• $ (USD)
  • Need some help ?

Oil Painting

Oil painting is a type of paint which involves mixing crushed color pigments usually with linseed oil, although poppy seed oil can also be used. The support on which it is painted must be covered with a primer beforehand so that the layer of paint can adhere to the support; an additional step which is crucial to the creative process and also means that it can be adapted to many types of surfaces.

It was during the Middle Ages that this technique first appeared and began to be develop in the Western world. The discovery of oil painting is often attributed to the Flemish painter, Jan Van Eyck who had been experimenting with various mixtures. With this new painting technique, his works benefited from new transparency effects and a new type of aesthetic was born. His approach was copied and later shared more widely by other primitive Flemish painters. Oil painting replaced the tempera technique, which uses egg as a binder.

Similarly, the wood on which artists painted was replaced by linen canvas, installed on a frame from the 15th century onwards and later placed on an easel. Although it was well-liked by painters, this medium had its drawbacks; its components were toxic and its preparation required a great amount of artisan savoir-faire in the studio. Despite this, it became closely linked to the visual arts and and was hugely popularised during the Renaissance thanks to the Venetian painters such as Titian, followed closely by the Flemish, including Rubens, before it reached the Netherlands who made it their own, with Rembrandt leading the way. The 19th and 20th centuries saw oil painting became the number one choice and the preferred medium for for modern times. The mixture no longer had to be prepared by artists in the studio; industrialization had made things easier and the paint came pre-prepared, packaged in tubes. The tin tube was commercialized in France in 1840 and revolutionised the history of art by encouraging the Impressionists to take their brushes and paints outside and paint en plein air. It would slowly be overtaken by acrylic paint a century later which simplified things even further as it was dried faster.
An oil painting canvas also implies that the painter must respect the fat-over-lean principle, meaning that a colors with high oil content (fat) should be applied over layers of paint with lower oil content (lean) to ensure that the painting will last longer and to prevent cracking. Oil painting remains a widely used method and numerous artworks are still made using this technique.

Contemporary artists still master oil painting but sometimes avoid working with it in the same traditional ways of the 20th century. The canvas is often not prepared so that its texture can be seen under the layer of paint, as certain abstract painters have done. Jackson Pollock for example used oil painting but did not glaze his works. He didn't even truly paint his canvases as he used a dripping technique; by shaking his brush he created splashes of paint over the canvas…

On Artsper, explore contemporary paintings by well-known artists including Arman, Salvador Dali and Robert Combas.

Read more

Filters

Saved search

Your search is accessible from the favorites tab > My favorite searches

Unsaved search

A problem occurred

In just a few clicks, tell us your preferences and discover our recommended works for you

Maude Ovize, Insouciance, Painting

Maude Ovize

Insouciance, 2020 80 x 80 x 4 cm Painting

$1,561 $1,171

Our recommendations Alexander Shandor, The long-awaited spring, Painting

Alexander Shandor

The long-awaited spring, 2022 48 x 64 x 2 cm Painting

$1,600 $1,440

Our recommendations AE2, Lili, Painting

AE2

Lili, 2021 116 x 89 x 5 cm Painting

$1,197

Antonino Puliafico, Respiro tra i rami, Painting

Antonino Puliafico

Respiro tra i rami, 2022 108 x 143 x 0.1 cm Painting

$3,070

Giorgio Lo Fermo, The Circle and the Ellipse, Painting

Giorgio Lo Fermo

The Circle and the Ellipse, 2018 120 x 40 x 3 cm Painting

$1,353

Ralph Resch, Canicule, Painting

Ralph Resch

Canicule, 2022 116 x 89 x 2 cm Painting

$1,093

Lionel le Jeune, Voiliers, Painting

Lionel le Jeune

Voiliers, 2022 25 x 30 x 2 cm Painting

$832

Aykaz Arzumanyan, Rose 585, Painting

Aykaz Arzumanyan

Rose 585, 2022 55 x 46 x 3 cm Painting

$999

Our recommendations Poonam Choudhary, There's Possibility, Painting

Poonam Choudhary

There's Possibility, 2022 91.4 x 121.9 x 2.5 cm Painting

$700

Katharina Husslein, A Summer Melody, Painting

Katharina Husslein

A Summer Melody, 2022 70 x 50 x 2 cm Painting

$1,353

Our recommendations Al Freno, My way, Painting

Al Freno

My way, 2022 80 x 80 x 2 cm Painting

$1,873

Patrick Marie, Côte sauvage, Painting

Patrick Marie

Côte sauvage, 2004 50 x 61 x 2 cm Painting

$1,353

Teona Yamanidze, Natural Predators in Captivity, Painting

Teona Yamanidze

Natural Predators in Captivity, 2021 20 x 25 x 3 cm Painting

$832

John Harris, Blue Jay, Painting

John Harris

Blue Jay, 2015 20.3 x 45.7 x 4.4 cm Painting

$1,000

Olivier Furter, Topographie Humaine II, Painting

Olivier Furter

Topographie Humaine II, 2022 60 x 92 x 2 cm Painting

$1,873

Mónica Castanys, Matí a Brusel·les, Painting

Mónica Castanys

Matí a Brusel·les, 2022 120 x 100 cm Painting

$4,682

Laurent Bouro, Végétal, Painting

Laurent Bouro

Végétal, 2022 80 x 100 x 5 cm Painting

$4,058

Polina Kharlamova, Cold flower, Painting

Polina Kharlamova

Cold flower, 2022 80 x 80 x 2 cm Painting

$912

Elodie Huré, Cercle Printanier 4, Painting

Elodie Huré

Cercle Printanier 4, 2021 66 x 66 x 2 cm Painting

$1,259

Luis Alvarado, Les felins, Painting

Luis Alvarado

Les felins, 2022 50 x 40 x 3 cm Painting

$728

Suzanne Vaughen, Dynamic Sunset, Painting

Suzanne Vaughen

Dynamic Sunset, 2022 61 x 91.4 x 3.8 cm Painting

$1,400

Louis Rheiner, L'étendage au bord du lac, Painting

Louis Rheiner

L'étendage au bord du lac, 1916 21.5 x 12.5 x 0.3 cm Painting

$951

François-Armand Mauchain, Au pied du Salève avec vue sur le Mont Blanc, Painting

François-Armand Mauchain

Au pied du Salève avec vue sur le Mont Blanc, 1900 37.5 x 50 x 0.2 cm Painting

$1,389

Bohuslav Slansky, The Charles Bridge in Pragu, Painting

Bohuslav Slansky

The Charles Bridge in Pragu, 1927 56 x 75 x 0.1 cm Painting

$1,665

Adrien Fricheteau, Mains, Painting

Adrien Fricheteau

Mains, 2022 31 x 36 x 2 cm Painting

$1,145

Egle Karpaviciute, Self-portrait, Painting

Egle Karpaviciute

Self-portrait, 2022 40 x 30 x 2 cm Painting

$1,249

Alain Bécanne, Peinture 01-2022-03, Painting

Alain Bécanne

Peinture 01-2022-03, 2022 120 x 120 x 4 cm Painting

$1,249

Eric Munsch, Dream, Painting

Eric Munsch

Dream, 2022 80 x 80 x 2 cm Painting

$1,509 $1,358

Claude Schürr, Marée basse à Saint-Guénolé, Painting

Claude Schürr

Marée basse à Saint-Guénolé, 1978 22 x 27 x 2.5 cm Painting

$1,301

Helen She, Flower hyacinth, Painting

Helen She

Flower hyacinth, 2021 70 x 50 x 4 cm Painting

$1,873 $1,686

Monique Dollé-Lacour, Sans titre, Painting

Monique Dollé-Lacour

Sans titre, 2017 56 x 38 cm Painting

$1,041

Yoann Merienne, Oxalis, portrait, Painting

Yoann Merienne

Oxalis, portrait, 2022 70 x 50 x 2 cm Painting

$3,642

André Lac, Chapelle de Benque, Painting

André Lac

Chapelle de Benque, 2000 46 x 55 cm Painting

$1,311

Marie Line Robert, Paradis rose, Painting

Marie Line Robert

Paradis rose, 2022 73 x 92 x 2 cm Painting

$936

R. Cavalié, N° 990 A rebours., Painting

R. Cavalié

N° 990 A rebours., 2016 60 x 81 x 2 cm Painting

$832

Natasha Zupan, Tactile memory #124, Painting

Natasha Zupan

Tactile memory #124, 2022 45.7 x 38.1 x 7.6 cm Painting

$4,200

Jacek Cyganek, In the forest, Painting

Jacek Cyganek

In the forest, 2022 80 x 100 x 2 cm Painting

$1,665

Adrien Holy, La place animée et la Piazza Governo, à Bellinzone, Painting

Adrien Holy

La place animée et la Piazza Governo, à Bellinzone, 1946 33 x 46 x 2 cm Painting

$887

François Dupuis, Visage, Painting

François Dupuis

Visage, 2021 41 x 33 x 4 cm Painting

$1,873

Adam Norgaard, Festive Night, Painting

Adam Norgaard

Festive Night, 2022 69 x 54 x 0.1 cm Painting

$850

Guy Lyman, Eschatology for the Unconcerned, Painting

Guy Lyman

Eschatology for the Unconcerned, 2022 58.4 x 58.4 x 2.5 cm Painting

$1,575

Angelo Pioppo, Ever-changing paradigm, Painting

Angelo Pioppo

Ever-changing paradigm, 2022 46 x 38 x 2 cm Painting

$1,134

Our recommendations Pierrick Tual, Côte méditerranéenne, Painting

Pierrick Tual

Côte méditerranéenne, 2022 40 x 80 x 2 cm Painting

$1,665

Anahit Erkoyan, Landscape, Painting

Anahit Erkoyan

Landscape, 2022 70 x 50 x 2 cm Painting

$936

A. Müller, Vue du lac, Painting

A. Müller

Vue du lac, 1940 60 x 73 x 2 cm Painting

$1,816

Catherine Bouigas-Baule, Naissance bleue, Painting

Catherine Bouigas-Baule

Naissance bleue, 2019 115 x 75 x 2 cm Painting

$1,509

Our recommendations Carol Bennett, Titanium Cruiser, Painting

Carol Bennett

Titanium Cruiser, 2022 66 x 50.8 cm Painting

$4,700

Éléonore Deshayes, Eau blanche, Painting

Éléonore Deshayes

Eau blanche, 2020 27 x 22 x 3 cm Painting

$989

Veronica Vilsan, Expressions, Painting

Veronica Vilsan

Expressions, 2022 60 x 150 x 4 cm Painting

$1,873

Brigitte Cailleau, Champ d'ail, Painting

Brigitte Cailleau

Champ d'ail, 2022 80 x 80 x 1 cm Painting

$1,665

Sheila Ortega, Situação 3#, Painting

Sheila Ortega

Situação 3#, 2020 80 x 50 cm Painting

$1,488

Alejandra Caballero, The bath, Painting

Alejandra Caballero

The bath, 2022 80 x 80 cm Painting

$3,330

Karin Anita Morris, Under the Bridge, Painting

Karin Anita Morris

Under the Bridge, 2015 76.5 x 51 x 3.8 cm Painting

$1,665

Antonio Possenti, Senza titolo, Painting

Antonio Possenti

Senza titolo, 1990 15 x 20 x 5 cm Painting

$1,353

Beatriz Zerolo, War, Painting

Beatriz Zerolo

War, 2022 120 x 100 x 2 cm Painting

$1,498

Jaroslaw Romaniuk, Bug River 7, Painting

Jaroslaw Romaniuk

Bug River 7, 2018 53 x 75 cm Painting

$936

Our recommendations Albina Bunina, The secret of birth, Painting

Albina Bunina

The secret of birth, 2022 120 x 90 x 5 cm Painting

$1,048

Fernanda Morales Tovar, Encastre, Painting

Fernanda Morales Tovar

Encastre, 2017 84 x 110 x 5 cm Painting

$1,788

Berjoan, Hommes-Lettres, Painting

Berjoan

Hommes-Lettres, 2021 61 x 73 x 2 cm Painting

$1,249

Raymond Attanasio, 11 mai 2022, Painting

Raymond Attanasio

11 mai 2022, 2022 100 x 100 x 2 cm Painting

$1,769

Serghei Ghetiu, The roses from unknown II, Painting

Serghei Ghetiu

The roses from unknown II, 2022 80 x 65 x 2 cm Painting

$1,145

Josep Tornero, Untitled, Painting

Josep Tornero

Untitled, 2021 24 x 40 cm Painting

$1,385

Kirstin McCoy, Beach Path, Painting

Kirstin McCoy

Beach Path, 2021 80 x 80 x 2 cm Painting

$3,330

Dam Domido, L'énergie du coeur, Painting

Dam Domido

L'énergie du coeur, 2018 60 x 60 x 2 cm Painting

$1,353

Christine Beaufils, Allegresse, Painting

Christine Beaufils

Allegresse, 2020 50 x 50 cm Painting

$583

Laurent Anastay-Ponsolle, Ne faire plus qu'un #2, Painting

Laurent Anastay-Ponsolle

Ne faire plus qu'un #2, 2022 50 x 65 x 0.1 cm Painting

$884

Agnès Cellérier, Le Sidobre, Painting

Agnès Cellérier

Le Sidobre, 2022 73 x 50 x 2 cm Painting

$967

Our recommendations Diana Timchenko, Tangerine tree, Painting

Diana Timchenko

Tangerine tree, 2022 80 x 80 x 2 cm Painting

$1,480

Anne-Catherine Favier, L'invitation au voyage. 2, Painting

Anne-Catherine Favier

L'invitation au voyage. 2, 2022 80 x 40 x 2 cm Painting

$1,137

Our recommendations Ponthep Supunsaleekul, Superman, Painting

Ponthep Supunsaleekul

Superman, 2020 50 x 50 x 4 cm Painting

$832

Ruslana Levandovska, Central Park View II, Painting

Ruslana Levandovska

Central Park View II, 2019 40.6 x 50.8 x 1.9 cm Painting

$1,500

Hyo-Sik Park, Hyosik park, Painting

Hyo-Sik Park

Hyosik park, 2021 61 x 38 x 2 cm Painting

$832

Stefano Ronchi, A la prima Portrait (Patty Smith), Painting

Stefano Ronchi

A la prima Portrait (Patty Smith), 2020 27 x 20 x 0.2 cm Painting

$916

Discover the styles & movements
  • Discover the selection of our experts

Discover our personalized selection for you

See my personal selection
See my recommendations
Discover our thematic selections