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Inspired by Cubism

Cubism is one of the most important artistic movements of the 20th century. Cubist works revolutionised Western traditions of representation. In fact, Alfred Barr, the first director of MoMA, saw cubism as one of the precursors to abstract art. Despite its importance and notoriety, Cubism can be difficult to understand. Here's a short summary to help you understand how this important movement came about and changed the course of art history.

The key ideas of Cubism were first born in Cézanne's works. At the end of the 19th century, the painter began to still lifes and landscapes that were more geometric. The artist famously stated that "treat nature by means of the cylinder, the sphere, the cone, everything brought into proper perspective". Primitive art, especially masks and objects of African tribes, also played a role in the birth of the Cubism. Cubist artists were interested in the method of construction which focussed on the use of very simple shapes such as circles and lines but which nonetheless produced objects which seemed to have an inner force and almost "magical" or 'mystical' feel to them.

Cubism first appeared at the end of the first decade of the 20th century thanks to Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque. The work that is seen as announcing the beginning of the movement is Picasso's Les Demoiselles d'Avignon (1906-1907). An impressive painting of five women with their bodies distorted into angular and geometric. From 1908 to 1910, Picasso and Braque developed a cubism called "Cézannien". The forms and figures were becoming more geometric but still remained very recognisable, as in Nature morte au compotier de Braque in 1908.

Cubism is above all the fragmentation of the visual world as we see it. It is a search for a new mode of representation, one in which the artists take full advantage of the flexibility that painting and sculpture offer them. They discovered in painting could allow them to represent an object from several points of view simultaneously. Thus began the "analytical" cubism that developed from 1910 to 1912. The artists' palette became more restricted and less saturated, the subjects are painted with all in fragmented facets. The compositions could sometimes be difficult to read, bordering on the fully abstract despite being grounded in the representation of the world.

Then, from 1912 to 1914 came "synthetic" cubism. Braque first, and then Picasso,  started to experiment with collage and created compositions using a variety of materials. They used pieces of newspapers and even included puns in their works.

In parallel to Picasso and Braque's cubism, painters such as Albert Gleizes, Henri Le Fauconnier, Fernand Léger and Jean Metzinger developed another style of cubism nicknamed the "cubism of the salons" because their works were accepted by the Parisian salons. This style of cubism tended to be more colourful and less abstract as it focussed on a geometrisation of forms and figures. The Cubist style continued to spread throughout Europe throughout the early 20th century.

Explore our selection of emerging and renowned contemporary artists who have been inspired by Picasso and Braque and who demonstrate that Cubism continues to exist even in the 21st century.

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Our recommendations Vik Muniz, Woman with fan, after Picasso (Pictures of Pigment), Photography

Vik Muniz

Woman with fan, after Picasso (Pictures of Pigment), 2007
60 x 40 inch
Photography

$35,500

Zafi, La petite fille et son chien, Painting

Zafi

La petite fille et son chien, 2017
39.4 x 39.4 x 0.8 inch
Painting

$5,765

Iván Araujo, Alrededor de media tarde VI, Painting

Iván Araujo

Alrededor de media tarde VI, 2017
26 x 18.1 inch
Painting

$2,248

John Christoforou, Sans titre, Drawing

John Christoforou

Sans titre, 1989
7.9 x 5.5 inch
Drawing

$138

Corné Akkers, Cubistic Nude, Painting

Corné Akkers

Cubistic Nude, 2013
47.2 x 39.4 inch
Painting

$8,647

Michel Philippon, Monsieur le Professeur est amoureux, Painting

Michel Philippon

Monsieur le Professeur est amoureux, 2012
31.5 x 23.6 x 0.8 inch
Painting

$1,095

Miguel Guía, Masque Cubiste Grand, Sculpture

Miguel Guía

Masque Cubiste Grand, 2002
13.4 x 3.9 x 6.7 inch
Sculpture

$495

Miguel Guía, Guitariste Arlequin Grand, Sculpture

Miguel Guía

Guitariste Arlequin Grand, 2003
13.4 x 6.7 x 8.3 inch
Sculpture

$657

Miguel Guía, Petite enfant air et métal, Sculpture

Miguel Guía

Petite enfant air et métal, 2001
15.7 x 8.3 x 14.6 inch
Sculpture

$968

Dinh Hien, Up and down, Painting

Dinh Hien

Up and down, 2009
35.4 x 27.6 x 0.4 inch
Painting

$1,384

Raphaël Federici (ParisSketchCulture), Le Sourcier (en collaboration avec Solo Cink), Painting

Raphaël Federici (ParisSketchCulture)

Le Sourcier (en collaboration avec Solo Cink), 2017
24.4 x 18.1 x 0.8 inch
Painting

$2,306

Georges Terzian, Le verre au Damier, Painting

Georges Terzian

Le verre au Damier, 1994
18.1 x 15 x 0.8 inch
Painting

$5,880

Julien Raynaud, Une main tendue vers le ciel, Sculpture

Julien Raynaud

Une main tendue vers le ciel, 2015
37.4 x 61 x 1.2 inch
Sculpture

$2,306 $2,882

Dinh Hien, You like what I play ?, Painting

Dinh Hien

You like what I play ?, 2009
27.6 x 35.4 x 0.8 inch
Painting

$1,499

Georges Terzian, La gitane, Painting

Georges Terzian

La gitane, 2001
21.7 x 18.1 x 0.8 inch
Painting

$4,266

Timothy Archer, La maîtresse du Caravanserail, Painting

Timothy Archer

La maîtresse du Caravanserail, 2018
25.6 x 19.7 inch
Painting

$2,882

Paul Richard Mason, The queen, Painting

Paul Richard Mason

The queen, 2017
13.4 x 13.4 x 0.4 inch
Painting

$1,960

Iván Araujo, Alrededor de media tarde II, Painting

Iván Araujo

Alrededor de media tarde II, 2017
26.8 x 19.7 inch
Painting

$2,248

Iván Araujo, Alrededor de media tarde I, Painting

Iván Araujo

Alrededor de media tarde I, 2017
26.8 x 19.7 inch
Painting

$2,248

Timothy Archer, L'écervelée attentive, Painting

Timothy Archer

L'écervelée attentive, 2018
47.2 x 31.5 x 0 inch
Painting

$4,496

Our recommendations Sabine Louriac, De Cinq à Sept, Painting

Sabine Louriac

De Cinq à Sept, 2018
39.4 x 25.6 x 0.8 inch
Painting

$2,536

Max Papart, La Dame nordique, Print

Max Papart

La Dame nordique, 1947
29.9 x 20.9 x 0.4 inch
Print

$565

Pat Broughton, Dancer 1, Painting

Pat Broughton

Dancer 1, 2019
24 x 24 x 3 inch
Painting

$1,210

Max Papart, Composition, Print

Max Papart

Composition, 1972
29.5 x 21.3 inch
Print

$404

Max Papart, Composition, Print

Max Papart

Composition, 1970
21.3 x 29.5 inch
Print

$346

Iván Araujo, Alrededor de media tarde III, Painting

Iván Araujo

Alrededor de media tarde III, 2017
26 x 19.7 inch
Painting

$2,248

Mélissa Galin, Monstres en discothèque, Painting

Mélissa Galin

Monstres en discothèque, 2018
9.8 x 78.7 x 2 inch
Painting

$1,384

Claude Venard, Vue sur mer, Painting

Claude Venard

Vue sur mer, 1970
38.2 x 51.2 x 1.6 inch
Painting

$36,893

Iván Araujo, Paisaje interior, Painting

Iván Araujo

Paisaje interior, 2015
31.9 x 23.6 inch
Painting

$2,698

Iván Araujo, Bodegón infinito XVII, Painting

Iván Araujo

Bodegón infinito XVII, 2014
39.4 x 39.4 inch
Painting

$3,862

Lionel Sourisseau, L'esprit du vent, Painting

Lionel Sourisseau

L'esprit du vent, 2013
39.4 x 39.4 inch
Painting

$6,341

Alain Rothstein, Longue vue, Painting

Alain Rothstein

Longue vue, 1991
15.7 x 15 x 1.2 inch
Painting

$1,729

Alain Rothstein, Naissance festive, Painting

Alain Rothstein

Naissance festive, 1990
39 x 31.5 x 1.2 inch
Painting

$7,494

Lionel Sourisseau, Sans titre, Painting

Lionel Sourisseau

Sans titre, 2012
18.9 x 14.2 inch
Painting

$2,075

Józef Szajna, Lovers, Drawing

Józef Szajna

Lovers, 1990
11.4 x 7.1 inch
Drawing

$1,960

Alain Beraud, Arlequin, Painting

Alain Beraud

Arlequin, 2017
36.2 x 28.7 x 1.2 inch
Painting

$18,447

Alain Beraud, Marine musicale, Painting

Alain Beraud

Marine musicale, 2018
24.4 x 31.9 x 1.2 inch
Painting

$14,988

Arshak Nersisyan, Figure féminine 'été', Painting

Arshak Nersisyan

Figure féminine 'été', 2016
27.6 x 21.7 x 1.2 inch
Painting

$3,055

Corné Akkers, Cubistic Woman N°1, Painting

Corné Akkers

Cubistic Woman N°1, 2010
26 x 20.1 inch
Painting

$4,035

Luna Rosa, Picasso cúbico - to be cubic or not to be cubic, Painting

Luna Rosa

Picasso cúbico - to be cubic or not to be cubic, 2016
19.7 x 15.7 x 1.2 inch
Painting

$980

Corné Akkers, Cubistic Sitting Nude, Painting

Corné Akkers

Cubistic Sitting Nude, 2014
31.5 x 28.7 inch
Painting

$4,381

Robert Sgarra, Jeanne , Painting

Robert Sgarra

Jeanne , 2014
65 x 45.3 x 1.6 inch
Painting

Sold out

Georges Terzian, Le guériton, Painting

Georges Terzian

Le guériton, 2003
18.1 x 13 inch
Painting

Sold out

Georges Terzian, Rose, Sculpture

Georges Terzian

Rose, 2015
30.3 x 15.7 x 3.5 inch
Sculpture

Sold out

Pablo Picasso, Portrait 2 (after Pablo Picasso), Print

Pablo Picasso

Portrait 2 (after Pablo Picasso), 1969
25.8 x 19.9 inch
Print

Sold out

Julien Raynaud, La naissance de l'homme, Painting

Julien Raynaud

La naissance de l'homme, 2018
39.4 x 39.4 x 1.2 inch
Painting

Sold out

Georges Terzian, J'aime La Guitare, Painting

Georges Terzian

J'aime La Guitare, 2015
63.8 x 44.9 x 1.2 inch
Painting

Sold out

Nicolas Dubreuille, Sans Titre Ref (263), Sculpture

Nicolas Dubreuille

Sans Titre Ref (263), 2015
36.6 x 15 x 11 inch
Sculpture

Sold out

Georges Terzian, Le Couple, Painting

Georges Terzian

Le Couple, 2002
39.4 x 31.9 x 1.2 inch
Painting

Sold out

Georges Terzian, Sans titre, Painting

Georges Terzian

Sans titre, 2017
39.4 x 31.9 x 1.2 inch
Painting

Sold out

Georges Terzian, La boule en fleur, Painting

Georges Terzian

La boule en fleur, 2015
51.2 x 38.2 inch
Painting

Sold out

Georges Terzian, Les diapasons, Painting

Georges Terzian

Les diapasons, 2015
51.2 x 38.2 inch
Painting

Sold out

Georges Terzian, La porte fenetre, Painting

Georges Terzian

La porte fenetre, 1997
16.1 x 10.6 inch
Painting

Sold out

Catherine Clare, Nu cubiste, Painting

Catherine Clare

Nu cubiste, 2016
25.6 x 36.2 x 1.2 inch
Painting

Sold out

Paul Richard Mason, The Aboriginal The last kiss, Painting

Paul Richard Mason

The Aboriginal The last kiss, 2018
16.1 x 12.6 x 0.8 inch
Painting

Sold out

Our recommendations Timothy Archer, Confessions au creux de l'oreille, Painting

Timothy Archer

Confessions au creux de l'oreille, 2018
25.6 x 19.7 inch
Painting

Sold out

Zafi, Cerveau coloré, Painting

Zafi

Cerveau coloré, 2017
36.2 x 29.1 x 0.8 inch
Painting

Sold out

Zafi, La cuisine, Painting

Zafi

La cuisine, 2017
31.5 x 31.5 x 0.8 inch
Painting

Sold out

Yvon Taillandier, Labyrinthe, Painting

Yvon Taillandier

Labyrinthe, 1990
11.8 x 11.8 x 0.8 inch
Painting

Sold out

Zafi, Petite pause au musée, Painting

Zafi

Petite pause au musée, 2018
59.1 x 59.1 x 0.8 inch
Painting

Sold out

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