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German artists

In the 19th century, the Jugendstil movement, equivalent to Art Nouveau, made a large contribution to German design and the applied arts. Illustrated by artist Franz von Stuck, this blend of fantasy and chic was expressed through graphic arts and interior architecture. Although punctuated by war and political and social crises, Germany saw the emergence of many artists from the beginning of the 20th century. Indeed, architects Fritz Höger and Hans Poelzig consolidate Expressionism. Then Walter Gropius founded the Bauhaus School of Arts and Crafts in Weimar. In addition to architecture, painting also established itself in the country through various currents initiated by renowned artists. The surrealist group Neue Gruppe, for example, was founded in Munich in 1947, led by Rudolf Schlichter. We could also mention Peter Nagel, a major figure in the Zebra group, founded in Hamburg in 1965. Or Georg Baselitz, mentor of the neo-expressionist, who had already enjoyed international notoriety since the mid-1960s. New genres appear straight from the United States: Color Field painting and Hard Edge Painting, in particular, experimented by Axel Dick and Reimer Jochims. It was subsequently artists like Jörg Immendorff, Anselm Kiefer, and Rainer Fetting who directly questioned in their works the political and social problems of Germany from 1980-1990. Their philosophy? Instill new ideologies through culture and art.

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