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Bronze Sculpture

The technique used in the creation of bronze sculptures has changed very little since Antiquity. The sculptor begins by fashioning the subject in wax, then covers it with clay, pours on the bronze, an alloy of copper and tin, then breaks open the terracotta, leaving only the bronze object behind. Highly valued by sculptors, bronze is a robust and resistant material that fairs well outside. Using wax to create the initial mould allows for a high level of detail on the final sculpture, unlike steel sculpture. Certain nuances in colour can be produced through the use of patinas.

These qualities explain why bronze is one of the oldest materials to be used by humans. Indeed, bronze tools were used in Mesopotamia, Egypt and China in around 2,800 BC.

In Mesopotamia, near to present-day Iran, bronze was used to depict animals in sacred art. In Egypt, it was was used to personify the gods, and also to create small sculpture statues placed in the tombs of the deceased. However, it was Ancient Greece, where craftsmen began to sculpt human figures and deities with remarkable realism, that gave bronze its prominent place in the history of art. Many pieces of work were imported to Rome, where the production of bronze sculptures developed. Bronze sculptures soon began to decorate the theatres and the homes of the rich. Admiring the skills of the Greeks, the Romans began ordering sculptures from merchants and craftsmen, who made copies of the moulds of the statues.

With the birth of Christianity, evangelisation and the building of churches became the priorities, and bronze creations were replaced by stone sculptures for decorating churches. It was only in the 14th century that masterpieces were rediscovered during excavations of Italian archaeological sites. A century later, Brunelleschi and Ghiberti set the Renaissance in motion by decorating the doors of the Florence Baptistery in bronze. Donatello, inspired by ancient Roman sculpture, was the first to excel in the art of expressing emotions through bronze sculptures, followed by Verrocchio, his pupil (and master of Leonardo da Vinci). Although the practice spread throughout Europe, it was mainly focussed on Italy, where sculptors competed to obtain the most convincing results.

During the 16th century, the Flemish Jean de Bologne established himself as the undisputed master of bronze. He was the most copied artist in the 17th century, and it is partly due to him that the bronze sculpture spread across Europe. In Italy, production of bronze sculpture was fairly constant, irrespective of the period. In France, on the other hand, this technique depended on the political regime. When Louis XIV invited sculptors to his court (essentially to decorate Versailles) demand for bronze reappeared as a form of courtly art.

Bronze sculpture underwent a resurgence during the 19th century, with Rodin and Camille Claudel, and then with Cubism and the Art Deco movement. Bronze is an expensive, heavy material and costly for collectors to buy and its use has become less prevalent in the 20th and 21st centuries, but some artists use it nonetheless: Marc Quinn, Giuseppe Penone, Germaine Richier, Alberto Giacometti with his strange silhouettes, the animal bronzes of Brigitte Téman, the compressions of César Baldaccini, the Philippe Pasqua's butterflies and Olivier Messas's dancers or just still life sculpture can all be seen on Artsper !

Collector’s Guide: Collecting Sculptures

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price,500 facet,10503*Oeuvres d’artistes best sellers|icon-bestsellers*bestsellers facet,10503*Artworks by best-selling artists|icon-bestsellers*bestsellers facet,10503*Werke von Bestseller-Künstlern|icon-bestsellers*werke-von-kunstlern-bestseller facet,10503*Obras de los artistas más vendidos|icon-bestsellers*obras-de-los-artistas-mas-vendidos category,6*Peinture*peinture category,6*Painting*painting category,6*Gemälde*gemalde category,6*Pintura*pintura price,501:1000 facet,10500*Young Talents|icon-youngtalents*youngtalents facet,10500*Oeuvres d'artistes émergents|icon-youngtalents*jeunes-talents facet,10500*Werke von aufstrebenden Künstlern|icon-youngtalents*werke-von-jungen-kunstlern facet,10500*Obras de artistas emergentes|icon-youngtalents*obras-de-artistas-emergentes facet,10500*Werke aufstrebender Künstler|icon-youngtalents*werke-von-jungen-kunstlern facet,8274*Moyen (\u003c 115 x 115 cm)*moyen facet,8274*Moyen (\u003c 45 x 45 inch)*moyen facet,8274*Moyen (\u003c 115 x 115 cm)|medium*moyen facet,8274*Moyen (\u003c 45 x 45 inch)|medium*moyen facet,8277*Grand (\u003c 200 x 200 cm)*grand facet,8277*Grand (\u003c 80 x 80 inch)*grand facet,8277*Grand (\u003c 200 x 200 cm)|large*grand facet,8277*Grand (\u003c 80 x 80 inch)|large*grand facet,1629*Abstraite*abstraite facet,1629*abstrakt*abstrakt facet,1629*Abstract*abstract facet,1629*abstracto*abstracto facet,10497*Oeuvres d'artistes célèbres|icon-masterpieces*artistes-celebres facet,10497*Artworks by famous artists|icon-masterpieces*masterpieces facet,10497*Werke berühmter Künstler|icon-masterpieces*werke-beruhmter-kunstler facet,10497*Obras de artistas famosos|icon-masterpieces*obras-de-artistas-famosos facet,8259*Our recommendations|icon-recommendations*recommendations facet,8259*unsere Empfehlungen|icon-recommendations*unsere-empfehlungen facet,8259*Nos recommandations|icon-recommendations*recommandations facet,8259*Nuestras recomendaciones|icon-recommendations*nuestras-recomendaciones price,1001:5000 facet,1635*Street art*street-art facet,1635*arte callejero*arte-callejero facet,1635*Straßenkunst*street-art category,5*Sculpture*sculpture category,5*Skulptur*skulptur category,5*Escultura*escultura category,9*Photography*photography category,9*Photographie*photographie category,9*Fotografie*fotografie category,9*Fotografía*fotografia facet,1671*Nature*nature facet,1671*Natur*natur facet,1671*Naturaleza*naturaleza facet,1644*Portrait*portrait facet,1644*Porträt*portrat facet,1644*Retrato*retrato facet,1686*Pop Art*pop-art facet,1686*Arte pop*arte-pop facet,1686*Pop-Art*pop-art facet,8280*Très grand (\u003e 200 x 200 cm)*tres-grand facet,8280*Très grand (\u003e 200 x 200 cm)|very-large*tres-grand facet,8280*Très grand (\u003e 80 x 80 inch)|very-large*tres-grand category,23*Dessin*dessin category,23*Zeichnung*zeichnung category,23*Fine Art Drawings*drawing category,23*Dibujo*dibujo price,1000:501 facet,1641*Akt*akte facet,1641*Nus*nus facet,1641*desnudos*desnudos facet,1641*Nude*nude category,15*Edition*edition category,15*Print*print category,15*Druck*editionen category,15*Edición*edicion facet,1827*Portrait*orientation-portrait facet,1827*Hochformat*orientation-portrat facet,1827*Portrait|portrait*orientation-portrait facet,1827*Retrato*orientation-retrato facet,1827*Retrato|portrait*orientation-retrato facet,1827*Hochformat|portrait*orientation-portrat facet,8277*Large (\u003c 80 x 80 inch)*large facet,8277*Large (\u003c 200 x 200 cm)*large facet,8277*Large (\u003c 80 x 80 inch)|large*large facet,8277*Large (\u003c 200 x 200 cm)|large*large facet,1830*Paysage*orientation-paysage facet,1830*Paisaje*orientation-paisaje facet,1830*Landscape*orientation-landscape facet,1830*Landschaft*orientation-landschaft facet,1830*Paisaje|landscape*orientation-paisaje facet,1830*Paysage|landscape*orientation-paysage facet,1830*Landschaft|landscape*orientation-landschaft facet,1830*Landscape|landscape*orientation-landscape facet,8301*Oeuvres en promotion|icon-promotions*promotions facet,8301*Special Offers|icon-promotions*vergunstigte-werke facet,8301*Special offers|icon-promotions*promotions facet,8301*Trabajos en promoción|icon-promotions*trabajos-en-promocion facet,8274*Medium (\u003c 115 x 115 cm)*medium facet,8274*Medium (\u003c 45 x 45 inch)*medium facet,8274*Medium (\u003c 45 x 45 inch)|medium*medium facet,8274*Medium (\u003c 115 x 115 cm)|medium*medium facet,1674*Etchleben*etchleben facet,1674*Scène de vie*scene-de-vie facet,1674*Everyday life*everyday-life facet,1674*Escena de la vida*escena-de-la-vida facet,1680*Tier*tier facet,1680*Animales*animales facet,1680*Animaux*animaux facet,1680*Animal*animal facet,8271*Petit (\u003c 50 x 50 cm)*petit facet,8271*Petit (\u003c 20 x 20 inch)*petit facet,8271*Petit (\u003c 50 x 50 cm)|small*petit facet,8271*Petit (\u003c 20 x 20 inch)|small*petit facet,8280*Very large (\u003e 200 x 200 cm)*very-large facet,8280*Very large (\u003e 80 x 80 inch)*very-large facet,8280*Very large (\u003e 80 x 80 inch)|very-large*very-large facet,8280*Very large (\u003e 200 x 200 cm)|very-large*very-large facet,126*acrylique*acrylique facet,126*acrylic*acrylic facet,126*Acryl-*acryl facet,126*acrílico*acrilico facet,108*huile*huile facet,108*al oleo*al-oleo facet,108*oil*oil facet,108*Öl*ol price,50001 facet,1668*Noir et blanc*noir-et-blanc facet,1668*Black and white*black-and-white facet,1668*Schwarz und weiß*schwarz-und-weiss facet,1668*Blanco y negro*blanco-y-negro price,5001:10000 facet,1632*Architecture*architecture facet,1632*Die Architektur*die-architektur facet,1632*Arquitectura*arquitectura facet,1659*Flore*flore facet,1659*Flora*flora facet,1659*Floral*floral facet,1659*Flores*flores facet,1650*Paysage urbain*paysage-urbain facet,1650*Paisaje urbano*paisaje-urbano facet,1650*Städtische Landschaft*stadtische-landschaft facet,1650*Urban Landscape*urban-landscape facet,12*noir|050002*noir facet,12*Black|050002*black facet,12*schwarz|050002*schwarz facet,12*negro|050002*negro price,10001:25000 facet,42*Rouge|FC2912*rouge facet,42*Red|FC2912*red facet,42*rot|FC2912*rot facet,42*Rojo|FC2912*rojo price,25001:50000 facet,30*Dark blue|0707BD*dark-blue facet,30*bleu foncé|0707BD*bleu-fonce facet,30*Dunkelblau|0707BD*dunkelblau facet,30*azul oscuro|0707BD*azul-oscuro facet,1692*Geometric*geometric facet,1692*Géométrique*geometrique facet,1692*Geometrisch*geometrisch facet,1692*Geometría*geometria
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Arman, Colère de Violon, Sculpture

Arman

Colère de Violon, 1995
93 x 35 x 42 cm
Sculpture

$137,653

Marc Petit, La blouse bleue, Sculpture

Marc Petit

La blouse bleue, 2011
52 x 17 x 13 cm
Sculpture

$5,506

César Baldaccini, Les Pompes de Claire, Sculpture

César Baldaccini

Les Pompes de Claire, 1987
135 x 143 x 71 cm
Sculpture

$435,900

Martín Duque, Tête de cheval impressionniste, Sculpture

Martín Duque

Tête de cheval impressionniste, 2017
53 x 21 x 30.5 cm
Sculpture

$998

Patrick Villas, Tête de panthère Daum, Sculpture

Patrick Villas

Tête de panthère Daum, 2021
36 x 18 x 17 cm
Sculpture

$11,471

Philippe Buil, Bouteille champagne 142-21, Sculpture

Philippe Buil

Bouteille champagne 142-21, 2021
29 x 10 x 17 cm
Sculpture

$860

Christophe Charbonnel, Orphée III semi-monumentale, Sculpture

Christophe Charbonnel

Orphée III semi-monumentale, 2021
125 x 44 x 46 cm
Sculpture

$48,178

Our recommendations Salvador Dali, Profil du temps, Sculpture

Salvador Dali

Profil du temps, 1984
51 x 35 x 35 cm
Sculpture

$41,709

Philip Hearsey, Puncture, Sculpture

Philip Hearsey

Puncture, 2021
24 x 30 x 30 cm
Sculpture

$5,128

Our recommendations Isabelle Carabantes, Tête de caracal, Sculpture

Isabelle Carabantes

Tête de caracal, 2020
31 x 12 x 15 cm
Sculpture

$3,269

Jaromir Gargulak, Gold Pigeon 8/25, Sculpture

Jaromir Gargulak

Gold Pigeon 8/25, 2021
13 x 19.2 x 9 cm
Sculpture

$665

Art Vladi, Lion King bronze, Sculpture

Art Vladi

Lion King bronze, 2021
26 x 18 x 17 cm
Sculpture

$4,015 $3,613

Salfo Dermé (Yabré), L'élégance, Sculpture

Salfo Dermé (Yabré)

L'élégance, 2018
49 x 17 x 8 cm
Sculpture

$2,065

Philippe  Hiquily, Ornuteros, Sculpture

Philippe Hiquily

Ornuteros, 1960
56 x 78 x 25 cm
Sculpture

$189,273

Robert Combas, Les favelas électriques, Sculpture

Robert Combas

Les favelas électriques, 2009
37 x 60 x 40 cm
Sculpture

$108,975

Romain Langlois, Hyakutake, Sculpture

Romain Langlois

Hyakutake, 2021
100 x 32 x 32 cm
Sculpture

$25,236

Bastien Bonhomme, Bison américain, Sculpture

Bastien Bonhomme

Bison américain, 2021
16 x 27 x 7 cm
Sculpture

$4,474

Our recommendations Yoann Merienne, Mystère, Sculpture

Yoann Merienne

Mystère, 2019
10 x 5 x 6 cm
Sculpture

$1,032

David David, Blind, Sculpture

David David

Blind, 2021
60 x 30 x 42 cm
Sculpture

$19,000

David Sprakes, Encouter II, Sculpture

David Sprakes

Encouter II, 2021
30 x 30 x 12 cm
Sculpture

$1,299

Terzo Yan, Piano, Sculpture

Terzo Yan

Piano, 2016
7 x 30 x 24 cm
Sculpture

$1,250 $1,063

Krikor Avessian, Bull, Sculpture

Krikor Avessian

Bull, 2021
48 x 43.5 x 14 cm
Sculpture

$3,320 $2,822

Frank Boogaard, Environ, Sculpture

Frank Boogaard

Environ, 2020
37 x 12 x 12 cm
Sculpture

$1,549

Les Hélènes, Le Sultan, Sculpture

Les Hélènes

Le Sultan, 2021
110 x 9 x 4 cm
Sculpture

$401

Liubka Kirilova - Lyuba Buba, Ballerina, Sculpture

Liubka Kirilova - Lyuba Buba

Ballerina, 2020
28 x 29 x 10 cm
Sculpture

$3,212

Marc Daniel, Le baiser (évolution 2), Sculpture

Marc Daniel

Le baiser (évolution 2), 2021
27 x 23.5 x 24 cm
Sculpture

$4,743

Jean-Michel Levraux, Tristesse, Sculpture

Jean-Michel Levraux

Tristesse, 2021
32 x 15 x 18 cm
Sculpture

$3,355

Our recommendations Jesus Campos, Les espaces de Penseur de Rodin, Sculpture

Jesus Campos

Les espaces de Penseur de Rodin, 2004
30 x 14 x 15 cm
Sculpture

$792

Nando Kallweit, Family I, Sculpture

Nando Kallweit

Family I, 2019
30 x 11 x 8 cm
Sculpture

$1,663

Our recommendations Paul Rebeyrolle, Trois têtes, Sculpture

Paul Rebeyrolle

Trois têtes, 1994
50 x 65 x 4 cm
Sculpture

$17,207

Georges Braque, Hermès, Sculpture

Georges Braque

Hermès, 2019
175 x 80 x 24 cm
Sculpture

$252,363

Gregos, Béatitude, Sculpture

Gregos

Béatitude, 2014
22 x 16 x 4 cm
Sculpture

$2,180

Our recommendations Amedeo Modigliani, Tête de jeune fille à la frange (d'après Amedeo Modigliani), Sculpture

Amedeo Modigliani

Tête de jeune fille à la frange (d'après Amedeo Modigliani), 2019
70 x 17 x 23 cm
Sculpture

$20,074

Our recommendations Artigas Planas, Sensuality III, Sculpture

Artigas Planas

Sensuality III, 2016
149 x 28 x 25 cm
Sculpture

$3,785

Our recommendations François Pompon, Le Grand-Duc, Sculpture

François Pompon

Le Grand-Duc, 1980
55 x 21.5 x 16.5 cm
Sculpture

$33,266

Christine Guillemin, Arabian Panther, Sculpture

Christine Guillemin

Arabian Panther, 2018
25 x 49 x 10 cm
Sculpture

$7,800

Our recommendations Irina Shark, Le masque de Camille, Sculpture

Irina Shark

Le masque de Camille, 2019
26 x 13 x 16 cm
Sculpture

$5,162

Our recommendations Linde Ergo, Les pieds dans l'eau, Sculpture

Linde Ergo

Les pieds dans l'eau, 2018
75 x 45 x 95 cm
Sculpture

$11,414

Our recommendations Pierre Gimenez, La baigneuse allongée, Sculpture

Pierre Gimenez

La baigneuse allongée, 2021
16 x 28 x 15 cm
Sculpture

$746

Our recommendations Xu Zhen, New, Sculpture

Xu Zhen

New, 2016
46 x 14 x 10.5 cm
Sculpture

$6,171

Pierre Kroll, Le Roi Albert II, Sculpture

Pierre Kroll

Le Roi Albert II, 2017
40 x 20 x 20 cm
Sculpture

$1,721

Antonio Saura, Nez, Sculpture

Antonio Saura

Nez, 1990
51 x 64 x 1 cm
Sculpture

$5,736

Our recommendations Milko Dobrev, Muse of music, Sculpture

Milko Dobrev

Muse of music, 2020
33 x 10 x 7 cm
Sculpture

Sold

Emmanuelle Vroelant, Afghane, Sculpture

Emmanuelle Vroelant

Afghane, 2011
18 x 8 x 8 cm
Sculpture

$1,262 $1,136

Mireia Serra, Océan, Sculpture

Mireia Serra

Océan, 2020
7 x 17 x 10 cm
Sculpture

$1,124

Our recommendations Gediminas Endriekus, Girl, Sculpture

Gediminas Endriekus

Girl, 2018
18 x 12 x 15 cm
Sculpture

$2,638

Our recommendations Jenny Jacottet, Impulsion, Sculpture

Jenny Jacottet

Impulsion, 2018
35 x 22 x 12 cm
Sculpture

$2,294

Antoniucci Volti, Le Cavalier (petit), Sculpture

Antoniucci Volti

Le Cavalier (petit), 1984
47 x 43 x 14 cm
Sculpture

$22,942

Luo Li Rong, Je me souviens de toi, Sculpture

Luo Li Rong

Je me souviens de toi, 2016
30 x 26 x 12 cm
Sculpture

$6,883

Stan Wysocki, Nude, Sculpture

Stan Wysocki

Nude, 2018
34 x 6 x 16 cm
Sculpture

$1,377

Our recommendations Mélanie Quentin, Ix-Chell, Sculpture

Mélanie Quentin

Ix-Chell, 2010
30 x 20 x 20 cm
Sculpture

$3,671

Maguy Banq, Conversation, Sculpture

Maguy Banq

Conversation, 2017
10 x 32 x 18.5 cm
Sculpture

$4,588

Roberto Matta, Bag with Wings, Sculpture

Roberto Matta

Bag with Wings, 1971
94 x 137 x 64 cm
Sculpture

$33,266 $23,286

Roland Masson, Phénicienne, Sculpture

Roland Masson

Phénicienne, 2016
39 x 9 x 9 cm
Sculpture

$2,065

Mireille Bassier-Tilmont, Babel - bronze, Sculpture

Mireille Bassier-Tilmont

Babel - bronze, 2018
21 x 10 x 10 cm
Sculpture

$401

Yosl Bergner, Le petit violoncelliste, Sculpture

Yosl Bergner

Le petit violoncelliste, 2005
20 x 8 x 8 cm
Sculpture

$2,180 $1,853

Our recommendations Julien Marinetti, Panda BA, Sculpture

Julien Marinetti

Panda BA, 2020
40 x 28 x 30 cm
Sculpture

$16,633

Our recommendations Thierry Dehais, Le silence, Sculpture

Thierry Dehais

Le silence, 2007
22 x 10 x 10 cm
Sculpture

$746

Our recommendations Lynn Chadwick, Rad Lad II (362), Sculpture

Lynn Chadwick

Rad Lad II (362), 1961
40 x 14 x 11.4 cm
Sculpture

$85,000

Babette Degraeve, Kleine pup met bot (Small puppy with bone), Sculpture

Babette Degraeve

Kleine pup met bot (Small puppy with bone), 2019
9 x 10 x 14 cm
Sculpture

$746

Our recommendations Igor Mitoraj, Centurion II, Sculpture

Igor Mitoraj

Centurion II, 1986
18 x 14 x 6 cm
Sculpture

$11,471

Our recommendations Beatrice Bizot, Confidence, Sculpture

Beatrice Bizot

Confidence, 2019
30 x 20 x 7 cm
Sculpture

$2,753

Our recommendations Joyce Fournier, A Wise Woman Once Said - (No. 2 of 10), Sculpture

Joyce Fournier

A Wise Woman Once Said - (No. 2 of 10), 2019
22.9 x 24.1 x 15.2 cm
Sculpture

$3,100 $2,790

Chloé Sontrop, Liberté, Sculpture

Chloé Sontrop

Liberté, 2017
45 x 27 x 24.5 cm
Sculpture

$3,785

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