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Abstract Sculpture

Abstract sculpture is a pure product of the 20th century. It was Auguste Rodin who defined the beginning of modern sculpture and who marked the end of the secular antique inspiration which dominated in sculpture. Rodin's sculptures broke the ancient rules and inspired many sculptors of the 20th century to depart from the traditional conventions. Rodin's sculptures inspired Brancusi and his simple and pure lines, which in turn laid the ground for abstract sculpture. 

The beginning of the 20th century was accompanied by numerous discoveries and in particular mathematical advances that fascinated intellectuals. At the same time, many exiled European artists found refuge in Paris and joined different movements, all in search of a better world. For it was also the wars that encouraged artists to detach themselves from reality. From this desire was born a new language, that of abstraction! Artists no longer express reality through figuration, but through the immaterial, form, color... Cubism initiated this use of geometric form in modern art by approaching the objects of reality as forms that can be represented in different facets to obtain a complete perspective. Thank you Pablo Picasso! Sculpture was no longer dedicated to representing reality as we see it, but the sculpture becomes the object in its own right, extracting the essence. The Cubists also adopted a greater freedom in the choice of less noble materials than before, perhaps out of necessity... The movements that followed, such as Dadaism, Neo-Dadaism, Surrealism, Abstract Expressionism, Minimalism all enriched abstract art. Italian Futurism focused on the representation of movement and saw the appearance of kinetic art where movement is the work of art. 

One artist in particular had a profound impact on abstract sculpture: Alexander Calder. His mobiles are made of thin pieces of metal smoothed and connected by wire. His color palette is inspired by Piet Mondrian, and the artist once said: "I wanted to make Mondrian that move." Jean Tinguely or Nicolas Schöffer will also illustrate themselves in kinetic art and robotics. Then Marcel Duchamp, whose research also revolves around the movement will introduce in the history of art his first 'ready-made' and induce the idea that a work of art can be a manufactured object, it is the artist to assign the status of work of art.

The more art approaches the daily life, the more artists turn to poor materials, objects that they recycle. After the Second World War, sculptors could see things in a big way. Thanks to industrialization in particular, they conceived sculptures of more and more monumental size which resisted bad weather and could thus be installed outside. 

In contemporary sculpture, the environment is therefore more easily taken into account by artists. In the land art for example, Christo and Jeanne Claude create sculptures that are directly integrated into the landscape, the installations of Richard Serra are so monumental that they allows visitors to walk inside, and in minimalism, the sculpture and the material is determined by its environment because it emphasizes the emptiness and the space around it. Among the great contemporary abstract sculptors, we can mention Henry Moore, Niki de Saint Phalle, Barbara Hepworth and Louise Bourgeois. On Artsper, you can find abstract sculptures by famous and emerging artists, such as César, Crixo Aponte, and Yannick Bouillault!

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