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Oil Painting

Oil painting is a type of paint which involves mixing crushed colour pigments usually with linseed oil, although poppy seed oil can also be used. The support on which it is painted must be covered with a primer beforehand so that the layer of paint can adhere to the support; an additional step which is crucial to the creative process and also means that it can be adapted to many types of surfaces.

It was during the Middle Ages that this technique first appeared and began to be develop in the Western world. The discovery of oil painting is often attributed to the Flemish painter, Jan Van Eyck who had been experimenting with various mixtures. With this new painting technique, his works benefited from new transparency effects and a new type of aesthetic was born. His approach was copied and later shared more widely by other primitive Flemish painters. Oil painting replaced the tempera technique, which uses egg as a binder.

Similarly, the wood on which artists painted was replaced by linen canvas, installed on a frame from the 15th century onwards and later placed on an easel. Although it was well-liked by painters, this medium had its drawbacks; its components were toxic and its preparation required a great amount of artisan savoir-faire in the studio. Despite this, it became closely linked to the visual arts and and was hugely popularised during the Renaissance thanks to the Venetian painters such as Titian, followed closely by the Flemish, including Rubens, before it reached the Netherlands who made it their own, with Rembrandt leading the way. The 19th and 20th centuries saw oil painting became the number one choice and the preferred medium for for modern times. The mixture no longer had to be prepared by artists in the studio; industrialisation had made things easier and the paint came pre-prepared, packaged in tubes. The tin tube was commercialised in France in 1840 and revolutionised the history of art by encouraging the Impressionists to take their brushes and paints outside and paint en plein air. It would slowly be overtaken by acrylic paint a century later which simplified things even further as it was dried faster.
An oil painting canvas also implies that the painter must respect the fat over lean principle, meaning that a colours with high oil content (fat) should be applied over layers of paint with lower oil content (lean) to ensure that the painting will last longer and to prevent cracking. Oil painting remains a widely used method and numerous artworks are still made using this technique.

Contemporary artists still master oil painting but sometimes avoid working with it in the same traditional ways of the 20th century. The canvas is often not prepared so that its texture can be seen under the layer of paint, as certain abstract painters have done. Jackson Pollock for example used oil painting but did not glaze his works. He didn't even truly paint his canvases as he used a dripping technique; by shaking his brush he created splashes of paint over the canvas…

On Artsper, explore contemporary paintings by well-known artists including Georges Terzian, Arman, Salvador Dali and Robert Combas.

Collector’s Guide: Collecting Paintings

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price,500 facet,10503*Oeuvres d’artistes best sellers|icon-bestsellers*bestsellers facet,10503*Werke von Bestseller-Künstlern|icon-bestsellers*werke-von-kunstlern-bestseller facet,10503*Artworks by best-selling artists|icon-bestsellers*bestsellers facet,10503*Obras de los artistas más vendidos|icon-bestsellers*obras-de-los-artistas-mas-vendidos price,501:1000 category,6*Peinture*peinture category,6*Gemälde*gemalde category,6*Painting*painting category,6*Pintura*pintura facet,10500*Oeuvres d'artistes émergents|icon-youngtalents*jeunes-talents facet,10500*Werke von aufstrebenden Künstlern|icon-youngtalents*werke-von-jungen-kunstlern facet,10500*Young Talents|icon-youngtalents*youngtalents facet,10500*Obras de artistas emergentes|icon-youngtalents*obras-de-artistas-emergentes facet,10500*Werke aufstrebender Künstler|icon-youngtalents*werke-von-jungen-kunstlern facet,8274*Moyen (\u003c 115 x 115 cm)*moyen facet,8274*Moyen (\u003c 45 x 45 inch)*moyen facet,8274*Moyen (\u003c 115 x 115 cm)|medium*moyen facet,8274*Moyen (\u003c 45 x 45 inch)|medium*moyen facet,1629*Abstraite*abstraite facet,1629*abstrakt*abstrakt facet,1629*Abstract*abstract facet,1629*abstracto*abstracto facet,8277*Grand (\u003c 200 x 200 cm)*grand facet,8277*Grand (\u003c 80 x 80 inch)*grand facet,8277*Grand (\u003c 200 x 200 cm)|large*grand facet,8277*Grand (\u003c 80 x 80 inch)|large*grand facet,8259*Nos recommandations|icon-recommendations*recommandations facet,8259*Our recommendations|icon-recommendations*recommendations facet,8259*unsere Empfehlungen|icon-recommendations*unsere-empfehlungen facet,8259*Nuestras recomendaciones|icon-recommendations*nuestras-recomendaciones facet,10497*Oeuvres d'artistes célèbres|icon-masterpieces*artistes-celebres facet,10497*Artworks by famous artists|icon-masterpieces*masterpieces facet,10497*Werke berühmter Künstler|icon-masterpieces*werke-beruhmter-kunstler facet,10497*Obras de artistas famosos|icon-masterpieces*obras-de-artistas-famosos price,1001:5000 facet,1635*Street art*street-art facet,1635*Straßenkunst*street-art facet,1635*arte callejero*arte-callejero category,5*Sculpture*sculpture category,5*Escultura*escultura category,5*Skulptur*skulptur category,9*Photographie*photographie category,9*Fotografía*fotografia category,9*Fotografie*fotografie category,9*Photography*photography facet,1644*Portrait*portrait facet,1644*Porträt*portrat facet,1644*Retrato*retrato facet,1671*Natur*natur facet,1671*Nature*nature facet,1671*Naturaleza*naturaleza facet,1686*Pop Art*pop-art facet,1686*Arte pop*arte-pop facet,1686*Pop-Art*pop-art facet,8280*Très grand (\u003e 200 x 200 cm)*tres-grand facet,8280*Très grand (\u003e 200 x 200 cm)|very-large*tres-grand facet,8280*Très grand (\u003e 80 x 80 inch)|very-large*tres-grand facet,1641*Akt*akte facet,1641*Nude*nude facet,1641*Nus*nus facet,1641*desnudos*desnudos price,1000:501 category,23*Dessin*dessin category,23*Zeichnung*zeichnung category,23*Fine Art Drawings*drawing category,23*Dibujo*dibujo category,15*Edition*edition category,15*Print*print category,15*Druck*editionen category,15*Edición*edicion facet,1827*Portrait*orientation-portrait facet,1827*Retrato|portrait*orientation-retrato facet,1827*Portrait|portrait*orientation-portrait facet,1827*Hochformat|portrait*orientation-portrat facet,1827*Hochformat*orientation-portrat facet,1827*Retrato*orientation-retrato facet,8277*Large (\u003c 200 x 200 cm)*large facet,8277*Large (\u003c 80 x 80 inch)*large facet,8277*Large (\u003c 200 x 200 cm)|large*large facet,8277*Large (\u003c 80 x 80 inch)|large*large facet,1830*Landscape*orientation-landscape facet,1830*Paysage*orientation-paysage facet,1830*Paisaje*orientation-paisaje facet,1830*Landschaft*orientation-landschaft facet,1830*Paysage|landscape*orientation-paysage facet,1830*Landscape|landscape*orientation-landscape facet,1830*Paisaje|landscape*orientation-paisaje facet,1830*Landschaft|landscape*orientation-landschaft facet,8301*Special offers|icon-promotions*promotions facet,8301*Oeuvres en promotion|icon-promotions*promotions facet,8301*Special Offers|icon-promotions*vergunstigte-werke facet,8301*Trabajos en promoción|icon-promotions*trabajos-en-promocion facet,1674*Scène de vie*scene-de-vie facet,1674*Everyday life*everyday-life facet,1674*Etchleben*etchleben facet,1674*Escena de la vida*escena-de-la-vida facet,8274*Medium (\u003c 45 x 45 inch)*medium facet,8274*Medium (\u003c 115 x 115 cm)*medium facet,8274*Medium (\u003c 45 x 45 inch)|medium*medium facet,8274*Medium (\u003c 115 x 115 cm)|medium*medium facet,1680*Animaux*animaux facet,1680*Animales*animales facet,1680*Tier*tier facet,1680*Animal*animal facet,8271*Petit (\u003c 50 x 50 cm)*petit facet,8271*Petit (\u003c 20 x 20 inch)*petit facet,8271*Petit (\u003c 50 x 50 cm)|small*petit facet,8271*Petit (\u003c 20 x 20 inch)|small*petit facet,8280*Very large (\u003e 80 x 80 inch)*very-large facet,8280*Very large (\u003e 200 x 200 cm)*very-large facet,8280*Very large (\u003e 200 x 200 cm)|very-large*very-large facet,8280*Very large (\u003e 80 x 80 inch)|very-large*very-large facet,1668*Noir et blanc*noir-et-blanc facet,1668*Black and white*black-and-white facet,1668*Schwarz und weiß*schwarz-und-weiss facet,1668*Blanco y negro*blanco-y-negro facet,108*huile*huile facet,108*oil*oil facet,108*al oleo*al-oleo facet,108*Öl*ol price,50001 facet,126*acrylique*acrylique facet,126*acrylic*acrylic facet,126*Acryl-*acryl facet,126*acrílico*acrilico price,5001:10000 facet,1632*Architecture*architecture facet,1632*Die Architektur*die-architektur facet,1632*Arquitectura*arquitectura facet,1650*Paysage urbain*paysage-urbain facet,1650*Städtische Landschaft*stadtische-landschaft facet,1650*Urban Landscape*urban-landscape facet,1650*Paisaje urbano*paisaje-urbano facet,1659*Flora*flora facet,1659*Flore*flore facet,1659*Floral*floral facet,1659*Flores*flores facet,12*noir|050002*noir facet,12*schwarz|050002*schwarz facet,12*Black|050002*black facet,12*negro|050002*negro facet,42*Red|FC2912*red facet,42*Rouge|FC2912*rouge facet,42*rot|FC2912*rot facet,42*Rojo|FC2912*rojo price,10001:25000 price,25001:50000 facet,30*Dark blue|0707BD*dark-blue facet,30*bleu foncé|0707BD*bleu-fonce facet,30*Dunkelblau|0707BD*dunkelblau facet,30*azul oscuro|0707BD*azul-oscuro facet,8268*Très petit (\u003c 25 x 25 cm)*tres-petit facet,8268*Très petit (\u003c 25 x 25 cm)|very-small*tres-petit facet,8268*Très petit (\u003c 10 x 10 inch)*tres-petit facet,1692*Géométrique*geometrique facet,1692*Geometric*geometric facet,1692*Geometrisch*geometrisch facet,1692*Geometría*geometria
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Arman, Sans titre, Painting


Sans titre, 2003
81 x 60 x 4 cm


Ralph Resch, Sensual Way, Painting

Ralph Resch

Sensual Way, 2021
100 x 81 x 2 cm

$1,025 $923

Our recommendations Benoit Havard, Diamond District, Painting

Benoit Havard

Diamond District, 2021
89 x 146 x 3 cm


Antonino Puliafico, Riflessi su barca, Painting

Antonino Puliafico

Riflessi su barca, 2021
60 x 80 x 2 cm


Yoann Merienne, Arad, Painting

Yoann Merienne

Arad, 2021
120 x 90 x 3 cm


Our recommendations Liora, Seduction 3, Painting


Seduction 3, 2021
80 x 80 x 4 cm


Our recommendations Yasna Godovanik, Let It Snow!, Painting

Yasna Godovanik

Let It Snow!, 2021
100 x 70 x 2 cm

$1,440 $835

Jérôme Lagarrigue, Distant Relative #3, Painting

Jérôme Lagarrigue

Distant Relative #3, 2021
76 x 76 cm


Claude Gean, Totem 20 - flamand de thau, Painting

Claude Gean

Totem 20 - flamand de thau, 2021
52 x 20 x 5 cm


Patrick Cornée, Pink panther likes Bitcoins, Harley Davidsons and Montecristo cigars n°4, Painting

Patrick Cornée

Pink panther likes Bitcoins, Harley Davidsons and Montecristo cigars n°4, 2021
100 x 100 x 3 cm

$3,686 $3,317

Francis L'Huillier, Les grands voyageurs 8, Painting

Francis L'Huillier

Les grands voyageurs 8, 2021
50 x 60 x 4 cm


Ruslana Levandovska, London, Evening Promise, Painting

Ruslana Levandovska

London, Evening Promise, 2021
61 x 45.7 x 1.9 cm


Laurent Anastay-Ponsolle, Constance - Les Mains, Painting

Laurent Anastay-Ponsolle

Constance - Les Mains, 2019
24 x 18 x 0.2 cm


Maude Ovize, Bouée rouge, temps suspendu, Painting

Maude Ovize

Bouée rouge, temps suspendu, 2021
80 x 100 x 4 cm

$1,843 $1,382

Paul Jenkins, Phenomena Bending Wind Reed, Painting

Paul Jenkins

Phenomena Bending Wind Reed, 1978
96 x 137 x 0.1 cm

$86,392 $69,114

Lionel le Jeune, Train à Cerbère, Painting

Lionel le Jeune

Train à Cerbère, 2004
81 x 100 x 2 cm


Rafal Gadowski, Panther 04, Painting

Rafal Gadowski

Panther 04, 2021
100 x 100 x 2.5 cm

$1,613 $1,451

Serghei Ghetiu, Against the sea wind, Painting

Serghei Ghetiu

Against the sea wind, 2021
60 x 50 x 2 cm


Thierry Carrier, Code 2104, Painting

Thierry Carrier

Code 2104, 2021
97 x 130 x 3 cm


Françoise Dugourd-Caput, Moite moite, Painting

Françoise Dugourd-Caput

Moite moite, 2020
90 x 30 cm


Albena Vatcheva, Trois, Painting

Albena Vatcheva

Trois, 2021
50 x 50 x 2 cm

$1,094 $985

Agnès Tiollier, Nénuphars IV, Painting

Agnès Tiollier

Nénuphars IV, 2021
30 x 30 x 2.5 cm


Marie France Garrigues, Le Panthéon, Painting

Marie France Garrigues

Le Panthéon, 2021
50 x 50 x 2 cm


Karine Bartoli, Scène de Nuit, Painting

Karine Bartoli

Scène de Nuit, 2021
97 x 130 x 4 cm


Etienne Quesnay, Two Stories, Painting

Etienne Quesnay

Two Stories, 2021
73 x 60 x 2 cm


Franck Gaulier, Brunelda et Karl, Painting

Franck Gaulier

Brunelda et Karl, 2016
33 x 24 x 0.4 cm


Monika Rossa, Abstraction, Painting

Monika Rossa

Abstraction, 2021
150 x 114 cm

$2,304 $2,073

Marie-Laure Souq, A l'ombre des arcades, Paris, Painting

Marie-Laure Souq

A l'ombre des arcades, Paris, 2021
30 x 30 x 2 cm


Marta Zawadzka, My day, Painting

Marta Zawadzka

My day, 2019
90 x 90 x 2 cm


Patrick Chevailler, Red deadeye, Painting

Patrick Chevailler

Red deadeye, 2021
45 x 30 x 2 cm


Ludivine Corominas, Harmonie Tropicale, Painting

Ludivine Corominas

Harmonie Tropicale, 2021
55 x 38 x 2 cm

$2,004 $1,804

Luis Alvarado, Début de journée à Solentiname, Painting

Luis Alvarado

Début de journée à Solentiname, 2021
50 x 40 x 3 cm


Avetis Khachatryan, Green Dream, Painting

Avetis Khachatryan

Green Dream, 2020
40 x 30 x 2 cm

$1,700 $1,445

Mario Henrique, Somnium No. 1, Series XI, Painting

Mario Henrique

Somnium No. 1, Series XI, 2021
150 x 120 x 4 cm


Uli Fischer, Andriana, Painting

Uli Fischer

Andriana, 2021
100 x 100 x 4 cm

$3,225 $2,903

Zena Blackwell, Mother in Law's Tongue, Painting

Zena Blackwell

Mother in Law's Tongue, 2021
30 x 30 x 2 cm


René Guinand, Bouquet de fleurs, Painting

René Guinand

Bouquet de fleurs, 1943
41 x 33 x 2 cm


Pierre Muckensturm, 14P1832263, Painting

Pierre Muckensturm

14P1832263, 2014
226 x 183 x 6 cm


Philippe Pasqua, Esquisse préparatoire, Painting

Philippe Pasqua

Esquisse préparatoire, 2011
73 x 60 x 2 cm


Gergana Balabanova, Is there a bridge there, Painting

Gergana Balabanova

Is there a bridge there, 2021
54 x 140 x 2 cm


Meskar, Evasion, Painting


Evasion, 2021
80 x 80 x 2 cm


Lucio Forte, Aida, Painting

Lucio Forte

Aida, 2021
20 x 17 x 0.3 cm


Stéphane Gisclard, Tower bridge, Painting

Stéphane Gisclard

Tower bridge, 2021
116 x 89 x 2.5 cm


Dominique Heitz, Today, Painting

Dominique Heitz

Today, 2021
80 x 30 cm


Our recommendations Marion Chesnais, La palmeraie, Painting

Marion Chesnais

La palmeraie, 2021
65 x 100 cm


Cristiano Sidoti, A l´aube, Painting

Cristiano Sidoti

A l´aube, 2021
40 x 50 x 2 cm


Georges Corominas, Albrizzu, Painting

Georges Corominas

Albrizzu, 2021
41 x 27 x 1 cm

$4,780 $4,302

Tommaso Fattovich, Cuba, Painting

Tommaso Fattovich

Cuba, 2021
152.4 x 122 cm


Patrick Marin, Seventies 09, Painting

Patrick Marin

Seventies 09, 2020
92 x 65 x 2 cm


Katarzyna Szydlowska, A glass, Painting

Katarzyna Szydlowska

A glass, 2020
46 x 38 cm

$1,958 $1,762

Le Closier, Fly me to The Moon, Painting

Le Closier

Fly me to The Moon, 2021
76 x 76 x 2 cm


Jean Jacques Boimond, Fleurs blanches et pinceaux, Painting

Jean Jacques Boimond

Fleurs blanches et pinceaux, 1989
55.5 x 38.5 x 2 cm


Janusz Orzechowski, Back to the Future IV, Painting

Janusz Orzechowski

Back to the Future IV, 2021
80 x 110 x 2.5 cm


Mathilde Polidori, Night Anxiety, Painting

Mathilde Polidori

Night Anxiety, 2021
100 x 66 cm


P. Roubin, Paysage animé, Painting

P. Roubin

Paysage animé, 1905
30 x 50 x 2 cm


Alejandro Moretti, The Universe Of Marilyn, Painting

Alejandro Moretti

The Universe Of Marilyn, 2021
100 x 80 x 2 cm

$1,958 $1,567

Leslie Berthet Laval, N°3 Cité Urbaine, Painting

Leslie Berthet Laval

N°3 Cité Urbaine, 2020
100 x 100 x 100 cm


Patrice Marchal, Fleurs des champs 2, Painting

Patrice Marchal

Fleurs des champs 2, 2019
27 x 35 x 2 cm


Bernard Delheure, Orange et citrons dans sac plastique, Painting

Bernard Delheure

Orange et citrons dans sac plastique, 2021
46 x 38 x 2 cm

$1,958 $1,762

Georges Henri Chapot, Navire sur les flots, Painting

Georges Henri Chapot

Navire sur les flots, 1921
32.8 x 41 x 2 cm


Frédéric Dufaux, Portrait d'Amélie Dufaux, Painting

Frédéric Dufaux

Portrait d'Amélie Dufaux, 1910
29 x 22 x 0.5 cm


Bernhard Lang, Abstract_013, Painting

Bernhard Lang

Abstract_013, 2021
30 x 30 x 2 cm


Irene Mahon, Derrière le voile, Painting

Irene Mahon

Derrière le voile, 2021
46 x 38 x 2 cm

$495 $446

Denis Cat, Harley Quinn, Painting

Denis Cat

Harley Quinn, 2021
90 x 53 cm


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