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Bronze Sculpture

The technique used in the creation of bronze sculptures has changed very little since Antiquity. The sculptor begins by fashioning the subject in wax, then covers it with clay, pours on the bronze, an alloy of copper and tin, then breaks open the terracotta, leaving only the bronze object behind. Highly valued by sculptors, bronze is a robust and resistant material that fairs well outside. Using wax to create the initial mould allows for a high level of detail on the final sculpture, unlike steel sculpture. Certain nuances in colour can be produced through the use of patinas.

These qualities explain why bronze is one of the oldest materials to be used by humans. Indeed, bronze tools were used in Mesopotamia, Egypt and China in around 2,800 BC.

In Mesopotamia, near to present-day Iran, bronze was used to depict animals in sacred art. In Egypt, it was was used to personify the gods, and also to create small sculpture statues placed in the tombs of the deceased. However, it was Ancient Greece, where craftsmen began to sculpt human figures and deities with remarkable realism, that gave bronze its prominent place in the history of art. Many pieces of work were imported to Rome, where the production of bronze sculptures developed. Bronze sculptures soon began to decorate the theatres and the homes of the rich. Admiring the skills of the Greeks, the Romans began ordering sculptures from merchants and craftsmen, who made copies of the moulds of the statues.

With the birth of Christianity, evangelisation and the building of churches became the priorities, and bronze creations were replaced by stone sculptures for decorating churches. It was only in the 14th century that masterpieces were rediscovered during excavations of Italian archaeological sites. A century later, Brunelleschi and Ghiberti set the Renaissance in motion by decorating the doors of the Florence Baptistery in bronze. Donatello, inspired by ancient Roman sculpture, was the first to excel in the art of expressing emotions through bronze sculptures, followed by Verrocchio, his pupil (and master of Leonardo da Vinci). Although the practice spread throughout Europe, it was mainly focussed on Italy, where sculptors competed to obtain the most convincing results.

During the 16th century, the Flemish Jean de Bologne established himself as the undisputed master of bronze. He was the most copied artist in the 17th century, and it is partly due to him that the bronze sculpture spread across Europe. In Italy, production of bronze sculpture was fairly constant, irrespective of the period. In France, on the other hand, this technique depended on the political regime. When Louis XIV invited sculptors to his court (essentially to decorate Versailles) demand for bronze reappeared as a form of courtly art.

Bronze sculpture underwent a resurgence during the 19th century, with Rodin and Camille Claudel, and then with Cubism and the Art Deco movement. Bronze is an expensive, heavy material and costly for collectors to buy and its use has become less prevalent in the 20th and 21st centuries, but some artists use it nonetheless: Marc Quinn, Giuseppe Penone, Germaine Richier, Alberto Giacometti with his strange silhouettes, the animal bronzes of Brigitte Téman, the compressions of César Baldaccini, the Philippe Pasqua's butterflies and Olivier Messas's dancers or just still life sculpture can all be seen on Artsper !



Collector’s Guide: Collecting Sculptures

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price,500 facet,10503*Artworks by best-selling artists|icon-bestsellers*bestsellers facet,10503*Oeuvres d’artistes best sellers|icon-bestsellers*bestsellers facet,10503*Werke von Bestseller-Künstlern|icon-bestsellers*werke-von-kunstlern-bestseller facet,10503*Obras de los artistas más vendidos|icon-bestsellers*obras-de-los-artistas-mas-vendidos price,501:1000 category,6*Peinture*peinture category,6*Painting*painting category,6*Gemälde*gemalde category,6*Pintura*pintura facet,10500*Young Talents|icon-youngtalents*youngtalents facet,10500*Obras de artistas emergentes|icon-youngtalents*obras-de-artistas-emergentes facet,10500*Werke von aufstrebenden Künstlern|icon-youngtalents*werke-von-jungen-kunstlern facet,10500*Oeuvres d'artistes émergents|icon-youngtalents*jeunes-talents facet,10500*Werke aufstrebender Künstler|icon-youngtalents*werke-von-jungen-kunstlern facet,1629*Abstraite*abstraite facet,1629*abstrakt*abstrakt facet,1629*abstracto*abstracto facet,1629*Abstract*abstract facet,8274*Moyen (\u003c 115 x 115 cm)*moyen facet,8274*Moyen (\u003c 45 x 45 inch)*moyen facet,8274*Moyen (\u003c 115 x 115 cm)|medium*moyen facet,8274*Moyen (\u003c 45 x 45 inch)|medium*moyen facet,8277*Grand (\u003c 200 x 200 cm)*grand facet,8277*Grand (\u003c 200 x 200 cm)|large*grand facet,8277*Grand (\u003c 80 x 80 inch)|large*grand facet,8259*unsere Empfehlungen|icon-recommendations*unsere-empfehlungen facet,8259*Our recommendations|icon-recommendations*recommendations facet,8259*Nos recommandations|icon-recommendations*recommandations facet,8259*Nuestras recomendaciones|icon-recommendations*nuestras-recomendaciones facet,10497*Werke berühmter Künstler|icon-masterpieces*werke-beruhmter-kunstler facet,10497*Oeuvres d'artistes célèbres|icon-masterpieces*artistes-celebres facet,10497*Artworks by famous artists|icon-masterpieces*masterpieces facet,10497*Obras de artistas famosos|icon-masterpieces*obras-de-artistas-famosos price,1001:5000 facet,1635*Street art*street-art facet,1635*Straßenkunst*street-art facet,1635*arte callejero*arte-callejero category,5*Sculpture*sculpture category,5*Skulptur*skulptur category,5*Escultura*escultura category,9*Photography*photography category,9*Photographie*photographie category,9*Fotografie*fotografie category,9*Fotografía*fotografia facet,1686*Pop Art*pop-art facet,1686*Arte pop*arte-pop facet,1686*Pop-Art*pop-art facet,1671*Nature*nature facet,1671*Natur*natur facet,1671*Naturaleza*naturaleza facet,1644*Portrait*portrait facet,1644*Porträt*portrat facet,1644*Retrato*retrato price,1000:501 facet,1641*Nude*nude facet,1641*Nus*nus facet,1641*Akt*akte facet,1641*desnudos*desnudos facet,1827*Portrait*orientation-portrait facet,1827*Retrato|portrait*orientation-retrato facet,1827*Portrait|portrait*orientation-portrait facet,1827*Hochformat|portrait*orientation-portrat facet,1827*Retrato*orientation-retrato category,23*Dessin*dessin category,23*Zeichnung*zeichnung category,23*Fine Art Drawings*drawing category,23*Dibujo*dibujo facet,8280*Très grand (\u003e 200 x 200 cm)*tres-grand facet,8280*Très grand (\u003e 200 x 200 cm)|very-large*tres-grand facet,8280*Très grand (\u003e 80 x 80 inch)|very-large*tres-grand category,15*Edition*edition category,15*Print*print category,15*Druck*editionen category,15*Edición*edicion facet,8277*Large (\u003c 80 x 80 inch)*large facet,8277*Large (\u003c 200 x 200 cm)*large facet,8277*Large (\u003c 80 x 80 inch)|large*large facet,8277*Large (\u003c 200 x 200 cm)|large*large facet,1830*Paysage*orientation-paysage facet,1830*Landscape*orientation-landscape facet,1830*Paisaje*orientation-paisaje facet,1830*Landschaft*orientation-landschaft facet,1830*Paysage|landscape*orientation-paysage facet,1830*Landscape|landscape*orientation-landscape facet,1830*Landschaft|landscape*orientation-landschaft facet,1830*Paisaje|landscape*orientation-paisaje facet,8301*Oeuvres en promotion|icon-promotions*promotions facet,8301*Special offers|icon-promotions*promotions facet,8301*Special Offers|icon-promotions*vergunstigte-werke facet,8301*Trabajos en promoción|icon-promotions*trabajos-en-promocion facet,1674*Scène de vie*scene-de-vie facet,1674*Everyday life*everyday-life facet,1674*Etchleben*etchleben facet,1674*Escena de la vida*escena-de-la-vida facet,8274*Medium (\u003c 115 x 115 cm)*medium facet,8274*Medium (\u003c 45 x 45 inch)*medium facet,8274*Medium (\u003c 45 x 45 inch)|medium*medium facet,8274*Medium (\u003c 115 x 115 cm)|medium*medium facet,1680*Animaux*animaux facet,1680*Animales*animales facet,1680*Tier*tier facet,1680*Animal*animal facet,8271*Petit (\u003c 20 x 20 inch)*petit facet,8271*Petit (\u003c 50 x 50 cm)*petit facet,8271*Petit (\u003c 50 x 50 cm)|small*petit facet,8271*Petit (\u003c 20 x 20 inch)|small*petit facet,1668*Noir et blanc*noir-et-blanc facet,1668*Black and white*black-and-white facet,1668*Schwarz und weiß*schwarz-und-weiss facet,1668*Blanco y negro*blanco-y-negro facet,8280*Very large (\u003e 200 x 200 cm)*very-large facet,8280*Very large (\u003e 80 x 80 inch)*very-large facet,8280*Very large (\u003e 200 x 200 cm)|very-large*very-large facet,8280*Very large (\u003e 80 x 80 inch)|very-large*very-large price,5001:10000 facet,1632*Architecture*architecture facet,1632*Arquitectura*arquitectura facet,1632*Die Architektur*die-architektur price,50001 facet,1650*Paysage urbain*paysage-urbain facet,1650*Städtische Landschaft*stadtische-landschaft facet,1650*Urban Landscape*urban-landscape facet,1650*Paisaje urbano*paisaje-urbano facet,1659*Flore*flore facet,1659*Flora*flora facet,1659*Floral*floral facet,1659*Flores*flores facet,108*Öl*ol facet,108*huile*huile facet,108*oil*oil facet,108*al oleo*al-oleo facet,126*acrylique*acrylique facet,126*acrylic*acrylic facet,126*Acryl-*acryl facet,126*acrílico*acrilico price,10001:25000 facet,42*Rouge|FC2912*rouge facet,42*Red|FC2912*red facet,42*rot|FC2912*rot facet,42*Rojo|FC2912*rojo facet,12*noir|050002*noir facet,12*Black|050002*black facet,12*schwarz|050002*schwarz facet,12*negro|050002*negro facet,1692*Géométrique*geometrique facet,1692*Geometric*geometric facet,1692*Geometrisch*geometrisch facet,1692*Geometría*geometria price,25001:50000 facet,1656*Graphique*graphique facet,1656*Grafik*grafik facet,1656*Graphic*graphic facet,1656*Gráfico*grafico
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Miguel Guía, Ménine Air et Métal Vert oxyde de bronce 61, Sculpture

Miguel Guía

Ménine Air et Métal Vert oxyde de bronce 61, 2021
61 x 57 x 32 cm
Sculpture

$10,828

Martín Duque, Tête de cheval impressionniste, Sculpture

Martín Duque

Tête de cheval impressionniste, 2017
53 x 21 x 30.5 cm
Sculpture

$1,474

Philippe Buil, Bouteille champagne 142-21, Sculpture

Philippe Buil

Bouteille champagne 142-21, 2021
29 x 10 x 17 cm
Sculpture

$864

Patrick Villas, Tête de panthère Daum, Sculpture

Patrick Villas

Tête de panthère Daum, 2021
36 x 18 x 17 cm
Sculpture

$11,519

Our recommendations Philip Hearsey, Puncture, Sculpture

Philip Hearsey

Puncture, 2021
24 x 30 x 30 cm
Sculpture

$5,095

Our recommendations Miguel Guía, Calme et le silence bronze, Sculpture

Miguel Guía

Calme et le silence bronze, 2002
40 x 16 x 15 cm
Sculpture

$1,025

Our recommendations Salvador Dali, Profil du temps, Sculpture

Salvador Dali

Profil du temps, 1984
51 x 35 x 35 cm
Sculpture

$41,883

Jaromir Gargulak, Gold Pigeon 8/25, Sculpture

Jaromir Gargulak

Gold Pigeon 8/25, 2021
13 x 19.2 x 9 cm
Sculpture

$668

Art Vladi, Lion King bronze, Sculpture

Art Vladi

Lion King bronze, 2021
26 x 18 x 17 cm
Sculpture

$4,032 $3,628

Salfo Dermé (Yabré), L'élégance, Sculpture

Salfo Dermé (Yabré)

L'élégance, 2018
49 x 17 x 8 cm
Sculpture

$2,073

Pierre Gimenez, Éléphant, Sculpture

Pierre Gimenez

Éléphant, 2020
33 x 17 x 36 cm
Sculpture

Sold

Our recommendations Robert Combas, Les favelas électriques, Sculpture

Robert Combas

Les favelas électriques, 2009
37 x 60 x 40 cm
Sculpture

$109,430

Romain Langlois, Hyakutake, Sculpture

Romain Langlois

Hyakutake, 2021
100 x 32 x 32 cm
Sculpture

$25,342

Our recommendations Yoann Merienne, Mystère, Sculpture

Yoann Merienne

Mystère, 2019
10 x 5 x 6 cm
Sculpture

$1,037

Hervé Nys, Melomaniaque, Sculpture

Hervé Nys

Melomaniaque, 2010
15 x 22 x 12 cm
Sculpture

$5,990

Terzo Yan, La guitare, Sculpture

Terzo Yan

La guitare, 2019
45 x 20 x 3 cm
Sculpture

$2,292

Réjane LeChat, Dialogue 1/8 petit, Sculpture

Réjane LeChat

Dialogue 1/8 petit, 2021
33 x 33 x 10 cm
Sculpture

$1,497

David Sprakes, Encouter II, Sculpture

David Sprakes

Encouter II, 2021
30 x 30 x 12 cm
Sculpture

$1,291

Marc Petit, Femme accroupie à l'étole, Sculpture

Marc Petit

Femme accroupie à l'étole, 2000
12 x 12.5 x 6 cm
Sculpture

$1,728

Krikor Avessian, Bull, Sculpture

Krikor Avessian

Bull, 2021
48 x 43.5 x 14 cm
Sculpture

$3,320 $2,822

Les Hélènes, Le Sultan, Sculpture

Les Hélènes

Le Sultan, 2021
110 x 9 x 4 cm
Sculpture

$403

Frank Boogaard, Environ, Sculpture

Frank Boogaard

Environ, 2020
37 x 12 x 12 cm
Sculpture

$1,555

Our recommendations Christophe Charbonnel, Tête de cheval, Sculpture

Christophe Charbonnel

Tête de cheval, 2017
101 x 60 x 36 cm
Sculpture

$40,316

Marc Daniel, Le baiser (évolution 2), Sculpture

Marc Daniel

Le baiser (évolution 2), 2021
27 x 23.5 x 24 cm
Sculpture

$4,763

Jean-Michel Levraux, Tristesse, Sculpture

Jean-Michel Levraux

Tristesse, 2021
32 x 15 x 18 cm
Sculpture

$3,369

Gor Avetisyan, The silent elegance IV, Sculpture

Gor Avetisyan

The silent elegance IV, 2021
43 x 28 x 19 cm
Sculpture

$1,382 $1,258

Our recommendations Jesus Campos, Les espaces de Penseur de Rodin, Sculpture

Jesus Campos

Les espaces de Penseur de Rodin, 2004
30 x 14 x 15 cm
Sculpture

$795

Nando Kallweit, Family I, Sculpture

Nando Kallweit

Family I, 2019
30 x 11 x 8 cm
Sculpture

$1,670

Our recommendations Paul Rebeyrolle, Trois têtes, Sculpture

Paul Rebeyrolle

Trois têtes, 1994
50 x 65 x 4 cm
Sculpture

$17,278

Georges Braque, Hermès, Sculpture

Georges Braque

Hermès, 2019
175 x 80 x 24 cm
Sculpture

$253,417

Our recommendations Artigas Planas, Sensuality III, Sculpture

Artigas Planas

Sensuality III, 2016
149 x 28 x 25 cm
Sculpture

$3,801

Our recommendations Milko Dobrev, Family, Sculpture

Milko Dobrev

Family, 2020
48 x 17 x 8.5 cm
Sculpture

$1,555

Gregos, Béatitude, Sculpture

Gregos

Béatitude, 2014
22 x 16 x 4 cm
Sculpture

$2,189

Our recommendations Luo Li Rong, Je me souviens de toi, Sculpture

Luo Li Rong

Je me souviens de toi, 2016
30 x 26 x 12 cm
Sculpture

$6,911

Our recommendations François Pompon, Le Grand-Duc, Sculpture

François Pompon

Le Grand-Duc, 1980
55 x 21.5 x 16.5 cm
Sculpture

$33,405

Our recommendations Isabelle Carabantes, Lionne assise, Sculpture

Isabelle Carabantes

Lionne assise, 2020
32 x 25 x 22 cm
Sculpture

$6,911

Our recommendations Amedeo Modigliani, Tête de jeune fille à la frange (d'après Amedeo Modigliani), Sculpture

Amedeo Modigliani

Tête de jeune fille à la frange (d'après Amedeo Modigliani), 2019
70 x 17 x 23 cm
Sculpture

$20,158

Christine Guillemin, Arabian Panther, Sculpture

Christine Guillemin

Arabian Panther, 2018
25 x 49 x 10 cm
Sculpture

$7,833

Antoniucci Volti, Le Cavalier (petit), Sculpture

Antoniucci Volti

Le Cavalier (petit), 1984
47 x 43 x 14 cm
Sculpture

$23,038

Our recommendations Irina Shark, Le masque de Camille, Sculpture

Irina Shark

Le masque de Camille, 2019
26 x 13 x 16 cm
Sculpture

$5,184

Our recommendations Linde Ergo, Les pieds dans l'eau, Sculpture

Linde Ergo

Les pieds dans l'eau, 2018
75 x 45 x 95 cm
Sculpture

$11,461

Our recommendations Xu Zhen, New, Sculpture

Xu Zhen

New, 2016
46 x 14 x 10.5 cm
Sculpture

$6,197

Pierre Kroll, Le Roi Albert II, Sculpture

Pierre Kroll

Le Roi Albert II, 2017
40 x 20 x 20 cm
Sculpture

$1,728

Antonio Saura, Nez, Sculpture

Antonio Saura

Nez, 1990
51 x 64 x 1 cm
Sculpture

$5,759

Emmanuelle Vroelant, Afghane, Sculpture

Emmanuelle Vroelant

Afghane, 2011
18 x 8 x 8 cm
Sculpture

$1,267

Mireia Serra, Rebel, Sculpture

Mireia Serra

Rebel, 2020
7 x 17 x 10 cm
Sculpture

$1,129

Our recommendations Gediminas Endriekus, Girl, Sculpture

Gediminas Endriekus

Girl, 2018
18 x 12 x 15 cm
Sculpture

$2,649

Our recommendations Jenny Jacottet, Impulsion, Sculpture

Jenny Jacottet

Impulsion, 2018
35 x 22 x 12 cm
Sculpture

$2,304

Stan Wysocki, Nude, Sculpture

Stan Wysocki

Nude, 2018
34 x 6 x 16 cm
Sculpture

$1,382

Our recommendations Mélanie Quentin, Ix-Chell, Sculpture

Mélanie Quentin

Ix-Chell, 2010
30 x 20 x 20 cm
Sculpture

$3,686

Maguy Banq, Conversation, Sculpture

Maguy Banq

Conversation, 2017
10 x 32 x 18.5 cm
Sculpture

$4,608

Petar Iliev, Standing bull, Sculpture

Petar Iliev

Standing bull, 2021
10 x 18 x 7 cm
Sculpture

$634

Roland Masson, Phénicienne, Sculpture

Roland Masson

Phénicienne, 2016
39 x 9 x 9 cm
Sculpture

$2,073

Mireille Bassier-Tilmont, Babel - bronze, Sculpture

Mireille Bassier-Tilmont

Babel - bronze, 2018
21 x 10 x 10 cm
Sculpture

$403

Yosl Bergner, Le petit violoncelliste, Sculpture

Yosl Bergner

Le petit violoncelliste, 2005
20 x 8 x 8 cm
Sculpture

$2,189 $1,860

Our recommendations Julien Marinetti, Panda BA, Sculpture

Julien Marinetti

Panda BA, 2020
40 x 28 x 30 cm
Sculpture

$16,703

Roberto Matta, Bag with Wings, Sculpture

Roberto Matta

Bag with Wings, 1971
94 x 137 x 64 cm
Sculpture

$33,405

Our recommendations Thierry Dehais, Le silence, Sculpture

Thierry Dehais

Le silence, 2007
22 x 10 x 10 cm
Sculpture

$749

Our recommendations Lynn Chadwick, Rad Lad II (362), Sculpture

Lynn Chadwick

Rad Lad II (362), 1961
40 x 14 x 11.4 cm
Sculpture

$85,000

Babette Degraeve, Kleine pup met bot (Small puppy with bone), Sculpture

Babette Degraeve

Kleine pup met bot (Small puppy with bone), 2019
9 x 10 x 14 cm
Sculpture

$749

Our recommendations Igor Mitoraj, Centurion II, Sculpture

Igor Mitoraj

Centurion II, 1986
18 x 14 x 6 cm
Sculpture

$11,519

Our recommendations Joanna Zakrzewska-Cholewa, 3 Acrobats, Sculpture

Joanna Zakrzewska-Cholewa

3 Acrobats, 2021
28 x 26 x 12 cm
Sculpture

$979 $872

Our recommendations Beatrice Bizot, Confidence, Sculpture

Beatrice Bizot

Confidence, 2019
30 x 20 x 7 cm
Sculpture

$2,765

Our recommendations Joyce Fournier, A Wise Woman Once Said - (No. 2 of 10), Sculpture

Joyce Fournier

A Wise Woman Once Said - (No. 2 of 10), 2019
22.9 x 24.1 x 15.2 cm
Sculpture

$3,100 $2,790

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