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Lithography Print

Lithography is a printing technique which allows for the creation and reproduction of a design drawn in ink or in pencil on a stone (often limestone), using a press. The technique first appeared at the end of the 18th century in Germany and quickly became popular across Europe throughout the 19th century. Although the supports it uses and the way it is used have considerably changed, it is still a commonly used process today. Lithography uses a chemical process which is based on the immiscibility of water and oil. The image is drawn directly onto the stone slate using ink or a wax pencil or 'transferred' using transfer paper. The limestone is then moistened and covered with a greasy ink. As the ink is hydrophobic, it only adheres to the lines of the drawing and is repelled by the wet areas. Paper is then applied to the stone slate and pressed.

Over time, this technique was adapted to new supports other than stone, such as zinc and aluminium. In the 19th century in particular, lithography was used for a whole host of different purposes. In newspaper publishing, its quick production rate made it a popular choice for printing news illustrations, where being the first to publish a new story is still a top priority. Lithography is also used for more commercial purposes (stickers, printing sheet music) as well as an artistic form of expression.

We are of course most interested in looking at how this technique has been used artistically. It has two main functions. The first is as an artistic medium; artists like Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec worked with lithography to create several copies of an original piece, whereas other artists use it as a way of copying their works. Highly fashionable at the time, we can still see numerous Art Nouveau and Art Deco inspired lithographs today.

Lithography can produce typographic and artistic creations in a short space of time. It allows artists to reproduce original drawings very easily. It also gives the artist the opportunity to explore an endless number of creative possibilities and explore an infinite array of styles.

In the 20th century, lithography was commonly used to create exhibition posters and by-products which were often created by the artists themselves. Miro and Picasso for example created a large number of posters using this technique.

Today, only artistic lithography remains. In a similar way to photography or engraving, lithographs come in multiple examples. The market value varies depending on the artist's popularity and the quality of the print, but also depending on the number of copies that exist. It is important for the buyer to know the number attributed to the lithograph and the total number of copies made, as detailed in the 'certificate of authenticity' which helps to prevent fraudulent copies.

When looking through Artsper, you will find lithographs from some of the 20th century's biggest names, including (Niki de Saint Phalle, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Jean Cocteau, Victor Vasarely, Salvador Dali, Zao Wou-Ki...) but also from famous contemporary artists such as Hervé Télémaque, Yan Pein Ming and many others. All of the lithographs sold by Artsper have been carefully chosen. Artsper only selects works which come from limited editions with a maximum of 300 examples or which have been signed by the artist.

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Piet Mondrian, Composition en Rouge, Jaune, Bleu, Noir, Print

Piet Mondrian

Composition en Rouge, Jaune, Bleu, Noir, 1921 47.5 x 35.5 x 0.1 cm Print

$1,257

Bram van Velde, Sans Titre, Print

Bram van Velde

Sans Titre, 1966 94 x 62.5 cm Print

$1,037

JR, Trompe l'oeil, Greetings from Giza, 22 octobre 2021, 16H44, Giza, Egypte, 2021, Print

JR

Trompe l'oeil, Greetings from Giza, 22 octobre 2021, 16H44, Giza, Egypte, 2021, 2022 70 x 100 cm Print

$1,257

Bernard Buffet, La rascasse, Print

Bernard Buffet

La rascasse, 1964 60 x 78 x 1 cm Print

$2,723

Sam Francis, Self Portrait (SF-050), Print

Sam Francis

Self Portrait (SF-050), 1975 104.1 x 74.9 x 0.3 cm Print

$1,500

Roberto Matta, Electra Funebra Domestica, Print

Roberto Matta

Electra Funebra Domestica, 1975 53.3 x 76.2 x 0.3 cm Print

$1,750

Henri Matisse, Jazz, Le Cirque, Print

Henri Matisse

Jazz, Le Cirque, 2014 59 x 85 x 0.2 cm Print

$576

Graham Sutherland, Portrait of Aloys Senefelder, Print

Graham Sutherland

Portrait of Aloys Senefelder, 1972 65.5 x 50 x 0.1 cm Print

$1,675

Gastone Breddo, Composition, Print

Gastone Breddo

Composition, 1961 65.5 x 47 x 0.1 cm Print

$838

Guguiseppe Capogrossi, Untitled, Print

Guguiseppe Capogrossi

Untitled, 1972 65.5 x 60.5 x 0.1 cm Print

$1,466

Egon Schiele, L'envol / The flight, 1917 (Mutter mit kind / Mother and child), Print

Egon Schiele

L'envol / The flight, 1917 (Mutter mit kind / Mother and child), 2022 50 x 68 cm Print

$728

Sonia Delaunay, Cathedrale, Print

Sonia Delaunay

Cathedrale, 1971 60.3 x 44 x 1 cm Print

$4,712

Alberto Magnelli, Untitled, Print

Alberto Magnelli

Untitled, 1945 64.5 x 49.5 x 0.1 cm Print

$901

Bambi Artist, Play Blue, Print

Bambi Artist

Play Blue, 2022 25 x 25 cm Print

$262

Helen Frankenthaler, Live from Lincoln Center, 20th Anniversary, Print

Helen Frankenthaler

Live from Lincoln Center, 20th Anniversary, 1995 121.9 x 76.2 x 0.3 cm Print

$1,800

Otto Dix, Woman with Sunflower, Print

Otto Dix

Woman with Sunflower, 1958 59 x 50 x 0.1 cm Print

$8,168

Giorgio de Chirico, Hebdomeros, Print

Giorgio de Chirico

Hebdomeros, 1929 56 x 45.5 x 0.1 cm Print

$5,655

Fritz Baumgartner, Spoleto Festival, Print

Fritz Baumgartner

Spoleto Festival, 1972 50 x 70 x 0.1 cm Print

$314

Virgilio Guidi, Portrait of the Countess, Print

Virgilio Guidi

Portrait of the Countess, 1975 68 x 49 x 0.1 cm Print

$314

Gianni Polidori, Half Red, Print

Gianni Polidori

Half Red, 1970 70 x 50 x 0.1 cm Print

$209

Robert Goodnough, Three Horses, Print

Robert Goodnough

Three Horses, 1961 44.5 x 55.9 x 0.3 cm Print

$950

Jimmy Ernst, Terra Incognita 11, Print

Jimmy Ernst

Terra Incognita 11, 1974 55.9 x 71.1 x 0.3 cm Print

$950

Heino Naujoks, Untitled, Print

Heino Naujoks

Untitled, 1972 70 x 90 x 1 cm Print

$262

Rosario Mazzella, Chevaliers, Print

Rosario Mazzella

Chevaliers, 1970 70 x 50 x 0.2 cm Print

$262

Olivier Debré, Sans titre, Print

Olivier Debré

Sans titre, 1995 55 x 75 x 0.5 cm Print

$942

David Hockney, James, Print

David Hockney

James, 1980 61 x 50.8 x 2.5 cm Print

$11,000

Our recommendations Michel Delacroix, Metropolitain, Print

Michel Delacroix

Metropolitain, 1986 49 x 59 cm Print

$1,466

Jean-Charles Blais, Venc I, Print

Jean-Charles Blais

Venc I, 1987 32.5 x 23.5 cm Print

$471

Pierre Soulages, Lithographie numéro 6, Print

Pierre Soulages

Lithographie numéro 6, 1955 65.5 x 50.5 cm Print

$31,624

Rafael Alberti, Letter E, Print

Rafael Alberti

Letter E, 1972 65 x 49 x 0.1 cm Print

$314

Maurice Estève, La Fouise, Print

Maurice Estève

La Fouise, 1973 50 x 65 cm Print

$1,885

Conrad Marca-Relli, Villa Nueve, Print

Conrad Marca-Relli

Villa Nueve, 1982 55.9 x 68.6 x 0.3 cm Print

$1,500

Josè Guevara, Still Life, Print

Josè Guevara

Still Life, 1980 70 x 100 x 0.2 cm Print

$230

Joan Mitchell, Champs (Black, Gray and Green), Print

Joan Mitchell

Champs (Black, Gray and Green), 1991 76.2 x 55.9 x 0.3 cm Print

$15,000

David Alfaro Siqueiros, Prison Fantasies 4, Print

David Alfaro Siqueiros

Prison Fantasies 4, 1973 55.9 x 38.1 x 0.3 cm Print

$900

André Marfaing, Sans titre, Print

André Marfaing

Sans titre, 1962 65 x 50 cm Print

$995

Giuseppe Uncini, Dimore, Print

Giuseppe Uncini

Dimore, 1980 87 x 170 x 0.1 cm Print

$2,576

Francisco Zuniga, Mujer Bebiendo (Woman Drinking), Print

Francisco Zuniga

Mujer Bebiendo (Woman Drinking), 1984 28.6 x 25.4 x 0.3 cm Print

$1,200

Christophe Hohler, Cri 4, Print

Christophe Hohler

Cri 4, 2006 76 x 56 x 0.5 cm Print

$628

Bernar Venet, Ligne indéterminée, Print

Bernar Venet

Ligne indéterminée, 2003 25.5 x 33.5 cm Print

$3,037

Our recommendations Rudolph Carl Gorman, Women from Salt River, Print

Rudolph Carl Gorman

Women from Salt River, 1991 72.4 x 101.6 x 0.3 cm Print

$2,250

Luigi Montanarini, Abstract Composition, Print

Luigi Montanarini

Abstract Composition, 1973 33 x 23.5 x 0.2 cm Print

$262

Martine Goeyens, The Dance, Print

Martine Goeyens

The Dance, 2000 70 x 50 x 0.1 cm Print

$293

Ernesto Treccani, Flowers, Print

Ernesto Treccani

Flowers, 1973 70 x 50 x 0.2 cm Print

$209

Osvaldo Peruzzi, Testarossa, Print

Osvaldo Peruzzi

Testarossa, 1988 50 x 70 x 0.3 cm Print

$251

Peter Halley, Contamination 1, Print

Peter Halley

Contamination 1, 2002 80.9 x 84 cm Print

$1,466

Jovan Vulic, Gypsy, Print

Jovan Vulic

Gypsy, 1980 70 x 50 x 0.2 cm Print

$272

Marcello Ercole, Soldiers, Print

Marcello Ercole

Soldiers, 1971 70 x 50 x 0.2 cm Print

$230

Paul Petit, The Harbor, Print

Paul Petit

The Harbor, 1950 24 x 29 x 0.1 cm Print

$293

Henry Maurice, Extraterrestrial Fantasy, Print

Henry Maurice

Extraterrestrial Fantasy, 1973 50 x 70 x 0.2 cm Print

$209

Claudio Tessari, Spring on the Lake, Print

Claudio Tessari

Spring on the Lake, 1980 50 x 70 x 0.1 cm Print

$178

Théo Tobiasse, C'était au temps d'Abraham, Print

Théo Tobiasse

C'était au temps d'Abraham, 1995 57 x 38 x 0.2 cm Print

$576

Primo Conti, Abstract Composition, Print

Primo Conti

Abstract Composition, 1973 33.3 x 23 x 0.1 cm Print

$314

Alexander Calder, Sala Gaspar, Print

Alexander Calder

Sala Gaspar, 1973 65 x 50 cm Print

$2,827

Antonio Sanfilippo, Abstract Composition, Print

Antonio Sanfilippo

Abstract Composition, 1971 50 x 70 x 0.2 cm Print

$262

Oscar Pelosi, The Woman With Bird, Print

Oscar Pelosi

The Woman With Bird, 1980 70 x 50 x 0.1 cm Print

$262

Orfeo Vitali, Deers, Print

Orfeo Vitali

Deers, 1970 50 x 70 x 0.1 cm Print

$209

Nani Tedeschi, Woman in Labyrinth, Print

Nani Tedeschi

Woman in Labyrinth, 1971 65 x 50 x 0.1 cm Print

$262

Georges Braque, L'Iris, Print

Georges Braque

L'Iris, 1963 73 x 47 cm Print

$6,806

Mario Tozzi, Woman, Print

Mario Tozzi

Woman, 1975 70 x 50 x 0.1 cm Print

$398

Jorge Castillo, Untitled, Print

Jorge Castillo

Untitled, 2013 91 x 107 cm Print

$930

Madame, Home is where the hea(r)t is, Print

Madame

Home is where the hea(r)t is, 2021 63 x 60.5 x 0.5 cm Print

$471

Fernand Léger, La racine noire, Print

Fernand Léger

La racine noire, 1948 50 x 64 cm Print

$3,141

André Masson, Brume dans la vallée d'Arc, Print

André Masson

Brume dans la vallée d'Arc, 1949 50 x 65 cm Print

$304

Giselle Halff, Cat, Print

Giselle Halff

Cat, 1950 28 x 33 x 0.2 cm Print

$209

Larry Rivers, The Last Civil War Veteran, Print

Larry Rivers

The Last Civil War Veteran, 1980 94 x 72.4 x 0.3 cm Print

$3,500

Robert Fontene, Harlequin, Print

Robert Fontene

Harlequin, 1960 38 x 28 x 0.1 cm Print

$272

Giuseppe Zigaina, Composition, Print

Giuseppe Zigaina

Composition, 1973 33.5 x 24 x 0.2 cm Print

$209

Corrado Cagli, Fishes, Print

Corrado Cagli

Fishes, 1971 70 x 50 x 0.1 cm Print

$314

Man Ray, Sans titre, Print

Man Ray

Sans titre, 1971 50 x 36 x 1 cm Print

$3,770

Ed Ruscha, Paris Review (Anchor in Sand), Print

Ed Ruscha

Paris Review (Anchor in Sand), 1991 53.3 x 81.3 x 0.5 cm Print

$5,500

Robert Motherwell, Three Poems III, Print

Robert Motherwell

Three Poems III, 1988 53.3 x 40.6 x 0.3 cm Print

$2,200

Pernille Egeskov, Take Care, Print

Pernille Egeskov

Take Care, 2022 60 x 85.5 cm Print

$654

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