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Max Ernst

Max Ernst

Germany • Born in: 1891

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Max Ernst is a German painter and sculptor born in 1891 in Brühl and who died in 1976 in Paris. The son of painter Philipp Ernst, he began studying philosophy at the University of Bonn in 1909, but quickly abandoned this in order to devote himself to art. In 1911, he met the members of the Blaue Reiter group with whom he exhibited two years later.

Between 1909 and 1913, his early paintings were inspired by expressionism, then later became more surreal. In 1913, he left for Paris and met Guillaume Apollinaire and Robert Delaunay. The First World War then spread through Europe and Max Ernst found a common desire for protest among his colleagues in the Dada movement. He then actively participated in the Dada movement in Cologne, which became an important centre for the movement. Paul Klee and Marcel Duchamp were marked influences on his works at this time.

In 1929, he discovered De Chirico's metaphysical painting, and became Paul Eluard's friend in 1921. He then explored dream painting in a fantastically realist style. In 1925, he invented the technique of 'frottage' (rubbing), where he would let his pencil move over a piece of paper placed on various surfaces, allowing mysterious patterns to appear at random. Over the course of his many travels, he also made collages and later tried his hand at sculpture.

In 1945, Max Ernst fled from Europe to New York where he continued his art with Marc Chagall and Marcel Duchamp while also contributing to the birth of abstract expressionism. However, he returned to France in the 1950s and after receiving a prize at the Venice Biennale, he was excluded from the surrealist movement. The Max Ernst Museum with 300 of his works opened in Brühl in 2005 and many exhibitions are dedicated to him, notably in Paris.

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Max Ernst, C'est bien, Print

Max Ernst

C'est bien, 1972 15 x 11 inch Print

£864

Max Ernst, Relief en bronze VIII, Sculpture

Max Ernst

Relief en bronze VIII, 1970 13.5 x 15.4 x 0.1 inch Sculpture

£5,187

Max Ernst, Fin, Print

Max Ernst

Fin, 1972 15 x 11 inch Print

£864

Max Ernst, Sans-titre, Print

Max Ernst

Sans-titre, 1972 15 x 11 inch Print

£864

Max Ernst, Sans-titre, Print

Max Ernst

Sans-titre, 1972 15 x 11 inch Print

£864

Max Ernst, Sans-titre, Print

Max Ernst

Sans-titre, 1972 15 x 11 inch Print

£864

Max Ernst, Relief en bronze X, Sculpture

Max Ernst

Relief en bronze X, 1970 14.6 x 12.5 x 0.1 inch Sculpture

£5,187

Max Ernst, Untitled, Print

Max Ernst

Untitled, 1970 20.9 x 15 x 0.1 inch Print

£1,210

Our recommendations Max Ernst, Dent Prompte, Print

Max Ernst

Dent Prompte, 1963 17 x 14 x 1 inch Print

£1,820

Max Ernst, Fureur, tu me traites comme la tristesse, Print

Max Ernst

Fureur, tu me traites comme la tristesse, 1969 20.5 x 17 x 1 inch Print

£2,482

Max Ernst, Par dessus les moulins, Print

Max Ernst

Par dessus les moulins, 1974 21.5 x 14.8 inch Print

£683

Max Ernst, Lieux Commun - Portfolio, Print

Max Ernst

Lieux Commun - Portfolio, 1971 20.5 x 14.6 x 0.8 inch Print

£2,075

Max Ernst, Mur et Soleil, Print

Max Ernst

Mur et Soleil, 1970 28.3 x 20.9 x 0.1 inch Print

£951 £856

Max Ernst, Hommage à Marcel Duchamp, Print

Max Ernst

Hommage à Marcel Duchamp, 1974 8.3 x 6.3 x 0.4 inch Print

£864

Max Ernst, Danseuses, Print

Max Ernst

Danseuses, 1950 22.2 x 15.2 x 0.1 inch Print

£3,285

Max Ernst, Hibou, Print

Max Ernst

Hibou, 1955 22 x 15 x 3.9 inch Print

£5,014

Max Ernst, Après-moi le XX° siècle, Print

Max Ernst

Après-moi le XX° siècle, 1971 20.1 x 13.2 x 0 inch Print

£3,285

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Who is the artist?

Max Ernst is a German painter and sculptor born in 1891 in Brühl and who died in 1976 in Paris. The son of painter Philipp Ernst, he began studying philosophy at the University of Bonn in 1909, but quickly abandoned this in order to devote himself to art. In 1911, he met the members of the Blaue Reiter group with whom he exhibited two years later.

Between 1909 and 1913, his early paintings were inspired by expressionism, then later became more surreal. In 1913, he left for Paris and met Guillaume Apollinaire and Robert Delaunay. The First World War then spread through Europe and Max Ernst found a common desire for protest among his colleagues in the Dada movement. He then actively participated in the Dada movement in Cologne, which became an important centre for the movement. Paul Klee and Marcel Duchamp were marked influences on his works at this time.

In 1929, he discovered De Chirico's metaphysical painting, and became Paul Eluard's friend in 1921. He then explored dream painting in a fantastically realist style. In 1925, he invented the technique of 'frottage' (rubbing), where he would let his pencil move over a piece of paper placed on various surfaces, allowing mysterious patterns to appear at random. Over the course of his many travels, he also made collages and later tried his hand at sculpture.

In 1945, Max Ernst fled from Europe to New York where he continued his art with Marc Chagall and Marcel Duchamp while also contributing to the birth of abstract expressionism. However, he returned to France in the 1950s and after receiving a prize at the Venice Biennale, he was excluded from the surrealist movement. The Max Ernst Museum with 300 of his works opened in Brühl in 2005 and many exhibitions are dedicated to him, notably in Paris.

What is Max Ernst’s artistic movement?

The artistic movements of the artists are: Surrealist Artists

When was Max Ernst born?

The year of birth of the artist is: 1891