Masters of Modern Art

Profil du temps, Salvador Dali

Profil du temps

Salvador Dali

Sculpture - 20.1 x 13.8 x 13.8 inch


Operenccia, Victor Vasarely


Victor Vasarely

Painting - 40 x 66 x 1 inch


She is Haunted by a Spirit (Manu Tupapau), Paul Gauguin

She is Haunted by a Spirit (Manu Tupapau)

Paul Gauguin

Print - 10.2 x 16.7 x 0 inch


Poems 6, Antoni Tapies

Poems 6

Antoni Tapies

Print - 29.9 x 22 inch


Farandole 7, Hans Hartung

Farandole 7

Hans Hartung

Print - 19.3 x 29.1 inch


Journal d'un graveur 5, Joan Miró

Journal d'un graveur 5

Joan Miró

Print - 22.8 x 17.7 inch


Paris Vector 06, Hervé Di Rosa

Paris Vector 06

Hervé Di Rosa

Print - 49.6 x 40.2 inch


2 trames de tirets-positif, François Morellet

2 trames de tirets-positif

François Morellet

Print - 24.4 x 24.4 inch


Portrait de Constantin Tacou, Alexander Calder

Portrait de Constantin Tacou

Alexander Calder

Print - 19.3 x 13.4 inch


Untitled - 4, Man Ray

Untitled - 4

Man Ray

Print - 19.3 x 13.6 inch


Boy Toy, Erró

Boy Toy


Print - 33.1 x 24.4 x 0.8 inch


Dice, Alexander Calder


Alexander Calder

Painting - 37 x 51 x 1 inch


Farandole 3, Hans Hartung

Farandole 3

Hans Hartung

Print - 19.3 x 29.1 inch


Untitled - 1, Man Ray

Untitled - 1

Man Ray

Print - 19.3 x 13.6 inch


Pi rococo 1=30°, François Morellet

Pi rococo 1=30°

François Morellet

Print - 11.4 x 13 x 0.4 inch


Caura-4, Carlos Cruz-Diez


Carlos Cruz-Diez

Print - 23.6 x 27.6 inch


Preparatifs d'Oiseau, Joan Miró

Preparatifs d'Oiseau

Joan Miró

Print - 28 x 32 inch


SE 7 fond jaune, Peter Klasen

SE 7 fond jaune

Peter Klasen

Print - 39.4 x 29.9 inch


Manette/G/fond rouge, Peter Klasen

Manette/G/fond rouge

Peter Klasen

Print - 24 x 19.7 inch


Europe - L'Europe pont des civilisations, Jean Cocteau

Europe - L'Europe pont des civilisations

Jean Cocteau

Print - 13 x 18.1 inch


Jeannie's Backyard, East Hampton, Tom Wesselmann

Jeannie's Backyard, East Hampton

Tom Wesselmann

Print - 59 x 72 x 2 inch


Iago, Charles Lapicque


Charles Lapicque

Print - 22.4 x 15 inch


La fleur et l’oiseau, Corneille

La fleur et l’oiseau


Print - 29.9 x 39.4 inch


Le doux félin de l’été, Corneille

Le doux félin de l’été


Print - 43.3 x 29.9 inch


Santa Klaus 3, Alexander Calder

Santa Klaus 3

Alexander Calder

Print - 20.1 x 26.4 inch


Nu couché II, Jean Fautrier

Nu couché II

Jean Fautrier

Print - 15 x 22.4 inch


Lithographie n°3, Corneille

Lithographie n°3


Print - 15 x 11 inch


Lithographie n°2, Corneille

Lithographie n°2


Print - 15 x 11 inch


Journal D'Un Graveur - Vol. 3 Plate 16, Joan Miró

Journal D'Un Graveur - Vol. 3 Plate 16

Joan Miró

Print - 22.4 x 17.9 x 0.1 inch


Bibliothèque nationale, Max Ernst

Bibliothèque nationale

Max Ernst

Print - 20.5 x 16.9 inch


Série glitter brillant, Robert Combas

Série glitter brillant

Robert Combas

Painting - 15.7 x 23.6 x 0.4 inch


50 rue Turbigo, Jacques Villeglé

50 rue Turbigo

Jacques Villeglé

Print - 37 x 30.7 inch


Etude de fresque, Fernand Léger

Etude de fresque

Fernand Léger

Print - 20.5 x 40.6 inch


Flower Magician, Salvador Dali

Flower Magician

Salvador Dali

Print - 30 x 22 inch


La marchande des quatre saisons, Fernand Léger

La marchande des quatre saisons

Fernand Léger

Print - 26.8 x 20.9 x 1.2 inch


Lewis Carroll's Wunderhorn 28, Max Ernst

Lewis Carroll's Wunderhorn 28

Max Ernst

Print - 13 x 9.8 inch


Skull, Otto Dix


Otto Dix

Print - 10.8 x 7.7 x 0.1 inch


Thinking about Degas, Serghei Ghetiu

Thinking about Degas

Serghei Ghetiu

Painting - 29.5 x 23.6 x 0.8 inch


La nouvelle chute de l'Amérique : Une Fenêtre ouverte sur Chicago, Roy Lichtenstein

La nouvelle chute de l'Amérique : Une Fenêtre ouverte sur Chicago

Roy Lichtenstein

Print - 20 x 14.9 inch


Le Satyricon, André Derain

Le Satyricon

André Derain

Print - 17.4 x 13.2 inch


Masters of Modern Art

Not to be confused with contemporary art, the term "modern art" refers to works produced between the late nineteenth and the mid-twentieth century. In response to growing urbanisation, artists rejected the aesthetics of art movements from previous centuries and began to leave more room for creativity in their paintings. The modern art period saw the emergence of Cubism, Surrealism, Dadaism, Abstract Expressionism and many other key movements.

Modern art began with Impressionism and finished with Abstract Expressionism, witnessing the development of several very important and very different art movements. The status of artists changed radically during this period, placing the great modern masters at the forefront of the art world. Artsper invites you to follow modern art's journey through the years, and discover the 20th century artists that permanently changed the way we see the world.

Claude Monet's 1872 Impressionist painting, Impression, Sunrise, is widely regarded as the catalyst for the modern art period, as it rejects the strict rules of academic art. Other artists such as Renoir, Degas and Manet quickly followed suit, causing Impressionism to dominate France's artistic scene. This was until the arrival of post-Impressionism at the end of the century. Van Gogh, Cézanne and Gauguin lead the post-Impressionist movement, captivating viewers with their colourful, inspiring and never seen before paintings.

Henri Matisse and André Derain made up the avant-garde groupe of the 20th century through their introduction of Fauvism. Although they dismissed the idea that art should depict reality, they equally used the world around them as a source of inspiration. Their expressive, multicoloured and energetic paintings played with light and highlighted individual experience.

Shortly after the First World War, painters in Germany and Austria adopted a more experimental approach to art, known today as Expressionism. They took the traits from other art movements and adapted them, resulting in artists depicting the world from a subjective perspective whilst using garish colours and tones.  

Cubism was probably the most influential movement in the modern art period. Its transition toward abstraction revolutionised not only painting and sculpture, but also music and literature. Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso began the movement in 1907, where they analysed objects, figures and landscapes before breaking them up and reassembling them into abstract compositions. This allowed the artists to depict multiple viewpoints in their work, and present their subject in a wider and more truthful context. Geometric shapes and an infinite palette of colours make up the Cubist movement, highlighting the details that would otherwise go unnoticed.  

The 1920s saw the introduction of Surrealism, where artists like Salvador Dali, Max Ernst, Man Ray, Joan Miro and René Magritte used dreams and the unconscious mind to create psychedelic and whimsical artworks.

Finally Jackson Pollock, Mark Rothko and Willem de Kooning paved the way with Abstract Expressionism. A movement that was not only focussed on colour, but actually considered the process of creation itself, with new artistic techniques such as dripping and pouring.

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