with various mixtures. With this new painting technique, his works benefited from new transparency effects and a new type of aesthetic was born. His approach was copied and later shared more widely by other primitive Flemish painters. Oil painting replaced the tempera technique, which uses egg as a binder.

Similarly, the wood on which artists painted was replaced by linen canvas, installed on a frame from the 15th century onwards and later placed on an easel. Although it was well-liked by painters, this medium had its drawbacks; its components were toxic and its preparation required a great amount of artisan savoir-faire in the studio. Despite this, it became closely linked to the visual arts and and was hugely popularised during the Renaissance thanks to the Venetian painters such as Titian, followed closely by the Flemish, including Rubens, before it reached the Netherlands who made it their own, with Rembrandt leading the way. The 19th and 20th centuries saw oil painting became the number one choice and the preferred medium for for modern times. The mixture no longer had to be prepared by artists in the studio; industrialisation had made things easier and the paint came pre-prepared, packaged in tubes. The tin tube was commercialised in France in 1840 and revolutionised the history of art by encouraging the Impressionists to take their brushes and paints outside and paint en plein air. It would slowly be overtaken by acrylic paint a century later which simplified things even further as it was dried faster.
An oil painting canvas also implies that the painter must respect the fat over lean principle, meaning that a colours with high oil content (fat) should be applied over layers of paint with lower oil content (lean) to ensure that the painting will last longer and to prevent cracking. Oil painting remains a widely used method and numerous artworks are still made using this technique.

Contemporary artists still master oil painting but sometimes avoid working with it in the same traditional ways of the 20th century. The canvas is often not prepared so that its texture can be seen under the layer of paint, as certain abstract painters have done. Jackson Pollock for example used oil painting but did not glaze his works. He didn't even truly paint his canvases as he used a dripping technique; by shaking his brush he created splashes of paint over the canvas…

On Artsper, explore contemporary paintings by well-known artists including Georges Terzian, Arman, Salvador Dali and Robert Combas.

Collector’s Guide: Collecting Paintings

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price,500 facet,10503*Oeuvres d’artistes best sellers|icon-bestsellers*bestsellers facet,10503*Artworks by best-selling artists|icon-bestsellers*bestsellers facet,10503*Werke von Bestseller-Künstlern|icon-bestsellers*werke-von-kunstlern-bestseller facet,10503*Obras de los artistas más vendidos|icon-bestsellers*obras-de-los-artistas-mas-vendidos category,6*Peinture*peinture category,6*Painting*painting category,6*Gemälde*gemalde category,6*Pintura*pintura price,501:1000 facet,10500*Young Talents|icon-youngtalents*youngtalents facet,10500*Oeuvres d'artistes émergents|icon-youngtalents*jeunes-talents facet,10500*Werke von aufstrebenden Künstlern|icon-youngtalents*werke-von-jungen-kunstlern facet,10500*Obras de artistas emergentes|icon-youngtalents*obras-de-artistas-emergentes facet,10500*Werke aufstrebender Künstler|icon-youngtalents*werke-von-jungen-kunstlern facet,8274*Moyen (\u003c 115 x 115 cm)*moyen facet,8274*Moyen (\u003c 45 x 45 inch)*moyen facet,8274*Moyen (\u003c 115 x 115 cm)|medium*moyen facet,8274*Moyen (\u003c 45 x 45 inch)|medium*moyen facet,8277*Grand (\u003c 200 x 200 cm)*grand facet,8277*Grand (\u003c 80 x 80 inch)*grand facet,8277*Grand (\u003c 200 x 200 cm)|large*grand facet,8277*Grand (\u003c 80 x 80 inch)|large*grand facet,1629*Abstraite*abstraite facet,1629*abstrakt*abstrakt facet,1629*Abstract*abstract facet,1629*abstracto*abstracto facet,10497*Oeuvres d'artistes célèbres|icon-masterpieces*artistes-celebres facet,10497*Artworks by famous artists|icon-masterpieces*masterpieces facet,10497*Werke berühmter Künstler|icon-masterpieces*werke-beruhmter-kunstler facet,10497*Obras de artistas famosos|icon-masterpieces*obras-de-artistas-famosos facet,8259*Our recommendations|icon-recommendations*recommendations facet,8259*unsere Empfehlungen|icon-recommendations*unsere-empfehlungen facet,8259*Nos recommandations|icon-recommendations*recommandations facet,8259*Nuestras recomendaciones|icon-recommendations*nuestras-recomendaciones price,1001:5000 facet,1635*Street art*street-art facet,1635*arte callejero*arte-callejero facet,1635*Straßenkunst*street-art category,5*Sculpture*sculpture category,5*Skulptur*skulptur category,5*Escultura*escultura category,9*Photography*photography category,9*Photographie*photographie category,9*Fotografie*fotografie category,9*Fotografía*fotografia facet,1671*Nature*nature facet,1671*Natur*natur facet,1671*Naturaleza*naturaleza facet,1644*Portrait*portrait facet,1644*Porträt*portrat facet,1644*Retrato*retrato facet,1686*Pop Art*pop-art facet,1686*Arte pop*arte-pop facet,1686*Pop-Art*pop-art facet,8280*Très grand (\u003e 200 x 200 cm)*tres-grand facet,8280*Très grand (\u003e 200 x 200 cm)|very-large*tres-grand facet,8280*Très grand (\u003e 80 x 80 inch)|very-large*tres-grand category,23*Dessin*dessin category,23*Zeichnung*zeichnung category,23*Fine Art Drawings*drawing category,23*Dibujo*dibujo price,1000:501 facet,1641*Akt*akte facet,1641*Nus*nus facet,1641*desnudos*desnudos facet,1641*Nude*nude category,15*Edition*edition category,15*Print*print category,15*Druck*editionen category,15*Edición*edicion facet,1827*Portrait*orientation-portrait facet,1827*Hochformat*orientation-portrat facet,1827*Portrait|portrait*orientation-portrait facet,1827*Retrato*orientation-retrato facet,1827*Retrato|portrait*orientation-retrato facet,1827*Hochformat|portrait*orientation-portrat facet,8277*Large (\u003c 80 x 80 inch)*large facet,8277*Large (\u003c 200 x 200 cm)*large facet,8277*Large (\u003c 80 x 80 inch)|large*large facet,8277*Large (\u003c 200 x 200 cm)|large*large facet,1830*Paysage*orientation-paysage facet,1830*Paisaje*orientation-paisaje facet,1830*Landscape*orientation-landscape facet,1830*Landschaft*orientation-landschaft facet,1830*Paisaje|landscape*orientation-paisaje facet,1830*Paysage|landscape*orientation-paysage facet,1830*Landschaft|landscape*orientation-landschaft facet,1830*Landscape|landscape*orientation-landscape facet,8301*Oeuvres en promotion|icon-promotions*promotions facet,8301*Special Offers|icon-promotions*vergunstigte-werke facet,8301*Special offers|icon-promotions*promotions facet,8301*Trabajos en promoción|icon-promotions*trabajos-en-promocion facet,8274*Medium (\u003c 115 x 115 cm)*medium facet,8274*Medium (\u003c 45 x 45 inch)*medium facet,8274*Medium (\u003c 45 x 45 inch)|medium*medium facet,8274*Medium (\u003c 115 x 115 cm)|medium*medium facet,1674*Etchleben*etchleben facet,1674*Scène de vie*scene-de-vie facet,1674*Everyday life*everyday-life facet,1674*Escena de la vida*escena-de-la-vida facet,1680*Tier*tier facet,1680*Animales*animales facet,1680*Animaux*animaux facet,1680*Animal*animal facet,8271*Petit (\u003c 50 x 50 cm)*petit facet,8271*Petit (\u003c 20 x 20 inch)*petit facet,8271*Petit (\u003c 50 x 50 cm)|small*petit facet,8271*Petit (\u003c 20 x 20 inch)|small*petit facet,8280*Very large (\u003e 200 x 200 cm)*very-large facet,8280*Very large (\u003e 80 x 80 inch)*very-large facet,8280*Very large (\u003e 80 x 80 inch)|very-large*very-large facet,8280*Very large (\u003e 200 x 200 cm)|very-large*very-large facet,126*acrylique*acrylique facet,126*acrylic*acrylic facet,126*Acryl-*acryl facet,126*acrílico*acrilico facet,108*huile*huile facet,108*al oleo*al-oleo facet,108*oil*oil facet,108*Öl*ol price,50001 facet,1668*Noir et blanc*noir-et-blanc facet,1668*Black and white*black-and-white facet,1668*Schwarz und weiß*schwarz-und-weiss facet,1668*Blanco y negro*blanco-y-negro price,5001:10000 facet,1632*Architecture*architecture facet,1632*Die Architektur*die-architektur facet,1632*Arquitectura*arquitectura facet,1659*Flore*flore facet,1659*Flora*flora facet,1659*Floral*floral facet,1659*Flores*flores facet,1650*Paysage urbain*paysage-urbain facet,1650*Paisaje urbano*paisaje-urbano facet,1650*Städtische Landschaft*stadtische-landschaft facet,1650*Urban Landscape*urban-landscape facet,12*noir|050002*noir facet,12*Black|050002*black facet,12*schwarz|050002*schwarz facet,12*negro|050002*negro price,10001:25000 facet,42*Rouge|FC2912*rouge facet,42*Red|FC2912*red facet,42*rot|FC2912*rot facet,42*Rojo|FC2912*rojo price,25001:50000 facet,30*Dark blue|0707BD*dark-blue facet,30*bleu foncé|0707BD*bleu-fonce facet,30*Dunkelblau|0707BD*dunkelblau facet,30*azul oscuro|0707BD*azul-oscuro facet,1692*Geometric*geometric facet,1692*Géométrique*geometrique facet,1692*Geometrisch*geometrisch facet,1692*Geometría*geometria
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Ralph Resch, Sensual Way, Painting

Ralph Resch

Sensual Way, 2021
100 x 81 x 2 cm
Painting

$1,025 $923

Daniel Castan, Sous un ciel bleu, Painting

Daniel Castan

Sous un ciel bleu, 2021
100 x 100 x 3 cm
Painting

$4,032

Kurar, Paris 2083, Painting

Kurar

Paris 2083, 2021
97 x 146 x 2.5 cm
Painting

$5,990

Liora, Feel 3, Painting

Liora

Feel 3, 2021
50 x 50 x 2 cm
Painting

$576

Our recommendations Yasna Godovanik, Let It Snow!, Painting

Yasna Godovanik

Let It Snow!, 2021
100 x 70 x 2 cm
Painting

$1,440 $835

Yasna Godovanik, Fairytale Of Love, Painting

Yasna Godovanik

Fairytale Of Love, 2021
100 x 80 x 2 cm
Painting

$1,440 $806

Claude Gean, Totem 20 - flamand de thau, Painting

Claude Gean

Totem 20 - flamand de thau, 2021
52 x 20 x 5 cm
Painting

$1,152

Patrick Cornée, Pink panther likes Bitcoins, Harley Davidsons and Montecristo cigars n°4, Painting

Patrick Cornée

Pink panther likes Bitcoins, Harley Davidsons and Montecristo cigars n°4, 2021
100 x 100 x 3 cm
Painting

$3,686 $3,317

Francis L'Huillier, Les grands voyageurs 8, Painting

Francis L'Huillier

Les grands voyageurs 8, 2021
50 x 60 x 4 cm
Painting

$806

Ruslana Levandovska, London, Evening Promise, Painting

Ruslana Levandovska

London, Evening Promise, 2021
61 x 45.7 x 1.9 cm
Painting

$1,700

Laurent Anastay-Ponsolle, Constance - Les Mains, Painting

Laurent Anastay-Ponsolle

Constance - Les Mains, 2019
24 x 18 x 0.2 cm
Painting

$576

Antonino Puliafico, Riflessi su barca, Painting

Antonino Puliafico

Riflessi su barca, 2021
60 x 80 x 2 cm
Painting

$2,073

Serghei Ghetiu, Against the sea wind, Painting

Serghei Ghetiu

Against the sea wind, 2021
60 x 50 x 2 cm
Painting

$634

Lionel le Jeune, La sieste interrompue, Painting

Lionel le Jeune

La sieste interrompue, 2008
65 x 81 x 2 cm
Painting

$634

Paul Jenkins, Phenomena Bending Wind Reed, Painting

Paul Jenkins

Phenomena Bending Wind Reed, 1978
96 x 137 x 0.1 cm
Painting

$86,392 $69,114

Rafal Gadowski, Panther 04, Painting

Rafal Gadowski

Panther 04, 2021
100 x 100 x 2.5 cm
Painting

$1,613 $1,451

Thierry Carrier, Code 2104, Painting

Thierry Carrier

Code 2104, 2021
97 x 130 x 3 cm
Painting

$6,911

Françoise Dugourd-Caput, Moite moite, Painting

Françoise Dugourd-Caput

Moite moite, 2020
90 x 30 cm
Painting

$795

Albena Vatcheva, Trois, Painting

Albena Vatcheva

Trois, 2021
50 x 50 x 2 cm
Painting

$1,094 $985

Marie France Garrigues, Le Panthéon, Painting

Marie France Garrigues

Le Panthéon, 2021
50 x 50 x 2 cm
Painting

$749

Agnès Tiollier, Bassin du parc III, Painting

Agnès Tiollier

Bassin du parc III, 2021
30 x 30 x 2.5 cm
Painting

$380

Meskar, Evasion, Painting

Meskar

Evasion, 2021
80 x 80 x 2 cm
Painting

$2,073

Franck Gaulier, Brunelda et Karl, Painting

Franck Gaulier

Brunelda et Karl, 2016
33 x 24 x 0.4 cm
Painting

$276

Marta Zawadzka, My day, Painting

Marta Zawadzka

My day, 2019
90 x 90 x 2 cm
Painting

$2,189

Monika Rossa, Abstraction, Painting

Monika Rossa

Abstraction, 2021
150 x 114 cm
Painting

$2,304 $2,073

Patrick Chevailler, Red deadeye, Painting

Patrick Chevailler

Red deadeye, 2021
45 x 30 x 2 cm
Painting

$922

Uli Fischer, Andriana, Painting

Uli Fischer

Andriana, 2021
100 x 100 x 4 cm
Painting

$3,225 $2,903

Avetis Khachatryan, Green Dream, Painting

Avetis Khachatryan

Green Dream, 2020
40 x 30 x 2 cm
Painting

$1,700 $1,445

Marie-Laure Souq, A l'ombre des arcades, Paris, Painting

Marie-Laure Souq

A l'ombre des arcades, Paris, 2021
30 x 30 x 2 cm
Painting

$806

Luis Alvarado, Début de journée à Solentiname, Painting

Luis Alvarado

Début de journée à Solentiname, 2021
50 x 40 x 3 cm
Painting

$691

Gergana Balabanova, Is there a bridge there, Painting

Gergana Balabanova

Is there a bridge there, 2021
54 x 140 x 2 cm
Painting

$1,325

René Guinand, Bouquet de fleurs, Painting

René Guinand

Bouquet de fleurs, 1943
41 x 33 x 2 cm
Painting

$608

Mario Henrique, Somnium No. 1, Series XI, Painting

Mario Henrique

Somnium No. 1, Series XI, 2021
150 x 120 x 4 cm
Painting

$8,900

Dominique Heitz, Today, Painting

Dominique Heitz

Today, 2021
80 x 30 cm
Painting

$795

Ludivine Corominas, Magnolias, Painting

Ludivine Corominas

Magnolias, 2021
55 x 38 x 2 cm
Painting

$2,004 $1,804

Lucio Forte, Aida, Painting

Lucio Forte

Aida, 2021
20 x 17 x 0.3 cm
Painting

$172

Corinne Foucouin, B. Forest, Painting

Corinne Foucouin

B. Forest, 2021
38 x 46 x 2 cm
Painting

$1,382

Stéphane Gisclard, Tower bridge, Painting

Stéphane Gisclard

Tower bridge, 2021
116 x 89 x 2.5 cm
Painting

$9,791

Patrick Marin, Seventies 09, Painting

Patrick Marin

Seventies 09, 2020
92 x 65 x 2 cm
Painting

$2,534

Cristiano Sidoti, A l´aube, Painting

Cristiano Sidoti

A l´aube, 2021
40 x 50 x 2 cm
Painting

$645

Georges Corominas, Albrizzu, Painting

Georges Corominas

Albrizzu, 2021
41 x 27 x 1 cm
Painting

$4,780 $4,302

Tommaso Fattovich, Blondie, Painting

Tommaso Fattovich

Blondie, 2021
101.6 x 76.2 cm
Painting

$4,076

Le Closier, Fly me to The Moon, Painting

Le Closier

Fly me to The Moon, 2021
76 x 76 x 2 cm
Painting

$1,382

Katarzyna Szydlowska, A glass, Painting

Katarzyna Szydlowska

A glass, 2020
46 x 38 cm
Painting

$1,958 $1,762

Our recommendations Gérard Mortier, Le portail abandonné, Painting

Gérard Mortier

Le portail abandonné, 2021
46 x 33 x 2 cm
Painting

$1,497

Philippe Pasqua, Esquisse préparatoire, Painting

Philippe Pasqua

Esquisse préparatoire, 2011
73 x 60 x 2 cm
Painting

$9,791

Jean Jacques Boimond, Fleurs blanches et pinceaux, Painting

Jean Jacques Boimond

Fleurs blanches et pinceaux, 1989
55.5 x 38.5 x 2 cm
Painting

$796

Bernard Delheure, Orange et citrons dans sac plastique, Painting

Bernard Delheure

Orange et citrons dans sac plastique, 2021
46 x 38 x 2 cm
Painting

$1,958 $1,762

Georges Henri Chapot, Navire sur les flots, Painting

Georges Henri Chapot

Navire sur les flots, 1921
32.8 x 41 x 2 cm
Painting

$619

Alejandro Moretti, The Universe Of Marilyn, Painting

Alejandro Moretti

The Universe Of Marilyn, 2021
100 x 80 x 2 cm
Painting

$1,958 $1,567

Denis Cat, Harley Quinn, Painting

Denis Cat

Harley Quinn, 2021
90 x 53 cm
Painting

$1,129

Janusz Orzechowski, Back to the Future IV, Painting

Janusz Orzechowski

Back to the Future IV, 2021
80 x 110 x 2.5 cm
Painting

$2,189

Baldo Gulberti, Enfants jouant en bord de rivière, Painting

Baldo Gulberti

Enfants jouant en bord de rivière, 1953
46 x 54 x 0.5 cm
Painting

$586

Patrice Marchal, Fleurs des champs 2, Painting

Patrice Marchal

Fleurs des champs 2, 2019
27 x 35 x 2 cm
Painting

$1,094

Philippe Pinaud, Vulcano - série Abstraction, Painting

Philippe Pinaud

Vulcano - série Abstraction, 2016
81 x 60 x 2 cm
Painting

$1,175

Our recommendations Kathleen Ney, White Begonias, Painting

Kathleen Ney

White Begonias, 2021
45.7 x 61 x 0.3 cm
Painting

$1,050

Lucien-Philippe Moretti, Fillette aux boucles rousse, Painting

Lucien-Philippe Moretti

Fillette aux boucles rousse, 1983
27 x 22 x 2 cm
Painting

$1,061

Our recommendations Yan Copelli, Adornment to material, Painting

Yan Copelli

Adornment to material, 2019
34.8 x 25.4 cm
Painting

$750

Irene Mahon, Derrière le voile, Painting

Irene Mahon

Derrière le voile, 2021
46 x 38 x 2 cm
Painting

$495 $446

Albert Joseph Januarius Di Décarli, S. Spiridione Protettore Dei Ladri, Painting

Albert Joseph Januarius Di Décarli

S. Spiridione Protettore Dei Ladri, 1952
19.5 x 63 x 0.5 cm
Painting

$586

Our recommendations Adrien Fricheteau, L’Avant-Nuit, Painting

Adrien Fricheteau

L’Avant-Nuit, 2021
46 x 36 x 3 cm
Painting

$1,728

Daniel Ihly, L'arrestation, Painting

Daniel Ihly

L'arrestation, 1903
65 x 61 x 2 cm
Painting

$740

P. Roubin, Paysage animé, Painting

P. Roubin

Paysage animé, 1905
30 x 50 x 2 cm
Painting

$575

Diana Malivani, First Flowers, Painting

Diana Malivani

First Flowers, 2021
50 x 70 x 2 cm
Painting

$3,456

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