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Paper mache Sculpture

Regularly used in sculpture, papier-mâché refers to three different techniques. The first one involves appling strips of paper to a structure with a glue to strengthen and solidify the paper. The second technique, pulp paper, was particularly popular in the 20th century. It consists of soaking, boiling and draining paper before mixing the pulp with glue, linseed oil and plaster to obtain a modelling material. Lastly, paper can simply be also be pressed between two moulds.

Originally from China, papier-mâché spread to North Africa in the 7th century, then to Spain in the 11th century, and finally to the rest of Europe and the United States. As paper was very expensive at the time, papier-mâché was therefore a costly material used to create precious objects such as masks, chests, trays, etc.

It was only in the 19th century that the technique became widespread and reached the height of its popularity. Paper was more widely available and therefore cheaper. It was easy to manipulate and anatomists and surgeons started using it to create artificial limbs. Other uses included furniture and toy making as well as set designs.

In the 20th century, it was replaced by more modern materials such as plastic and metal (steel or bronze). Pulp paper remains a popular technique and many sculptors and workshops still use it in France (in Temple and Belleville for example) and worldwide.

Papier-mâché is still used by many artists: in his Matériologies series, Jean Dubuffet created amazing textures using this technique; Mélanie Bourlon's workshop, like a 'cabinet of curiosities', is also brimming with animal figures in papier-mâché.

Artsper features Wabé's colourful papier-mâché sculptures, the strange pastel-coloured masks of Joanna Glazer, female figures created by Agnès Baillon and Romain Shustrov's puppet-like sculptures.

Collector’s Guide: Collecting Sculptures

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Joanna Glazer, Yellow Flower Dog, Sculpture

Joanna Glazer

Yellow Flower Dog, 2017
25 x 40 x 15 cm
Sculpture

$294 $587

Michael Grine, Spritz I, Sculpture

Michael Grine

Spritz I, 2014
21.6 x 15.9 x 8.9 cm
Sculpture

$100

Our recommendations Egor Plotnikov, Paysage derrière soi, Sculpture

Egor Plotnikov

Paysage derrière soi, 2019
100 x 100 x 3 cm
Sculpture

$3,854

Wabé, Les trésors d'Agathe, Sculpture

Wabé

Les trésors d'Agathe, 2019
24 x 29 x 13 cm
Sculpture

$2,253

Michel Flamme, Phalaropus Ruber, Sculpture

Michel Flamme

Phalaropus Ruber, 2019
42 x 53 x 25 cm
Sculpture

$3,083

Mari Ito, Origen del deseo - Quiero beber una cerveza, Sculpture

Mari Ito

Origen del deseo - Quiero beber una cerveza, 2015
15 x 10 x 10 cm
Sculpture

$1,506

Chu-Jen Teng, La bénédiction, Sculpture

Chu-Jen Teng

La bénédiction, 2019
37 x 28 x 38 cm
Sculpture

$1,541

Claire Camous, Boras tidning 10/09/ 2018 au 16/09/2018, Sculpture

Claire Camous

Boras tidning 10/09/ 2018 au 16/09/2018, 2019
120 x 80 x 15 cm
Sculpture

$1,482

Bahador Saeedi, Lip small size, Sculpture

Bahador Saeedi

Lip small size, 2014
32 x 45 x 27 cm
Sculpture

$2,371

Zahra Shojaei, God & Goddess n.2, Sculpture

Zahra Shojaei

God & Goddess n.2, 2021
30 x 25 x 22 cm
Sculpture

$711

Véronique Chomienne, Véronique Chomienne, Sculpture

Véronique Chomienne

Véronique Chomienne, 2021
100 x 90 x 20 cm
Sculpture

$1,660

Pino Pinelli, Pittura G, Sculpture

Pino Pinelli

Pittura G, 1986
40 x 100 x 10 cm
Sculpture

$28,457

Lisbeth Delisle, Promenons-nous, Sculpture

Lisbeth Delisle

Promenons-nous, 2012
117 x 80 x 55 cm
Sculpture

$7,351

ChrisB, La femme à l'oiseau, Sculpture

ChrisB

La femme à l'oiseau, 2021
44 x 16 x 6 cm
Sculpture

$581

Fatemeh Moosavi, De la série "Suddenly" n°877, Sculpture

Fatemeh Moosavi

De la série "Suddenly" n°877, 2017
40 x 70 x 40 cm
Sculpture

$1,779

Gilles Ghez, Portrait volant, Sculpture

Gilles Ghez

Portrait volant, 2016
35 x 22 x 8 cm
Sculpture

$6,996

Joanna Glazer, Red and Green Dog, Sculpture

Joanna Glazer

Red and Green Dog, 2017
25 x 40 x 15 cm
Sculpture

$294 $587

Joanna Glazer, Pink Flower Dog, Sculpture

Joanna Glazer

Pink Flower Dog, 2017
25 x 40 x 15 cm
Sculpture

$294 $587

Joanna Glazer, Ballade à Saint James's Park, Sculpture

Joanna Glazer

Ballade à Saint James's Park, 2015
25 x 15 x 10 cm
Sculpture

$590 $1,180

Nathanael Koffi, Symbole de Côte d’Ivoire, Sculpture

Nathanael Koffi

Symbole de Côte d’Ivoire, 2020
11 x 7.5 x 6 cm
Sculpture

$178

Michael Grine, Spritz II, Sculpture

Michael Grine

Spritz II, 2014
21.6 x 15.9 x 8.9 cm
Sculpture

$100

Michael Grine, Sticky, Sculpture

Michael Grine

Sticky, 2014
21.6 x 15.9 x 8.9 cm
Sculpture

$100

Michael Grine, Swirly, Sculpture

Michael Grine

Swirly, 2014
21.6 x 15.9 x 8.9 cm
Sculpture

$100

Michael Grine, Spin Fail, Sculpture

Michael Grine

Spin Fail, 2014
21.6 x 15.9 x 8.9 cm
Sculpture

$100

Michael Grine, Journey, Sculpture

Michael Grine

Journey, 2014
21.6 x 15.9 x 8.9 cm
Sculpture

$100

Michael Grine, Hand, Sculpture

Michael Grine

Hand, 2014
21.6 x 15.9 x 8.9 cm
Sculpture

$100

Michael Grine, 1349, Sculpture

Michael Grine

1349, 2014
21.6 x 15.9 x 8.9 cm
Sculpture

$100

Wabé, Personnage n°1060, Sculpture

Wabé

Personnage n°1060, 2014
11 x 5 x 1 cm
Sculpture

$422

Wabé, Space time, Sculpture

Wabé

Space time, 2020
34 x 34 x 12 cm
Sculpture

$2,253

Wabé, Les deux soleils, Sculpture

Wabé

Les deux soleils, 2014
36 x 30 x 11 cm
Sculpture

$1,660

Wabé, Toi et moi, Sculpture

Wabé

Toi et moi, 2013
44 x 25 x 20 cm
Sculpture

$1,779

Wabé, Petite fille verte, Sculpture

Wabé

Petite fille verte, 2012
24 x 24 x 22 cm
Sculpture

$2,371

Wabé, L'oiseau vert, Sculpture

Wabé

L'oiseau vert, 2014
29 x 25 x 23 cm
Sculpture

$2,253

Wabé, Spatial solitude, Sculpture

Wabé

Spatial solitude, 2020
44 x 42 x 6 cm
Sculpture

$2,253

Wabé, Remember Atlanta, Sculpture

Wabé

Remember Atlanta, 2020
24 x 18 x 15 cm
Sculpture

$2,016

Wabé, Ivresse Eden, Sculpture

Wabé

Ivresse Eden, 2019
34 x 21 x 9 cm
Sculpture

$2,016

Egor Plotnikov, Midi, Sculpture

Egor Plotnikov

Midi, 2019
13 x 30 x 20 cm
Sculpture

$889

Egor Plotnikov, La route vers la mer, Sculpture

Egor Plotnikov

La route vers la mer, 2019
17 x 20 x 20 cm
Sculpture

$889

Wabé, Souvenir d'enfance, Sculpture

Wabé

Souvenir d'enfance, 2018
35 x 21 x 16 cm
Sculpture

$2,727

Wabé, L’œil du monde, Sculpture

Wabé

L’œil du monde, 2018
49 x 30 x 23 cm
Sculpture

$2,964

Wabé, Danseuse, Sculpture

Wabé

Danseuse, 2018
40 x 24 x 14 cm
Sculpture

$2,727

Wabé, Alice dans la maison du L. Blanc, Sculpture

Wabé

Alice dans la maison du L. Blanc, 2015
130 x 54 x 27 cm
Sculpture

$5,691

Wabé, La Horde, Sculpture

Wabé

La Horde, 2007
150 x 65 x 50 cm
Sculpture

$5,691

Wabé, La grotte aux ours, Sculpture

Wabé

La grotte aux ours, 2015
50 x 35 x 30 cm
Sculpture

$2,964

Wabé, Libre et Forte, Sculpture

Wabé

Libre et Forte, 2021
48 x 27 x 17 cm
Sculpture

$2,846

Wabé, Sirène, Sculpture

Wabé

Sirène, 2021
48 x 31 x 22 cm
Sculpture

$2,846

Wabé, Vivante forêt, Sculpture

Wabé

Vivante forêt, 2021
51 x 44 x 29 cm
Sculpture

$2,964

Wabé, Sous la Jupe, Sculpture

Wabé

Sous la Jupe, 2015
64 x 59 x 7 cm
Sculpture

$3,439

Wabé, Surpris Par la Nuit, Sculpture

Wabé

Surpris Par la Nuit, 2019
44 x 23 x 21 cm
Sculpture

$2,964

Wabé, Grande Ivresse Verte et Jaune, Sculpture

Wabé

Grande Ivresse Verte et Jaune, 2019
54 x 34 x 23 cm
Sculpture

$2,964

Michel Flamme, Azzuroventrus Dubitans, Sculpture

Michel Flamme

Azzuroventrus Dubitans, 2019
56 x 23 x 33 cm
Sculpture

$3,201

Michel Flamme, Milarius Dogonarus, Sculpture

Michel Flamme

Milarius Dogonarus, 2019
48 x 26 x 30 cm
Sculpture

$2,727

JP Malot, L'Art de Crâner, Sculpture

JP Malot

L'Art de Crâner, 2016
17 x 24 x 24 cm
Sculpture

$3,557

Andrius Erminas, Napkin, Sculpture

Andrius Erminas

Napkin, 2010
35 x 40 x 3 cm
Sculpture

$711

Andrius Erminas, Napkin, Sculpture

Andrius Erminas

Napkin, 2010
30 x 45 x 3 cm
Sculpture

$711

Andrius Erminas, Napkin, Sculpture

Andrius Erminas

Napkin, 2010
30 x 45 x 3 cm
Sculpture

$711

Wabé, Sans titre, Sculpture

Wabé

Sans titre, 2011
27 x 20 x 13 cm
Sculpture

$830

Laura Soprani, Mens sana in corpore sano, Sculpture

Laura Soprani

Mens sana in corpore sano, 2017
70 x 70 x 70 cm
Sculpture

$12,000

Jorge Mayet, De Yemaya, Sculpture

Jorge Mayet

De Yemaya, 2018
130 x 80 x 80 cm
Sculpture

$17,786

Chu-Jen Teng, Lâcher prise en bénissant, Sculpture

Chu-Jen Teng

Lâcher prise en bénissant, 2019
40 x 36.5 x 26 cm
Sculpture

$1,541

Chu-Jen Teng, Force et élégance, Sculpture

Chu-Jen Teng

Force et élégance, 2019
46.5 x 16.5 x 38 cm
Sculpture

$949

Chu-Jen Teng, Bénédiction, Sculpture

Chu-Jen Teng

Bénédiction, 2019
40 x 20 x 18 cm
Sculpture

$1,423

Chu-Jen Teng, Nid d'amour, Sculpture

Chu-Jen Teng

Nid d'amour, 2019
32 x 28 x 23.5 cm
Sculpture

$1,423

Chu-Jen Teng, Vole !... Le petit oiseau blanc, Sculpture

Chu-Jen Teng

Vole !... Le petit oiseau blanc, 2019
36 x 20 x 15 cm
Sculpture

$771

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