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Lithography Print

Lithography is a printing technique which allows for the creation and reproduction of a design drawn in ink or in pencil on a stone (often limestone), using a press. The technique first appeared at the end of the 18th century in Germany and quickly became popular across Europe throughout the 19th century. Although the supports it uses and the way it is used have considerably changed, it is still a commonly used process today. Lithography uses a chemical process which is based on the immiscibility of water and oil. The image is drawn directly onto the stone slate using ink or a wax pencil or ‘transferred’ using transfer paper. The limestone is then moistened and covered with a greasy ink. As the ink is hydrophobic, it only adheres to the lines of the drawing and is repelled by the wet areas. Paper is then applied to the stone slate and pressed.

Over time, this technique was adapted to new supports other than stone, such as zinc and aluminium. In the 19th century in particular, lithography was used for a whole host of different purposes. In newspaper publishing, its quick production rate made it a popular choice for printing news illustrations, where being the first to publish a new story is still a top priority. Lithography is also used for more commercial purposes (stickers, printing sheet music) as well as an artistic form of expression.

We are of course most interested in looking at how this technique has been used artistically. It has two main functions. The first is as an artistic medium; artists like Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec worked with lithography to create several copies of an original piece, whereas other artists use it as a way of copying their works. Highly fashionable at the time, we can still see numerous Art Nouveau and Art Deco inspired lithographs today.

Lithography can produce typographic and artistic creations in a short space of time. It allows artists to reproduce original drawings very easily. It also gives the artist the opportunity to explore an endless number of creative possibilities and explore an infinite array of styles.

In the 20th century, lithography was commonly used to create exhibition posters and by-products which were often created by the artists themselves. Miro and Picasso for example created a large number of posters using this technique.

Today, only artistic lithography remains. In a similar way to photography or engraving, lithographs come in multiple examples. The market value varies depending on the artist’s popularity and the quality of the print, but also depending on the number of copies that exist. It is important for the buyer to know the number attributed to the lithograph and the total number of copies made, as detailed in the ‘certificate of authenticity’ which helps to prevent fraudulent copies.

When looking through the ‘Famous Artists’ category on Artsper, you will find lithographs from some of the 20th century’s biggest names, including (Niki de Saint Phalle, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Jean Cocteau, Victor Vasarely, Salvador Dali, Zao Wou-Ki...) but also from famous contemporary artists such as Hervé Télémaque, Yan Pein Ming and many others. All of the lithographs sold by Artsper have been carefully chosen. Artsper only selects works which come from limited editions with a maximum of 300 examples or which have been signed by the artist.

Collector’s Guide: Collecting Prints

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Takashi Murakami, The Nether World, Print

Takashi Murakami

The Nether World, 2020
60 x 60 cm


Salvador Dali, The Music from the series The Arts, Print

Salvador Dali

The Music from the series The Arts, 1980
70 x 50 x 0.1 cm

Sold out

JR, Giants, Miguel, Casa Amarela, Morro da Providência, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2018,, Print


Giants, Miguel, Casa Amarela, Morro da Providência, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2018,, 2019
46 x 36 cm


Chiho Aoshima, City Glow, Print

Chiho Aoshima

City Glow, 2005
68 x 68 cm


Arman, Jaw, Print


Jaw, 1977
56 x 43 cm


John Piper, Saints, Print

John Piper

Saints, 1975
72.5 x 52.5 x 0.1 cm

$1,505 $1,882

Wenbo Chen, Vitamin Z, Print

Wenbo Chen

Vitamin Z, 2000
105 x 75 cm


Hans Hartung, L1977-4, Print

Hans Hartung

L1977-4, 1977
52 x 40 cm


Alexander Calder, Black lines, Print

Alexander Calder

Black lines, 1975
55.9 x 76.2 cm


Roger Mühl, Provence numéro 1, Print

Roger Mühl

Provence numéro 1, 1986
42 x 32 x 0.2 cm


Alejandro Avakian, Black Portrait, Print

Alejandro Avakian

Black Portrait, 2020
70 x 50 cm


Our recommendations JonOne, The Fall, Print


The Fall, 2017
70 x 83 cm


BASM, Dirty canvas, Print


Dirty canvas, 2020
84 x 59 x 1 cm


Our recommendations Jérôme Mesnager, Quel cirque !, Print

Jérôme Mesnager

Quel cirque !, 2015
65 x 92 cm


James Coignard, Zone de silence, Print

James Coignard

Zone de silence, 1925
67 x 51 x 0.3 cm


Andrei Sorel (Florea), Le violoniste, Print

Andrei Sorel (Florea)

Le violoniste, 1998
76 x 57 cm


Pablo Picasso, Nature Morte au Pot de Grès, Print

Pablo Picasso

Nature Morte au Pot de Grès, 1947
50 x 65 x 0.1 cm


André Lanskoy, Bleu composition, Print

André Lanskoy

Bleu composition, 1965
65.4 x 50.2 x 0.2 cm


C215, MIR, Print


MIR, 2015
78 x 78 cm


Pierre Alechinsky, Ophtalmologue, Print

Pierre Alechinsky

Ophtalmologue, 1972
74 x 54 x 0.2 cm


Our recommendations Egon Schiele, Portrait de Gerti / Portrait of Gerti Schiele (Gerti Schiele in a Plaid Garment) - 1909, Print

Egon Schiele

Portrait de Gerti / Portrait of Gerti Schiele (Gerti Schiele in a Plaid Garment) - 1909, 2013
90 x 45 cm


Our recommendations Felipe Pantone, Subtractive Variability P 3, Print

Felipe Pantone

Subtractive Variability P 3, 2020
100 x 70 cm


Ernest Pignon-Ernest, Etude de jeune fille, Print

Ernest Pignon-Ernest

Etude de jeune fille, 1998
60 x 80 x 1 cm

$2,032 $2,258

Our recommendations Gustav Klimt, La Danseuse de Cabaret / Liegender Mädchenakt nach links / Reclining female nude facing left - 1914, Print

Gustav Klimt

La Danseuse de Cabaret / Liegender Mädchenakt nach links / Reclining female nude facing left - 1914, 2012
54 x 69 cm


Giorgio de Chirico, Trovatore tra le nubi, Print

Giorgio de Chirico

Trovatore tra le nubi, 1973
42 x 31 x 0.1 cm


Louis Toffoli, Synthèse, Print

Louis Toffoli

Synthèse, 1994
76 x 56 cm


Brusk (DMV), Bullet In Your Mouth, Print

Brusk (DMV)

Bullet In Your Mouth, 2019
98 x 76 cm


Gregos, Figure Gregos, Print


Figure Gregos, 2014
51 x 37 cm


Our recommendations Jean-Charles De Castelbajac, Un monde riant, Print

Jean-Charles De Castelbajac

Un monde riant, 2017
89 x 60.5 cm


Didier Lourenço, Rocas, Print

Didier Lourenço

Rocas, 2006
40 x 97 cm


Toctoc, Février 2104, Print


Février 2104, 2020
90 x 70 x 1 cm


Max Ernst, Composition from "Festin", Print

Max Ernst

Composition from "Festin", 1974
46 x 34 x 0.1 cm


Franck Noto a.k.a. Zest, Toy, Print

Franck Noto a.k.a. Zest

Toy, 2017
77 x 78 cm


Kan, London, Print


London, 2015
69 x 48 cm


Tanc, Sea Scape, Print


Sea Scape, 2019
100 x 78 cm


Mist, Age Of Tomorrow, Print


Age Of Tomorrow, 2015
80 x 56 cm


Antoni Tapies, Untitled - Berlin Suite, Print

Antoni Tapies

Untitled - Berlin Suite, 1974
76 x 56 x 0.1 cm


Zevs, Euro liquidated, Print


Euro liquidated, 2016
107 x 66 cm


Regina Gimenez, Sin título 1, Print

Regina Gimenez

Sin título 1, 2018
143 x 103 cm


Bernard Buffet, L'agneau pascal, Print

Bernard Buffet

L'agneau pascal, 1954
49.5 x 65 cm


Troy Henriksen, Paysage urbain - FRAMED, Print

Troy Henriksen

Paysage urbain - FRAMED, 2012
65 x 50 cm


Paxal, Douce France, Print


Douce France, 2021
70 x 70 cm


Jean-Paul Agosti, Canopée, Print

Jean-Paul Agosti

Canopée, 2002
34 x 27 cm


Fernand Léger, Nature morte à la Coupe de Fruit, Print

Fernand Léger

Nature morte à la Coupe de Fruit, 1950
55 x 75.5 x 0.2 cm


Vladimir Velickovic, 26ème Trophée Lancôme, Print

Vladimir Velickovic

26ème Trophée Lancôme, 1995
75 x 54 cm


Tilt, Norma Jeane, Print


Norma Jeane, 2015
68.5 x 68.5 cm


Ludo, 344, Print


344, 2014
55 x 60 cm


Our recommendations Carlos Cruz-Diez, Color Aditivo Cantarrana 3, Print

Carlos Cruz-Diez

Color Aditivo Cantarrana 3, 2016
70 x 100 cm


Our recommendations Alexandre Monteiro (Hopare), Comportement Ultra, Print

Alexandre Monteiro (Hopare)

Comportement Ultra, 2019
73 x 53 x 1 cm


Faith XLVII, Liberté Egalité Fraternité I, Print


Liberté Egalité Fraternité I, 2019
83 x 60 cm


Luke Newton, Crayons not colts, Print

Luke Newton

Crayons not colts, 2015
50 x 70 cm


Sam Francis, Untitled (SF-267), Print

Sam Francis

Untitled (SF-267), 1982
107 x 76 cm


Francis Bacon, Triptych 1987, Print

Francis Bacon

Triptych 1987, 1989
94.5 x 68 x 0.1 cm


Our recommendations Barthélémy Toguo, Take a Green Breath, Print

Barthélémy Toguo

Take a Green Breath, 2017
120 x 160 cm


Ron English, African Elephant, Print

Ron English

African Elephant, 2015
87 x 60.5 cm


Eduardo Arroyo, Enterrement du Mexique, Print

Eduardo Arroyo

Enterrement du Mexique, 2016
15.5 x 21.5 cm


Le CyKlop, Zoé, Print

Le CyKlop

Zoé, 2019
47 x 37 cm


Jacques Monory, Meurtre n°5, Print

Jacques Monory

Meurtre n°5, 2014
89.5 x 60 cm


Wifredo Lam, Belle épine - from the suite 'Pleni Luna', Print

Wifredo Lam

Belle épine - from the suite 'Pleni Luna', 1974
65 x 50 x 0.1 cm


Stoul, Coffret Figure - Stoul, Print


Coffret Figure - Stoul, 2014
34.5 x 27.5 cm


Edvard Munch, La Madone / Madonna - 1895, Print

Edvard Munch

La Madone / Madonna - 1895, 2017
76 x 57 cm


Lidia Masllorens, Untitled, Print

Lidia Masllorens

Untitled, 2019
146 x 150 x 1 cm


Our recommendations Henri Matisse, Nu assis dans un fauteuil, une jambe repliée, Print

Henri Matisse

Nu assis dans un fauteuil, une jambe repliée, 1922
38.8 x 25.7 x 0.1 cm


Léonard Foujita, A Pleasant Lunch, Print

Léonard Foujita

A Pleasant Lunch, 1928
28.2 x 22.6 x 0.2 cm


60 Artworks on 4762

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