Marc Chagall

Né en 1887 - France


Marc Chagall is a painter and printmaker born in Belarus in 1887.

He was raised by his Jewish mother, who transmited to him the passion of man and made him read the Bible. the area where he grew up, Vitebsk, always represents for him the paradise of his childhood and haq greatly influenced his artistic work.
He studied at the School of Fine Arts of Saint-Petersburg and then worked in a studio. He was pupil of Leon Bakst, who introduced him to Bella Rosenfeld, with whom he felt in love.

In 1910, he moved to Paris. There, he discovered Fauvism when the movement was fading, and Cubism when it was being born. He was fascinated by the joyful colors of Fauvism and by the deconstruction of objects of Cubism. Even if he was living in Paris, Marc Chagall never forgot his native country, Russia and never ceased to be inspire by it. In fact, the Jewish culture in which he grew up is always present in his work.
In Paris, Marc Chagall met Blaise Cendrars, Robert Delaunay and Guillaume Apollinaire with whom he became friends.
In 1914, He returned to Vitebsk planning to stay just for some time, but the First World War did not allow him to come back to France. He Married Bella with whom he had a daugther. He paint the life of the Jewish community persecuted because they were suspected to have links with the Russians. After the Revolution, he let to Moscow, where he worked for the Jewish Art Theater.
Back in Paris, his friend Ambroise Vollard, ask him to do some illustrations for the" Fables de La Fontaine" and for the Bible. He did several gouaches for the religious texts that he considered to be " the biggest source of poetry of all times". He then did a collection of etchings about the Old Testament, which he donated to the French government. This latter has been exhibited in the Louvre and then at the National Museum of Biblical messages in Nice, which was named National Museum Marc Chagall later on.

Marc Chagall can not be associated to only one particular movement, since the artist prefered to combine several styles. However In his work we can find characteristic of surrealism and Neo-Primitivism. Marc Chagall created his paintings and prints inspired by his own intimate life.

He died in 1985 in Saint-Paul-de-Vence, France.

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