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Lithography Print

Lithography is a printing technique which allows for the creation and reproduction of a design drawn in ink or in pencil on a stone (often limestone), using a press. The technique first appeared at the end of the 18th century in Germany and quickly became popular across Europe throughout the 19th century. Although the supports it uses and the way it is used have considerably changed, it is still a commonly used process today. Lithography uses a chemical process which is based on the immiscibility of water and oil. The image is drawn directly onto the stone slate using ink or a wax pencil or ‘transferred’ using transfer paper. The limestone is then moistened and covered with a greasy ink. As the ink is hydrophobic, it only adheres to the lines of the drawing and is repelled by the wet areas. Paper is then applied to the stone slate and pressed.

Over time, this technique was adapted to new supports other than stone, such as zinc and aluminium. In the 19th century in particular, lithography was used for a whole host of different purposes. In newspaper publishing, its quick production rate made it a popular choice for printing news illustrations, where being the first to publish a new story is still a top priority. Lithography is also used for more commercial purposes (stickers, printing sheet music) as well as an artistic form of expression.

We are of course most interested in looking at how this technique has been used artistically. It has two main functions. The first is as an artistic medium; artists like Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec worked with lithography to create several copies of an original piece, whereas other artists use it as a way of copying their works. Highly fashionable at the time, we can still see numerous Art Nouveau and Art Deco inspired lithographs today.

Lithography can produce typographic and artistic creations in a short space of time. It allows artists to reproduce original drawings very easily. It also gives the artist the opportunity to explore an endless number of creative possibilities and explore an infinite array of styles.

In the 20th century, lithography was commonly used to create exhibition posters and by-products which were often created by the artists themselves. Miro and Picasso for example created a large number of posters using this technique.

Today, only artistic lithography remains. In a similar way to photography or engraving, lithographs come in multiple examples. The market value varies depending on the artist’s popularity and the quality of the print, but also depending on the number of copies that exist. It is important for the buyer to know the number attributed to the lithograph and the total number of copies made, as detailed in the ‘certificate of authenticity’ which helps to prevent fraudulent copies.

When looking through the ‘Famous Artists’ category on Artsper, you will find lithographs from some of the 20th century’s biggest names, including (Niki de Saint Phalle, Andy Warhol, Roy Lichtenstein, Jean Cocteau, Victor Vasarely, Salvador Dali, Zao Wou-Ki...) but also from famous contemporary artists such as Hervé Télémaque, Yan Pein Ming and many others. All of the lithographs sold by Artsper have been carefully chosen. Artsper only selects works which come from limited editions with a maximum of 300 examples or which have been signed by the artist.

Collector’s Guide: Collecting Prints

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Takashi Murakami, The Nether World, Print

Takashi Murakami

The Nether World, 2020
23.6 x 23.6 inch


JR, Giants, Miguel, Casa Amarela, Morro da Providência, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2018,, Print


Giants, Miguel, Casa Amarela, Morro da Providência, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 2018,, 2019
18.1 x 14.2 inch


Salvador Dali, The Music from the series The Arts, Print

Salvador Dali

The Music from the series The Arts, 1980
27.6 x 19.7 x 0 inch


Chiho Aoshima, City Glow, Print

Chiho Aoshima

City Glow, 2005
26.8 x 26.8 inch


Arman, Jaw, Print


Jaw, 1977
22 x 16.9 inch


Hans Hartung, L1977-4, Print

Hans Hartung

L1977-4, 1977
20.5 x 15.7 inch


Roland Topor, Ciel ouvert, Print

Roland Topor

Ciel ouvert, 1970
25.6 x 18.9 x 0 inch


Roger Mühl, Le Pin, Print

Roger Mühl

Le Pin, 1980
16.1 x 15 inch


Alexander Calder, Black lines, Print

Alexander Calder

Black lines, 1975
22 x 30 inch


Josep Guinovart, Chicago, Print

Josep Guinovart

Chicago, 1978
29.9 x 22 x 0 inch


Andrei Sorel (Florea), Le violoniste, Print

Andrei Sorel (Florea)

Le violoniste, 1998
29.9 x 22.4 inch


Our recommendations Jérôme Mesnager, Quel cirque !, Print

Jérôme Mesnager

Quel cirque !, 2015
25.6 x 36.2 inch


André Lanskoy, Bleu composition, Print

André Lanskoy

Bleu composition, 1965
25.7 x 19.8 x 0.1 inch


John Piper, Saints, Print

John Piper

Saints, 1975
28.5 x 20.7 x 0 inch


Wenbo Chen, Vitamin Z, Print

Wenbo Chen

Vitamin Z, 2000
41.3 x 29.5 inch


Our recommendations Gustav Klimt, Lovers - 1904/1905, Print

Gustav Klimt

Lovers - 1904/1905, 2018
25.6 x 19.7 inch


Our recommendations Egon Schiele, Portrait de Gerti / Portrait of Gerti Schiele (Gerti Schiele in a Plaid Garment) - 1909, Print

Egon Schiele

Portrait de Gerti / Portrait of Gerti Schiele (Gerti Schiele in a Plaid Garment) - 1909, 2013
35.4 x 17.7 inch


Ernest Pignon-Ernest, Etude de jeune fille, Print

Ernest Pignon-Ernest

Etude de jeune fille, 1998
23.6 x 31.5 x 0.4 inch


Our recommendations Felipe Pantone, Subtractive Variability P 3, Print

Felipe Pantone

Subtractive Variability P 3, 2020
39.4 x 27.6 inch


Didier Lourenço, Rocas, Print

Didier Lourenço

Rocas, 2006
15.7 x 38.2 inch


Louis Toffoli, Synthèse, Print

Louis Toffoli

Synthèse, 1994
29.9 x 22 inch


Gregos, Figure Gregos, Print


Figure Gregos, 2014
20.1 x 14.6 inch


Franck Noto a.k.a. Zest, Toy, Print

Franck Noto a.k.a. Zest

Toy, 2017
31.1 x 27.6 inch


Brusk (DMV), Bullet In Your Mouth, Print

Brusk (DMV)

Bullet In Your Mouth, 2019
38.6 x 29.9 inch


Zevs, Euro liquidated, Print


Euro liquidated, 2016
42.1 x 26 inch


Toctoc, Février 2104, Print


Février 2104, 2020
35.4 x 27.6 x 0.4 inch


Antoine Josse, Du feu sur la Plaine, Print

Antoine Josse

Du feu sur la Plaine, 2020
19.7 x 19.7 x 0.4 inch


Hom Nguyen, Old man, Print

Hom Nguyen

Old man, 2020
48 x 31.5 x 1.2 inch

2,500 - $ 5,000

Mist, Age Of Tomorrow, Print


Age Of Tomorrow, 2015
31.5 x 22 inch


Our recommendations Jean-Charles De Castelbajac, Un monde riant, Print

Jean-Charles De Castelbajac

Un monde riant, 2017
35 x 23.8 inch


Corneille, Bleu, Print


Bleu, 2008
13.8 x 10.6 x 0.4 inch


Vladimir Velickovic, 26ème Trophée Lancôme, Print

Vladimir Velickovic

26ème Trophée Lancôme, 1995
29.5 x 21.3 inch


Troy Henriksen, Paysage urbain - FRAMED, Print

Troy Henriksen

Paysage urbain - FRAMED, 2012
25.6 x 19.7 inch


Kan, London, Print


London, 2015
27.2 x 18.9 inch


Jean-Paul Agosti, Canopée, Print

Jean-Paul Agosti

Canopée, 2002
13.4 x 10.6 inch


Tanc, Sea Scape, Print


Sea Scape, 2019
39.4 x 30.7 inch


Paxal, Douce France, Print


Douce France, 2021
27.6 x 27.6 inch


Jacques Monory, Meurtre n°5, Print

Jacques Monory

Meurtre n°5, 2014
35.2 x 23.6 inch


Regina Gimenez, Sin título 1, Print

Regina Gimenez

Sin título 1, 2018
56.3 x 40.6 inch


Our recommendations Alexandre Monteiro (Hopare), Comportement Ultra, Print

Alexandre Monteiro (Hopare)

Comportement Ultra, 2019
28.7 x 20.9 x 0.4 inch


Luke Newton, Crayons not colts, Print

Luke Newton

Crayons not colts, 2015
19.7 x 27.6 inch


Eduardo Arroyo, Enterrement du Mexique, Print

Eduardo Arroyo

Enterrement du Mexique, 2016
6.1 x 8.5 inch


Stoul, Coffret Figure - Stoul, Print


Coffret Figure - Stoul, 2014
13.6 x 10.8 inch


Edvard Munch, La Madone / Madonna - 1895, Print

Edvard Munch

La Madone / Madonna - 1895, 2017
29.9 x 22.4 inch


Lidia Masllorens, Untitled, Print

Lidia Masllorens

Untitled, 2019
57.5 x 59.1 x 0.4 inch


Our recommendations Barthélémy Toguo, Take a Green Breath, Print

Barthélémy Toguo

Take a Green Breath, 2017
47.2 x 63 inch


Faith XLVII, Liberté Egalité Fraternité I, Print


Liberté Egalité Fraternité I, 2019
32.7 x 23.6 inch


Sam Francis, Untitled (SF-267), Print

Sam Francis

Untitled (SF-267), 1982
42.1 x 29.9 inch


Françoise Pétrovitch, Se Coiffer, Print

Françoise Pétrovitch

Se Coiffer, 2016
47.2 x 63 x 0 inch


Le CyKlop, Irène, Print

Le CyKlop

Irène, 2019
18.5 x 14.6 inch


Brecht Evens, Piscine des Rigoles, Print

Brecht Evens

Piscine des Rigoles, 2018
25.2 x 36 inch


François Avril, L'Aube, Print

François Avril

L'Aube, 2017
25.4 x 35.6 inch


Kasimir Malevitch, Réalité peinte d'un joueur de football / Painterly Realism of a Football Player - 1915, Print

Kasimir Malevitch

Réalité peinte d'un joueur de football / Painterly Realism of a Football Player - 1915, 2018
35.4 x 24.2 inch


Ludo, 344, Print


344, 2014
21.7 x 23.6 inch


Pichi & Avo, The birth of a new myth, Print

Pichi & Avo

The birth of a new myth, 2018
23.6 x 26.8 inch


Philippe Cognée, Casablanca II, Print

Philippe Cognée

Casablanca II, 2003
9.8 x 12.8 inch


Miguel Ángel Belinchón Bujes Belin, Natalia, Print

Miguel Ángel Belinchón Bujes Belin

Natalia, 2017
46.1 x 30.7 inch


Smash137, Steel Blue, Print


Steel Blue, 2014
31.7 x 23.2 inch


Léon Spilliaert, Vertige, l'escalier magique 1908 / Vertigo, Magic Staircase 1908, Print

Léon Spilliaert

Vertige, l'escalier magique 1908 / Vertigo, Magic Staircase 1908, 2018
29.9 x 22.8 inch


Jessica Das, Felix Maximus 1, Print

Jessica Das

Felix Maximus 1, 2014
25.6 x 19.7 inch


Léonard Foujita, Anniversaire / Anniversary, Print

Léonard Foujita

Anniversaire / Anniversary, 2015
28.3 x 24 inch


Mister Pee, Crise d'arborescence, Print

Mister Pee

Crise d'arborescence, 2019
18.5 x 14.6 inch


Kenny Scharf, Sloppy Melt, Print

Kenny Scharf

Sloppy Melt, 2018
25.2 x 35.4 inch


Our recommendations Pablo Picasso, Les Déjeuners, Print

Pablo Picasso

Les Déjeuners, 1962
11.4 x 15.4 inch


60 Artworks on 4753

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