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Oil Painting

Oil painting is a type of paint which involves mixing crushed colour pigments usually with linseed oil, although poppy seed oil can also be used. The support on which it is painted must be covered with a primer beforehand so that the layer of paint can adhere to the support; an additional step which is crucial to the creative process and also means that it can be adapted to many types of surfaces.

It was during the Middle Ages that this technique first appeared and began to be develop in the Western world. The discovery of oil painting is often attributed to the Flemish painter, Jan Van Eyck who had been experimenting with various mixtures. With this new painting technique, his works benefited from new transparency effects and a new type of aesthetic was born. His approach was copied and later shared more widely by other primitive Flemish painters. Oil painting replaced the tempera technique, which uses egg as a binder.

Similarly, the wood on which artists painted was replaced by linen canvas, installed on a frame from the 15th century onwards and later placed on an easel. Although it was well-liked by painters, this medium had its drawbacks; its components were toxic and its preparation required a great amount of artisan savoir-faire in the studio. Despite this, it became closely linked to the visual arts and and was hugely popularised during the Renaissance thanks to the Venetian painters such as Titian, followed closely by the Flemish, including Rubens, before it reached the Netherlands who made it their own, with Rembrandt leading the way. The 19th and 20th centuries saw oil painting became the number one choice and the preferred medium for for modern times. The mixture no longer had to be prepared by artists in the studio; industrialisation had made things easier and the paint came pre-prepared, packaged in tubes. The tin tube was commercialised in France in 1840 and revolutionised the history of art by encouraging the Impressionists to take their brushes and paints outside and paint en plein air. It would slowly be overtaken by acrylic paint a century later which simplified things even further as it was dried faster.
An oil painting canvas also implies that the painter must respect the fat over lean principle, meaning that a colours with high oil content (fat) should be applied over layers of paint with lower oil content (lean) to ensure that the painting will last longer and to prevent cracking. Oil painting remains a widely used method and numerous artworks are still made using this technique.

Contemporary artists still master oil painting but sometimes avoid working with it in the same traditional ways of the 20th century. The canvas is often not prepared so that its texture can be seen under the layer of paint, as certain abstract painters have done. Jackson Pollock for example used oil painting but did not glaze his works. He didn't even truly paint his canvases as he used a dripping technique; by shaking his brush he created splashes of paint over the canvas…

On Artsper, explore contemporary paintings by well-known artists including Georges Terzian, Arman, Salvador Dali and Robert Combas.



Collector’s Guide: Collecting Paintings

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price,500 facet,10503*Oeuvres d’artistes best sellers|icon-bestsellers*bestsellers facet,10503*Werke von Bestseller-Künstlern|icon-bestsellers*werke-von-kunstlern-bestseller facet,10503*Artworks by best-selling artists|icon-bestsellers*bestsellers facet,10503*Obras de los artistas más vendidos|icon-bestsellers*obras-de-los-artistas-mas-vendidos price,1001:5000 price,501:1000 facet,10500*Oeuvres d'artistes émergents|icon-youngtalents*jeunes-talents facet,10500*Werke aufstrebender Künstler|icon-youngtalents*werke-von-jungen-kunstlern facet,10500*Young Talents|icon-youngtalents*youngtalents facet,10500*Obras de artistas emergentes|icon-youngtalents*obras-de-artistas-emergentes category,6*Peinture*peinture category,6*Painting*painting category,6*Gemälde*gemalde category,6*Pintura*pintura facet,8259*Nos recommandations|icon-recommendations*recommandations facet,8259*unsere Empfehlungen|icon-recommendations*unsere-empfehlungen facet,8259*Our recommendations|icon-recommendations*recommendations facet,8259*Nuestras recomendaciones|icon-recommendations*nuestras-recomendaciones facet,1629*Abstraite*abstraite facet,1629*abstracto*abstracto facet,1629*abstrakt*abstrakt facet,1629*Abstract*abstract facet,8274*Moyen (\u003c 115 x 115 cm)|medium*moyen facet,8274*Moyen (\u003c 45 x 45 inch)|medium*moyen facet,10497*Oeuvres d'artistes célèbres|icon-masterpieces*artistes-celebres facet,10497*Artworks by famous artists|icon-masterpieces*masterpieces facet,10497*Werke berühmter Künstler|icon-masterpieces*werke-beruhmter-kunstler facet,10497*Obras de artistas famosos|icon-masterpieces*obras-de-artistas-famosos facet,8277*Grand (\u003c 200 x 200 cm)|large*grand facet,8277*Grand (\u003c 80 x 80 inch)|large*grand facet,1635*arte callejero*arte-callejero facet,1635*Street art*street-art facet,1635*Straßenkunst*street-art facet,1671*Natur*natur facet,1671*Landscape*nature facet,1671*Paysage*nature facet,1671*Naturaleza*naturaleza facet,8277*Large (\u003c 200 x 200 cm)|large*large facet,8277*Large (\u003c 80 x 80 inch)|large*large facet,1686*Pop Art*pop-art facet,1686*Arte pop*arte-pop facet,1686*Pop-Art*pop-art facet,1644*Portrait*portrait facet,1644*Porträt*portrat facet,1644*Retrato*retrato category,5*Sculpture*sculpture category,5*Skulptur*skulptur category,5*Escultura*escultura category,9*Photographie*photographie category,9*Fotografie*fotografie category,9*Photography*photography category,9*Fotografía*fotografia facet,1641*Nude*nude facet,1641*Akt*akte facet,1641*Nus*nus facet,1641*desnudos*desnudos price,1000:501 facet,1830*Paysage|landscape*orientation-paysage facet,1830*Landscape|landscape*orientation-landscape facet,1830*Landschaft|landscape*orientation-landschaft facet,1830*Paisaje|landscape*orientation-paisaje facet,8274*Medium (\u003c 115 x 115 cm)|medium*medium facet,8274*Medium (\u003c 45 x 45 inch)|medium*medium facet,8280*Très grand (\u003e 200 x 200 cm)|very-large*tres-grand facet,8280*Très grand (\u003e 80 x 80 inch)|very-large*tres-grand category,15*Edition*edition category,15*Print*print category,15*Druck*editionen category,15*Edición*edicion category,23*Dessin*dessin category,23*Zeichnung*zeichnung category,23*Fine Art Drawings*drawing category,23*Dibujo*dibujo facet,1827*Portrait|portrait*orientation-portrait facet,1827*Hochformat|portrait*orientation-portrat facet,1827*Retrato|portrait*orientation-retrato facet,8301*Oeuvres en promotion|icon-promotions*promotions facet,8301*Special offers|icon-promotions*promotions facet,8301*Special Offers|icon-promotions*vergunstigte-werke facet,8301*Trabajos en promoción|icon-promotions*trabajos-en-promocion facet,1674*Scène de vie*scene-de-vie facet,1674*Everyday life*everyday-life facet,1674*Etchleben*etchleben facet,1674*Escena de la vida*escena-de-la-vida facet,8271*Petit (\u003c 50 x 50 cm)|small*petit facet,1680*Animaux*animaux facet,1680*Animal*animal facet,1680*Tier*tier facet,1680*Animales*animales facet,1668*Noir et blanc*noir-et-blanc facet,1668*Black and white*black-and-white facet,1668*Schwarz und weiß*schwarz-und-weiss facet,1668*Blanco y negro*blanco-y-negro facet,1632*Architecture*architecture facet,1632*Die Architektur*die-architektur facet,1632*Arquitectura*arquitectura facet,8280*Very large (\u003e 200 x 200 cm)|very-large*very-large facet,8280*Very large (\u003e 80 x 80 inch)|very-large*very-large price,50001 price,5001:10000 facet,1659*Flora*flora facet,1659*Flore*flore facet,1659*Floral*floral facet,1659*Flores*flores facet,1650*Paysage urbain*paysage-urbain facet,1650*Urban Landscape*urban-landscape facet,1650*Städtische Landschaft*stadtische-landschaft facet,1650*Paisaje urbano*paisaje-urbano facet,1692*Géométrique*geometrique facet,1692*Geometric*geometric facet,1692*Geometrisch*geometrisch facet,1692*Geometría*geometria facet,1656*Grafik*grafik facet,1656*Graphique*graphique facet,1656*Graphic*graphic facet,1656*Gráfico*grafico facet,11634*Pop culture Street-artistes*pop-culture-street-artistes facet,11634*Pop Culture Street Artists*pop-culture-street-artists facet,11634*Popkultur Straßenkünstler*popkultur-strassenkunstler facet,11634*Cultura pop Street-artistas*cultura-pop-street-artistas facet,12*noir|050002*noir facet,12*Black|050002*black facet,12*schwarz|050002*schwarz facet,12*negro|050002*negro facet,1833*Carré|square*orientation-carre facet,1833*Square|square*orientation-square facet,1833*Quadrat|square*orientation-platz facet,1833*Cuadrado|square*orientation-cuadrado price,5000:1001 facet,30*Dark blue|0707BD*dark-blue facet,30*bleu foncé|0707BD*bleu-fonce facet,30*Dunkelblau|0707BD*dunkelblau facet,30*azul oscuro|0707BD*azul-oscuro
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Antonino Puliafico, Blu Tindari, Painting

Antonino Puliafico

Blu Tindari, 2012
50 x 70 x 2 cm
Painting

€1,500

Liora, Seduction 4, Painting

Liora

Seduction 4, 2022
50 x 50 x 2 cm
Painting

€555

Yoann Merienne, Eronese, Painting

Yoann Merienne

Eronese, 2021
180 x 130 x 3 cm
Painting

€10,000

Marian Williams, Women against Fascism, Painting

Marian Williams

Women against Fascism, 2022
195 x 130 x 4 cm
Painting

€4,950

Bernhard Lang, Miami_Beach_01, Painting

Bernhard Lang

Miami_Beach_01, 2021
40 x 40 x 2 cm
Painting

€590

Claude Gean, Totem 28 -  for life, Painting

Claude Gean

Totem 28 - for life, 2021
50 x 23 x 5 cm
Painting

€1,000

Françoise Dugourd-Caput, O'SolEMio, Painting

Françoise Dugourd-Caput

O'SolEMio, 2012
40 x 40 cm
Painting

€440

Our recommendations Eurgal, La maison bleue, Painting

Eurgal

La maison bleue, 2022
80 x 40 x 2 cm
Painting

€1,750

Yasna Godovanik, Don’t Lose Your Love III, Painting

Yasna Godovanik

Don’t Lose Your Love III, 2022
100 x 70 x 2 cm
Painting

€1,290

Ralph Resch, Bhoutan, Painting

Ralph Resch

Bhoutan, 2020
195 x 165 x 3 cm
Painting

€4,200

Ruslana Levandovska, Cherry Blossoms, Painting

Ruslana Levandovska

Cherry Blossoms, 2021
76.2 x 61 x 1.9 cm
Painting

€1,442

Our recommendations Jérémie Iordanoff, Sombre, Painting

Jérémie Iordanoff

Sombre, 2018
92 x 73 cm
Painting

€2,430

Eric Munsch, L’éclat de nuit, Painting

Eric Munsch

L’éclat de nuit, 2022
80 x 80 x 2 cm
Painting

€1,490

Rafal Gadowski, Peacocks 29, Painting

Rafal Gadowski

Peacocks 29, 2021
120 x 120 x 2 cm
Painting

€2,000

Philippe Huart, En absence., Painting

Philippe Huart

En absence., 2019
60 x 60 x 3 cm
Painting

€4,200

Albena Vatcheva, Les 4 éléments, Painting

Albena Vatcheva

Les 4 éléments, 2022
100 x 100 x 2.5 cm
Painting

€4,700 €4,465

André Lac, Les pommes, Painting

André Lac

Les pommes, 2001
38 x 46 cm
Painting

€1,060

Marta Zawadzka, Game of colors, Painting

Marta Zawadzka

Game of colors, 2022
90 x 90 x 2 cm
Painting

€1,900

Serghei Ghetiu, The warm nights of Saint-Tropez, Painting

Serghei Ghetiu

The warm nights of Saint-Tropez, 2022
90 x 80 x 2 cm
Painting

€1,400

Valérie Dragacci, Nouveau depart, Painting

Valérie Dragacci

Nouveau depart, 2022
46 x 61 x 2 cm
Painting

€590

Patrick Cornée, My name is super Mario, shooting 01M, Painting

Patrick Cornée

My name is super Mario, shooting 01M, 2022
40 x 120 x 3 cm
Painting

€2,500

Luis Alvarado, La région du café, Painting

Luis Alvarado

La région du café, 2022
100 x 75 x 3 cm
Painting

€2,500

Bastien Ducourtioux, Fire, Painting

Bastien Ducourtioux

Fire, 2019
104 x 86 x 2 cm
Painting

€1,100

Alejandra Caballero, Creació, Painting

Alejandra Caballero

Creació, 2021
80 x 80 cm
Painting

€2,900

Muraz Martirosyan, Blond Girl, Painting

Muraz Martirosyan

Blond Girl, 2021
47 x 36 cm
Painting

€390

Our recommendations Tommaso Fattovich, Girl from Newcastle, Painting

Tommaso Fattovich

Girl from Newcastle, 2022
101.6 x 76.2 cm
Painting

€3,645

Our recommendations Jean Jourdan, En equilibre, Painting

Jean Jourdan

En equilibre, 2021
20 x 20 x 2 cm
Painting

€145

Martin Reyna, Untitled 21299, Painting

Martin Reyna

Untitled 21299, 2021
60 x 60 cm
Painting

€3,402

Helena Troyanskaya, Sunrise-sunrise, Painting

Helena Troyanskaya

Sunrise-sunrise, 2022
90 x 90 x 2 cm
Painting

€1,711 €1,540

Jean-Jacques Venturini, Génération pétrole 3 - série carrosserie de voiture, Painting

Jean-Jacques Venturini

Génération pétrole 3 - série carrosserie de voiture, 2010
81 x 100 x 2 cm
Painting

€1,500

Temo Svirely, Sans titre, Painting

Temo Svirely

Sans titre, 2005
40 x 60 x 2 cm
Painting

€2,900

Jean-Luc Lopez, Chappelle Ste Sixtine, Painting

Jean-Luc Lopez

Chappelle Ste Sixtine, 2021
50 x 70 cm
Painting

€760

Sergey Kononov, Sans titre, Painting

Sergey Kononov

Sans titre, 2017
29 x 27 x 2 cm
Painting

€1,200

Our recommendations Yagor, Four girls in the blue, Painting

Yagor

Four girls in the blue, 2021
150 x 150 x 5 cm
Painting

€5,600

Anna Bessonova, Love Letter - Dahlia Flower, Painting

Anna Bessonova

Love Letter - Dahlia Flower, 2022
60 x 60 x 2 cm
Painting

€703

Didier Lourenço, All of us, Painting

Didier Lourenço

All of us, 2021
100 x 100 cm
Painting

€4,800

Vladimir Kolosov, Sensation of the lost structure, Painting

Vladimir Kolosov

Sensation of the lost structure, 2017
35.6 x 45.7 x 1.9 cm
Painting

€577

Mathilde Polidori, C'est si bon, Painting

Mathilde Polidori

C'est si bon, 2022
34 x 24 x 1.5 cm
Painting

€600

Our recommendations Nicolas Monjo, Espace réduit, Painting

Nicolas Monjo

Espace réduit, 2020
70 x 70 x 2 cm
Painting

€1,300

C. Démolis, Toits enneigés, Painting

C. Démolis

Toits enneigés, 1945
19 x 25.5 x 0.3 cm
Painting

€601

Herbert Theurillat, Charrette et tonneau dans la grange, Painting

Herbert Theurillat

Charrette et tonneau dans la grange, 1906
65 x 54 x 2 cm
Painting

€670

C Foresto, Petit port, Painting

C Foresto

Petit port, 1919
70 x 100 x 2 cm
Painting

€936

Edoardo Monteforte, Pêcheurs dans le Golfe de Naples, Painting

Edoardo Monteforte

Pêcheurs dans le Golfe de Naples, 1900
23 x 37 x 0.5 cm
Painting

€1,862

Demiak, Escapism VII, Painting

Demiak

Escapism VII, 2017
18 x 20 cm
Painting

€800

Véronique Chomienne, Cat for cat, Painting

Véronique Chomienne

Cat for cat, 2021
100 x 100 x 2 cm
Painting

€1,500

Pierre Joseph, Mosaic sphere, Painting

Pierre Joseph

Mosaic sphere, 2021
61 x 50 x 3 cm
Painting

€1,560

Marius Skov, Intérieur avec vue sur le clocher, Painting

Marius Skov

Intérieur avec vue sur le clocher, 1909
54 x 37 x 2 cm
Painting

€936

Pascal Marcel, Le cheval, Painting

Pascal Marcel

Le cheval, 2020
116 x 89 x 2 cm
Painting

€3,200

Benna Chu (Meylan), Série  n°1, Painting

Benna Chu (Meylan)

Série n°1, 2002
152 x 128 x 2 cm
Painting

€1,922

Arvid Boecker, #1536, Painting

Arvid Boecker

#1536, 2022
80 x 60 x 6 cm
Painting

€5,224

Ellina Zhanu, Coral Mood, Painting

Ellina Zhanu

Coral Mood, 2021
50 x 50 cm
Painting

€1,000 €750

Sofiya Akimova, At night, Painting

Sofiya Akimova

At night, 2020
80 x 80 cm
Painting

€2,000 €1,600

Jean Jacques Boimond, Bouquet printanier et canaris, Painting

Jean Jacques Boimond

Bouquet printanier et canaris, 1984
59 x 66 x 1 cm
Painting

€1,183

Yosl Bergner, A Girl In A Window, Painting

Yosl Bergner

A Girl In A Window, 1995
40 x 30 x 3.5 cm
Painting

€4,506

Our recommendations Joseph, My own romance, Painting

Joseph

My own romance, 2021
120 x 120 x 6 cm
Painting

€3,900

Lino Umberto Salini, Personnage lisant le Journal, Painting

Lino Umberto Salini

Personnage lisant le Journal, 1939
71 x 50 x 1 cm
Painting

€1,183

Thomas Loyatho, Pour un bain de boue, Painting

Thomas Loyatho

Pour un bain de boue, 2021
28.5 x 22 x 2.5 cm
Painting

€350

Kathleen Ney, Pink Portrait, Painting

Kathleen Ney

Pink Portrait, 2020
38.1 x 30.5 x 0.5 cm
Painting

€586

Our recommendations Desy Febrianti, Down To Earth, Painting

Desy Febrianti

Down To Earth, 2021
130 x 100 cm
Painting

€1,284

Our recommendations Victor Sheleg, New gloves, Painting

Victor Sheleg

New gloves, 2021
64 x 46 x 0.1 cm
Painting

€1,250

J.W. Brick, Paysanne au labeur, Painting

J.W. Brick

Paysanne au labeur, 1976
57 x 81 x 2 cm
Painting

€739

Delphine Hogarth, Au coin du bar, Painting

Delphine Hogarth

Au coin du bar, 2018
60 x 50 x 3 cm
Painting

€860

H.Bani, La maisonnette au toit mauve, Painting

H.Bani

La maisonnette au toit mauve, 1994
40 x 50 x 2 cm
Painting

€670

Alexandr Klemens, Good Morning Prague I, Painting

Alexandr Klemens

Good Morning Prague I, 2021
40 x 30 x 2 cm
Painting

€330

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