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Masters of modern art

Not to be confused with contemporary art, the term "modern art" refers to works produced between the late nineteenth and the mid-twentieth century. In response to growing urbanisation, artists rejected the aesthetics of art movements from previous centuries and began to leave more room for creativity in their paintings. The modern art period saw the emergence of Cubism, Surrealism, Dadaism, Abstract Expressionism and many other key movements.

Modern art began with Impressionism and finished with Abstract Expressionism, witnessing the development of several very important and very different art movements. The status of artists changed radically during this period, placing the great modern masters at the forefront of the art world. Artsper invites you to follow modern art's journey through the years, and discover the 20th century artists that permanently changed the way we see the world.

Claude Monet's 1872 Impressionist painting, Impression, Sunrise, is widely regarded as the catalyst for the modern art period, as it rejects the strict rules of academic art. Other artists such as Renoir, Degas and Manet quickly followed suit, causing Impressionism to dominate France's artistic scene. This was until the arrival of post-Impressionism at the end of the century. Van Gogh, Cézanne and Gauguin lead the post-Impressionist movement, captivating viewers with their colourful, inspiring and never seen before paintings.

Henri Matisse and André Derain made up the avant-garde groupe of the 20th century through their introduction of Fauvism. Although they dismissed the idea that art should depict reality, they equally used the world around them as a source of inspiration. Their expressive, multicoloured and energetic paintings played with light and highlighted individual experience.

Shortly after the First World War, painters in Germany and Austria adopted a more experimental approach to art, known today as Expressionism. They took the traits from other art movements and adapted them, resulting in artists depicting the world from a subjective perspective whilst using garish colours and tones.  

Cubism was probably the most influential movement in the modern art period. Its transition toward abstraction revolutionised not only painting and sculpture, but also music and literature. Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso began the movement in 1907, where they analysed objects, figures and landscapes before breaking them up and reassembling them into abstract compositions. This allowed the artists to depict multiple viewpoints in their work, and present their subject in a wider and more truthful context. Geometric shapes and an infinite palette of colours make up the Cubist movement, highlighting the details that would otherwise go unnoticed.  

The 1920s saw the introduction of Surrealism, where artists like Salvador Dali, Max Ernst, Man Ray, Joan Miro and René Magritte used dreams and the unconscious mind to create psychedelic and whimsical artworks.

Finally Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko and Willem de Kooning paved the way with Abstract Expressionism. A movement that was not only focussed on colour, but actually considered the process of creation itself, with new artistic techniques such as dripping and pouring.



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price,500 facet,10503*Oeuvres d’artistes best sellers|icon-bestsellers*bestsellers facet,10503*Artworks by best-selling artists|icon-bestsellers*bestsellers facet,10503*Werke von Bestseller-Künstlern|icon-bestsellers*werke-von-kunstlern-bestseller facet,10503*Obras de los artistas más vendidos|icon-bestsellers*obras-de-los-artistas-mas-vendidos price,1001:5000 price,501:1000 facet,10500*Young Talents|icon-youngtalents*youngtalents facet,10500*Werke aufstrebender Künstler|icon-youngtalents*werke-von-jungen-kunstlern facet,10500*Obras de artistas emergentes|icon-youngtalents*obras-de-artistas-emergentes facet,10500*Oeuvres d'artistes émergents|icon-youngtalents*jeunes-talents category,6*Peinture*peinture category,6*Gemälde*gemalde category,6*Painting*painting category,6*Pintura*pintura facet,8259*Our recommendations|icon-recommendations*recommendations facet,8259*unsere Empfehlungen|icon-recommendations*unsere-empfehlungen facet,8259*Nos recommandations|icon-recommendations*recommandations facet,8259*Nuestras recomendaciones|icon-recommendations*nuestras-recomendaciones facet,1629*Abstract*abstract facet,1629*Abstraite*abstraite facet,1629*abstracto*abstracto facet,1629*abstrakt*abstrakt facet,8274*Moyen (\u003c 115 x 115 cm)|medium*moyen facet,8274*Moyen (\u003c 45 x 45 inch)|medium*moyen facet,10497*Werke berühmter Künstler|icon-masterpieces*werke-beruhmter-kunstler facet,10497*Artworks by famous artists|icon-masterpieces*masterpieces facet,10497*Oeuvres d'artistes célèbres|icon-masterpieces*artistes-celebres facet,10497*Obras de artistas famosos|icon-masterpieces*obras-de-artistas-famosos facet,8277*Grand (\u003c 200 x 200 cm)|large*grand facet,8277*Grand (\u003c 80 x 80 inch)|large*grand facet,1635*Street art*street-art facet,1635*Straßenkunst*street-art facet,1635*arte callejero*arte-callejero facet,1671*Paysage*nature facet,1671*Naturaleza*naturaleza facet,1671*Landscape*nature facet,1671*Natur*natur facet,8277*Large (\u003c 80 x 80 inch)|large*large facet,8277*Large (\u003c 200 x 200 cm)|large*large facet,1686*Pop Art*pop-art facet,1686*Pop-Art*pop-art facet,1686*Arte pop*arte-pop category,5*Skulptur*skulptur category,5*Escultura*escultura category,5*Sculpture*sculpture facet,1644*Portrait*portrait facet,1644*Porträt*portrat facet,1644*Retrato*retrato category,9*Photography*photography category,9*Photographie*photographie category,9*Fotografía*fotografia category,9*Fotografie*fotografie facet,1641*Nus*nus facet,1641*Nude*nude facet,1641*Akt*akte facet,1641*desnudos*desnudos price,1000:501 facet,1830*Landschaft|landscape*orientation-landschaft facet,1830*Paysage|landscape*orientation-paysage facet,1830*Paisaje|landscape*orientation-paisaje facet,1830*Landscape|landscape*orientation-landscape facet,8274*Medium (\u003c 115 x 115 cm)|medium*medium facet,8274*Medium (\u003c 45 x 45 inch)|medium*medium facet,8280*Très grand (\u003e 200 x 200 cm)|very-large*tres-grand facet,8280*Très grand (\u003e 80 x 80 inch)|very-large*tres-grand category,15*Druck*editionen category,15*Print*print category,15*Edition*edition category,15*Edición*edicion category,23*Fine Art Drawings*drawing category,23*Dessin*dessin category,23*Zeichnung*zeichnung category,23*Dibujo*dibujo facet,1827*Portrait|portrait*orientation-portrait facet,1827*Hochformat|portrait*orientation-portrat facet,1827*Retrato|portrait*orientation-retrato facet,8301*Oeuvres en promotion|icon-promotions*promotions facet,8301*Special offers|icon-promotions*promotions facet,8301*Special Offers|icon-promotions*vergunstigte-werke facet,8301*Trabajos en promoción|icon-promotions*trabajos-en-promocion facet,8271*Petit (\u003c 50 x 50 cm)|small*petit facet,1674*Scène de vie*scene-de-vie facet,1674*Everyday life*everyday-life facet,1674*Etchleben*etchleben facet,1674*Escena de la vida*escena-de-la-vida facet,1680*Animal*animal facet,1680*Animaux*animaux facet,1680*Tier*tier facet,1680*Animales*animales facet,1668*Noir et blanc*noir-et-blanc facet,1668*Black and white*black-and-white facet,1668*Schwarz und weiß*schwarz-und-weiss facet,1668*Blanco y negro*blanco-y-negro price,50001 facet,8280*Very large (\u003e 200 x 200 cm)|very-large*very-large facet,8280*Very large (\u003e 80 x 80 inch)|very-large*very-large facet,1632*Architecture*architecture facet,1632*Die Architektur*die-architektur facet,1632*Arquitectura*arquitectura price,5001:10000 facet,1659*Floral*floral facet,1659*Flore*flore facet,1659*Flora*flora facet,1659*Flores*flores facet,1692*Geometric*geometric facet,1692*Géométrique*geometrique facet,1692*Geometrisch*geometrisch facet,1692*Geometría*geometria facet,1650*Urban Landscape*urban-landscape facet,1650*Paysage urbain*paysage-urbain facet,1650*Städtische Landschaft*stadtische-landschaft facet,1650*Paisaje urbano*paisaje-urbano facet,1656*Graphic*graphic facet,1656*Grafik*grafik facet,1656*Graphique*graphique facet,1656*Gráfico*grafico facet,12*Black|050002*black facet,12*schwarz|050002*schwarz facet,12*noir|050002*noir facet,12*negro|050002*negro facet,11634*Pop culture Street-artistes*pop-culture-street-artistes facet,11634*Pop Culture Street Artists*pop-culture-street-artists facet,11634*Popkultur Straßenkünstler*popkultur-strassenkunstler facet,11634*Cultura pop Street-artistas*cultura-pop-street-artistas price,10001:25000 price,5000:1001 facet,1833*Square|square*orientation-square facet,1833*Carré|square*orientation-carre facet,1833*Quadrat|square*orientation-platz facet,1833*Cuadrado|square*orientation-cuadrado
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Our recommendations Victor Vasarely, Operenccia, Painting

Victor Vasarely

Operenccia, 1986
101.6 x 167.6 x 2.5 cm
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Alexander Calder, Dice, Painting

Alexander Calder

Dice, 1974
94 x 129.5 x 2.5 cm
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Our recommendations Niki de Saint Phalle, L'Arbre aux Serpents, Print

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Yves Klein, Petite Vénus bleue, Sculpture

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Hans Hartung, Farandole 3, Print

Hans Hartung

Farandole 3, 1971
49 x 74 cm
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Hans Hartung, Farandole 7, Print

Hans Hartung

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49 x 74 cm
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$1,747

Max Ernst, Lewis Carroll's Wunderhorn 28, Print

Max Ernst

Lewis Carroll's Wunderhorn 28, 1970
33 x 25 cm
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$1,747

Max Ernst, Lewis Carroll's Wunderhorn 25, Print

Max Ernst

Lewis Carroll's Wunderhorn 25, 1970
33 x 25 cm
Print

$1,747

Peter Klasen, Manette/G/fond rouge, Print

Peter Klasen

Manette/G/fond rouge, 1997
61 x 50 cm
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$582

Peter Klasen, SE 7 fond jaune, Print

Peter Klasen

SE 7 fond jaune, 1991
100 x 76 cm
Print

$874

Our recommendations Erró, Boy Toy, Print

Erró

Boy Toy, 2018
84 x 62 x 2 cm
Print

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Joan Miró, Journal d'un graveur 5, Print

Joan Miró

Journal d'un graveur 5, 1975
58 x 45 cm
Print

$3,261

Antoni Tapies, Poems 6, Print

Antoni Tapies

Poems 6, 1974
76 x 56 cm
Print

$2,562

Antoni Tapies, Carmi 1, Print

Antoni Tapies

Carmi 1, 1993
57 x 76 cm
Print

$7,571

Alexander Calder, Portrait de Constantin Tacou, Print

Alexander Calder

Portrait de Constantin Tacou, 1974
49 x 34 cm
Print

$2,329

Jean Cocteau, Europe - L'Europe pont des civilisations, Print

Jean Cocteau

Europe - L'Europe pont des civilisations, 1961
33 x 46 cm
Print

$268

Our recommendations Carlos Cruz-Diez, Caura-4, Print

Carlos Cruz-Diez

Caura-4, 2015
60 x 70 cm
Print

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François Morellet, 2 trames de tirets-positif, Print

François Morellet

2 trames de tirets-positif, 1960
62 x 62 cm
Print

$1,747

Man Ray, Untitled - 4, Print

Man Ray

Untitled - 4, 1975
49 x 34.5 cm
Print

$1,747

Charles Lapicque, Iago, Print

Charles Lapicque

Iago, 1967
57 x 38 cm
Print

$349

Tom Wesselmann, Jeannie's Backyard, East Hampton, Print

Tom Wesselmann

Jeannie's Backyard, East Hampton, 1990
149.9 x 182.9 x 5.1 cm
Print

$18,000

Man Ray, Untitled, Print

Man Ray

Untitled, 1975
49 x 34.5 cm
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$4,426

François Morellet, Pi rococo 1=30°, Print

François Morellet

Pi rococo 1=30°, 2003
29 x 33 x 1 cm
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$2,912

Our recommendations Corneille, La fleur et l’oiseau, Print

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76 x 100 cm
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Our recommendations Corneille, Le doux félin de l’été, Print

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110 x 76 cm
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Erró, Looking back, Painting

Erró

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81 x 119 x 3 cm
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Corneille, Lithographie n°3, Print

Corneille

Lithographie n°3, 1985
38 x 28 cm
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Corneille, Lithographie n°2, Print

Corneille

Lithographie n°2, 1985
38 x 28 cm
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Alexander Calder, Santa Klaus 3, Print

Alexander Calder

Santa Klaus 3, 1974
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Our recommendations Paul Gauguin, She is Haunted by a Spirit (Manu Tupapau), Print

Paul Gauguin

She is Haunted by a Spirit (Manu Tupapau), 1921
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$11,065

Jean Fautrier, Nu couché II, Print

Jean Fautrier

Nu couché II, 1944
38 x 57 cm
Print

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André Derain, Le Satyricon, Print

André Derain

Le Satyricon, 1934
44.3 x 33.5 cm
Print

$408

Robert Combas, Série glitter brillant, Painting

Robert Combas

Série glitter brillant, 1997
40 x 60 x 1 cm
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Salvador Dali, L'énigme sans fin, Print

Salvador Dali

L'énigme sans fin, 1985
56 x 76 cm
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Joan Miró, Lithograph III, Print

Joan Miró

Lithograph III, 1972
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Our recommendations Jean Cocteau, Portrait, Print

Jean Cocteau

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Jacques Villeglé, 50 rue Turbigo, Print

Jacques Villeglé

50 rue Turbigo, 2014
94 x 78 cm
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Fernand Léger, Etude de fresque, Print

Fernand Léger

Etude de fresque, 1968
52 x 103 cm
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Fernand Léger, La marchande des quatre saisons, Print

Fernand Léger

La marchande des quatre saisons, 1959
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Max Ernst, Sans titre 4, Sculpture

Max Ernst

Sans titre 4, 1970
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Georges Braque, Zétès et Calaïs, Sculpture

Georges Braque

Zétès et Calaïs, 1963
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Serghei Ghetiu, Thinking about Degas, Painting

Serghei Ghetiu

Thinking about Degas, 2021
75 x 60 x 2 cm
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Roy Lichtenstein, La nouvelle chute de l'Amérique : Une Fenêtre ouverte sur Chicago, Print

Roy Lichtenstein

La nouvelle chute de l'Amérique : Une Fenêtre ouverte sur Chicago, 1992
50.7 x 37.8 cm
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Otto Dix, Skull, Print

Otto Dix

Skull, 1924
27.5 x 19.5 x 0.3 cm
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