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Bronze Sculpture

The technique used in the creation of bronze sculptures has changed very little since Antiquity. The sculptor begins by fashioning the subject in wax, then covers it with clay, pours on the bronze, an alloy of copper and tin, then breaks open the terracotta, leaving only the bronze object behind. Highly valued by sculptors, bronze is a robust and resistant material that fairs well outside. Using wax to create the initial mould allows for a high level of detail on the final sculpture, unlike steel sculpture. Certain nuances in colour can be produced through the use of patinas.

These qualities explain why bronze is one of the oldest materials to be used by humans. Indeed, bronze tools were used in Mesopotamia, Egypt and China in around 2,800 BC.

In Mesopotamia, near to present-day Iran, bronze was used to depict animals in sacred art. In Egypt, it was was used to personify the gods, and also to create small sculpture statues placed in the tombs of the deceased. However, it was Ancient Greece, where craftsmen began to sculpt human figures and deities with remarkable realism, that gave bronze its prominent place in the history of art. Many pieces of work were imported to Rome, where the production of bronze sculptures developed. Bronze sculptures soon began to decorate the theatres and the homes of the rich. Admiring the skills of the Greeks, the Romans began ordering sculptures from merchants and craftsmen, who made copies of the moulds of the statues.

With the birth of Christianity, evangelisation and the building of churches became the priorities, and bronze creations were replaced by stone sculptures for decorating churches. It was only in the 14th century that masterpieces were rediscovered during excavations of Italian archaeological sites. A century later, Brunelleschi and Ghiberti set the Renaissance in motion by decorating the doors of the Florence Baptistery in bronze. Donatello, inspired by ancient Roman sculpture, was the first to excel in the art of expressing emotions through bronze sculptures, followed by Verrocchio, his pupil (and master of Leonardo da Vinci). Although the practice spread throughout Europe, it was mainly focussed on Italy, where sculptors competed to obtain the most convincing results.

During the 16th century, the Flemish Jean de Bologne established himself as the undisputed master of bronze. He was the most copied artist in the 17th century, and it is partly due to him that the bronze sculpture spread across Europe. In Italy, production of bronze sculpture was fairly constant, irrespective of the period. In France, on the other hand, this technique depended on the political regime. When Louis XIV invited sculptors to his court (essentially to decorate Versailles) demand for bronze reappeared as a form of courtly art.

Bronze sculpture underwent a resurgence during the 19th century, with Rodin and Camille Claudel, and then with Cubism and the Art Deco movement. Bronze is an expensive, heavy material and costly for collectors to buy and its use has become less prevalent in the 20th and 21st centuries, but some artists use it nonetheless: Marc Quinn, Giuseppe Penone, Germaine Richier, Alberto Giacometti with his strange silhouettes, the animal bronzes of Brigitte Téman, the compressions of César Baldaccini, the Philippe Pasqua's butterflies and Olivier Messas's dancers or just still life sculpture can all be seen on Artsper !



Collector’s Guide: Collecting Sculptures

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price,500 facet,10503*Oeuvres d’artistes best sellers|icon-bestsellers*bestsellers facet,10503*Werke von Bestseller-Künstlern|icon-bestsellers*werke-von-kunstlern-bestseller facet,10503*Artworks by best-selling artists|icon-bestsellers*bestsellers facet,10503*Obras de los artistas más vendidos|icon-bestsellers*obras-de-los-artistas-mas-vendidos price,1001:5000 price,501:1000 facet,10500*Oeuvres d'artistes émergents|icon-youngtalents*jeunes-talents facet,10500*Werke aufstrebender Künstler|icon-youngtalents*werke-von-jungen-kunstlern facet,10500*Young Talents|icon-youngtalents*youngtalents facet,10500*Obras de artistas emergentes|icon-youngtalents*obras-de-artistas-emergentes category,6*Peinture*peinture category,6*Painting*painting category,6*Gemälde*gemalde category,6*Pintura*pintura facet,8259*Nos recommandations|icon-recommendations*recommandations facet,8259*unsere Empfehlungen|icon-recommendations*unsere-empfehlungen facet,8259*Our recommendations|icon-recommendations*recommendations facet,8259*Nuestras recomendaciones|icon-recommendations*nuestras-recomendaciones facet,1629*Abstraite*abstraite facet,1629*abstracto*abstracto facet,1629*abstrakt*abstrakt facet,1629*Abstract*abstract facet,8274*Moyen (\u003c 115 x 115 cm)|medium*moyen facet,8274*Moyen (\u003c 45 x 45 inch)|medium*moyen facet,10497*Oeuvres d'artistes célèbres|icon-masterpieces*artistes-celebres facet,10497*Artworks by famous artists|icon-masterpieces*masterpieces facet,10497*Werke berühmter Künstler|icon-masterpieces*werke-beruhmter-kunstler facet,10497*Obras de artistas famosos|icon-masterpieces*obras-de-artistas-famosos facet,8277*Grand (\u003c 200 x 200 cm)|large*grand facet,8277*Grand (\u003c 80 x 80 inch)|large*grand facet,1635*arte callejero*arte-callejero facet,1635*Street art*street-art facet,1635*Straßenkunst*street-art facet,1671*Natur*natur facet,1671*Landscape*nature facet,1671*Paysage*nature facet,1671*Naturaleza*naturaleza facet,8277*Large (\u003c 200 x 200 cm)|large*large facet,8277*Large (\u003c 80 x 80 inch)|large*large facet,1686*Pop Art*pop-art facet,1686*Arte pop*arte-pop facet,1686*Pop-Art*pop-art facet,1644*Portrait*portrait facet,1644*Porträt*portrat facet,1644*Retrato*retrato category,5*Sculpture*sculpture category,5*Skulptur*skulptur category,5*Escultura*escultura category,9*Photographie*photographie category,9*Fotografie*fotografie category,9*Photography*photography category,9*Fotografía*fotografia facet,1641*Nude*nude facet,1641*Akt*akte facet,1641*Nus*nus facet,1641*desnudos*desnudos price,1000:501 facet,1830*Paysage|landscape*orientation-paysage facet,1830*Landscape|landscape*orientation-landscape facet,1830*Landschaft|landscape*orientation-landschaft facet,1830*Paisaje|landscape*orientation-paisaje facet,8274*Medium (\u003c 115 x 115 cm)|medium*medium facet,8274*Medium (\u003c 45 x 45 inch)|medium*medium facet,8280*Très grand (\u003e 200 x 200 cm)|very-large*tres-grand facet,8280*Très grand (\u003e 80 x 80 inch)|very-large*tres-grand category,15*Edition*edition category,15*Print*print category,15*Druck*editionen category,15*Edición*edicion category,23*Dessin*dessin category,23*Zeichnung*zeichnung category,23*Fine Art Drawings*drawing category,23*Dibujo*dibujo facet,1827*Portrait|portrait*orientation-portrait facet,1827*Hochformat|portrait*orientation-portrat facet,1827*Retrato|portrait*orientation-retrato facet,8301*Oeuvres en promotion|icon-promotions*promotions facet,8301*Special offers|icon-promotions*promotions facet,8301*Special Offers|icon-promotions*vergunstigte-werke facet,8301*Trabajos en promoción|icon-promotions*trabajos-en-promocion facet,1674*Scène de vie*scene-de-vie facet,1674*Everyday life*everyday-life facet,1674*Etchleben*etchleben facet,1674*Escena de la vida*escena-de-la-vida facet,8271*Petit (\u003c 50 x 50 cm)|small*petit facet,1680*Animaux*animaux facet,1680*Animal*animal facet,1680*Tier*tier facet,1680*Animales*animales facet,1668*Noir et blanc*noir-et-blanc facet,1668*Black and white*black-and-white facet,1668*Schwarz und weiß*schwarz-und-weiss facet,1668*Blanco y negro*blanco-y-negro facet,1632*Architecture*architecture facet,1632*Die Architektur*die-architektur facet,1632*Arquitectura*arquitectura facet,8280*Very large (\u003e 200 x 200 cm)|very-large*very-large facet,8280*Very large (\u003e 80 x 80 inch)|very-large*very-large price,50001 price,5001:10000 facet,1659*Flora*flora facet,1659*Flore*flore facet,1659*Floral*floral facet,1659*Flores*flores facet,1650*Paysage urbain*paysage-urbain facet,1650*Urban Landscape*urban-landscape facet,1650*Städtische Landschaft*stadtische-landschaft facet,1650*Paisaje urbano*paisaje-urbano facet,1692*Géométrique*geometrique facet,1692*Geometric*geometric facet,1692*Geometrisch*geometrisch facet,1692*Geometría*geometria facet,1656*Grafik*grafik facet,1656*Graphique*graphique facet,1656*Graphic*graphic facet,1656*Gráfico*grafico facet,11634*Pop culture Street-artistes*pop-culture-street-artistes facet,11634*Pop Culture Street Artists*pop-culture-street-artists facet,11634*Popkultur Straßenkünstler*popkultur-strassenkunstler facet,11634*Cultura pop Street-artistas*cultura-pop-street-artistas facet,12*noir|050002*noir facet,12*Black|050002*black facet,12*schwarz|050002*schwarz facet,12*negro|050002*negro facet,1833*Carré|square*orientation-carre facet,1833*Square|square*orientation-square facet,1833*Quadrat|square*orientation-platz facet,1833*Cuadrado|square*orientation-cuadrado price,5000:1001 facet,30*Dark blue|0707BD*dark-blue facet,30*bleu foncé|0707BD*bleu-fonce facet,30*Dunkelblau|0707BD*dunkelblau facet,30*azul oscuro|0707BD*azul-oscuro
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Valérie Hadida, Instant présent, Sculpture

Valérie Hadida

Instant présent, 2021
61 x 47 x 28 cm
Sculpture

€12,000

Yoann Merienne, Mira, buste, Sculpture

Yoann Merienne

Mira, buste, 2021
36 x 24 x 26 cm
Sculpture

€6,000

Christophe Charbonnel, Eurydice III Semi monumentale, Sculpture

Christophe Charbonnel

Eurydice III Semi monumentale, 2021
120 x 46 x 50 cm
Sculpture

€42,000

Milko Dobrev, Dance, Sculpture

Milko Dobrev

Dance, 2022
25 x 15 x 6 cm
Sculpture

€950

Philippe Buil, Pavarti Ultime, Sculpture

Philippe Buil

Pavarti Ultime, 2021
46 x 24 x 10 cm
Sculpture

€750

Our recommendations Miguel Guía, Calme et le silence bronze, Sculpture

Miguel Guía

Calme et le silence bronze, 2002
40 x 16 x 15 cm
Sculpture

€890

Our recommendations Salvador Dali, Profil du temps, Sculpture

Salvador Dali

Profil du temps, 1984
51 x 35 x 35 cm
Sculpture

€36,360

Our recommendations Irmgard Sigg, Annulaire, Sculpture

Irmgard Sigg

Annulaire, 1985
22 x 22 x 16 cm
Sculpture

€1,800

Fanny Finkelman Szyller, Construcción Naranja N°4., Sculpture

Fanny Finkelman Szyller

Construcción Naranja N°4., 2021
36 x 36 x 5 cm
Sculpture

€901

Our recommendations Martín Duque, Degas Danseur de Ballet, Sculpture

Martín Duque

Degas Danseur de Ballet, 2004
44 x 16 x 20 cm
Sculpture

€640

Our recommendations Parvine Curie, Petit personnage aux ailes repliées, Sculpture

Parvine Curie

Petit personnage aux ailes repliées, 2015
53.5 x 39 x 26 cm
Sculpture

€16,000

Nando Kallweit, Family I, Sculpture

Nando Kallweit

Family I, 2019
30 x 11 x 8 cm
Sculpture

€1,450

Christine Guillemin, Jeune Cerf, Sculpture

Christine Guillemin

Jeune Cerf, 2018
70 x 57 x 30 cm
Sculpture

€11,000

Erte Tirtoff, Rigoletto, Sculpture

Erte Tirtoff

Rigoletto, 1988
50.2 x 46.1 x 14.6 cm
Sculpture

€16,675

Ventsislav Markov, Dominance, Sculpture

Ventsislav Markov

Dominance, 2021
28 x 19.5 x 13 cm
Sculpture

€1,200

Artigas Planas, Hope, Sculpture

Artigas Planas

Hope, 2021
21 x 34 x 8 cm
Sculpture

€830

Our recommendations Robert Combas, Les favelas électriques, Sculpture

Robert Combas

Les favelas électriques, 2009
37 x 60 x 40 cm
Sculpture

€95,000

Annette Girke, Cowering Figure - Small, Sculpture

Annette Girke

Cowering Figure - Small, 2015
6 x 10 x 4 cm
Sculpture

€720

Les Hélènes, Esmeralda, Sculpture

Les Hélènes

Esmeralda, 2022
37 x 6 x 3 cm
Sculpture

€260

Our recommendations Jesus Campos, Les espaces de Penseur de Rodin, Sculpture

Jesus Campos

Les espaces de Penseur de Rodin, 2004
30 x 14 x 15 cm
Sculpture

€840

Manuel Carbonell, La familia, Sculpture

Manuel Carbonell

La familia, 2006
91.4 x 115.6 x 72.4 cm
Sculpture

€157,733

Isabelle Healy, Anouck, Sculpture

Isabelle Healy

Anouck, 2021
12 x 12 x 5 cm
Sculpture

€3,000

Our recommendations Marc Petit, La blouse bleue, Sculpture

Marc Petit

La blouse bleue, 2011
52 x 17 x 13 cm
Sculpture

€4,800

Jérôme Mesnager, Sans titre, Sculpture

Jérôme Mesnager

Sans titre, 2011
75 x 63 x 5 cm
Sculpture

€2,200

Sandrine Plante, Jamais sans ma soeur, Sculpture

Sandrine Plante

Jamais sans ma soeur, 2021
30 x 40 x 20 cm
Sculpture

€3,500

Virginie Chardon, Hipolyte le Morse, Sculpture

Virginie Chardon

Hipolyte le Morse, 2021
77 x 44 x 32 cm
Sculpture

€7,000

Our recommendations Romain Langlois, Masque de Jéricho, Sculpture

Romain Langlois

Masque de Jéricho, 2014
56 x 23 x 25 cm
Sculpture

€12,000

Our recommendations Linde Ergo, Les amoureux, Sculpture

Linde Ergo

Les amoureux, 2017
48 x 10 x 10 cm
Sculpture

€2,950

Jl Gabirot, La naissance, Sculpture

Jl Gabirot

La naissance, 1999
21.5 x 30 x 19 cm
Sculpture

€4,400

Our recommendations Salfo Dermé (Yabré), Éléphant, Sculpture

Salfo Dermé (Yabré)

Éléphant, 2018
14 x 17 x 12 cm
Sculpture

€900

Our recommendations Mireia Serra, Merry love, Sculpture

Mireia Serra

Merry love, 2020
7 x 17 x 10 cm
Sculpture

€980

Jaromir Gargulak, Apple, Apple  6/25, Sculpture

Jaromir Gargulak

Apple, Apple 6/25, 2021
11 x 8 x 7 cm
Sculpture

€450

Our recommendations Joanna Zakrzewska-Cholewa, 3 Acrobats, Sculpture

Joanna Zakrzewska-Cholewa

3 Acrobats, 2021
28 x 26 x 12 cm
Sculpture

€850

Our recommendations Deville-Chabrolle, Romantique, Sculpture

Deville-Chabrolle

Romantique, 2016
18 x 16 x 11 cm
Sculpture

€2,000

Jean-Jacques Mancardi, Hors Norme, Sculpture

Jean-Jacques Mancardi

Hors Norme, 2021
52 x 12 x 9 cm
Sculpture

€3,800 €3,420

Our recommendations Pierre Gimenez, Etirements, Sculpture

Pierre Gimenez

Etirements, 2021
30 x 25 x 14 cm
Sculpture

€1,800

Our recommendations Patrick Villas, Panthère pattes croisées, Sculpture

Patrick Villas

Panthère pattes croisées, 2014
56 x 70 x 45 cm
Sculpture

€20,000

Our recommendations Babette Degraeve, Jongetje met hond (Little boy with dog), Sculpture

Babette Degraeve

Jongetje met hond (Little boy with dog), 2019
20 x 8 x 11 cm
Sculpture

€750

Our recommendations Art Vladi, Cesar bronze, Sculpture

Art Vladi

Cesar bronze, 2021
33 x 22 x 15 cm
Sculpture

€3,500 €3,150

Cécile Thonus, Si je te rejoignais ?, Sculpture

Cécile Thonus

Si je te rejoignais ?, 2021
49.6 x 16.3 x 13.5 cm
Sculpture

€950

Our recommendations Georges Braque, Hermès, Sculpture

Georges Braque

Hermès, 2019
175 x 80 x 24 cm
Sculpture

€220,000

Pinto, Jour de fête, Sculpture

Pinto

Jour de fête, 2021
62 x 8 x 4 cm
Sculpture

€1,400

Our recommendations Luo Li Rong, Je me souviens de toi, Sculpture

Luo Li Rong

Je me souviens de toi, 2016
30 x 26 x 12 cm
Sculpture

€6,000

Isabelle Carabantes, Petite tête de lionne, Sculpture

Isabelle Carabantes

Petite tête de lionne, 2021
17 x 16 x 14 cm
Sculpture

€1,100

Emmanuelle Vroelant, Afghane, Sculpture

Emmanuelle Vroelant

Afghane, 2011
18 x 8 x 8 cm
Sculpture

€1,100

Stan Wysocki, Dame IV, Sculpture

Stan Wysocki

Dame IV, 2011
44 x 12 x 10 cm
Sculpture

€1,000

Our recommendations Irina Shark, Le masque de Camille, Sculpture

Irina Shark

Le masque de Camille, 2019
26 x 13 x 16 cm
Sculpture

€4,500

Mireille Bassier-Tilmont, Babel - bronze, Sculpture

Mireille Bassier-Tilmont

Babel - bronze, 2018
21 x 10 x 10 cm
Sculpture

€350

Our recommendations Berit, Sisters, Sculpture

Berit

Sisters, 2020
51 x 67 x 41 cm
Sculpture

€17,600

Our recommendations Jenny Jacottet, Impulsion, Sculpture

Jenny Jacottet

Impulsion, 2018
35 x 22 x 12 cm
Sculpture

€2,000

Pierre Kroll, Le Roi Albert II, Sculpture

Pierre Kroll

Le Roi Albert II, 2017
40 x 20 x 20 cm
Sculpture

€1,500

Our recommendations Beatrice Bizot, Contemplation, Sculpture

Beatrice Bizot

Contemplation, 2020
25 x 9 x 8 cm
Sculpture

€950

Our recommendations Thierry Dehais, Le silence, Sculpture

Thierry Dehais

Le silence, 2007
22 x 10 x 10 cm
Sculpture

€650

Our recommendations Xu Zhen, New, Sculpture

Xu Zhen

New, 2016
46 x 14 x 10.5 cm
Sculpture

€5,380

Jean Amiel, Pélican au petit bec, Sculpture

Jean Amiel

Pélican au petit bec, 2016
24 x 17 x 15 cm
Sculpture

€1,800

Our recommendations Karen Marre, Quel cirk 2, Sculpture

Karen Marre

Quel cirk 2, 2015
55 x 28 x 18 cm
Sculpture

€1,800

Our recommendations Philip Hearsey, Dance, Sculpture

Philip Hearsey

Dance, 2016
25 x 27 x 16 cm
Sculpture

€1,822

Our recommendations Igor Mitoraj, Centurion II, Sculpture

Igor Mitoraj

Centurion II, 1986
18 x 14 x 6 cm
Sculpture

€10,000

Our recommendations Mélanie Quentin, Ix-Chell, Sculpture

Mélanie Quentin

Ix-Chell, 2010
30 x 20 x 20 cm
Sculpture

€3,200

Joyce Fournier, Female Torso in Blue - (No. 2 of 10), Sculpture

Joyce Fournier

Female Torso in Blue - (No. 2 of 10), 2019
11.4 x 7.6 x 6.4 cm
Sculpture

€586 €469

Maguy Banq, Réflexion, Sculpture

Maguy Banq

Réflexion, 2019
18.5 x 8.5 x 13 cm
Sculpture

€1,900

Petar Iliev, Bull, Sculpture

Petar Iliev

Bull, 2021
17 x 31 x 8 cm
Sculpture

€1,100

Our recommendations Julien Marinetti, Panda BA, Sculpture

Julien Marinetti

Panda BA, 2020
40 x 28 x 30 cm
Sculpture

€14,500

Our recommendations Sébastien Langloÿs, Polymnie, Bronze n°2/8, Sculpture

Sébastien Langloÿs

Polymnie, Bronze n°2/8, 2017
32 x 22 x 18 cm
Sculpture

€9,500

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