Thinking of giving art for Christmas? Explore our gift guide

Jackson Pollock

Born in: 1912

United States

  • Movement

    Abstract Expressionnism
  • Famous artist

    Jackson Pollock is one of the iconic figures of twentieth-century American art. His new creation techniques influenced an entire school of artists who were then part of the abstract expressionism movement.

    Born in 1912 in Wyoming, Pollock grew up in California and Arizona. He was influenced by Navajo ritual dances and sandpainting, which he had observed in Indian reservations in Arizona. His older brother, Charles, a student at the Otis Art Institute in Los Angeles, gave him a taste for art; so much so that Jackson Pollock enrolled at the Manual Arts High School in 1927. Three years later, the brothers moved together to New York, where Charles introduced him to the work of Mexican muralists such as José Clemente Orozco, David Siqueiros, and Diego Rivera.

    Pollock also discovered cubism and surrealism. He admired the great European painters such as Pablo Picasso, Joan Miró, and André Masson. Pollock’s European influences inspired him to explore mythological themes.

    Unfortunately, Pollock’s alcohol addiction forced him to seek treatment. That was when he was encouraged to use drawing as a form of therapy. Drawing helped him not only understand himself, but also put down on paper humanity’s deepest fears.

    Like many surrealists, Pollock undertook the practice of automatic writing and tackled much more sizeable formats. In 1943, he met Peggy Guggenheim, who helped him exhibit his work in a gallery in New York. One imposing mural in particular seduced visitors and this marked the beginning of Pollock’s success...

    In 1945, Pollock moved in with his wife and set up his studio in the barn, which was where his most prominent works were born. His monumental paintings were designed according to his own techniques: drips, splatters, and splashes flooded the surface of the canvas. The method was dubbed “all-over” painting. Pollock painted without his brush ever touching the canvas, which earned him the nickname “Jack the Dripper”.

    Art also lies in the gestures and energy of the artist painter; Pollock used it as a means of external expression and a form of catharsis. This was later called “action painting”. After 1952, Pollock reintroduced figurative elements in his paintings and began using the brush again. He was very prolific in the last years of his life. Unfortunately, a car accident put an end to his artistic momentum and he died in 1956.

    This demiurge of abstract expressionism left behind more than 700 works of art that influenced the greatest painters and changed artistic creation forever.
    Read more
    • American Artist

    Share this artist

    No works available by Jackson Pollock

    Unfortunately, there are currently no available works by Jackson Pollock.
    To be notified by email when new works become available click on the button below.

    Jackson Pollock doesn’t have any exhibitions.

    We’re sorry but the artist doesn’t currently have any exhibitions.
    Follow Jackson Pollock to receive a notification as soon as new exhibitions are added.