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Jeff Koons

Born in 1955 - United States

BIOGRAPHY

Undisputed master of art, Jeff Koons is neither more nor less than the most expensive living artist in the world. Born in 1955 in York, the United States he is famous for its giant sculptures and paintings but specially for his talent for provocation.

He studied at the School of Fine Arts of Baltimore, but he started a career in finance as a stockbroker in Wall Street. Jeff Koons managed to combine his talent as trader and his passion for art by becoming himself the best investment of the twentieth century.

Jeff Koons was particularly marked by the ideology and aesthetics of the American pop art of the 80s. Consumer objects and everyday utensils will gain value in his hands. He gives the "ready made" the status of work of art, starting with vacuum cleaners or basketballs.

Particularly fond of Kitsch, Jeff Koons will exploit to the utmost this field and conquer collectors all around the world. He uses the icons of American pop culture to add them to this aesthetic. Michael Jackson frozen in a white and gold porcelain, Popeye rutile like a balloon in stainless steel and an inflatable Hulk full of anger.

Jeff Koons' notoriety and work took a turning point in 1991 when the artist got married to the pornographic actress Ilona Staller Anna, also known as Cicciolina. Together they made the sulphurous creation "Made In Heaven", in which the couple play erotic games and more. This was an absolute media success which enhanced the reputation of Jeff Koons.

His works are now made by craftsmen in a studio in Chelsea, near New York, under his leadership, a process which in turn speak of the artist. In addition to being the favorite one of billionaires, Jeff Koons is also exposed worldwide. He will be remembered especially for his royal entrance to the Palace of Versailles in 2008 accompanied of his Dogs Ballon and his Inflatable Rabbit, not to mention his retrospective exhibition at the Pompidou Centre in 2014.

His work Dog Balloon, in orange (it comes in several different colors, including magenta and blue) was auctioned in 2013 by the Christie's agency in New York and was sold for $ 58,4 million dollars. This historic sale made of this sculpture the most expensive piece created by a living artist.

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EXHIBITIONS

1980
The New, New Museum of Contemporary Art, New York

1985
Equilibrium, International With Monument Gallery, New York ; Feature Gallery, Chicago

1986
Luxury and Degradation, Daniel Weinberg Gallery, Los Angeles ; International With Monument Gallery, New York

1987
The New : Encased works 1981-1986, Daniel Weinberg Gallery, Los Angeles

1988
Jeff Koons : Works 1979-1988, Museum of Contemporary Art, Chicago
Banality, Galerie Max Hetzler, Cologne; Sonnabend Gallery, New York ; Donald Young Gallery, Chicago

1989
Jeff Koons – Nieuw Werk, Galerie ‘T Venster, Rotterdamse Kunststichting

1991
Made in Heaven, Galerie Max Hetzler, Cologne ; Sonnabend Gallery, New York ; GalerieLehmann, Lausanne (1992) ; Christophe Van de Weghe, Bruxelles (1992)

1992
Jeff Koons Retrospective, Stedelijk Museum, Amsterdam; Aarhus Kunstmuseum (1993); Staatsgalerie Stuttgart (1993)
Jeff Koons Retrospective, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art (1992-93) ; Walker Art Center, Minneapolis (1993)
Puppy, Schloss Arolsen

1994
Jeff Koons : A Survey 1981-1994, Anthony d’Offay Gallery, Londres

1995
Puppy, Museum of Contemporary Art, Sydney

1997
Puppy, Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao
Jeff Koons, Galerie Jérôme de Noirmont, Paris

1998
Jeff Koons : Encased Works, Anthony d’Offay Gallery, Londres

1999
Easyfun, Sonnabend Gallery, New York.
Jeff Koons, A Millenium Celebration, Deste Foundation, Athènes (1999-2000)

2000
Easyfun-Ethereal, Deutsche Guggenheim, Berlin (2000-2001) ; Fruitmarket Gallery, Edimbourg (2001) ; Guggenheim Museum, Bilbao (2001-2002) ; 25e Biennale de SaoPaulo (2002) ; Guggenheim Museum, New York
Puppy, Rockefeller Center, New York
Split-Rocker, Palais des papes, Avignon

2001
New Paintings, Gagosian Gallery, Los Angeles, Californie
Easyfun–Ethereal, Fruitmarket Gallery, Edinburgh, Écosse
Jeff Koons, Kunsthaus Bregenz

2002
Easyfun-Ethereal, 25th Sao Paulo Biennial, Sao Paulo, Brésil
Easyfun-Ethereal, Guggenheim Museum, New York
Jeff Koons, York College, York, Pennsylvanie
Jeff Koons. Paintings, Photos, Prints 1980-2002, Kunsthalle Bielefeld
Popeye, Sonnabend Gallery, New York

2003
Jeff Koons, Museo Archeologico Nazionale, Naples
Popeye, Sonnabend Gallery, New York

2004
Jeff Koons : Highlights of Twenty-Five Years, C&M Arts, New York
From Pop to Now : Selections from the Sonnabend Collection, The Tang Museum, Saratoga Springs, New York ; The Wexner Center for the Arts, Columbus, Ohio
Retrospektiv, exposition itinérante : Astrup Fearnley Museet for Moderne Kunst, Oslo ; Helsinki City Art Museum (catalogue)

2008
Jeff Koons - Celebration, Neue Nationalgalerie, Berlin ; 11 œuvres exposées au rez-de-chaussée de cette galerie berlinoise.
Koons Versailles : 17 œuvres emblématiques de l'artiste prennent place dans les appartements et les jardins du château de Versailles9, du 10 septembre 2008 au 4 janvier 2009.

2012
Beauté animale - de Dürer à Jeff Koons, Galeries nationales du Grand Palais, Paris
Split Rocker - Jeff Koons à la Fondation Bayeler, Bâle

2013
Lady Gaga - Jeff Koons à la artRAVE (festival célébrant la sortie de Artpop par Lady Gaga)

2014- 2015
Jeff Koons, La Rétrospective, Centre Pompidou, Paris

2015
Jeff Koons, La Rétrospective, Musée Guggenheim, Bilbao. Du 9 juin 2015 au 27 septembre 2015.

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