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Portrait Photography for Sale

In the 1830s, Nièpce discovered the process for setting images onto pewter plates. In 1833, upon Nièpce's death, Louis Daguerre and François Arago continued his experiments and invented the daguerreotype, a process which created a printed image on a silver plate that had been exposed to light. Photography was born.

Similarly to how portrait painting had dominated artistic output in previous centuries, portrait photography was to become the pillar of the Second French Empire's photographic industry. Lenses with a shorter focal length, which enabled reduced exposure times, gradually appear on the market. The required equipment was expensive and difficult to handle. Some photographers, called daguerreotypists, decided to open their own photography studios to make a profit from their endeavours. The daguerreotype process was temperamental, and photographers had to take their pictures with great precision and attention to detail. They welcomed many people into their studios and customers choose how they wished to be photographed from catalogue of poses. Originally only accessible to the bourgeoisie, lower prices resulting from the growing number of studios eventually attracted a wider customer base. This phenomenon infuriated the poet Charles Baudelaire who was frustrated by the sense of narcissism sparked by the daguerreotypists.

Despite his protests, the egotistical trend only grew with the emergence of 'carte de visite' portraits (small photographs, the size of today's business cards). These were the brainchild of Adolphe Eugène Disdéri came up with the idea of producing portraits akin to visiting cards in 1859. He printed eight portraits in a variety of poses onto a single plate and once developed they could be cut up into eight distinct “visiting cards". Very popular with the bourgeoisie, they highlighted the sitters' social status. 'Carte de visite' portraits featuring celebrities were also sold to customers, who could subsequently add them to their albums.

The photographer Nadar was one of the first to demonstrate a conscious artistic approach to producing these portraits. He emphasised facial expressions and ensured the sitter was comfortable and at ease before taking the photograph. He photographed the era's greatest thinkers and artists, including Honoré de Balzac, George Sand, and Victor Hugo. He even managed to reconcile Baudelaire with portraiture.

At the end of the 19th century, the art of photography started to enter the mainstream, with the arrival of the Kodak company. The use of the camera, and the taking of portraits, became everyday occurrences. A century later, it was the invention of the digital camera which challenged the status quo. Whereas before alterations could only be made to photographs when they were being taken or developed, with the digital camera editing became easier, quicker and more convenient. Digital photography has given photographers much more freedom when it comes to editing and new methods and techniques are constantly being explored.

Some of the photographers who have left their mark on the last century include: Cindy Sherman, who excelled in self-portraits, Annie Leibovitz, who captured celebrities, the wacky duo, Pierre and Gilles, as well as Diane Arbus, Irving Penn, Richard Avedon, Helmut Newton and Bettina Rheims.

So, do portraits help us to learn more about each other, to remember, to invent, to act, or to reconnect with ourselves? Find out on Artsper, by exploring the works of Formento & Formento, Naomi Vona, Ahmed Bennani, Chou Ching Hui, Samuel CuetoBrno del ZouRen Hang, Markus + Indrani, Jerome Liebling as well as Annina Roescheisen.

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Fashion on the Street, Paris 1963, Uwe Ommer

Fashion on the Street, Paris 1963

Uwe Ommer

Photography - 50.8 x 40.6 x 0.3 cm

$1,800

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Elisabeth Taylor on the MGM backlot during filming on 'Raintree County'

Bob Willoughby

Photography - 50.8 x 40.6 cm

$1,907

Sphere of Life, #2238, Mixed-Media Collage, Natasha Zupan

Sphere of Life, #2238, Mixed-Media Collage

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$1,600

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Fresco, Apology of Eros, MDC

Almin Zrno

Photography - 70 x 50 x 1 cm

$2,509

Blue Blondie, Mick Rock

Blue Blondie

Mick Rock

Photography - 40 x 40 x 0.1 cm

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S/T de la Serie Callejeros musicales (1)

Sonia Almaguer

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$1,204

Looking for the Masters in Ricardo's Golden Shoes #39 (Tribute to Andreas Feininger), Catherine Balet

Looking for the Masters in Ricardo's Golden Shoes #39 (Tribute to Andreas Feininger)

Catherine Balet

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$903

Sinead O'Connor for Rolling Stone Magazine, London, Sheila Rock

Sinead O'Connor for Rolling Stone Magazine, London

Sheila Rock

Photography - 40.6 x 30.5 cm

$993

Hiding in the city, Paris - n°14, Pharmacy, Liu Bolin

Hiding in the city, Paris - n°14, Pharmacy

Liu Bolin

Photography - 90 x 120 cm

$13,045

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A nous trois avec radio, mallette et montre

Malick Sidibé

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$898

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Treasures of the secret wisdom

Dasha Pears

Photography - 70 x 60 x 0.1 cm

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Untitled (5). From series: Secret Photography - Cliché Verre and Photograms, Eliška Bartek

Untitled (5). From series: Secret Photography - Cliché Verre and Photograms

Eliška Bartek

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I love I 2, John Yuyi

I love I 2

John Yuyi

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Death Art Gallery ( Art Against Smoking ), Thomas Dellert

Death Art Gallery ( Art Against Smoking )

Thomas Dellert

Photography - 40 x 60 x 1 cm

$1,405

Untitled V (Intervened by the artist), Hunter & Gatti

Untitled V (Intervened by the artist)

Hunter & Gatti

Photography - 49.5 x 36.8 x 0.3 cm

$2,000

À contre-jour, Arnaud Ele

À contre-jour

Arnaud Ele

Photography - 118.8 x 84 x 0.1 cm

$1,284

Marisa French Vogue Studios 1970, Anthony Horth

Marisa French Vogue Studios 1970

Anthony Horth

Photography - 30 x 25 x 0.2 cm

$1,200

Fire Hydrant, Harlem, New York City, Leonard Freed

Fire Hydrant, Harlem, New York City

Leonard Freed

Photography - 48.3 x 33 cm

$3,000

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We are new heroines!. Homage to Louise Brooks and Barbara Kruger

Paloma Castello

Photography - 152.4 x 101.6 x 0.3 cm

$3,000

Il va falloir beaucoup d'amour, Monch

Il va falloir beaucoup d'amour

Monch

Photography - 40 x 60 x 1 cm

$953

Collection "Magritte Autrement" / Colombe, Franck Doat

Collection "Magritte Autrement" / Colombe

Franck Doat

Photography - 80 x 60 x 0.4 cm

$2,509

Pigment, sweat and nothing else... III, Gersony Silva

Pigment, sweat and nothing else... III

Gersony Silva

Photography - 120 x 79 x 1 cm

$2,007

Catherine Deneuve on the Set of "Repulsion" (Contact Sheet), Eric Swayne

Catherine Deneuve on the Set of "Repulsion" (Contact Sheet)

Eric Swayne

Photography - 61 x 50.8 cm

$1,606

Need some help ?

What makes a portrait photograph?

A portrait photograph can be a photograph of a person's head and shoulders, but it can also be of an animal or of a different section of the subject's body such as their feet. Portrait photographs in art often tell or hint something about its subject to the viewer, such as an aspect of their personality, but still contain an element of mystery. 

What are the three major types of portrait photography?

The three major types of portrait photography are posed portraits, candid or anonymous portraits, and conceptual portraits. The last type, conceptual or creative portraits, can be experimental and abstract, and may not represent an image close to a traditional portrait.

What are the six styles of portrait photography?

The six main types of portrait photography are fine art portraits, traditional portraits (for example posed portraits taken at school), lifestyle portraits, group portraits, street portraits and glamour portraits.