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Lithography Print

Lithography is a printing technique which allows for the creation and reproduction of a design drawn in ink or in pencil on a stone (often limestone), using a press. The technique first appeared at the end of the 18th century in Germany and quickly became popular across Europe throughout the 19th century. Although the supports it uses and the way it is used have considerably changed, it is still a commonly used process today. Lithography uses a chemical process which is based on the immiscibility of water and oil. The image is drawn directly onto the stone slate using ink or a wax pencil or ‘transferred’ using transfer paper. The limestone is then moistened and covered with a greasy ink. As the ink is hydrophobic, it only adheres to the lines of the drawing and is repelled by the wet areas. Paper is then applied to the stone slate and pressed.

Over time, this technique was adapted to new supports other than stone, such as zinc and aluminium. In the 19th century in particular, lithography was used for a whole host of different purposes. In newspaper publishing, its quick production rate made it a popular choice for printing news illustrations, where being the first to publish a new story is still a top priority. Lithography is also used for more commercial purposes (stickers, printing sheet music) as well as an artistic form of expression.

We are of course most interested in looking at how this technique has been used artistically. It has two main functions. The first is as an artistic medium; artists like Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec worked with lithography to create several copies of an original piece, whereas other artists use it as a way of copying their works. Highly fashionable at the time, we can still see numerous Art Nouveau and Art Deco inspired lithographs today.

Lithography can produce typographic and artistic creations in a short space of time. It allows artists to reproduce original drawings very easily. It also gives the artist the opportunity to explore an endless number of creative possibilities and explore an infinite array of styles.

In the 20th century, lithography was commonly used to create exhibition posters and by-products which were often created by the artists themselves. Miro and Picasso for example created a large number of posters using this technique.

Today, only artistic lithography remains. In a similar way to photography or engraving, lithographs come in multiple examples. The market value varies depending on the artist’s popularity and the quality of the print, but also depending on the number of copies that exist. It is important for the buyer to know the number attributed to the lithograph and the total number of copies made, as detailed in the ‘certificate of authenticity’ which helps to prevent fraudulent copies.

When looking through the ‘Famous Artists’ category on Artsper, you will find lithographs from some of the 20th century’s biggest names, including (Niki de Saint Phalle, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Jean Cocteau, Victor Vasarely, Salvador Dali, Zao Wou-Ki...) but also from famous contemporary artists such as Hervé Télémaque, Yan Pein Ming and many others. All of the lithographs sold by Artsper have been carefully chosen. Artsper only selects works which come from limited editions with a maximum of 300 examples or which have been signed by the artist.

Collector’s Guide: Collecting Prints

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Takashi Murakami, The Nether World, Print

Takashi Murakami

The Nether World, 2020
60 x 60 cm
Print

$2,551

Salvador Dali, The Music from the series The Arts, Print

Salvador Dali

The Music from the series The Arts, 1980
70 x 50 x 0.1 cm
Print

Sold out

JR, Giants, Miguel, Casa Amarela, Morro da Providência, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2018,, Print

JR

Giants, Miguel, Casa Amarela, Morro da Providência, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2018,, 2019
46 x 36 cm
Print

$1,385

Chiho Aoshima, City Glow, Print

Chiho Aoshima

City Glow, 2005
68 x 68 cm
Print

$5,830

Arman, Jaw, Print

Arman

Jaw, 1977
56 x 43 cm
Print

$690

John Piper, Saints, Print

John Piper

Saints, 1975
72.5 x 52.5 x 0.1 cm
Print

$1,505 $1,882

Wenbo Chen, Vitamin Z, Print

Wenbo Chen

Vitamin Z, 2000
105 x 75 cm
Print

$753

Hans Hartung, L1977-4, Print

Hans Hartung

L1977-4, 1977
52 x 40 cm
Print

$2,007

Alexander Calder, Black lines, Print

Alexander Calder

Black lines, 1975
55.9 x 76.2 cm
Print

$20,500

Roger Mühl, Provence numéro 1, Print

Roger Mühl

Provence numéro 1, 1986
42 x 32 x 0.2 cm
Print

$753

Alejandro Avakian, Black Portrait, Print

Alejandro Avakian

Black Portrait, 2020
70 x 50 cm
Print

$1,255

Our recommendations JonOne, The Fall, Print

JonOne

The Fall, 2017
70 x 83 cm
Print

$1,530

BASM, Dirty canvas, Print

BASM

Dirty canvas, 2020
84 x 59 x 1 cm
Print

$565

Our recommendations Jérôme Mesnager, Quel cirque !, Print

Jérôme Mesnager

Quel cirque !, 2015
65 x 92 cm
Print

$364

James Coignard, Zone de silence, Print

James Coignard

Zone de silence, 1925
67 x 51 x 0.3 cm
Print

$1,255

Andrei Sorel (Florea), Le violoniste, Print

Andrei Sorel (Florea)

Le violoniste, 1998
76 x 57 cm
Print

$314

Pablo Picasso, Nature Morte au Pot de Grès, Print

Pablo Picasso

Nature Morte au Pot de Grès, 1947
50 x 65 x 0.1 cm
Print

$11,918

André Lanskoy, Bleu composition, Print

André Lanskoy

Bleu composition, 1965
65.4 x 50.2 x 0.2 cm
Print

$941

C215, MIR, Print

C215

MIR, 2015
78 x 78 cm
Print

$481

Pierre Alechinsky, Ophtalmologue, Print

Pierre Alechinsky

Ophtalmologue, 1972
74 x 54 x 0.2 cm
Print

$2,760

Our recommendations Egon Schiele, Portrait de Gerti / Portrait of Gerti Schiele (Gerti Schiele in a Plaid Garment) - 1909, Print

Egon Schiele

Portrait de Gerti / Portrait of Gerti Schiele (Gerti Schiele in a Plaid Garment) - 1909, 2013
90 x 45 cm
Print

$2,873

Our recommendations Felipe Pantone, Subtractive Variability P 3, Print

Felipe Pantone

Subtractive Variability P 3, 2020
100 x 70 cm
Print

$1,505

Ernest Pignon-Ernest, Etude de jeune fille, Print

Ernest Pignon-Ernest

Etude de jeune fille, 1998
60 x 80 x 1 cm
Print

$2,032 $2,258

Our recommendations Gustav Klimt, La Danseuse de Cabaret / Liegender Mädchenakt nach links / Reclining female nude facing left - 1914, Print

Gustav Klimt

La Danseuse de Cabaret / Liegender Mädchenakt nach links / Reclining female nude facing left - 1914, 2012
54 x 69 cm
Print

$910

Giorgio de Chirico, Trovatore tra le nubi, Print

Giorgio de Chirico

Trovatore tra le nubi, 1973
42 x 31 x 0.1 cm
Print

$2,760

Louis Toffoli, Synthèse, Print

Louis Toffoli

Synthèse, 1994
76 x 56 cm
Print

$941

Brusk (DMV), Bullet In Your Mouth, Print

Brusk (DMV)

Bullet In Your Mouth, 2019
98 x 76 cm
Print

$831

Gregos, Figure Gregos, Print

Gregos

Figure Gregos, 2014
51 x 37 cm
Print

$125

Our recommendations Jean-Charles De Castelbajac, Un monde riant, Print

Jean-Charles De Castelbajac

Un monde riant, 2017
89 x 60.5 cm
Print

$743

Didier Lourenço, Rocas, Print

Didier Lourenço

Rocas, 2006
40 x 97 cm
Print

$728

Toctoc, Février 2104, Print

Toctoc

Février 2104, 2020
90 x 70 x 1 cm
Print

$565

Max Ernst, Composition from "Festin", Print

Max Ernst

Composition from "Festin", 1974
46 x 34 x 0.1 cm
Print

$4,015

Franck Noto a.k.a. Zest, Toy, Print

Franck Noto a.k.a. Zest

Toy, 2017
77 x 78 cm
Print

$423

Kan, London, Print

Kan

London, 2015
69 x 48 cm
Print

$394

Tanc, Sea Scape, Print

Tanc

Sea Scape, 2019
100 x 78 cm
Print

$496

Mist, Age Of Tomorrow, Print

Mist

Age Of Tomorrow, 2015
80 x 56 cm
Print

$496

Antoni Tapies, Untitled - Berlin Suite, Print

Antoni Tapies

Untitled - Berlin Suite, 1974
76 x 56 x 0.1 cm
Print

$2,384

Zevs, Euro liquidated, Print

Zevs

Euro liquidated, 2016
107 x 66 cm
Print

$1,505

Regina Gimenez, Sin título 1, Print

Regina Gimenez

Sin título 1, 2018
143 x 103 cm
Print

$2,509

Bernard Buffet, L'agneau pascal, Print

Bernard Buffet

L'agneau pascal, 1954
49.5 x 65 cm
Print

$2,195

Troy Henriksen, Paysage urbain - FRAMED, Print

Troy Henriksen

Paysage urbain - FRAMED, 2012
65 x 50 cm
Print

$477

Paxal, Douce France, Print

Paxal

Douce France, 2021
70 x 70 cm
Print

$314

Jean-Paul Agosti, Canopée, Print

Jean-Paul Agosti

Canopée, 2002
34 x 27 cm
Print

$276

Fernand Léger, Nature morte à la Coupe de Fruit, Print

Fernand Léger

Nature morte à la Coupe de Fruit, 1950
55 x 75.5 x 0.2 cm
Print

$5,269

Vladimir Velickovic, 26ème Trophée Lancôme, Print

Vladimir Velickovic

26ème Trophée Lancôme, 1995
75 x 54 cm
Print

$565

Tilt, Norma Jeane, Print

Tilt

Norma Jeane, 2015
68.5 x 68.5 cm
Print

$459

Ludo, 344, Print

Ludo

344, 2014
55 x 60 cm
Print

$582

Our recommendations Carlos Cruz-Diez, Color Aditivo Cantarrana 3, Print

Carlos Cruz-Diez

Color Aditivo Cantarrana 3, 2016
70 x 100 cm
Print

$16,309

Our recommendations Alexandre Monteiro (Hopare), Comportement Ultra, Print

Alexandre Monteiro (Hopare)

Comportement Ultra, 2019
73 x 53 x 1 cm
Print

$1,129

Faith XLVII, Liberté Egalité Fraternité I, Print

Faith XLVII

Liberté Egalité Fraternité I, 2019
83 x 60 cm
Print

$539

Luke Newton, Crayons not colts, Print

Luke Newton

Crayons not colts, 2015
50 x 70 cm
Print

$1,255

Sam Francis, Untitled (SF-267), Print

Sam Francis

Untitled (SF-267), 1982
107 x 76 cm
Print

$9,409

Francis Bacon, Triptych 1987, Print

Francis Bacon

Triptych 1987, 1989
94.5 x 68 x 0.1 cm
Print

$19,446

Our recommendations Barthélémy Toguo, Take a Green Breath, Print

Barthélémy Toguo

Take a Green Breath, 2017
120 x 160 cm
Print

$3,136

Ron English, African Elephant, Print

Ron English

African Elephant, 2015
87 x 60.5 cm
Print

$481

Eduardo Arroyo, Enterrement du Mexique, Print

Eduardo Arroyo

Enterrement du Mexique, 2016
15.5 x 21.5 cm
Print

$376

Le CyKlop, Zoé, Print

Le CyKlop

Zoé, 2019
47 x 37 cm
Print

$176

Jacques Monory, Meurtre n°5, Print

Jacques Monory

Meurtre n°5, 2014
89.5 x 60 cm
Print

$502

Wifredo Lam, Belle épine - from the suite 'Pleni Luna', Print

Wifredo Lam

Belle épine - from the suite 'Pleni Luna', 1974
65 x 50 x 0.1 cm
Print

$1,192

Stoul, Coffret Figure - Stoul, Print

Stoul

Coffret Figure - Stoul, 2014
34.5 x 27.5 cm
Print

$2,007

Edvard Munch, La Madone / Madonna - 1895, Print

Edvard Munch

La Madone / Madonna - 1895, 2017
76 x 57 cm
Print

$1,242

Lidia Masllorens, Untitled, Print

Lidia Masllorens

Untitled, 2019
146 x 150 x 1 cm
Print

$6,022

Our recommendations Henri Matisse, Nu assis dans un fauteuil, une jambe repliée, Print

Henri Matisse

Nu assis dans un fauteuil, une jambe repliée, 1922
38.8 x 25.7 x 0.1 cm
Print

$25,719

Léonard Foujita, A Pleasant Lunch, Print

Léonard Foujita

A Pleasant Lunch, 1928
28.2 x 22.6 x 0.2 cm
Print

$502

60 Artworks on 4762

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