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Painters

A painter is an artist who uses paint to create their artworks. A painter can be a professional or an amateur. The term painter can also be used to describe someone whose occupation involves painting surfaces, such as walls and doors.



Painters can use a variety different techniques and types of paints to create their artworks. The most frequently used techniques include oil paint, acrylic paint, gouache and watercolour. Watercolour is widely considered the oldest technique and it continues to be used today although oil painting has, over the centuries, become the preferred technique for many artists.



A painter can choose to work on various supports. The most common support is a canvas stretched over a frame but other popular supports include wood, paper, metal and even the human body.



For the last centuries, painting has been the dominant artistic expression and the most prevalent in the history of art. The history of painting begins in prehistoric times with the first cave paintings. Over the centuries, styles have evolved, first aiming to becoming more naturalistic and then breaking away from figurativism to move towards abstract art. Some of the key artistic movements in painting include: Gothic, Renaissance, Mannerism, Caravaggism, Baroque, classicism, Rococo, Neoclassical, romantic, Orientalist, Pre-Raphaelites, Barbizon School, Realism, Impressionism, Cubism, Fauvism, Futurism, Expressionism, Surrealism, Suprematism, Abstract Expressionism, Pop Art and Minimalism.



The twentieth century saw the birth of abstract painting. With this revolution in painting, the painter no longer tried to represent the world in a recognisable way but instead focussed on the formal elements of the painting such as shape, line and colour. Abstract painting and figurative painting co-existed throughout modern art and continue to do so in contemporary art. Generally, these two categories of modern and contemporary are distinguished by the date of creation of the artworks . Modern art is generally seen as encompassing late 19th century works up to the mid-twentieth century, although the end date may vary between 1945 and 1960 depending on the interpretation. Contemporary art is ranges from the end of modern art up to today.



History of art is closely linked to the history of humanity. In fact, painters are often considered important witnesses of their time. The artists who have left their mark on the history of art are very often those who succeeded in innovating and going against the artistic codes of their time.



Some of the most groundbreaking and memorable artists include: Leonardo da Vinci, Sandro Botticelli, Rembrandt, El Greco, Diego Velázquez, Rubens, Johannes Vermeer, Francisco de Goya, Eugène Delacroix, William Turner, Edouard Manet, Edgar Degas, Claude Monet, Auguste Renoir, Paul Cézanne, Victor Vasarely, Claude Van Gogh, Paul Gauguin, Henri Matisse, Pablo Picasso, Joan Miro, Dali Salvador, Mark Rothko, Andy Warhol, Keith Haring, Herve di Rosa, Jean-Michel Basquiat, Jeff Koons, Takashi Murakami, Robert Combas and JonOne.

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Shepard Fairey (Obey)

United States

Mr. Brainwash

United States

Victor Vasarely

Hungary

JonOne

United States

Blek Le Rat

France

Jef Aérosol

France

Miguel Guía

Spain

Peter Klasen

Germany

Valerio Adami

Italy

Robert Combas

France

Arman

France

Alexander Calder

United States

Miss Tic

France

Shelby

Gibraltar

Erró

Iceland

Stoz

Italy

Corneille

Netherlands

M.Chat

Switzerland

Nick Walker

United Kingdom

Pierre Alechinsky

Belgium

Gottfried Salzmann

Austria

Hom Nguyen

France

Seen

United States

Karl Lagasse

France

Dr. Love

Italy

Hervé Di Rosa

France

Cope2

United States

Larry Clark

United States

Marian Williams

Netherlands

Hans Hartung

Germany

Antonio Segui

Argentina

Spaco

France

Ronald Hunter

Netherlands

Jacques Villeglé

France

Yaacov Agam

Israel

Claire Wiltsher

United Kingdom

Okuda

Spain

Ghost Art

Netherlands

Daru

France

Fabien Novarino

France

Claude Viallat

France

Sonia Delaunay

Ukraine

John Matos Crash

United States

David Hinchliffe

United Kingdom

Emanuele Ravagnani

Italy

Alain Mimouni

France

Paul Jenkins

United States

Maiko Kobayashi

Japan

Marta Zawadzka

Poland

Jacqueline Schäfer

Netherlands

Michael Grine

United States

Rico Sab

France

Marcos Zrihen

Spain

Vhils

Portugal

Onemizer

France

Ivan Tzonev

Bulgaria

Martin Whatson

Norway

Diederik Van Apple

Netherlands

Clet Abraham

Italy

Dillon Boy

United States