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Lithography Print

Lithography is a printing technique which allows for the creation and reproduction of a design drawn in ink or in pencil on a stone (often limestone), using a press. The technique first appeared at the end of the 18th century in Germany and quickly became popular across Europe throughout the 19th century. Although the supports it uses and the way it is used have considerably changed, it is still a commonly used process today. Lithography uses a chemical process which is based on the immiscibility of water and oil. The image is drawn directly onto the stone slate using ink or a wax pencil or ‘transferred’ using transfer paper. The limestone is then moistened and covered with a greasy ink. As the ink is hydrophobic, it only adheres to the lines of the drawing and is repelled by the wet areas. Paper is then applied to the stone slate and pressed.

Over time, this technique was adapted to new supports other than stone, such as zinc and aluminium. In the 19th century in particular, lithography was used for a whole host of different purposes. In newspaper publishing, its quick production rate made it a popular choice for printing news illustrations, where being the first to publish a new story is still a top priority. Lithography is also used for more commercial purposes (stickers, printing sheet music) as well as an artistic form of expression.

We are of course most interested in looking at how this technique has been used artistically. It has two main functions. The first is as an artistic medium; artists like Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec worked with lithography to create several copies of an original piece, whereas other artists use it as a way of copying their works. Highly fashionable at the time, we can still see numerous Art Nouveau and Art Deco inspired lithographs today.

Lithography can produce typographic and artistic creations in a short space of time. It allows artists to reproduce original drawings very easily. It also gives the artist the opportunity to explore an endless number of creative possibilities and explore an infinite array of styles.

In the 20th century, lithography was commonly used to create exhibition posters and by-products which were often created by the artists themselves. Miro and Picasso for example created a large number of posters using this technique.

Today, only artistic lithography remains. In a similar way to photography or engraving, lithographs come in multiple examples. The market value varies depending on the artist’s popularity and the quality of the print, but also depending on the number of copies that exist. It is important for the buyer to know the number attributed to the lithograph and the total number of copies made, as detailed in the ‘certificate of authenticity’ which helps to prevent fraudulent copies.

When looking through the ‘Famous Artists’ category on Artsper, you will find lithographs from some of the 20th century’s biggest names, including (Niki de Saint Phalle, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Jean Cocteau, Victor Vasarely, Salvador Dali, Zao Wou-Ki...) but also from famous contemporary artists such as Hervé Télémaque, Yan Pein Ming and many others. All of the lithographs sold by Artsper have been carefully chosen. Artsper only selects works which come from limited editions with a maximum of 300 examples or which have been signed by the artist.

Collector’s Guide: Collecting Prints

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Antoine Josse, La potomanie du Rouge, Print

Antoine Josse

La potomanie du Rouge, 2021
39.4 x 39.4 x 2 inch
Print

$904

Enki Bilal, Transhumans 2, Print

Enki Bilal

Transhumans 2, 2021
29.9 x 22 inch
Print

$1,928

Joan Miró, Hommage à San Lazzaro, Print

Joan Miró

Hommage à San Lazzaro, 1975
14 x 10.2 inch
Print

$6,027

Raya Sorkine, La mariée aux roses rouges, Print

Raya Sorkine

La mariée aux roses rouges, 1990
7.9 x 5.1 x 0.4 inch
Print

$151

Max Ernst, Hommage à San Lazzaro, Print

Max Ernst

Hommage à San Lazzaro, 1975
14 x 10.2 inch
Print

$2,290

Jean Dubuffet, Affiche - Festival d'automne, Print

Jean Dubuffet

Affiche - Festival d'automne, 1973
27.6 x 20.5 inch
Print

$1,736

Théo Tobiasse, Babylone depuis la dernière aube, Print

Théo Tobiasse

Babylone depuis la dernière aube, 1999
24 x 35.8 x 0 inch
Print

$615

Josep Moscardó, Barcelona, Print

Josep Moscardó

Barcelona, 2021
23.2 x 42.1 inch
Print

$603

Richard Texier, Le guetteur de sens, Print

Richard Texier

Le guetteur de sens, 1955
26 x 19.7 inch
Print

$723

Zao Wou-Ki, Hommage à San Lazzaro, Print

Zao Wou-Ki

Hommage à San Lazzaro, 1975
14 x 10.2 inch
Print

$5,906

Charles Levier, Girl in Blue, Print

Charles Levier

Girl in Blue, 1970
30 x 22 inch
Print

$650

Joan Bennàssar, Profil de femme en bleu, Print

Joan Bennàssar

Profil de femme en bleu, 1997
41.3 x 29.5 x 0 inch
Print

$729

Gustave Singier, Envol, Print

Gustave Singier

Envol, 1971
25.8 x 19.7 inch
Print

$783

Larry Rivers, Carnegie Hall from the Carnegie Hall 100th Anniversary Portfolio, Print

Larry Rivers

Carnegie Hall from the Carnegie Hall 100th Anniversary Portfolio, 1990
57 x 40 inch
Print

$6,000

Yaacov Agam, Dyptique rencontre, Print

Yaacov Agam

Dyptique rencontre, 2011
18.1 x 10.1 x 0.7 inch
Print

$6,509

Mark Kostabi, Factory, Print

Mark Kostabi

Factory, 1985
22.25 x 30 inch
Print

$2,500

Henry Moore, Hommage à San Lazzaro, Print

Henry Moore

Hommage à San Lazzaro, 1975
10.2 x 14 inch
Print

$2,290

Al Hirschfeld, Josephine Baker in Paris - Chez Josephine, Print

Al Hirschfeld

Josephine Baker in Paris - Chez Josephine, 2003
27 x 21 inch
Print

$2,500

Alfred Manessier, L'enfant dans la cité des ombres, Print

Alfred Manessier

L'enfant dans la cité des ombres, 1978
15 x 11.2 inch
Print

$362

Graham Sutherland, Hommage à San Lazzaro, Print

Graham Sutherland

Hommage à San Lazzaro, 1975
14 x 10.2 inch
Print

$1,446

Nissan Engel, Carnaval, Print

Nissan Engel

Carnaval, 1931
31.7 x 15.7 inch
Print

$422

Jean-Michel Atlan, Sans Titre, Print

Jean-Michel Atlan

Sans Titre, 1959
21.9 x 17.5 inch
Print

$1,446

Pierre Risch, Le secret, Print

Pierre Risch

Le secret, 1943
19.7 x 26 inch
Print

$121

Michèle Battut, Venise, Print

Michèle Battut

Venise, 1946
28.9 x 35.4 inch
Print

$217

Martin Bigum, Multiple, Print

Martin Bigum

Multiple, 2021
11 x 8.3 inch
Print

$163

Jacques Lipchitz, Hommage à Picasso, Print

Jacques Lipchitz

Hommage à Picasso, 1973
30.9 x 22.6 inch
Print

$422

Jean-Michel Noquet, Sur la côte Normande, Print

Jean-Michel Noquet

Sur la côte Normande, 1950
23.8 x 31.9 inch
Print

$145

Osanne Nègre, Bocage aux limosas, Print

Osanne Nègre

Bocage aux limosas, 1934
25.6 x 19.7 inch
Print

$181

Michel Bez, Voiliers, Print

Michel Bez

Voiliers, 1951
21.3 x 29.9 inch
Print

$229

Sylvie Riclet, Bouquet de lys, Print

Sylvie Riclet

Bouquet de lys, 1959
25.6 x 18.9 inch
Print

$121

George Braque, "Lettera Amorosa" : Le rapace, Print

George Braque

"Lettera Amorosa" : Le rapace, 1963
15 x 11 inch
Print

$4,580

Our recommendations Miss Tic, Dans nos jardins secrets le désir se crée, Print

Miss Tic

Dans nos jardins secrets le désir se crée, 2015
25.6 x 36.2 inch
Print

$747

JR, Giants, Miguel, Casa Amarela, Morro da Providência, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2018,, Print

JR

Giants, Miguel, Casa Amarela, Morro da Providência, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2018,, 2019
18.1 x 14.2 inch
Print

$1,341

Arman, Violons bleus, Print

Arman

Violons bleus, 2000
29.7 x 23.2 x 0.1 inch
Print

$1,687

Felipe Pantone, Integration System P01 FP377YYF, Print

Felipe Pantone

Integration System P01 FP377YYF, 2019
25.2 x 25.2 inch
Print

$2,411

Pablo Picasso, Nature Morte au Pot de Grès, Print

Pablo Picasso

Nature Morte au Pot de Grès, 1947
19.7 x 25.6 x 0 inch
Print

$11,450

Our recommendations Egon Schiele, La Mère et l'Enfant / The Mother & the Child (Edith Schiele and nephew / Edith Schiele und Neffe / Edith Schiele et son neveu) - 1915, Print

Egon Schiele

La Mère et l'Enfant / The Mother & the Child (Edith Schiele and nephew / Edith Schiele und Neffe / Edith Schiele et son neveu) - 1915, 2014
29.9 x 21.3 inch
Print

$874

Our recommendations Hervé Di Rosa, Figure bleue, Print

Hervé Di Rosa

Figure bleue, 2014
20.1 x 14.6 inch
Print

$337

Didier Lourenço, Rocas, Print

Didier Lourenço

Rocas, 2006
15.7 x 38.2 inch
Print

$699

Antoni Tapies, Untitled - Berlin Suite, Print

Antoni Tapies

Untitled - Berlin Suite, 1974
29.9 x 22 x 0 inch
Print

$2,290

Eduardo Arroyo, Enterrement du Mexique, Print

Eduardo Arroyo

Enterrement du Mexique, 2016
6.1 x 8.5 inch
Print

$362

Ernest Pignon-Ernest, Etude de Fille, Print

Ernest Pignon-Ernest

Etude de Fille, 1998
10.2 x 14.2 x 0.4 inch
Print

$1,446

Brusk (DMV), Bullet In Your Mouth, Print

Brusk (DMV)

Bullet In Your Mouth, 2019
38.6 x 29.9 inch
Print

$804

Our recommendations Alexander Calder, Les oeufs hors le nid, Print

Alexander Calder

Les oeufs hors le nid, 1976
19.3 x 26 inch
Print

$4,219

Toctoc, Février 2104, Print

Toctoc

Février 2104, 2020
35.4 x 27.6 x 0.4 inch
Print

$542

Louis Toffoli, Jérusalem, Print

Louis Toffoli

Jérusalem, 1996
24.8 x 35.4 inch
Print

$904

Stoul, Coffret Figure - Stoul, Print

Stoul

Coffret Figure - Stoul, 2014
13.6 x 10.8 inch
Print

$1,928

Our recommendations Guy Denning, Paradis est ici, Print

Guy Denning

Paradis est ici, 2015
25.6 x 36.2 inch
Print

$337

Romero Britto, The Pink Elephant, Print

Romero Britto

The Pink Elephant, 2017
35.4 x 28.3 inch
Print

$1,171

Wifredo Lam, Demoiselle Blasonnée, Print

Wifredo Lam

Demoiselle Blasonnée, 1974
25.6 x 19.7 x 0.1 inch
Print

$964

Our recommendations Henri Matisse, Nu assis dans un fauteuil, une jambe repliée, Print

Henri Matisse

Nu assis dans un fauteuil, une jambe repliée, 1922
15.3 x 10.1 x 0 inch
Print

$24,709

Paul Jenkins, Sans titre, Print

Paul Jenkins

Sans titre, 1991
8.3 x 5.9 inch
Print

$603

Troy Henriksen, Paysage urbain - FRAMED, Print

Troy Henriksen

Paysage urbain - FRAMED, 2012
25.6 x 19.7 inch
Print

$458

Olivier  Masmonteil, Paysage 2017 (Hawea. NZ), Print

Olivier Masmonteil

Paysage 2017 (Hawea. NZ), 2017
31.2 x 23.8 x 0 inch
Print

$723

Bernard Buffet, Les moulins, Print

Bernard Buffet

Les moulins, 1953
15 x 21.9 inch
Print

$2,109

Bom.K, Urban Kontortion, Print

Bom.K

Urban Kontortion, 2015
35.4 x 26.4 inch
Print

$741

Gregos, Coffret Figure, Print

Gregos

Coffret Figure, 2014
13.6 x 10.8 inch
Print

$1,928

Ivan Rabuzin, Flowers in Landscape, Print

Ivan Rabuzin

Flowers in Landscape, 1990
29.9 x 22 x 0 inch
Print

$362

Our recommendations Jean-Charles De Castelbajac, Un monde riant, Print

Jean-Charles De Castelbajac

Un monde riant, 2017
35 x 23.8 inch
Print

$776

Our recommendations Edvard Munch, Le Cri / The Scream / Geschrei - 1895, Print

Edvard Munch

Le Cri / The Scream / Geschrei - 1895, 2017
25.6 x 19.3 inch
Print

$783

Hom Nguyen, Human, Print

Hom Nguyen

Human, 2020
48 x 31.5 x 1.2 inch
Print

$3,194

Lidia Masllorens, Untitled, Print

Lidia Masllorens

Untitled, 2019
57.5 x 59.1 x 0.4 inch
Print

$5,785

François Avril, Bretagne - Vert, Print

François Avril

Bretagne - Vert, 2018
25.2 x 35.6 inch
Print

$542

Nicola Simbari, On the Beach, Print

Nicola Simbari

On the Beach, 1977
28.3 x 39.1 x 0 inch
Print

$603

60 Artworks on 5324

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