Samuel Francis

Born in 1923 - United States


Sam Francis was born on June 25, 1923 in San Mateo, California and died on November 4, 1994 in Santa Monica.

Sam Francis studied botany, and the psychology at Berkley.

He was a pilot of the US Air Force and in World War II, when his plane crashed and he suffered a serious spine injury. He is forced to stay in a hospital bed for fours years. This is when he receives a watercolor set and he starts to paint the sky, the clouds and perceptions of light.

In 1946 and 1947 he is still convalescent, but stays with an artistic community, and later on moves with his father. He marries Vera Miller, a childhood friend. After his recovery, Sam Francis studies art at the University of California, between 1948 and 1950.

In 1950, he divorces Vera Miller and moves to Paris with Muriel Goodwin. He stays in France until 1961. He is deeply touched by the work of Monet and Bonnard. He has his first solo show in Paris in 1952, an the Galerie du Dragon.

In 1957 and 1958 he starts to travel around the world and visits the United States, Mexico and Japan. He meets the painter Teruko Yokoi, who becomes his third wife.

Sam Francis works with white backgrounds on which he applies paint stains that drip, surround or free the open space. Marked by the use of color, his painting language is defined by a great creative energy, revealed by colored stains that modulate the space and the surface.

Later on in his career, Sam Francis plays with colors more and more; he covers his canvases, drawings and monotypes in color without worrying about formal issues (these are his ?Instant Paintings?).

Color is the "real substance for me, the real underlying thing which drawing and painting are not ... colors are intensities". (Sam Francis)

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Galerie du Dragon, Paris, (France)

Galerie Rive Droite, Paris, (France)

Martha Jackson Gallery, New York, (USA)
Zoé Duzanne Gallery, Seattle, (USA)
Galerie Rive Droite, Paris, (France)

Zoe Duzanne Gallery, Seattle, (USA)
Gimpel Fils, Londres, (UK)
Galerie Klipsein & Kornfeld, Berne, (Switzerland)
Departement store, Tokyo, (Japan)
Martha Jackson Gallery, New York, , (USA)

The Phillips Gallery, Washington, (USA)
Galerie Alfred Schmela, Dusseldorf, (Germany)
Martha Jackson Gallery, New York, (USA)

Galerie Klipsein & Kornfeld, Berne, (Switzerland)
San Fransisco Museum of Art, (USA)
Zoe Duzanne Gallery, Seattle, (USA)

Galerie Rive Droite, Paris, (France)
Kunsthalle, Berne, (Switzerland)
Galerie de Seine, Paris, (France)
Galerie La Notizie, Turin, (Italy).
David Anderson Gallery, New York, (USA)

David Anderson Gallery, Ohio, (USA)
Galerie Klipstein & Kornfeld, Berne, (Switzerland)
Galerie Alfred Schmela, Dusseldorf, (Germany)
Gres Gallery, Chicago, (USA)
Galleria II Segno, Rome, (Italy)
Mniami Gallery, Tokyo, (Japan)
Galerie Jacques Dubourg, Paris, (France)
Galerie Klipstein & Kornfeld, Berne, (Switzerland)
Graphisches Kabinett Weber, Dusseldorf, (Germany)
Galerie Nachts St. Stephan, Vienne, (Austria)
Grabowski Galerie, Londres, (UK)

Galerie Nachts St. Stephan, Vienne, (Austria)
Galerie D. Benador, Genève, (Switzerland)
Galerie Edwin Engelberts, Genève, (Switzerland)
Bezaliel National Art Museum, Jerusalem, (Israel)
Esther bear Gallery, Santa Barbara, (USA)
Galerie Pauli, Lausanne, (Switzerland)

Kestner Gesellschaft, Hanovre, (Germany)
Martha Jackson Gallery, New York, (USA)

Miami Gallery, Tokyo, (Japan)

Wurttembergischer Kunstverein, Baden-Baden, (Germany)
Arthur Tooth & Sons, Londres, (UK)

San Fransisco Museum of Art, (USA)
The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston, (USA)

Kunsthalle, Bâle, (Switzerland)
Centre National d’art Contemporain, Paris, (France)

Martha Jackson Gallery, New York, (USA)

Albright Knox Art Gallery, Buffalo & New York, (USA)

Idemitsu Art Gallery, Tokyo, (Japan)
Fundacion Eugenio Mendoza, Caracas, (Venezuela)
American Center, Nagoya, (Japan)
Galerie d’art moderne, Bâle, (Switzerland)
The Phillips Collection, Washington, (USA)

Los Angeles, Valley College, Van Nuys, (USA)

Galerie Kornfeld, Zurich, (Switzerland)
Galerie Pudelko, Bonn, (Germany)

Maxwell Davidson Gallery, New York, (USA)
Bois Gallery of Art, Boise, Ohio, (USA)
Institute of Contemporary Art of Boston, (USA)
Foster Goldstrom Fine Arts Inc., Boston, (USA)
Robert Elkon Gallery, New York, (USA)

The Phillips Collection, Washington, (USA)
Asher & Faure Gallery, Los Angeles, (USA)

Ace Gallery, Los Angeles, (USA)

Studio Marconi, Milan, (Italy)
Art Attack Gallery, Boise, Ohio, (USA)

Robert Elkon Gallery, New York, (USA)
Pamela Auchincloss Gallery, Santa Barbara, (USA)

Andre Emmerich Gallery, New York, (USA)
Pavillon des Arts, Paris, (France)

Nantenshi Gallery, Tokyo, (Japan)
Manny Silverman Gallery, Los Angeles, (USA)
Loma Linda University, Riverside, Californie, (USA)

Smith-Anderson Gallery, Palo Alto, Californie, (USA)
Bernard Jacobson Gallery, Londres, (UK)
Galerie Jean Fournier, Paris, (France)
Musée d’Art Moderne, Toyama, Japon, (Japan)

Gallery Ikeda-Bijutsu, Tokyo, (Japan)
Knoedler Gallery, Londres, (UK)

Associated American Artists, New York, (USA)
André Emmerich Gallery, New York, (USA)

Galerie Kornfeld, Berne, (Switzerland)
Angles Gallery, Santa Monica, (USA)
Gagosian Gallery, New York, (USA)

Kunst und austellungder bundesrepublik Deutschland, Bonn, (Germany)
Cohen Gallery, New York, (USA)

Louisiana Museum of modern art, Humlebaeck, (Danemark).

Galerie Nationale du Jeu de Paume, Paris, (France)

Galerie Jean Fournier, Paris, (France)

Musée d’art et d’histoire de Fribourg, (Switzerland)
Guy Peters Gallery, St Paul de Vence ; Gallery Delaive, (Netherlands)

Kunstmuseum, Berne, (Switzerland)

Galerie LC, Paris, (France)

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