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Steel Sculpture

Steel sculpture appeared in art during the twentieth century. In previous centuries precious metals were the most frequently used in sculpture but the industrial revolution and urbanisation led to a wider use of more commonplace metals, including steel. Before that, bronze, a very resistant material, had been the medium of choice for sculptors creating artworks that would be installed outdoors.

Unlike other metals, steel is easily malleable at a high temperature. Stainless steel has the advantage of being very resistant to rust and harsh weather conditions, making it an ideal choice for outdoor sculptures. Indeed, over the course of the twentieth century it was often used for this purpose. Steel sculptures were used, and continue to be used, to decorate and enhance public spaces in cities as well as gardens.

One of the artists most well-known for his use of steel is Richard Serra. The material occupied a core part of his minimalist practice. In his early work, he used sheets of steel as well as steel rolls which were carefully balanced on the ground. To prevent the material from degrading and changing over time in an uncontrolled way, he coated the pieces with a solution which made them appear rusted. Later on in his career, Serra focussed on site-specific, monumental sculptures. His works were influenced by the environment they were destined for and thus perfectly suited to it. The curves of the sculptures encourage viewers to walk around them while the their impressive size dwarfs the viewers and leads them to reflect on the perception they have of their bodies in relation to indoor and outdoor spaces.

Another artist famous for his gigantic steel sculptures is Bernar Venet. You can find his huge steel arches in cities all over the world and you’ll also find some of his artworks on Artsper. Amongst the greatest sculptors working in steel, there is of course Alexander Calder, who succeeded in creating sculptures of surprising delicacy despite the hardness of the material. His colourful mobiles have become iconic artworks. How can such a dense material appear so light and frail? His sculptures are part of the kinetic art movement and the careful equilibrium that Calder achieved so deftly continues to fascinate viewers.

In a very different style, César also used steel, among other materials, to create works that are far less elegant. His “Compression” sculptures used lead, iron and steel to criticise our consumerist society.

Steel continues to be used by today’s contemporary sculptors, mainly for monumental sculptures. Indeed, several contemporary artists have demonstrated a mastery of steel. Chief among them, is Jeff Koons and his famous "Balloon Dog" made of stainless steel with a coloured mirror finish surface. With steel, Jeff Koons turned the ephemeral balloon dog into an almost eternal work. Another well-known example is Chicago’s "Cloud Gate" sculpture by Anish Kapoor.

On Artsper, discover modern sculptures and contemporary sculptures from the best art galleries. Explore Japanese artist Tsuyu’s elegant and poetic steel sculptures, Nicolas Dubreuille’s colourful and minimalist works and Paradox Creations’s sculptures inspired by Alexander Calder’s mobiles.

Collector’s Guide: Collecting Sculptures

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price,500 facet,10503*Oeuvres d’artistes best sellers|icon-bestsellers*bestsellers facet,10503*Werke von Bestseller-Künstlern|icon-bestsellers*werke-von-kunstlern-bestseller facet,10503*Artworks by best-selling artists|icon-bestsellers*bestsellers facet,10503*Obras de los artistas más vendidos|icon-bestsellers*obras-de-los-artistas-mas-vendidos price,501:1000 category,6*Peinture*peinture category,6*Gemälde*gemalde category,6*Painting*painting category,6*Pintura*pintura facet,10500*Oeuvres d'artistes émergents|icon-youngtalents*jeunes-talents facet,10500*Werke von aufstrebenden Künstlern|icon-youngtalents*werke-von-jungen-kunstlern facet,10500*Young Talents|icon-youngtalents*youngtalents facet,10500*Obras de artistas emergentes|icon-youngtalents*obras-de-artistas-emergentes facet,10500*Werke aufstrebender Künstler|icon-youngtalents*werke-von-jungen-kunstlern facet,8274*Moyen (\u003c 115 x 115 cm)*moyen facet,8274*Moyen (\u003c 45 x 45 inch)*moyen facet,8274*Moyen (\u003c 115 x 115 cm)|medium*moyen facet,8274*Moyen (\u003c 45 x 45 inch)|medium*moyen facet,1629*Abstraite*abstraite facet,1629*abstrakt*abstrakt facet,1629*Abstract*abstract facet,1629*abstracto*abstracto facet,8277*Grand (\u003c 200 x 200 cm)*grand facet,8277*Grand (\u003c 80 x 80 inch)*grand facet,8277*Grand (\u003c 200 x 200 cm)|large*grand facet,8277*Grand (\u003c 80 x 80 inch)|large*grand facet,8259*Nos recommandations|icon-recommendations*recommandations facet,8259*Our recommendations|icon-recommendations*recommendations facet,8259*unsere Empfehlungen|icon-recommendations*unsere-empfehlungen facet,8259*Nuestras recomendaciones|icon-recommendations*nuestras-recomendaciones facet,10497*Oeuvres d'artistes célèbres|icon-masterpieces*artistes-celebres facet,10497*Artworks by famous artists|icon-masterpieces*masterpieces facet,10497*Werke berühmter Künstler|icon-masterpieces*werke-beruhmter-kunstler facet,10497*Obras de artistas famosos|icon-masterpieces*obras-de-artistas-famosos price,1001:5000 facet,1635*Street art*street-art facet,1635*Straßenkunst*street-art facet,1635*arte callejero*arte-callejero category,5*Sculpture*sculpture category,5*Escultura*escultura category,5*Skulptur*skulptur category,9*Photographie*photographie category,9*Fotografía*fotografia category,9*Fotografie*fotografie category,9*Photography*photography facet,1644*Portrait*portrait facet,1644*Porträt*portrat facet,1644*Retrato*retrato facet,1671*Natur*natur facet,1671*Nature*nature facet,1671*Naturaleza*naturaleza facet,1686*Pop Art*pop-art facet,1686*Arte pop*arte-pop facet,1686*Pop-Art*pop-art facet,8280*Très grand (\u003e 200 x 200 cm)*tres-grand facet,8280*Très grand (\u003e 200 x 200 cm)|very-large*tres-grand facet,8280*Très grand (\u003e 80 x 80 inch)|very-large*tres-grand facet,1641*Akt*akte facet,1641*Nude*nude facet,1641*Nus*nus facet,1641*desnudos*desnudos price,1000:501 category,23*Dessin*dessin category,23*Zeichnung*zeichnung category,23*Fine Art Drawings*drawing category,23*Dibujo*dibujo category,15*Edition*edition category,15*Print*print category,15*Druck*editionen category,15*Edición*edicion facet,1827*Portrait*orientation-portrait facet,1827*Retrato|portrait*orientation-retrato facet,1827*Portrait|portrait*orientation-portrait facet,1827*Hochformat|portrait*orientation-portrat facet,1827*Hochformat*orientation-portrat facet,1827*Retrato*orientation-retrato facet,8277*Large (\u003c 200 x 200 cm)*large facet,8277*Large (\u003c 80 x 80 inch)*large facet,8277*Large (\u003c 200 x 200 cm)|large*large facet,8277*Large (\u003c 80 x 80 inch)|large*large facet,1830*Landscape*orientation-landscape facet,1830*Paysage*orientation-paysage facet,1830*Paisaje*orientation-paisaje facet,1830*Landschaft*orientation-landschaft facet,1830*Paysage|landscape*orientation-paysage facet,1830*Landscape|landscape*orientation-landscape facet,1830*Paisaje|landscape*orientation-paisaje facet,1830*Landschaft|landscape*orientation-landschaft facet,8301*Special offers|icon-promotions*promotions facet,8301*Oeuvres en promotion|icon-promotions*promotions facet,8301*Special Offers|icon-promotions*vergunstigte-werke facet,8301*Trabajos en promoción|icon-promotions*trabajos-en-promocion facet,1674*Scène de vie*scene-de-vie facet,1674*Everyday life*everyday-life facet,1674*Etchleben*etchleben facet,1674*Escena de la vida*escena-de-la-vida facet,8274*Medium (\u003c 45 x 45 inch)*medium facet,8274*Medium (\u003c 115 x 115 cm)*medium facet,8274*Medium (\u003c 45 x 45 inch)|medium*medium facet,8274*Medium (\u003c 115 x 115 cm)|medium*medium facet,1680*Animaux*animaux facet,1680*Animales*animales facet,1680*Tier*tier facet,1680*Animal*animal facet,8271*Petit (\u003c 50 x 50 cm)*petit facet,8271*Petit (\u003c 20 x 20 inch)*petit facet,8271*Petit (\u003c 50 x 50 cm)|small*petit facet,8271*Petit (\u003c 20 x 20 inch)|small*petit facet,8280*Very large (\u003e 80 x 80 inch)*very-large facet,8280*Very large (\u003e 200 x 200 cm)*very-large facet,8280*Very large (\u003e 200 x 200 cm)|very-large*very-large facet,8280*Very large (\u003e 80 x 80 inch)|very-large*very-large facet,1668*Noir et blanc*noir-et-blanc facet,1668*Black and white*black-and-white facet,1668*Schwarz und weiß*schwarz-und-weiss facet,1668*Blanco y negro*blanco-y-negro facet,108*huile*huile facet,108*oil*oil facet,108*al oleo*al-oleo facet,108*Öl*ol price,50001 facet,126*acrylique*acrylique facet,126*acrylic*acrylic facet,126*Acryl-*acryl facet,126*acrílico*acrilico price,5001:10000 facet,1632*Architecture*architecture facet,1632*Die Architektur*die-architektur facet,1632*Arquitectura*arquitectura facet,1650*Paysage urbain*paysage-urbain facet,1650*Städtische Landschaft*stadtische-landschaft facet,1650*Urban Landscape*urban-landscape facet,1650*Paisaje urbano*paisaje-urbano facet,1659*Flora*flora facet,1659*Flore*flore facet,1659*Floral*floral facet,1659*Flores*flores facet,12*noir|050002*noir facet,12*schwarz|050002*schwarz facet,12*Black|050002*black facet,12*negro|050002*negro facet,42*Red|FC2912*red facet,42*Rouge|FC2912*rouge facet,42*rot|FC2912*rot facet,42*Rojo|FC2912*rojo price,10001:25000 price,25001:50000 facet,30*Dark blue|0707BD*dark-blue facet,30*bleu foncé|0707BD*bleu-fonce facet,30*Dunkelblau|0707BD*dunkelblau facet,30*azul oscuro|0707BD*azul-oscuro facet,8268*Très petit (\u003c 25 x 25 cm)*tres-petit facet,8268*Très petit (\u003c 25 x 25 cm)|very-small*tres-petit facet,8268*Très petit (\u003c 10 x 10 inch)*tres-petit facet,1692*Géométrique*geometrique facet,1692*Geometric*geometric facet,1692*Geometrisch*geometrisch facet,1692*Geometría*geometria
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Antonio Segui, L'Homme Pressé Rouge, Sculpture

Antonio Segui

L'Homme Pressé Rouge, 2012
14 x 16 x 4 cm
Sculpture

$438

Philippe Buil, Bouteille champagne 142-21, Sculpture

Philippe Buil

Bouteille champagne 142-21, 2021
29 x 10 x 17 cm
Sculpture

$864

Philip Hearsey, Puncture, Sculpture

Philip Hearsey

Puncture, 2021
24 x 30 x 30 cm
Sculpture

$5,095

Rémy Aillaud, Supreme Dynamite M, Sculpture

Rémy Aillaud

Supreme Dynamite M, 2021
17 x 9 x 9 cm
Sculpture

$1,722

Jean-No, Sphère N°13, Sculpture

Jean-No

Sphère N°13, 2021
20 x 20 x 20 cm
Sculpture

$1,037

Jean-Jacques Joujon, Courbes Arc en Ciel I, Sculpture

Jean-Jacques Joujon

Courbes Arc en Ciel I, 2021
15 x 95 x 20 cm
Sculpture

$1,440

Yannick Bouillault, Le pot de peinture vert, Sculpture

Yannick Bouillault

Le pot de peinture vert, 2021
22 x 14 x 18 cm
Sculpture

$576

Arno Sebban, Full Blue, Sculpture

Arno Sebban

Full Blue, 2021
195 x 60 x 40 cm
Sculpture

$5,184

David Moreno, Floating favelas, blue community I, Sculpture

David Moreno

Floating favelas, blue community I, 2021
55 x 35 x 24 cm
Sculpture

$5,068

Réjane LeChat, Dialogue 1/8 petit, Sculpture

Réjane LeChat

Dialogue 1/8 petit, 2021
33 x 33 x 10 cm
Sculpture

$1,497

Fabian Albertini, Totem Vase #4, Sculpture

Fabian Albertini

Totem Vase #4, 2021
40 x 15 x 15 cm
Sculpture

$1,497

Stratos, Le couple orange, Sculpture

Stratos

Le couple orange, 2020
60 x 22 x 3 cm
Sculpture

$1,382

Hervé Di Rosa, Le Rocker, Sculpture

Hervé Di Rosa

Le Rocker, 2018
45 x 25 x 15 cm
Sculpture

$3,341

Our recommendations Tom Wesselmann, Monica with a Purple Hat, Sculpture

Tom Wesselmann

Monica with a Purple Hat, 1985
10.2 x 12.7 x 1.3 cm
Sculpture

$75,000

Philippe  Hiquily, Marathonienne, Sculpture

Philippe Hiquily

Marathonienne, 2020
16 x 11.5 x 6 cm
Sculpture

$691

Amandine Guruceaga, Derma Soft Ellipse, Sculpture

Amandine Guruceaga

Derma Soft Ellipse, 2017
120 x 135 x 10 cm
Sculpture

$6,911 $3,456

Maxime Plancque, N°287, Sculpture

Maxime Plancque

N°287, 2020
135 x 20 x 20 cm
Sculpture

$2,073

Bernar Venet, Indeterminate Line., Sculpture

Bernar Venet

Indeterminate Line., 1988
28 x 50 x 41 cm
Sculpture

$109,430

Piotre, Riding by nigth, Sculpture

Piotre

Riding by nigth, 2021
80 x 45 x 35 cm
Sculpture

$5,990

Vincent Duchêne, Minion Tomato Soup Campbells, Sculpture

Vincent Duchêne

Minion Tomato Soup Campbells, 2021
20 x 7 x 6 cm
Sculpture

$1,094

Our recommendations Luca Izzo, Introspection, Sculpture

Luca Izzo

Introspection, 2019
34 x 28 x 23 cm
Sculpture

$10,943

Our recommendations Bernard Rives, Ludwig, Sculpture

Bernard Rives

Ludwig, 2018
66 x 49 x 40 cm
Sculpture

$3,859

Nicolas Delage, Sans titre, Sculpture

Nicolas Delage

Sans titre, 2020
92 x 172 x 5 cm
Sculpture

$6,681

Our recommendations Caroline Brisset, Lluvia H (CB88), Sculpture

Caroline Brisset

Lluvia H (CB88), 2016
57.5 x 12 x 12 cm
Sculpture

$1,958

Speedy Graphito, Good news, Sculpture

Speedy Graphito

Good news, 2016
132 x 35 x 30 cm
Sculpture

$10,367

Aramis Justiz, Distortions I, Sculpture

Aramis Justiz

Distortions I, 2021
30 x 58 x 12 cm
Sculpture

$979

Michel Audiard, Panda, Sculpture

Michel Audiard

Panda, 2017
38 x 52 x 8 cm
Sculpture

$1,152

Sneak, Bucket, Sculpture

Sneak

Bucket, 2020
26 x 22 x 22 cm
Sculpture

$288

Our recommendations Sun Hyuk Kim, From petty things, Sculpture

Sun Hyuk Kim

From petty things, 2014
95 x 51 x 38 cm
Sculpture

$5,184

Our recommendations Jenny Jacottet, Impulsion, Sculpture

Jenny Jacottet

Impulsion, 2018
35 x 22 x 12 cm
Sculpture

$2,304

Céline Mahiques, Jerricane Supreme, Sculpture

Céline Mahiques

Jerricane Supreme, 2020
39 x 28 x 12 cm
Sculpture

$634

Our recommendations Kevin Rouillard, Sans titre, Sculpture

Kevin Rouillard

Sans titre, 2018
60 x 60 x 25 cm
Sculpture

$4,608

Our recommendations Aldric Bendahmane, L'attente, Sculpture

Aldric Bendahmane

L'attente, 2021
32 x 20 x 10 cm
Sculpture

$403

Our recommendations Aldo Chaparro, Mx Black, July 27, 2020 12:45, Sculpture

Aldo Chaparro

Mx Black, July 27, 2020 12:45, 2020
94 x 148 x 25 cm
Sculpture

$20,734

Maguy Banq, Conversation, Sculpture

Maguy Banq

Conversation, 2017
10 x 32 x 18.5 cm
Sculpture

$4,608

Anne Juliette Deschamps, Golden Cycle, Sculpture

Anne Juliette Deschamps

Golden Cycle, 2019
70 x 70 x 4 cm
Sculpture

$2,073

Hellen Halftermeyer, Red bird, Sculpture

Hellen Halftermeyer

Red bird, 2021
30 x 80 x 55 cm
Sculpture

$2,304

Jean-Paul Jacquet, Le solitaire, Sculpture

Jean-Paul Jacquet

Le solitaire, 2020
30 x 30 x 215 cm
Sculpture

$2,304

Olivier DeGroote, Sniper Bullet Ball Chanel, Sculpture

Olivier DeGroote

Sniper Bullet Ball Chanel, 2021
28 x 6.5 x 6.5 cm
Sculpture

$288 $259

Our recommendations Leo Factory, RX82M - Bolide n°9, Sculpture

Leo Factory

RX82M - Bolide n°9, 2020
32 x 22 x 20 cm
Sculpture

$1,094

Our recommendations Iryna Antoniuk (Tone), Alien, Sculpture

Iryna Antoniuk (Tone)

Alien, 2021
18 x 18.5 x 11.5 cm
Sculpture

$2,038

Our recommendations Gil.S, Passion, Sculpture

Gil.S

Passion, 2018
60 x 40 x 5 cm
Sculpture

$806

VanBinh, Bird I, Sculpture

VanBinh

Bird I, 2021
24 x 23 x 20 cm
Sculpture

$783

Our recommendations Haude Bernabé, Twins, Sculpture

Haude Bernabé

Twins, 2015
78 x 22 x 20 cm
Sculpture

$9,446

Lonzi, La Roue, Sculpture

Lonzi

La Roue, 2017
91 x 64 x 34 cm
Sculpture

$1,440

Our recommendations Gregorio Siem, Sphere Orange and Blue - Variable Code, Sculpture

Gregorio Siem

Sphere Orange and Blue - Variable Code, 2019
70 x 68 x 68 cm
Sculpture

$6,796

Our recommendations Karen Marre, Quel cirk 2, Sculpture

Karen Marre

Quel cirk 2, 2015
55 x 28 x 18 cm
Sculpture

$2,073

Christophe Jehan, Un petit coin de ciel bleu, Sculpture

Christophe Jehan

Un petit coin de ciel bleu, 2016
34 x 19 x 11 cm
Sculpture

$1,497

Our recommendations Bounoure & Genevaux, Composition 1, Sculpture

Bounoure & Genevaux

Composition 1, 2020
44 x 80 x 3.5 cm
Sculpture

$2,304

Rodrigo Romero Perez, Pan Troglodytes 2, Sculpture

Rodrigo Romero Perez

Pan Troglodytes 2, 2020
140 x 20 x 20 cm
Sculpture

$1,267

Noël Granger, Boîte à messages  "je t'aime", Sculpture

Noël Granger

Boîte à messages "je t'aime", 2021
16 x 9 x 9 cm
Sculpture

$449

Farid Achezegag, Icare, Sculpture

Farid Achezegag

Icare, 2019
20 x 20 x 12 cm
Sculpture

$1,497

Issiaka Savadogo, Révolu, Sculpture

Issiaka Savadogo

Révolu, 2018
68 x 21 x 27 cm
Sculpture

$979

Shug, Shug monster, Sculpture

Shug

Shug monster, 2020
49 x 40 x 8 cm
Sculpture

$1,152

Sébastien Ruiz, Le légionnaire, Sculpture

Sébastien Ruiz

Le légionnaire, 2020
29 x 12 x 18 cm
Sculpture

$1,497

Pinto, Mammouth II, Sculpture

Pinto

Mammouth II, 2021
67 x 13 x 4 cm
Sculpture

$1,613

Our recommendations Bruno Guihéneuf, Flux 140, Sculpture

Bruno Guihéneuf

Flux 140, 2018
63 x 42 x 27 cm
Sculpture

$2,995

Béatrice Alice Lafitte-Irigaray, Joke Dog 2, Sculpture

Béatrice Alice Lafitte-Irigaray

Joke Dog 2, 2019
70 x 40 x 66 cm
Sculpture

$1,497

GiFoArs, Vintage, Sculpture

GiFoArs

Vintage, 2019
30.5 x 8.7 x 8.7 cm
Sculpture

$518

Bruno Ouvier, #22, Sculpture

Bruno Ouvier

#22, 2020
32 x 20 x 15 cm
Sculpture

$1,901

Carlos Garcia Noriega Bueno, Alma Dura II, Sculpture

Carlos Garcia Noriega Bueno

Alma Dura II, 2017
120 x 40 x 40 cm
Sculpture

$8,927

Michadu, Série 6-9, Sculpture

Michadu

Série 6-9, 2019
40 x 12 x 13 cm
Sculpture

$403

Stevens Dossou-Yovo, Blason, Sculpture

Stevens Dossou-Yovo

Blason, 2021
90 x 65 x 14 cm
Sculpture

$17,716

Lionel Couvrandt, Product 140/90 Notre DAme de Fàtima, Sculpture

Lionel Couvrandt

Product 140/90 Notre DAme de Fàtima, 2015
14 x 9 x 9 cm
Sculpture

$1,382

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