Robert Delaunay

Born in 1885 - France


Robert Delaunay is a French painter born in 1985 in Paris, and died in 1941 in Montpellier. He left high school when he was 17, to join the studio of theater designer Eugène Ronsin. He learned painting besides his uncle, Charles Darmour, who took care of him since he was 9. In 1906, he participated at the XXI Salon of Independents, and started to frequent artists in search of a new art, such as Fernand Léger. Three years later, he met Sonia Stern, who became his wife some years later. Together, they form one of the most famous couples in the history of art. They are the main founders of the Orphist movement, a branch of Cubism and an important avant-garde movement of the beginning of the Twentieth century.

Robert Delaunay's theories about color made him famous. The artist seeks pictorial harmony permanently by doing a patient work of arrangement of colors on a canvas. An abstract painter, he is also known for his multiple representations of the Eiffel Tower, whose construction marked his childhood. This motif has followed all the artistic languages of the artist, Neo-Impressionist, Cubist, and finally his own simultaneous method.

Today, his pieces are part of collections in some of most important public Institutions in the world, such as those at the Center Pompidou, the Tate Modern, and the Guggenheim in New York.

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Dictionnaire Bénézit, Dictionnaire critique et documentaire des peintres,sculpteurs, dessinateurs et graveurs de tous les temps et de tous les pays, vol. 4, éditions Gründ, janvier 1999, 13440 p. (ISBN 2700030141), p. 387-390
Centre Georges-Pompidou et Pascal Rousseau (dir.), Catalogue de l'exposition Robert Delaunay, de l'impressionnisme à l'abstraction, présentée du 3 juin au 16 août 1999, Paris, Éditions du Centre Pompidou, 1999.
Michel Hoog, Robert et Sonia Delaunay, Paris, Édition des musées nationaux, 1967
Michel Hoog, Delaunay, Flammarion, coll. « Les maîtres de la peinture moderne », 1976, 98 p.
Gilles de la Tourette, Robert Delaunay, Paris, Charles Massin, 1950
Robert Delaunay, Du cubisme à l'art abstrait : documents publiés par P. Francastel et suivis d'un catalogue de l’œuvre de Robert Delaunay par G. Habasque, Paris, SEVPEN, 1957
Jean Cassou, Robert Delaunay : Première époque, 1903-1910, Paris, Galerie Berggruen, 1961
Georg Schmidt, Robert Delaunay, Baden-Baden, W. Klein, 1964
Gustav Vriesen et Max Imdahl, Robert Delaunay, Cologne, DuMont Schauber, 1967
Jacques Damase et Sonia Delaunay, Sonia Delaunay, Rythmes et couleurs, Paris, Hermann, 1971
Paulo Ferreira, Correspondance entre quatre artistes portugais et Robert de Sonia Delaunay, Paris, PUF, 1972
Bernard Dorival, Robert Delaunay, Paris et Bruxelles, Jacques Damase, 1975
Georges Roque, Qu'est-ce que l'art abstrait ?, Paris, Folio essais, 2003.
Sonia Delaunay, Nous irons jusqu'au soleil, Paris, Robert Laffont, 1978
avec la collaboration de Jacques Damase et Patrick Raynaud

Jean-Clet Martin, « Entre destruction et construction : Delaunay », Chimères 2/2006 (N° 61) , p. 49-77 (Lire en ligne)

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