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Andy Warhol

Born in: 1928

United States

Artiste célèbre

Biography

Born on August 6, 1928, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Andy Warhol (whose real name was Andrew Warhola) started his career as an ad illustrator. He was the son of Czech immigrants and began studying design in 1945 at the Carnegie Institute of Technology in Pittsburgh, where he discovered advertising. He worked for magazines such as Glamour, Vogue, The New Yorker, Harper' s Bazaar. he changed his name to Warhol. An excentric socialite, Andy Warhol revolutionized contemporary art. A leading figure of pop art, he was one of the first artists to understand the importance of images in the consumer society.

Warhol ventured into a wide variety of art forms, including performance art, filmmaking, video installations and writing, and controversially blurred the lines between fine art and mainstream aesthetics. Warhol died on February 22, 1987, in New York City.

More than twenty years after his death, Andy Warhol remains one of the most influential figures in contemporary art and culture. Warhol’s life and work inspires creative thinkers worldwide thanks to his enduring imagery, his artfully cultivated celebrity, and the ongoing research of dedicated scholars. His impact as an artist is far deeper and greater than his one prescient observation that “everyone will be world famous for fifteen minutes.” His omnivorous curiosity resulted in an enormous body of work that spanned every available medium and most importantly contributed to the collapse of boundaries between high and low culture.

The artist moved to New York in 1949 and soon became a successful advertising artist. Around the middle of the 1950s the artist began making his shoe drawings, the details of which are supposed to represent typical features of famous personalities. In 1959 he designed wrapping paper together with Nathan Gluck, which was printed with hand-made stamps. Warhol began making his comic-strip figures, such as Batman, Dick Tracy and Superman at the beginning of the 1960s, which were soon followed by his first portraits of Elvis and Marilyn as well as "Disaster", his "Do it Yourself" pictures and the Campbell's soup cans as icons of the American world of consumption.

These silk-screen prints were exhibited in 1962 in the New York Stable Gallery and soon led to the artist's comet-like rise to fame. The artificiality of the consumer world became the artistic motto of Warhol and his assistants, who worked and lived together in the "Factory", Warhol's studio. This was where he produced his series covering the entire range of every-day-life and triviality, such as Coca Cola bottles or Dollar notes.

Towards the end of the 1960s Warhol began concentrating on films, the theatre and multimedia happenings with the band "The Velvet Underground" - to him merely an extension of the painting medium. He also founded the journal "Interview". Warhol survived an attempted assassination by Valerie Solanas in 1968 in which he was shot and severely wounded. Warhol returned to painting as a medium in the 1970s and then collaborated with Jean-Michel Basquiat and Francesco Clemente and produced the TV programme "Andy Warhol Television". Warhol is one of the most important members of Pop Art, who radically changed the perception of art and aesthetic with his works by varying the idea of Pop in his artistic work.

By abandoning the claim for originality and creativity he was a precursor of later tendencies in the development of art: series instead of individuality was his motto. During his last years Warhol supported other artists like Keith Haring or Robert Mapplethorpe. After his death, his hometown Pittsburgh in Pennsylvania opened the 'Andy Warhol Museum' in his honor.

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    Tags
  • Painting

  • Painting Pop Art

  • Print

  • Print Pop Art

  • Print Portrait

  • Painting Watercolor

  • Print Lithography

  • Print Screen print

  • Sculpture

  • Sculpture Textile

  • Print Digital print

  • American Artist

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Andy Warhol, Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands, Print

Andy Warhol

Queen Beatrix of the Netherlands, 1985
121.9 x 101.6 x 2.5 cm
Print

€46 433

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