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White

In physics, white is the sum of all the colours. To the human eye, white appears to be the total absence of colour. Amongst artists, white and its many uses in art are continuously evolving and challenging those who would embrace them. Is white, then, a non-colour, or an enhancer of colours? Intangible or material? Absence or excess?

Since Antiquity, white has been appreciated for its symbolic value. In Ancient Greece, where they would paint their statues, it was a sign of incompletion, whereas the Romans believed it showed pomp and imperialist virtue. With the rise of Christianity, white was used in opposition to black in order to emphasise moral dichotomies: the pure, divine white against the darkness. In some cases, however, white was used to show sickness or death, most notably in the pallid representations of the skeletal, crucified Christ.

In the Renaissance white was used to sublimate faces and backgrounds. Da Vinci even based his sfumato technique on the soft transition from light into darkness. Throughout the history of painting, white was considered precious for its ability to reflect light. It attracts the gaze even when used in the tiniest quantities, and illuminates the subject, drawing out stunning contrasts as seen in the works of Rembrandt, or in Vermeer's famous Girl with the Pearl Earring.

With the rise of Impressionism, white was used as the brightest tone amongst shades of grey. While Manet produced canvases which were forerunners to monochromes, including The Reader, which was almost pure white, Monet delivered a stunning gradient of whites whilst recreating the snow at his home in Giverny. The first true white monochrome appeared with the arrival of Malevitch's White Square on a White Background. The artist said 'I have broken the blue boundary of colour limits, and come out into the white'.

 

Modernists were equally passionate about white and valued it incredibly highly. Miro in particular questioned the status of white on canvases. In his painting Woman, Bird and Star white is in parts boldly painted, but is also distinctive for its absence around the star. Picasso, on the other hand, explored white in conjunction with his famous coloured periods. Piero Manzoni became famous thanks to his 'achromatic' paintings, a series of canvases produced exclusively in shades of white. Moving into the 20th century, white became synonymous with minimalist abstraction. For artists like Kandinsky, white was a cosmic colour, associated with a spiritual search for the absolute, guiding the artists as he seek to express his emotions.  

 

Today, white remains an ever popular subject. Roman Opalka made his name creating a series of white numbers of a white background, while Daniel Arsham reinvents white walls in galleries by letting his artwork drip down onto them. White is a colour with multiple symbolic interpretations. The colour of divinity or humility; of purity and immaculate, of emptiness and absence, but always colour. If blue has Klein and red has Rothko, it appears that no artist has yet succeeded in fully mastering white – but maybe you'll find them in our selection!


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price,501:1000 facet,10503*Oeuvres d’artistes best sellers|icon-bestsellers*bestsellers facet,10503*Artworks by best-selling artists|icon-bestsellers*bestsellers facet,10503*Werke von Bestseller-Künstlern|icon-bestsellers*werke-von-kunstlern-bestseller facet,10503*Œuvres d’artistes best sellers|icon-bestsellers*bestsellers facet,10503*Obras de los artistas más vendidos|icon-bestsellers*obras-de-los-artistas-mas-vendidos price,1001:5000 category,6*Painting*painting category,6*Peinture*peinture category,6*Gemälde*gemalde category,6*Pintura*pintura facet,10500*Young Talents|icon-youngtalents*youngtalents facet,10500*Obras de artistas emergentes|icon-youngtalents*obras-de-artistas-emergentes facet,10500*Oeuvres d'artistes émergents|icon-youngtalents*jeunes-talents facet,10500*Werke aufstrebender Künstler|icon-youngtalents*werke-von-jungen-kunstlern price,5001:10000 price,500 facet,8259*Our recommendations|icon-recommendations*recommendations facet,8259*unsere 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facet,1671*Naturaleza*naturaleza facet,1671*Landscape*nature facet,1671*Natur*natur facet,1644*Portrait*portrait facet,1644*Porträt*portrat facet,1644*Retrato*retrato facet,8301*Oeuvres en promotion|icon-promotions*promotions facet,8301*Special Offers|icon-promotions*vergunstigte-werke facet,8301*Special offers|icon-promotions*promotions facet,8301*Trabajos en promoción|icon-promotions*trabajos-en-promocion category,23*Fine Art Drawings*drawing category,23*Zeichnungen*zeichnung category,23*Dessin*dessin category,23*Dibujo*dibujo facet,1641*Nus*nus facet,1641*Nude*nude facet,1641*Akt*akte facet,1641*desnudos*desnudos category,15*Print*print category,15*Drucke*editionen category,15*Edition*edition category,15*Edición*edicion facet,11697*Figurativ*figurativ facet,11697*Figurative*figurative facet,11697*Figuratif*figuratif facet,11697*Figurativo*figurativo facet,1830*Landschaft|landscape*orientation-landschaft facet,1830*Landscape|landscape*orientation-landscape 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Antoine Josse, Quand les évidences sont invisibles, Painting

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Hans Bellmer, La Chauve-Souris, Print

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Paola Dávila, 28° 14' 22.942'' N, 114° 6' 4.129'' W-14, Photography

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Rita Vandenherrewegen, Porte bonheur, Painting

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Hans Mendler, Fou, Painting

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39.4 x 35.4 x 1.8 inch
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Antonio Ogáyar, Satisfacción, Painting

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François Rambaud, Ours Patineur, Sculpture

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Georges Myral, Assemblage # 14, Painting

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MCF, Amour et somnifère, Painting

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Wong Wa, Transformers (série), Sculpture

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Raoul Brosseau, Offrez-moi des fleurs, Painting

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Alexei Lantsev, Riviera. Soleil hivernal, Painting

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Erika Fábián, Untitled 07, Fine Art Drawings

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59.1 x 43.3 x 0 inch
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Andrea Benetti, Il mio universo, Painting

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19.7 x 31.5 x 0.8 inch
Painting

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31.5 x 39.4 x 0.8 inch
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23.6 x 19.7 x 1.6 inch
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Monkeybird, Singerie oisive, Print

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23.6 x 15.7 inch
Print

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Lilly Diana, Abigail, Painting

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15.7 x 11.8 x 0 inch
Painting

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Didier Lourenço, Same place, Painting

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25.6 x 25.6 inch
Painting

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Elena Raceala, Hidden, Photography

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36 x 24 x 0.1 inch
Photography

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Pascaline Bonnave, Eté - Week-end prochain, Painting

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Philippe Olive, Athanor, Sculpture

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Brito Esteves, Vue sur St Tropez, Painting

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Vue sur St Tropez, 2022
15 x 17.7 x 0.8 inch
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Baptiste Tavernier, Forever Lost, Painting

Baptiste Tavernier

Forever Lost, 2018
28.7 x 28.7 x 0.8 inch
Painting

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Lucien Hervé, Les ISAI, Photography

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11.4 x 13.4 x 0 inch
Photography

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Massimiliano Carisdeo, Bottiglia e matite, Painting

Massimiliano Carisdeo

Bottiglia e matite, 2017
23.6 x 23.6 x 0.8 inch
Painting

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César Baldaccini, Empreintes, Design

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10.6 x 10.6 x 4.7 inch
Design

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Wissam Al Shaabi, I am Vaccinated, Painting

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Bernard Alligand, Horizontale II, Print

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20.5 x 20.5 x 0.4 inch
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$864

Emmanuelle M, Big flowers écru, Sculpture

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27.6 x 27.6 x 2.8 inch
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