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The art of collage

Collage is a technique at the crossroads between art and crafts. As indicated by the name, it consists of combining various materials in order to create a unique result, which oscillates between fantasy and reality. The outcome is usually strange and unrealistic subject matter, which rejects traditional art theories and embraces unfamiliar and new concepts.  

Collage was introduced by French Cubist artists at the beginning of the 20th century. Even though they used it sporadically, its status in artistic hierarchy rose to match that of painting or sculpture. They began introducing new materials to paint over such as newspaper, wallpaper and photographs. Pablo Picasso even introduced waxed cloth in his painting to imitate chair caning, whilst Juan Gris attempted a more Realist approach by adding pieces of mirror to his work. New artistic movements like Dadaism, Surrealism and Constructivism also experimented with this technique.  

However the collage technique heavily depends on the artist's approach. It allows for both a representation of the truth through its use of realistic imagery, and a depiction of an imaginary world through its breaking up of subject matter. Collage is created in two steps: deconstruction and reconstruction. The artist first chooses a variety of images, which are assembled and juxtaposed on the same canvas in order to make sense of them. This technique is now considered to be an important process for when an artist wishes to contextualise their work.

With the rise of Dadaism, collage became a tool to communicate certain ideologies and create new artistic methods. In the early 20th century, Berlin-based artist Raoul Haussmann, invented photomontage, causing it to become the technique most associated with Berlin Dada.  In 1921, Max Ernst drew inspiration from old engravings and teaching-aide manuals, resulting in his first (and very distinctive) collages. Like in Paul Éluard and Jacques Prévert's poems, Surrealist painters would also used collage to convey their passion and enthusiasm. It proved to be an excellent way of combining and depicting dreamlike subject matter on a large or small 2D format.

After years of influence, contemporary artists are now masters of collage, and you can see their incredible skill in our selection of works at Artsper. French artist, Alexandre Taillandier immersed himself creating works that reflect his unique vision, and these pieces can sometimes take years to build. He exhibits his posters in European capitals such as Brussels, Amsterdam and Berlin.

Maria Rivans uses the portraits of famous icons within her collage, and does so in an interesting way. Not only does she use a famous figure as her main subject, but she enhances them by surrounding their faces with smaller images of icons, animals and fauna. These subjects are usually female celebrities like Audrey Hepburn or Grace Kelly, and their heads are turned into crowns of lush foliage and enchanting characters.  

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Regina Gimenez, Untitled, Drawing

Regina Gimenez

Untitled, 2007
51.2 x 63.8 x 1.6 inch
Drawing

$10,361

Dom(k), Hello, Drawing

Dom(k)

Hello, 2016
63 x 47.2 x 1 inch
Drawing

$2,072

André Ernst, Regard II, Painting

André Ernst

Regard II, 2013
19.7 x 25.6 x 1.2 inch
Painting

$921

Koji Nagai, Appale! N°14, Drawing

Koji Nagai

Appale! N°14, 2016
11.8 x 8.3 inch
Drawing

$1,381

André Ernst, Zouk, Drawing

André Ernst

Zouk, 1993
47.2 x 47.2 x 0.8 inch
Drawing

$3,338

Angel Haro, Sin titulo, Drawing

Angel Haro

Sin titulo, 2008
11.8 x 7.9 inch
Drawing

$374

2Kyff, Krystall, Painting

2Kyff

Krystall, 2016
23.6 x 23.6 x 0.8 inch
Painting

$691

Our recommendations Guy Mansuy, Collage construit, Painting

Guy Mansuy

Collage construit, 2013
11.8 x 9.1 inch
Painting

$3,223

Mimi Rico, Inexplicable, Painting

Mimi Rico

Inexplicable, 2016
11.8 x 7.9 inch
Painting

$1,094

Pierre Le Preux, Espace libre, Drawing

Pierre Le Preux

Espace libre, 2012
7.9 x 15.7 inch
Drawing

$368

Patricia Figueiredo, Collage 06, Drawing

Patricia Figueiredo

Collage 06, 2015
23.6 x 39.4 x 0.8 inch
Drawing

$2,072

Robert Stieghorst, Trying to reach, Drawing

Robert Stieghorst

Trying to reach, 2015
11.8 x 10.2 x 0.8 inch
Drawing

$1,122 $1,497

Françoise Paressant-Tual, Sans titre, Painting

Françoise Paressant-Tual

Sans titre, 2012
39.4 x 39.4 x 0.8 inch
Painting

$2,763

Jacques Lacroix, Untitled , Drawing

Jacques Lacroix

Untitled , 2015
39.4 x 31.5 x 1.6 inch
Drawing

$2,302

Matthew Rose, Escape, Drawing

Matthew Rose

Escape, 2006
19.7 x 19.7 x 1.6 inch
Drawing

$1,381

Our recommendations Matthew Rose, Sri Lanka, Painting

Matthew Rose

Sri Lanka, 2008
19.7 x 19.7 x 1.6 inch
Painting

$1,381

Our recommendations Matthew Rose, Lincoln, Drawing

Matthew Rose

Lincoln, 2011
25.6 x 20.9 x 0.8 inch
Drawing

$1,727

Matthew Rose, Q et tu, Painting

Matthew Rose

Q et tu, 2014
22.8 x 22 x 1.2 inch
Painting

$1,151

Our recommendations Matthew Rose, Mad Men #4, Painting

Matthew Rose

Mad Men #4, 2013
23.6 x 31.5 x 0.4 inch
Painting

$2,072

Jane Grieco, Ubirani, Painting

Jane Grieco

Ubirani, 2016
55.9 x 27.6 inch
Painting

$1,036

Regina Gimenez, No title, Drawing

Regina Gimenez

No title, 2013
26 x 20.5 x 1.6 inch
Drawing

$2,590

Regina Gimenez, Untitled, Drawing

Regina Gimenez

Untitled, 2009
39.4 x 39.4 x 1.6 inch
Drawing

$7,080

Regina Gimenez, Enciclopedia universal ilustrada, Drawing

Regina Gimenez

Enciclopedia universal ilustrada, 2008
51.2 x 63.8 x 1.6 inch
Drawing

$10,361

Stefan Georgiev, Conclusion, Painting

Stefan Georgiev

Conclusion, 2016
31.5 x 31.5 x 0.8 inch
Painting

$1,704

Jacek Swigulski, Muse III, Drawing

Jacek Swigulski

Muse III, 2011
39.4 x 27.6 inch
Drawing

$1,036

Our recommendations Thom Thom, Bubbble Lady, Drawing

Thom Thom

Bubbble Lady, 2016
45.7 x 35 x 1.2 inch
Drawing

$2,878

Nagsoul, Deconstruction, Drawing

Nagsoul

Deconstruction, 2016
10.2 x 14.2 x 1.2 inch
Drawing

$345

Koji Nagai, Kolaj N°129, Print

Koji Nagai

Kolaj N°129, 2014
16.5 x 11.8 inch
Print

$691

Gipé, C.6, Drawing

Gipé

C.6, 2016
16.5 x 11.4 x 0.4 inch
Drawing

$518

Angel Haro, Sin titulo, Painting

Angel Haro

Sin titulo, 2002
11.8 x 9.8 inch
Painting

$230

Our recommendations Alexandre Taillandier, Untitled, Drawing

Alexandre Taillandier

Untitled, 2011
11.8 x 11.8 x 0.4 inch
Drawing

$553

Gipé, C.2, Drawing

Gipé

C.2, 2016
16.5 x 11.4 x 0.4 inch
Drawing

$518

Pierre Le Preux, Espace libre/10A, Drawing

Pierre Le Preux

Espace libre/10A, 2015
19.7 x 15.7 x 0.4 inch
Drawing

$518

Teko van Kuyk, Cristiano Ronaldo Collage, Drawing

Teko van Kuyk

Cristiano Ronaldo Collage, 2016
27.6 x 19.7 x 2 inch
Drawing

$403

Our recommendations Mimi Rico, Baroque, Painting

Mimi Rico

Baroque, 2015
15.7 x 11.8 inch
Painting

$1,128

Mimi Rico, Euridice, Painting

Mimi Rico

Euridice, 2016
15.7 x 11.8 inch
Painting

$1,094

Mimi Rico, Arachne, Painting

Mimi Rico

Arachne, 2016
15.7 x 11.8 inch
Painting

$1,071

Hélène Donadieu, Renaissance, Drawing

Hélène Donadieu

Renaissance, 2015
15.7 x 15.7 x 0.8 inch
Drawing

$806

Nadja B., Cinéma, Painting

Nadja B.

Cinéma, 2013
31.5 x 31.5 x 0.8 inch
Painting

$1,612

B2Fays (Béatrice de Fays), 570 - Solar Network, Drawing

B2Fays (Béatrice de Fays)

570 - Solar Network, 2013
16.5 x 8.7 x 1.6 inch
Drawing

$806

Jacques Lacroix, Untitled, Drawing

Jacques Lacroix

Untitled, 2014
17.7 x 22.8 x 1.6 inch
Drawing

$944

Nadja B., Le crépuscule de l'aube, Painting

Nadja B.

Le crépuscule de l'aube, 2013
15.7 x 39.4 x 0.8 inch
Painting

$1,957

Jacques Lacroix, Carré Jaune, Drawing

Jacques Lacroix

Carré Jaune, 2012
20.1 x 16.1 x 0.8 inch
Drawing

$541

Chrystèle Saint-Amaux, Saynète 31, Drawing

Chrystèle Saint-Amaux

Saynète 31, 2016
11.4 x 8.3 x 0.4 inch
Drawing

Sold out

Thom Thom, Sans réservation, Drawing

Thom Thom

Sans réservation, 2012
19.7 x 19.7 inch
Drawing

Sold out

Our recommendations Thom Thom, Untitled, Drawing

Thom Thom

Untitled, 2013
19.7 x 19.7 inch
Drawing

Sold out

Alexandre Taillandier, Untitled, Drawing

Alexandre Taillandier

Untitled, 2011
7.9 x 7.9 x 0.4 inch
Drawing

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Jacques Lacroix, Deux Silhouettes dans le Mur, Drawing

Jacques Lacroix

Deux Silhouettes dans le Mur, 2014
20.1 x 22.8 x 1.6 inch
Drawing

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Janet Levordashka, Collage, Painting

Janet Levordashka

Collage, 2016
27.6 x 19.7 x 0.8 inch
Painting

Sold out

Bonnie and Clyde, Tokyo Beat, Print

Bonnie and Clyde

Tokyo Beat, 2016
29.5 x 41.3 inch
Print

Sold out

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