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Steel Sculpture

Steel sculpture appeared in art during the twentieth century. In previous centuries precious metals were the most frequently used in sculpture but the industrial revolution and urbanisation led to a wider use of more commonplace metals, including steel. Before that, bronze, a very resistant material, had been the medium of choice for sculptors creating artworks that would be installed outdoors.

Unlike other metals, steel is easily malleable at a high temperature. Stainless steel has the advantage of being very resistant to rust and harsh weather conditions, making it an ideal choice for outdoor sculptures. Indeed, over the course of the twentieth century it was often used for this purpose. Steel sculptures were used, and continue to be used, to decorate and enhance public spaces in cities as well as gardens.

One of the artists most well-known for his use of steel is Richard Serra. The material occupied a core part of his minimalist practice. In his early work, he used sheets of steel as well as steel rolls which were carefully balanced on the ground. To prevent the material from degrading and changing over time in an uncontrolled way, he coated the pieces with a solution which made them appear rusted. Later on in his career, Serra focussed on site-specific, monumental sculptures. His works were influenced by the environment they were destined for and thus perfectly suited to it. The curves of the sculptures encourage viewers to walk around them while the their impressive size dwarfs the viewers and leads them to reflect on the perception they have of their bodies in relation to indoor and outdoor spaces.

Another artist famous for his gigantic steel sculptures is Bernar Venet. You can find his huge steel arches in cities all over the world and you’ll also find some of his artworks on Artsper. Amongst the greatest sculptors working in steel, there is of course Alexander Calder, who succeeded in creating sculptures of surprising delicacy despite the hardness of the material. His colourful mobiles have become iconic artworks. How can such a dense material appear so light and frail? His sculptures are part of the kinetic art movement and the careful equilibrium that Calder achieved so deftly continues to fascinate viewers.

In a very different style, César also used steel, among other materials, to create works that are far less elegant. His “Compression” sculptures used lead, iron and steel to criticise our consumerist society.

Steel continues to be used by today’s contemporary sculptors, mainly for monumental sculptures. Indeed, several contemporary artists have demonstrated a mastery of steel. Chief among them, is Jeff Koons and his famous "Balloon Dog" made of stainless steel with a coloured mirror finish surface. With steel, Jeff Koons turned the ephemeral balloon dog into an almost eternal work. Another well-known example is Chicago’s "Cloud Gate" sculpture by Anish Kapoor.

On Artsper, discover modern sculptures and contemporary sculptures from the best art galleries. Explore Japanese artist Tsuyu’s elegant and poetic steel sculptures, Nicolas Dubreuille’s colourful and minimalist works and Paradox Creations’s sculptures inspired by Alexander Calder’s mobiles.



Collector’s Guide: Collecting Sculptures

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price,500 facet,10503*Oeuvres d’artistes best sellers|icon-bestsellers*bestsellers facet,10503*Artworks by best-selling artists|icon-bestsellers*bestsellers facet,10503*Werke von Bestseller-Künstlern|icon-bestsellers*werke-von-kunstlern-bestseller facet,10503*Obras de los artistas más vendidos|icon-bestsellers*obras-de-los-artistas-mas-vendidos price,1001:5000 price,501:1000 facet,10500*Oeuvres d'artistes émergents|icon-youngtalents*jeunes-talents facet,10500*Young Talents|icon-youngtalents*youngtalents facet,10500*Werke aufstrebender Künstler|icon-youngtalents*werke-von-jungen-kunstlern facet,10500*Obras de artistas emergentes|icon-youngtalents*obras-de-artistas-emergentes category,6*Painting*painting category,6*Peinture*peinture category,6*Pintura*pintura category,6*Gemälde*gemalde facet,8259*Nos recommandations|icon-recommendations*recommandations facet,8259*Our recommendations|icon-recommendations*recommendations facet,8259*unsere Empfehlungen|icon-recommendations*unsere-empfehlungen facet,8259*Nuestras recomendaciones|icon-recommendations*nuestras-recomendaciones facet,1629*abstracto*abstracto facet,1629*Abstraite*abstraite facet,1629*abstrakt*abstrakt facet,1629*Abstract*abstract facet,8274*Moyen (\u003c 115 x 115 cm)|medium*moyen facet,8274*Moyen (\u003c 45 x 45 inch)|medium*moyen facet,10497*Oeuvres d'artistes célèbres|icon-masterpieces*artistes-celebres facet,10497*Artworks by famous artists|icon-masterpieces*masterpieces facet,10497*Werke berühmter Künstler|icon-masterpieces*werke-beruhmter-kunstler facet,10497*Obras de artistas famosos|icon-masterpieces*obras-de-artistas-famosos facet,8277*Grand (\u003c 200 x 200 cm)|large*grand facet,8277*Grand (\u003c 80 x 80 inch)|large*grand facet,1635*arte callejero*arte-callejero facet,1635*Street art*street-art facet,1635*Straßenkunst*street-art facet,1671*Landscape*nature facet,1671*Natur*natur facet,1671*Paysage*nature facet,1671*Naturaleza*naturaleza facet,8277*Large (\u003c 200 x 200 cm)|large*large facet,8277*Large (\u003c 80 x 80 inch)|large*large facet,1686*Pop Art*pop-art facet,1686*Arte pop*arte-pop facet,1686*Pop-Art*pop-art facet,1644*Porträt*portrat facet,1644*Portrait*portrait facet,1644*Retrato*retrato category,5*Sculpture*sculpture category,5*Skulptur*skulptur category,5*Escultura*escultura category,9*Fotografía*fotografia category,9*Photographie*photographie category,9*Fotografie*fotografie category,9*Photography*photography facet,1641*Nude*nude facet,1641*Akt*akte facet,1641*Nus*nus facet,1641*desnudos*desnudos price,1000:501 facet,1830*Paysage|landscape*orientation-paysage facet,1830*Landscape|landscape*orientation-landscape facet,1830*Landschaft|landscape*orientation-landschaft facet,1830*Paisaje|landscape*orientation-paisaje facet,8274*Medium (\u003c 45 x 45 inch)|medium*medium facet,8274*Medium (\u003c 115 x 115 cm)|medium*medium facet,8280*Très grand (\u003e 200 x 200 cm)|very-large*tres-grand facet,8280*Très grand (\u003e 80 x 80 inch)|very-large*tres-grand category,15*Edition*edition category,15*Print*print category,15*Druck*editionen category,15*Edición*edicion category,23*Dessin*dessin category,23*Zeichnung*zeichnung category,23*Fine Art Drawings*drawing category,23*Dibujo*dibujo facet,1827*Hochformat|portrait*orientation-portrat facet,1827*Portrait|portrait*orientation-portrait facet,1827*Retrato|portrait*orientation-retrato facet,8301*Special offers|icon-promotions*promotions facet,8301*Oeuvres en promotion|icon-promotions*promotions facet,8301*Special Offers|icon-promotions*vergunstigte-werke facet,8301*Trabajos en promoción|icon-promotions*trabajos-en-promocion facet,1674*Scène de vie*scene-de-vie facet,1674*Everyday life*everyday-life facet,1674*Etchleben*etchleben facet,1674*Escena de la vida*escena-de-la-vida facet,8271*Petit (\u003c 50 x 50 cm)|small*petit facet,1680*Animal*animal facet,1680*Animaux*animaux facet,1680*Tier*tier facet,1680*Animales*animales facet,1668*Black and white*black-and-white facet,1668*Noir et blanc*noir-et-blanc facet,1668*Schwarz und weiß*schwarz-und-weiss facet,1668*Blanco y negro*blanco-y-negro price,50001 facet,1632*Architecture*architecture facet,1632*Die Architektur*die-architektur facet,1632*Arquitectura*arquitectura facet,8280*Very large (\u003e 80 x 80 inch)|very-large*very-large facet,8280*Very large (\u003e 200 x 200 cm)|very-large*very-large price,5001:10000 facet,1659*Flora*flora facet,1659*Flore*flore facet,1659*Floral*floral facet,1659*Flores*flores facet,1650*Paysage urbain*paysage-urbain facet,1650*Urban Landscape*urban-landscape facet,1650*Städtische Landschaft*stadtische-landschaft facet,1650*Paisaje urbano*paisaje-urbano facet,1692*Geometric*geometric facet,1692*Géométrique*geometrique facet,1692*Geometrisch*geometrisch facet,1692*Geometría*geometria facet,1656*Grafik*grafik facet,1656*Graphique*graphique facet,1656*Graphic*graphic facet,1656*Gráfico*grafico facet,12*noir|050002*noir facet,12*Black|050002*black facet,12*schwarz|050002*schwarz facet,12*negro|050002*negro facet,11634*Pop culture Street-artistes*pop-culture-street-artistes facet,11634*Pop Culture Street Artists*pop-culture-street-artists facet,11634*Popkultur Straßenkünstler*popkultur-strassenkunstler facet,11634*Cultura pop Street-artistas*cultura-pop-street-artistas facet,1833*Carré|square*orientation-carre facet,1833*Square|square*orientation-square facet,1833*Quadrat|square*orientation-platz facet,1833*Cuadrado|square*orientation-cuadrado price,10001:25000 price,5000:1001
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Philippe Buil, Éléphant 7-22, Sculpture

Philippe Buil

Éléphant 7-22, 2022
12 x 17 x 10 cm
Sculpture

€650

Our recommendations Shake, Shake Phone, Sculpture

Shake

Shake Phone, 2021
40 x 25 x 30 cm
Sculpture

€550

Arsen, Trukulente, Sculpture

Arsen

Trukulente, 2022
51.5 x 18.5 x 5.5 cm
Sculpture

€700 €630

Chloé Kelly Miller & Michadu, L'attrape Coeur, Sculpture

Chloé Kelly Miller & Michadu

L'attrape Coeur, 2021
94 x 51 x 22 cm
Sculpture

€1,540

Our recommendations M.Chat, Chat in love (grand modèle), Sculpture

M.Chat

Chat in love (grand modèle), 2018
100.5 x 106 x 1 cm
Sculpture

€4,500

Gil.S, Métamorphose, Sculpture

Gil.S

Métamorphose, 2015
50 x 27 x 20 cm
Sculpture

€600

Our recommendations Francesco Marino Di Teana, Cercle Cube Désintégré, Sculpture

Francesco Marino Di Teana

Cercle Cube Désintégré, 1964
27 x 25 x 25 cm
Sculpture

€18,000

Andrea Van Der Hoeven, Baril Suprême, Sculpture

Andrea Van Der Hoeven

Baril Suprême, 2022
44 x 27.5 x 27.5 cm
Sculpture

€800

Leo Factory, RX54L, Sculpture

Leo Factory

RX54L, 2020
52 x 27 x 15 cm
Sculpture

€1,000

Sun7, Planosfear Série 1, Sculpture

Sun7

Planosfear Série 1, 2021
50 x 50 x 2 cm
Sculpture

€5,500

Our recommendations Vincent Duchêne, Minion Banksy, Sculpture

Vincent Duchêne

Minion Banksy, 2021
30 x 15 x 8 cm
Sculpture

€1,000

Our recommendations Bruno Ouvier, #29, Sculpture

Bruno Ouvier

#29, 2021
61.5 x 30 x 20 cm
Sculpture

€2,250

Caroline Corbeau, Tandem, Sculpture

Caroline Corbeau

Tandem, 2019
32 x 35 x 14 cm
Sculpture

€2,300

Iryna Antoniuk (Tone), Nature balance, Sculpture

Iryna Antoniuk (Tone)

Nature balance, 2020
100 x 45 x 45 cm
Sculpture

€4,470 €3,576

Our recommendations C215, Sans-Logis, Sculpture

C215

Sans-Logis, 2019
68 x 39 x 1 cm
Sculpture

€3,500

Antonio Segui, L'Homme Pressé Rouge, Sculpture

Antonio Segui

L'Homme Pressé Rouge, 2012
14 x 16 x 4 cm
Sculpture

€380

Helena Troyanskaya, We 2 White, Sculpture

Helena Troyanskaya

We 2 White, 2021
35 x 6.5 x 6.5 cm
Sculpture

€199

Our recommendations Philippe  Hiquily, Marathonienne, Sculpture

Philippe Hiquily

Marathonienne, 2020
16 x 11.5 x 6 cm
Sculpture

€600

Les Hélènes, Esmeralda, Sculpture

Les Hélènes

Esmeralda, 2022
37 x 6 x 3 cm
Sculpture

€260

Nicolas Delage, Ultra Violet, Sculpture

Nicolas Delage

Ultra Violet, 2021
56 x 50 x 40 cm
Sculpture

€1,900

Our recommendations Nanan, Akio, Sculpture

Nanan

Akio, 2021
33 x 11 x 15 cm
Sculpture

€1,100

Bounoure & Genevaux, A34b-0018, Sculpture

Bounoure & Genevaux

A34b-0018, 2021
40 x 40 x 5 cm
Sculpture

€2,500

Our recommendations Caroline Brisset, Lluvia H (CB88), Sculpture

Caroline Brisset

Lluvia H (CB88), 2016
57.5 x 12 x 12 cm
Sculpture

€1,700

Rafael Barrios, Centrifuga Levitante, Sculpture

Rafael Barrios

Centrifuga Levitante, 2012
65 x 56 x 17 cm
Sculpture

€23,977

Chantal Derderian-Christol, Rencontre, Sculpture

Chantal Derderian-Christol

Rencontre, 2020
125 x 80 x 50 cm
Sculpture

€7,900

John Chamberlain, Slightly Scarlet, Sculpture

John Chamberlain

Slightly Scarlet, 2006
32 x 28 x 27 cm
Sculpture

€95,000

Our recommendations Maxime Plancque, #130, Sculpture

Maxime Plancque

#130, 2020
28 x 21 x 7 cm
Sculpture

€1,800

Our recommendations Jean-Jacques Joujon, Cubes Equilibre Translucide, Sculpture

Jean-Jacques Joujon

Cubes Equilibre Translucide, 2021
60 x 25 x 25 cm
Sculpture

€860

Our recommendations Sylvie Guyomard, Lithosphère III (SG90), Sculpture

Sylvie Guyomard

Lithosphère III (SG90), 2016
78 x 34 x 11 cm
Sculpture

€1,700

Christophe Jehan, Un petit coin de ciel bleu, Sculpture

Christophe Jehan

Un petit coin de ciel bleu, 2016
34 x 19 x 11 cm
Sculpture

€1,300

Piotre, Riding by nigth, Sculpture

Piotre

Riding by nigth, 2021
80 x 45 x 35 cm
Sculpture

€5,200 €4,576

Our recommendations Bernard Rives, Ludwig, Sculpture

Bernard Rives

Ludwig, 2018
66 x 49 x 40 cm
Sculpture

€3,350

Our recommendations David Moreno, Comunidad El dorado 04, Sculpture

David Moreno

Comunidad El dorado 04, 2019
94 x 28 x 28 cm
Sculpture

€2,700

Michel Audiard, Percussion Mouton (Série les animaux musiciens), Sculpture

Michel Audiard

Percussion Mouton (Série les animaux musiciens), 2012
57 x 33 x 10 cm
Sculpture

€750

Our recommendations Stratos, Mère et enfant, Sculpture

Stratos

Mère et enfant, 2020
34 x 38 x 15 cm
Sculpture

€1,700

Jean-Paul Jacquet, Le solitaire, Sculpture

Jean-Paul Jacquet

Le solitaire, 2020
30 x 30 x 215 cm
Sculpture

€2,000

Our recommendations Rodrigo Romero Perez, Pan Troglodytes 2, Sculpture

Rodrigo Romero Perez

Pan Troglodytes 2, 2020
140 x 20 x 20 cm
Sculpture

€1,100

Our recommendations Jenny Jacottet, Impulsion, Sculpture

Jenny Jacottet

Impulsion, 2018
35 x 22 x 12 cm
Sculpture

€2,000

Aramis Justiz, Distortions I, Sculpture

Aramis Justiz

Distortions I, 2021
30 x 58 x 12 cm
Sculpture

€850

Olivier DeGroote, Sniper Bullet Ball Chanel, Sculpture

Olivier DeGroote

Sniper Bullet Ball Chanel, 2021
28 x 6.5 x 6.5 cm
Sculpture

€250

Our recommendations Bernar Venet, Effondrement : 10 Arcs, Sculpture

Bernar Venet

Effondrement : 10 Arcs, 2016
12 x 50 x 50.5 cm
Sculpture

€30,000

Our recommendations Aldo Chaparro, Mx Black, July 27, 2020 12:45, Sculpture

Aldo Chaparro

Mx Black, July 27, 2020 12:45, 2020
94 x 148 x 25 cm
Sculpture

€18,000

Our recommendations Karen Marre, Quel cirk 2, Sculpture

Karen Marre

Quel cirk 2, 2015
55 x 28 x 18 cm
Sculpture

€1,800

Guti, Love, Sculpture

Guti

Love, 2014
84 x 40 x 13 cm
Sculpture

€500

Our recommendations Sun Hyuk Kim, From petty things, Sculpture

Sun Hyuk Kim

From petty things, 2014
95 x 51 x 38 cm
Sculpture

€4,500

Céline Mahiques, Jerricane Louis Vuitton, Sculpture

Céline Mahiques

Jerricane Louis Vuitton, 2020
39 x 28 x 12 cm
Sculpture

€700

Lonzi, Mosaique, Sculpture

Lonzi

Mosaique, 2017
58 x 50 x 10 cm
Sculpture

€1,080

VanBinh, Bird III, Sculpture

VanBinh

Bird III, 2021
50.5 x 34 x 31 cm
Sculpture

€1,380

Hellen Halftermeyer, Red bird, Sculpture

Hellen Halftermeyer

Red bird, 2021
30 x 80 x 55 cm
Sculpture

€2,000

Our recommendations Shug, Shug monster, Sculpture

Shug

Shug monster, 2020
49 x 40 x 8 cm
Sculpture

€1,000

Sneak, Bucket, Sculpture

Sneak

Bucket, 2020
26 x 22 x 22 cm
Sculpture

€250

Our recommendations Kevin Rouillard, Sans titre, Sculpture

Kevin Rouillard

Sans titre, 2018
60 x 60 x 25 cm
Sculpture

€4,000

Béatrice Alice Lafitte-Irigaray, Joke Dog 2, Sculpture

Béatrice Alice Lafitte-Irigaray

Joke Dog 2, 2019
70 x 40 x 66 cm
Sculpture

€1,300

Our recommendations Haude Bernabé, Y., Sculpture

Haude Bernabé

Y., 2017
77 x 40 x 20 cm
Sculpture

€4,800

Arno Sebban, Famille, Sculpture

Arno Sebban

Famille, 2019
197 x 48 x 30 cm
Sculpture

€3,900

François-Régis Lemonnier, Together, Sculpture

François-Régis Lemonnier

Together, 2021
50 x 40 x 2 cm
Sculpture

€900

Our recommendations Gregorio Siem, Sphere Orange and Blue - Variable Code, Sculpture

Gregorio Siem

Sphere Orange and Blue - Variable Code, 2019
70 x 68 x 68 cm
Sculpture

€5,900

Farid Achezegag, Icare, Sculpture

Farid Achezegag

Icare, 2019
20 x 20 x 12 cm
Sculpture

€1,300

Our recommendations Luca Izzo, Introspection, Sculpture

Luca Izzo

Introspection, 2019
34 x 28 x 23 cm
Sculpture

€9,500

Issiaka Savadogo, Révolu, Sculpture

Issiaka Savadogo

Révolu, 2018
68 x 21 x 27 cm
Sculpture

€850

Sébastien Ruiz, Le légionnaire, Sculpture

Sébastien Ruiz

Le légionnaire, 2020
29 x 12 x 18 cm
Sculpture

€1,300

GiFoArs, Vintage, Sculpture

GiFoArs

Vintage, 2019
30.5 x 8.7 x 8.7 cm
Sculpture

€450

Bruno Guihéneuf, Flux 165, Sculpture

Bruno Guihéneuf

Flux 165, 2018
27 x 40 x 20 cm
Sculpture

€1,600

Michadu, Le Guerrier Lève la Main, Sculpture

Michadu

Le Guerrier Lève la Main, 2021
55 x 32 x 27 cm
Sculpture

€600

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